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Alex. Agassiz. 

OF 

COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY, 

AT HARVARD COLLEGE. CAMBRIDGE, MASS. 
jFountieti 1)» pribate sui)Scrfptfon, fn 1861. 



Deposited by Alex. Agassiz 
from the Library of LOUIS AGASSIZ. 

No. c^-'-^T'J' 



/■ ^':> 



^aij 



^ 



% 



CATALOGUE 



OF THE 



SPECIMENS OF LIZiVRDS 



IN 



THE COLLECTION 



OF THE 



BRITISH MUSEUM. 



PRINTED BY ORDER OF THE TRUSTEES. 

LONDON: 1845. 



LONDON : 
EDWARD NEWMAN, 

DEVON'SHIRE STREET, BISHOPSGATE. 



MCZ LIBRARY 
HARVARO UiaVERSITT 
C 3E. MA USA 






INTRODUCTION. 



The chief object in preparing the present S_y^iopsis, has been 
to give at one view a complete Catalogue of all the specimens 
of Lizards at present in the British-Museum collection, and 
an account of the species known to exist in other collections, 
but which are at present desiderata in the British Museum, 
so as to enable ti'avellers, collectors, and others, to assist in 
completing the national collection. 

For this purpose, a synoptic description has been given of 
all the genera and species at present known to exist in the dif- 
ferent museums and private collections, and at the end of each 
description is added an enumeration, stating the state, age, 
country, and other peculiarities of each specimen of the kind 
in the Museum collection ; or when the species is not at pre- 
sent in that collection, the museum in which it has been ob- 
served is added after the general habitat of the species. The 
different individuals of each species contained in the British 
Museum collection, are indicated by the letters a, b, c, &c. 

^Yhen the age of the specimen is not stated, it is to be un- 
derstood that it is full grown, or nearly so ; when otherwise, 
its state is marked immediately after the letter by which it is 
distinguished ; and if the sexes are known, it is stated to be 
male or female. These particulars are followed by the habi- 
tat, which is given as particularly as the materials possessed 
by the Museum permit. 

Those specimens which have been presented to the Museum 
have the name of the donor marked immediately after the ha- 
bitat. When there is no such indication, the specimens 
have been either purchased, or procured in exchange ; and 
in this case, whenever the place or person from whom they 
have been received gives authenticity to the sijecimens, or 

a -2 



IV INTRODUCTION. 



adds anything of moment to their history, they are noted as 
being from such or such a collection. 

In the adoption of generic and specific names, it has been 
thought right to use, whenever it was possible, that which was 
first appUed to the species. As far as regards the specific 
names, there is comparatively little difficulty in the applica- 
tion of this simple rule ; but generic names have been used 
by different authors in senses so widely different, and the 
groups which they were meant to designate have been so va- 
riously extended or restricted, that it is no easy matter to de- 
termine, where several names have been used, which of them 
ought to be preferred. And as every original observer will 
constantly make use of characters which others may have over- 
looked, or not thought of so much importance as he may be 
inclined to attach to them, even when a generic name is used, 
it will of necessity be often employed in a different sense, or 
with a more restricted or extended meaning than its original 
2)roposer applied to it. 

It is needless, however, to enter into the details of nomen- 
clature, further than to observe that to the name adopted for 
the genus, is appended the specific name under which the ani- 
mal is believed to have been first described. If the generic 
name adopted be different from that employed by the esta- 
blisher of the species, his name immediately follows it as a 
synonyme ; and where the animal has received mo)*e than one 
specific name, these names are also given. But it has been 
thought unnecessary to load the Catalogue with any other ge- 
neric names, where no change has been made in the specific, 
as it has been considered that these names will be sufficient 
for all the purposes of identification. 

In those cases where the two sexes of the same species, or 
any particular individual state or variety belonging to it, has 
been differently named, such names (belonging exclusively to 
the state or individual so described) are placed after the refe- 
rence to the specimen to which they generally apply. 

To detennine with accuracy the names and synonymes ( ' 
the species, the Museums of Paris, Leyden, Vienna, Berlii 
Francfort, &c., have been personally examined. Many of tt 
specimens in the Museum collection have been received froi 
the original describers, and most of them have been examine' 
by M. G. Bibron, one of the autliors of the Erpetologi 



INTRODUCTION. V 

Generale, ou Histoire Katurelle Complete des Reptiles, now 
in the course of publication at Paris. So that there is every 
reason to believe they are named in perfect accordance with 
those in the various continental collections. 

The specimens jDresented by 
Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 
Capt. White, 
Patrick Russell, M.D. 
J. Weeks, Esq. 

May be regarded as the types of the species described by 
Dr. G. Shaw, in the General Zoology, or Zoological 
Miscellany. 
Andrew Smith, M.D. 

As the types of the African species described by this natu- 
ralist in his Illustrations of the Zoology of S. Africa. 
T, E» Bowditch, Esq. 
As the species described by Dr. W. Elford Leach, in Mr. 
Bowditch's Ashantee. 
Charles Darwin, Esq., and 
Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. 
As the types of the species described by Mr. Bell, in the 
Zoology of H. M.S. Beagle. 
M. De Blainville, 

As the types of the species described by that Professor in 
the Kouveaux Memoires du Museum, 
M. Bibron, and 

The Directors of the French Museum, 
As the types of the species described by MM. Dumeril 
and Bibron, in their Erpetologie Generate. 
The Hon. East India Company, 
As the types of the species described by Dr. Cantor in his 
Fauna of Chusan. 
The Admiralty , 

B. Bynoe, Esq. 

Capt. C. Chambers, R.J^. 
W. E. Cormack, Esq. 
Allan Cunningham, Esq. F.L.S. 
Earl of Derby, 

C. E. D. Fortnum, Esq. 
J. Gould, Esq. 



VI INTRODUCTION. 

Capt G. Grey, 

Lady Harvey, 

James Hunter, Esq. 

Capt. P. P. King, R.JV. 

Dr. F. Knox (from N. Zealand), 

G. F. More, Esq. 

Dr. Mair, 

G. JVewport, Esq. 

R, Owen, Esq. 

J. Richardson, M.D. 

W. Shuckard, F.sq. 

Lieut. Alexander Smith, R.JV. 

Capt. E. Stokes, R.J\r. 

Rev. W. Wilton, 

As the types of the Australasian species described by me 
in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, the Ap- 
pe7idix to Capt. G. Grey's Australia, and in the Zoolo- 
gy of H. M.S. Erebus ^ Terror. 

Miss Emilie A tier soil, * 

Professor Bonelli, 

T. BrightweU, Esq. 

James Burton, jun. Esq. 

A. Christy, Esq. 

Sir. Charles Felloivs, 

Rev. W. Hennah, 

Lieut. John Ince, R.N. 

M. Lefebre, 

Dr. W. E. Leach, 

Mr. Leadbeater, 

J. Miller, Esq. R.N. 

J. Ritchie, Esq. 

Edward Ruppell, M.D. 

Hon. Arthur Russell, 

P. B. Webb, Esq. 

Sir J. G. Wilkinson, 

As illustrative of the species described as coming from 
Southern Europe, Northeni Asia and North Africa, 
by Professors Lichtenstein and Milne-Edwards, Dr. 
Ruppell, MM. Duges, Audouin, Bibron, and other 
authors. 



INTRODUCTION. vii 

T. Boiv ditch, Esq. 
Col. Denham, 
Earl of Derby, 
A. Gerard, Esq. 
John Lee, LL.D. 

A. MacLeay, Esq, 
Capt. Marry att, 
M. Petit, 

W. Raddon, Esq. 

Dr. Stanger, 

As illustrative of the species found in Southern and West- 
ern Africa, and described by Dr. A. Smith, Dr. Bur- 
chell, and others, and a small collection presented by 
myself, as illustrative of those found in the Island of 
Madagascar, and chiefly described by the I'rench au- 
thors. 

Sir John Barrow, 

Capt. Sir Edward Belcher (from Borneo), 

Major Be van, 

C. Bowriny, Esq. 

J. Brooks, Esq. 

W. Elliott, Esq. (Madras), 

General Thomas Hardwicke, 

B. H. Hodgson, Esq. (Nepaul), 
Thomas Horsfield, M.D. 

The Hon. East hidia Company, 

Sir R. H. Inylis, 

Mrs. Kennaway, 

Capt. Livesay, 

J. Lindsay, Esq. 

Dr. Packman (Tennasserim), 

J. Reeves, Esq. (China), 

Rev. Gerard E. Smith, 

Capt. Stafford, 

Col. Stoddart (Ceylon), 

Col. Sykes, 

As illustrative of the Indian, Chinese, Bornean and other 
Asiatic specimens, described by me in the Illustrations 
of Indian Zoology, the Zoological Journal, and other 
papers. 



Vlll INTRODUCTION. 

Edward Doubleday, Esq. 
Richard Hai'lan, M.D. 
Jacob Green, M.D, 
Dr. Macau ley, 
W. Ogilby, Esq. 
May be regarded as the illustrative of the North American 

species described by Say, Harlan, Green, Holbrook, 

and other American authors. 
Capt. Sir Edward Belcher (from Rio), 
Thomas Bell, Esq. (W. Indies), 
Sir William Burnett, R.JV. 
E. Cooke, Esq. 
J. Cottle, Esq. (W. Indies), 
Edw. Cross, Esq. 
Lady Essex (Demerara), 
Dr. Hancock (Demerara), 
R. Reward, Esq. (W. Indies), 
Mr. Kerr (Bahia), 

Edward Laforest, Esq. • 

A. Ludlam, Esq. 
Sir James Macgrigor, 
W. E. MacLeay, Esq. (Cuba), 
Mrs. Parker (Para), 
Col. Edward Sabine, R.E. (Demerara), 
J. P. G. Smith, Esq. and Mrs. Smith (N. Brazil), 
Lord Stuart de Rothsay ("Brazils), 
J. E. Winterbottom, Esq. (W. Indies), 
J. Wright, Esq. (Trinidad), 

As the illustrations of the species from Tropical and South 

America and the West Indies, described by Sir Hans 

Sloane, Brown, Wagler, Spix, Gravenhorst, Guilding, 

and others- 

The specimens purchased or procured in exchange from 
The Leyden Museum, as the types of the species described 
and figured by Dr. Schlegel, in his Fauna of Japan 
and in his Abbildungen, and by Dr. S. MuUer in his 
work on the Reptiles of Neiv Guiyiea, Borneo, ^c. 
The South African Museum, as the types of the species de- 
scribed by Dr. A. Smith, in his Illustrations of the 
Zoology of South Africa. 



INTRODUCTION. 



IX 



M. Brandt's collection, as the types of the species described 
by Pallas, Eversmann, and other Russian naturalists. 

The following list exhibits the geographical distribution of 
the species. When the species is found in two of the larger 
divisions of the list, on account of its extensive range, it is 
preceded by an asterisk. 

The names of the species which are at this time desiderata 
in the Museum collection, are printed in Italics. 



9? 



i> 



Europe. 

Zootoca vivipara, 27. N. & S. 
mm'alis, 27. Southern, 
oxycephala, 27. 
Taurica, 29. Sicily, 
and Morea. 
*Lacerta ocellata, 30. Southern. 
„ laevis, 31. 
„ viridis, 31. 
„ strigata, 32. Syria, 

and Dalm. 
„ agilis, 32. 
Nucras? exigua, 34. Siberia. 

„ chalyhea, 33. „ 
NotopholisFilzingeri,34. Sar- 
dinia. 

Morestica, 35. Mo- 






55 



5> 

rea. 

„ nigropunctata, 35. 
Corfu. 
Psammodromus Hispanicus, 38. 
Spain. 

cinereus, 39. 
South E. 
Pseudopus Pallasii, 56. East- 
ern E. 
Ablepharus Pannonieus, 63. 
East. Eur. 
„ bivittatus, 64. E. 

Eur. 
Anguis fragilis, 110. 
*GongYlus ocellatus, 123. 

Seps tridactylus, 125. 
*Hemidactylus vermiculatus,154 



Tarentola Mauri tanica, 164. 

South, 
Gymnodactylus geckoides, 175 

South. 
Argyrophis vennicularis, 137. 

Greece. 

Asia. 

Asia Minor. 

Lacerta viridis, 31. Lycia. 
Ophiops elegans, 44. Smyrna. 
„ macrodactylus^ 44. 
Lycia. 
^Pseudopus Pallasii, 55. Lycia. 
Riopa ? Ruppellii, 97. Arabia 

Petrsea. 
EuprepisFellowsii, 113. Lycia 
*Hemidactylus vermiculatus, 154 
Stellio Cordvlinus, 255. 
Caucasiciis^ 255. 
casus. 

cyanogaster, 255. 



?5 



Cau- 



?i 



Ara- 



bia Petraea. 



Agaraa agilis, 257. 

India. 

Empagusia flavescens, 9. 
Uaranus heraldicus. 9. 

„ lunatus, 10. 

„ nebulosus, 10. 
Monitor Dracaena, 15. 
Cabnta Leschenaultii, 43. 
Microdactylus gracilis^ 57. 
Hinulia Dussumieri, 75. 

b 



INTRODUCTION. 






Ristella Rurkii, 86. 
Mabouya elegans, 95. 
Riopa punctata, 96. 

„ Hardwickii, 96. 
Hagria Vosmaerii, 97. 
Chiamela lineata, 97. 
Anguis? 7nelanosticta, 100. 
*Tiliqua rufescens, 109. 
Evesia monodactyla^ 127. 
Typhlops Russellii, 132. 
Onychophis Barrowii, 133. 
Typhlinalis lineatus, 134. 
*Argyrophis Bramicus, 138. 
Siluboura Ceylonica, 142. 

Madras. 
Hemidactylus trihedrus, 152. 
inaculatus, 153. 
Leschenaultii^ 
155. 

Boltalia sublaevis, 158. 
PentadactylusDuvaucellii, 160 
■*Gecko verus, 160. 
PDraco volans, 233. 
,, Dussumieri^ 232. 
Sitana Ponticeriana, 236. 
Calotes gutturosa, 241. 

ophiomachus, 243. 
versicolor, 243. 
Rouxii^ 245. 
Charasia dorsalis, 246. 
Saara Hardwickii, 262. 
*Chameleo vulgaris, 265. 

Ceylon. 
Cabrita Leschenaultiiy 43. 
Siluboura Ceylonica, 142. 
Hemidactylus Leschenaultii, 

155. 
Lyriocephalus scutatus, 237. 
Ceratophora Stoddartii, 237. 
Calotes versicolor, 243. 

Affgkanistan. 
Pseudopus gracilis, 56. 
Argyrophis Horsfieldii, 137. 
Salea Horsfieldii, 242. 
Calotes Maria, 243. 



»» 



» 



i> 



5> 



Calotes versicolor, 243. 

„ minor, 244. 

„ Emma, 245. 
Phrynocephalus Tickelii, 260. 

Birman Empire, (Rancoon). 
Gonyocephalus chameleonti- 

na, 238. 
Dilophyrus grandis, 239. 
Calotes mystaceus, 245. 

North Asia. 
Psammosaurus Caspicus, 7. 
Eremias arguta, 39. Tartary. 

„ velox, 40. Crimea. 
Aspidorhinus gracilis, 42. 
Trapelus sanguinolentus, 259. 
PPhrynocephalus Olivieri, 259. 
helioscopus 260 
caudivolvuhts, 
260. 

Megalochilus auritus, 261. 
\J I'omsiSiixf asciatus, 262. 

China. ' 

*Hydrosaurus Salvator, 13. 
Tachydvomus sexlineatus, 52. 
Hinulia Reevesii, 76. 
Plestiodon pulchrum, 92. 
„ Chinense, 92. 
Ateuchosaurus Chinensis, 107. 
^Hemidactylus raaculatus, 153. 
*Gecko verus, 160. 
„ Reevesii, 161. 
„ Chinense, 161. 
Argyrophis Bramicus, 138. 
Leiolepis Reevesii, 263. 

Cochinchina. 
Tropidophorus Cochinchinensis 

101. 
Physignathus concinnus, 248. 

Java. 
Tropidosaura montana, 35. 
Hinulia sancta, 76. 
Podophis Chalcides, 88. 
Anolius ? ater, 136. 
Platyurus Schneiderianus, 157 



INTRODUCTION. 



XI 



Ptychozoon homalocephala, 164 
Cyrtodactylusmarmoratus, 173 
Draco volans, 233. 
*Dracunculus lineatus, 235. 
Gonyocephalus chameleontina, 

238. 
Calotes gutturosa, 241. 
Bronchocella tympanistriga, 

242. 

Sumatra, (Bencoolen). 
Draco firabriatus, 233. 
„ haematopogon, 234. 
*Gonyocephalus chameleontina 
238. 

Singapore, (Penang). 
Argyrophis bicolor, 136. 
Nubilia Argentii, 273. 
Eublepharis Hardwickii, 171. 
Cyrtodactylus pulchellus, 173. 
Draco firabriatus, 224. 
Dracunculus quinquefasciatus, 
235. 
„ maculatus, 236. 

Acanthosaura armata, 240. 
*Bronchocela cristatella, 241. 
Laudakia tuberculata, 254. 
Leiolepis Bellii, 263. 

Prince of Wales* Island. 
Dasia olivacea, 108. 
Gecko Smithii, 162. 

Amboina. 
Gecko monarchus, 161. 
„ vittatus, 162. 
*Dracunculus liueatus, 235. 
*Bronchocela cristatella, 241. 
Lophura Amboinensis, 247. 
„ Shawii, 247. 

Philippines. 
Uaranus ornatus, 10. 

„ rudicoUis, 10. 
Hinulia naevia, 75. 

„ fasciata, 75. 
Keneuxia smaragdina, 79. 
Mocoa Cumingii, 81. 



Lipinia pulchella, 84. 
Otosaurus Cumingii, 93. 
Senira bicolor, 98. 
Brachymeles Bonitee, 98. 
Tropidophorus Cochinchinen- 
sis, 101. 
*Tiliqua rufescens, 109. 
„ multicarinata, 109. 
„ grisea, 109. 
Onychophis Cumingii, 133. 
„ olivaceus, 133. 

Anilios ruficauda, 126, 
*Argyrophis Bramicus, 138. 
„ truncatus, 138. 

Uropeltis Philippinus, 141. 
?Rhinophis oxyrhynchus, 141. 
^Platyurus Schneiderianus, 157. 
Peropus mutilatus, 159. 
Gecko monarchus, 161 
Luperosaurus Cumingii, 166, 
Cyitodactylus marmoratus, 173 
Draco volans, 233. 

„ Timorensis, 233. 
Dracunculus ornatus, 235. 

„ spilopteriis, 236, 

Tiaris Bellii, 239. 

„ Sophiae, 240. 
Bronchocela cristatella, 241. 
„ marmorata, 242. 

Timor. 

Odatria Timorensis, 8, 

Uaranus Dumerilii, 10. 
? Monitor chlorostigma, 12. 
*Cryptoblepharus Boutonii, 64, 

Argyrophis jooZy^mmmicws, 138 

Goniodactylus Timorensis, 172. 

Draco Timorensis, 233. 

New Guinea. 
Hydrosaurus jprasmws, 13. 
Hinulia naevia, 75. 
Elania Mulleri, 80. 
Eumeces Oppelii, 93. 
Mabouya Baudinii, 95. 
„ cyanura, 96. 

Tribolonotus Novae Guineae, 101 

b 2 



Xll 



INTRODUCTION. 



Euprepis Physicce^ 1 15. 
Dihamus Novce GuinecB, 129. 
Onychophis multilineatu&, 134. 
Gecko bivittatus, 162. 
Tiaris rnegapogon, 239. 

Celebes. 
*Hydrosai\rus Salvator, 13. 
Bronchocela Celebensis, 241. 

Borneo. 

Tachydromus sexlineatus, 52. 

Norbea Brookei, 102. 

Tiliqua rufescens, 109. 

Euprepis Belcbeii, 116. 
*Heraidaclylus Brookii, 153. 
„ vittatus, 155. 

*Platyurus Schneiderianus, 157 

Gecko monarchus, 161. 

Tarentola Borneensis, 165. 

Heteronota Kendallii, 174. 

Japan. 
Tachysaurus Japonicus, 52. 
*Plestiodon quinquelineatum, 91 
Gecko Chinensis, 161, 

Molucca. 
Keneuxia smaragdina, 79. 
Mabouya cyanura, 96 

Australasia. 

New Holland. 
Hydrosaurus varius, 12. 
? „ Bella, 12. 

PZootoca Derbiana, 29. 
*Pygopus lepidopus, 68. 
„ squamiceps, 68. 
Hiuulia Gerrardi, 75. 
elegans, 76. 
tenuis, 76. 
taeniolata, 78. 
Whitii, 79. 
Mocoa ocellata, 82. 
„ Owenii, 272. 
Lygosoma Bougainvillii, 85. 
Siapbos equalis, 89. 
*Plestiodon quinquelineatum, 91 



5» 
>♦ 
»» 
5> 



*Cyclodus gigas, 104. 

* „ nigroluteus, 104. 
Tropidolepisma Kingii, 106, 

„ nitida, 106. 

„ major, 107. 

Onycbophis Franklinii, 132. 
*Hemidactylus Brookii, 153. 
Pbyllurus platurus, 176. 
Grammatopbora muricata, 251 

Australia, W. Sf N.W. coast. 

Odatria punctata, 7. 
„ ocellata, 8. 
Monitor Gouldii, 12. 
Hydrosaurus giganteus, 13. 
*Cryptoblepbarus Boutonii, 64. 
„ lineo-ocella- 

tus, 65. 
Moretbia anomala, 65. 
Menetia Greyii, QQ. 
Miculia elegans, QQ. 
Lerista lineata, 66. ' 

*Pygopus lepidopus, 67. 
Delma Fraseri, 68. 
Aprasia pulcbella, 68. 
Lialis Burtonii, 69. 
„ bicatenata, 69. 
„ punctata, 69. 
Rhodona punctata, 89. 
Hinulia Greyii, 76. 

* tenuis, 76. 
Labillardieri, 77. 
australis, 77. 
Essingtonii, 78. 
inornata, 78. 

„ Ricbardsonii, 272. 
Mocoa Guicbenoti, 84. 

trilineata, 81, 

Entrecasteauxii, 82. 

microtis, 83. 

melanopogon, 81. 
Lygosoma australis, 85. 
Tetradactylus Decresiensis, 86. 
Hemiergis Decresiensis, 87. 
Chelomeles quadrilineatus, 87. 
Soridia lineata, 90. 



J) 
J) 



)> 



» 



)j 



j> 



INTRODUCTION. 



Xlll 






» 



Tracliydosaurus rugosus, 102. 

„ asper, 103. 

Egernia Cunninghami, 105. 
*Cyclodus gigas, 104. 
Silubosaurus Stokesii, 105. 
Tropidolepisma Kingii, 106. 
Anilios australis, 135. 
„ nigrescens, 135. 
*Argyrophis Bramicus, 138. 
CEdura inarraorata, 147. 

„ rhorabifer, 147. 
Strophura spinigera, 148. 
Diplodactylus vittatus, 148. 
ornatus, 149. 
ocellatus, 149. 
raarmoratus, 149 
bilineatus, 149. 
Peripia variegata, 159. 
Gecko verus, 161. 
Gehyra australis, 162. 
Goniodactylus australis, 172. 
Heteronota Bynoei, 174. 
Phyllurus Miliusii, 176. 
„ ineiinis, 176. 
Chelonasia brunnea, 245. 
Gindalia Bennettii, 246. 
Physignathus Lesueurii, 248. 
Chlaniydusaurus Kingii, 249. 
Lophognatljus Gilbertii, 250. 
Diporophora bilineata, 250. 
Grammatophora cristata, 251. 
muricata, 251. 
reticulata,252. 
barbata, 252. 
„ angulifera,var. 

2, 252. 

maculata, 253. 
Decresii^ 253. 
„ ornata, 253. 

Moloch horridus, 263. 

Van D. Land. 

Hinulia australis, 77. 
Omolepida Casuarinse, 88. 
*Cyclodus nigroluteus, 104. 
Grammatophora muricata, 251. 









« 



5J 



Grammatophora aiigulifera,252 

N. Zealand. 
Hinulia ornata, 77. 
Mocoa Zelandica, 82. 
„ Smithii, 82. 
„ grandis, 272. 
Naultinus pacificus, 169. 
granulatus, 273. 
elegans, 169. 
Grayii, 170. 
„ punctatus, 170. 
Hatteria punctata, 249. 

S. S. Islands. 
Doryura Garnotii, 157. 

Islands of Pacific. 
Gehyra oceanica, 163. 

Isle Vanicaro. 
Mabouya atrocostatus, 95. 

Isle Wagiou, Ravach. 
Heteropus fuscus, 107. 

Neiv Ireland. 
Mabouya Carter etii^ 95. 

Tongatahoo. 
Otosaurus microlepis, 93. 

Otaheite. 
Amydosaurus lugubris, 162. 

Africa. 
North Africa. 
Psammosaurus Scincus, 7. 
^Monitor Niloticus, 1 1 . 
*Lacerta ocellata, 30. Algiers. 
Thetia perspicillata, 32. Algiers. 
Algira barbarica, 35. Algiers. 
Acanthodactylus velox, 36. 

Bellii,36. Al- 
giers. 

scutellatus, 37 
Savignii, 37. 
lineato-ocella- 
tuSf 37. Tripoli. 

Boskianus, 38. 
inornatus,38. 



93 



» 



») 



J> 



J» 



b 3 



XIV 



INTRODUCTION. 



Scrapteira grammica^ 39. Nu- 
bia. 
^remia.s guttulata, 41. 
Mesalina Pardalis, 43. 

„ rubropunctata, 43. 
Scincus officinalis, 74, 
Plestiodon auratura, 91. 
Ophiomorus miliaris, 121. Al- 
giers. 
Spbsenops sepsoides, 122. 
Gongylus ocellatus, 123. 
Heteromeles Mauritanicus^ 126. 

Algiers. 
Ptyodactylus Gecko, 151. 
*Hemidactylusvermiciilatus, 154 
*Tarentola Mauritanica, 164. 
„ iEgyptiaca, 165. 
Goniodactylus Mauritanicus, 

172. Algiers. 
Stenodactylus guttatus, 177. 
Stellio Cordylinus, 255. 
Agaraa colonorum, 256. 
Trapelus Savigiiii, 258. 
„ ruderatus, 258. 
„ Sinaitus, 259. 
Uromastix ornatus, 261. 
spinipes, 262. 
acanthinurus, 262. 
Chameleo vulgaris, 265. 

West Africa. 

Regenia ocellata, 9. 
^Monitor Niloticus, 11. 
Zootoca Galloti, 30. Madeira. 
*Lacerta ocellata, 30. Senegal. 
Teira punctata, 33. Madeira. 
Mocoa Africana, 83. 
Euprepis Coctei^ 110. 

Perotettii, 111. 
Raddonii, 1 12. 
Stangeri, 112. 
quinquetaeniatus, 1 13. 
,, maculilabris, 114. 
Feylinia Currori, 129. Angola 
Onychophis punctata, 133, 
. Fanlee. 



>j 



5) 



?» 



»» 



Leiurus ornatus, 157. 
Tarentola Delalandi, 165, and 

Madeira. 
Agama occipitalis, 256. 
Chameleo Senegalensis, 266. 
dilepis, 266. 



n 



Fernando Po. 
Tiliqua Fernandii, 110. 
Chameleo cristatus, 264. 
Owenii, 269. 



j> 



South Africa. 

Regenia albogularis, 8. 
^Monitor Niloticus, 11. 
*Hydrosaurus Salvatur, 13. 
Zootoca tcRYiiolata^ 29. 
Nucras Lalandii, 33. 
„ tessellaia, 33. 
Notopholis ? Capensis, 34. 
Algira Capensis, 36. 

„ Dumerilii, 36. 
Acanthodactylus Capensis, 37. 
Eremias Knoxii, 40. 
„ Capensis, 40. 
„ Burchellii, 40. 
„ dorsalis, 41. 
„ Namaquensis, 41. 
„ lugubris, 41. 
„ lineo-ocellata, 41. 
„ undata, 42. 
„ pulchella, 42. 
Cordylus polyzouicus, 47. 
Zonurus Cordylus, 47. 
„ cataphractus, 47. 
„ Derbianus, 48. 
Hemicordylus Capensis, 48, 
Pseudocordylus microlepido- 

tus, 49. 
Platysaurus Capensis, A9. 
Gerrhosaurus flavigularis, 50. 
„ typicus, 50. 

„ Bihronii, 50. 

Pleurostichus sepiformis, 51. 

„ suhtessellatus, 5 1 . 

Saurophis tetradactylus, 51. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XV 



5? 



'J 



5» 



55 



5> 



Caitia Africana, 52. 
Chamaesaura anguina, 61. 
Angms? punctata, 100. 
Euprepis Smithii, 112. 
vittatus, 113. 
Bibronii, 114. 
carinatus, 115. 
Delalandii, 116. 
Scelotes bipes, 123. 
Acontias meleagris, 127. 
Typhline Cuvieri, 128. 
Onychophis Lalandii, 132. 

„ Fordii, 134. 

Glaucoma nigricans, 139. 
Diplodactylus lineatus, 150. 
Pachy dactyl us ocellatus, 167. 
maculatus, 167. 
elegans, 168. 
Agama atra, 256. 
„ aculeata, 257. 
„ hispida, 257. 
Charaeleo tuberculifems, 267. 
Namaqua land, 
ventralis, 268. 
pumilus, 269. 

Abyssinia. 
Euprepis septemtaeuiatus, 113. 
Pristurus Jlavipunctatus, 171. 

Madagascar'. 
Cicigna Madagascarensis, 49. 

„ ornata, 50. 
Leiolepisma Bellii, 84. 
Euprepis bistriatus, 115. 
Amphiglossus Astrolabi, 125. 
Uroplates fimbriatus, 151. 

„ lineatus, 152. 
Hemidactylus mercatorius, 155. 
Phelsuma Madagascarense, 1 66. 

„ lineatum, 167. 

Chameleo lateralis, 

verrucosus, 267. 
rhiuoceratus, 267. 
cucullatus, 267. 
nasutus, 268. 
bifurcus, 268. 



)> 



>» 



j> 



5> 



>» 



>» 



Chameleo Tigris, 268. 

„ Parsonii, 269. 
? „ Brookesianus, 270. 

Seychelle Islands. 
Euprepis cyanogaster, 7. 

Isle of France. 

Cryptoblepharis Boutonii, 64. 
Heteropus Peronii, 108. 
Thyrus Bojerii, 124. 
Peripia Peronii, 159. 
Phelsuma Cepedianum, 166. 

Bourbon. 
Chameleo pardalis, 266. 

America. 
N. America. 

Cnemidophorus sexlineatus, 21. 
*C entropy xcalcaratus, 24. Alab. 

Ophisaurus ventralis, 56. 

Mocoa lateralis, 83. 
*Plestiodon laticeps, 90. 
* „ quinquelineatum,91 

Tarentola Americana, 165. 

Cyclura nubila, 19. Carolina. 

Ophyoessa superciliosa, 196. 
Alabama. 

Anolius principalis. 202. 
? „ flavescens, 202. 

Tropidolepis undulatus, 208. 

Plica umbra, 223. 

S. America F 

Cnemidophorus murinus. 21. 

„ scuta tus, 21. 

„ lemniscatus, 21 

PAnadia ocellata, 58. 
Phyllodactylus pulcher, 151. 
Iguana delicatissima, 187 
Brachylophus fasciatus, 187. 
VMcdi punctata, 224. 

Mexico. 

Heloderma horridum, 14. 
Ameiva undulata, 20. 



XVI 



INTRODUCTION. 



55 



« 



Cnemidophorus Deppii, 22. 
„ Sackii, 22. 

„ guttatus, 22. 

Abronia Deppii, 53. 
,, tceniata, 53. 
Gerrhonotus tessellatus, 53. 
.'*Elgaria Kingii, 54. 
Barissia imbricala, 54. 
rudicollis, 54. 
lichenigera, 54. 
E cphy motes ohtusirostris^ 185. 
L(BmanctxjLS longipes, 185. 
Iguana rhiiiolophus, 186. 
Cteuosaura pectinata, 191. 
Corythaeolus vittatus, 193. 
Corythophanes cristatus, 194. 
Chamaeleopsis Hemandesii, 194 
Tropidolepis torquatus, 208. 
forynosus, 209. 
spinosus, 209. 
horridus, 209. 
grammicus, 209. 
rnicrolepis, 209. 
variabilis, 209. 
(Bneus, 210. 
„ scalaris, 210. 

Phrynosoma orbiculare, 228. 
„ cornutum, 229. 

Texas and Mex. 

West Indies. 

Ameiva Surinamensis, 18. 

guttata, 18. Demer. 
Plei, 19. St. Dom. & 
Mart. 

dorsalis, 19. Jam. 
trilineata,-19. Cuba. 
Auberi, 20. Cuba. 
lineolata^ 20. St. Dom. 
Brachypus Cuvieri, 57. 
* Ggmnophthalmus lineatus, 63. 
*Plestiodon laticeps, 90. 
Mabouya Sloanei^ 94. 
agilis, 94. 
aenea, 94. 
Microlepis undulatus, 117. 



5> 



» 



J» 



»» 



»» 



»> 



»J 



« 



?) 



5» 



5J 



5» 



55 



5» 



55 



5» 
55 



Celestus occiduus, 117. 
striatus, 117. 
Hewardii, 118. 
macrolepis, 118. 
Camilia Jamaicensis, 119. 
Diploglossus Owenii, 119. 

„ Sagrae, 119. Cuba. 

„ Pleii, 119. Mar- 

tinique. 
Argyrophis lumbricalis, 137. 

Cuba. 
Meditoria uasuta, 139. Berbice. 
Epictia undecimstriatus, 140. 

„ bilineatus, 140. 
Thecadactylus rapicauda, 146. 
Sphaerodactylus sputator, 168. 
„ punctatissimus, 

168. 

„ fahtasticus, 168 

„ nigropunctatus, 

168. 



I. 



169. 



Eichardsonii, 



PGoniodactylus albogularis, 172. 
„ ocellatus, 172. 

Tobago. 
Cubina faseiata, 175. 
'^''Iguana tuberculata, 186. 
„ rhino] ophus, 186. 
„ delicatissima, 187. 
Aloponotus Ricordii^ 187. St. 

Domingo. 
Metapocerus cornutus, 187. St. 

Domingo. 
Cyclura MacLeayii, 190. Cuba. 
„ nubila, 190. Cuba. (Ca- 
rolina). 
„ Collei, 190. Jam. 
Ctenosaura acanthura, 191. 
Chameleolis Fernandina, 197. 
Cuba. 
PXiphosurus velifer, 197. 

Ricordii, 197. St. 
Domingo. 

cristatellus, 197. 



55 



INTRODUCTION. 



XVll 



Dactyloa equestris, 198. Cuba 
and W. I. 
„ Edwardsii, 198. Jam. 
Anolius Leachii, 200. Nevis, 
occipitalis, 200. 
lineatus, 200. Marti- 
nique. 

Cepedii, 201. 
„ marmoratuSy 201. Mar- 
tinique. 
„ porcatus, 201. Cuba. 
Kichardi, 202. Tortola. 
uebulosus, 203. Cuba, 
lineatopus, 203. 
maculatus, 203. 
pulchelltts, 204. Mar- 



» 



5> 



>» 



J» 



J» 



5) 



»> 



» 



timque. 
„ vermiculattts, 204 . C uba 
„ stenodactylus, 204. Ja. 
? „ reticulatus, 204. 
„ asneus, 205. 
„ lucius, 205. 
„ Goudotii, 205. Marti- 
nique. 
„ bullaris, 206. Marti- 
nique. 
„ Valencienniiy 206. 
Acantholis Loyisiana,206. Cuba 
Draconura chrysolepis, 207. 
Leiocephalus Herminieri^ 217. 
Martinique. 

carinatus, 217. 
MacLeayii, 218. 
Cuba. 

Schreibersii, 218. 
Cuba. 
„ microcephalus,273 

GuianUf Deinerara. 

Ameiva major, 17. Cayenne, 
punctata, 17. Dem 



5> 
»» 

5> 



55 



55 



Surinamensis, 18. Dem. 

„ guttata, 18. Dem. 

„ mwriwa, 20. Surinam. 
Acanthopyga striata, 22. Surin. 
Centropyx calcaratus, 24. Dem. 



Crocodilus lacertinus, 25. Gui. 

Ada Guianensis, 25. Guiana. 
PCusta bieariuata, 25. 

Chalcisjlavescens, 55. Guiana. 

Euprepis maculatus, 110. Dem. 

Anolius? 5^uamoiM*, 136. Gui. 

Argyropbis reticulatus, 137. 
Dem. 

Ctenosaura acanthura, 191. 
Honduras. 

Enyaliosaurus quinquecarina- 
tus, 192. Demerara. 

Basiliscus Americanus, 192. 
Guiana. 

Corytbaeolus vittatus, 193. 
Honduras. 

Draconura nitens, 207, Suri- 
nam. 

Norops auratus, 207. Guiana. 

Brazils. 

Teius Teguexim, 16, 
„ nigropunctatus, 16. 
*Ameiva guttata, 18. Pernam. 
? „ scutata, 21. 

Acrantus Teyou, 23. 
*Centropyx calcaratus, 24. 

Emminia olivacea, 24. Pern. 

Crocodilurus lacertinus, 25. 

Gerrlionotus caeruleus, 54. 

Heterodactylus imbncatus, 59. 
? Cercosaura ocellata, 60. 

Schreibersii, 60. 
Gaudichaudi, 60. 

Lepisoma scincoides, 60. 
* Gj/mnophthalmus lineata, 63. 

Mabouya Cepedii, 95. 

Opbiodes striatus, 99. 

Diploglossus fasciatus, 120. 

Hemidactylus Mabouia, 154. 
„ mercatorius, 155. 

Cubina Darwinii, 274 

Polychrus marmoratus, 183. 

Sphaerops anomalus, 183. 

Urostrophus Vautieri, 184. 

Ecphymotes Fitzingeri, 184. 



55 



XVlll 



INTRODUCTION. 



J) 



» 



Ecphymotes undulatus, 184. 
„ acutirostrisy 185. 

*Iguana tuberculata, 186. 
Enyalius rhombifer, 195. 
„ bilineatuSy 196. 
Ophyoessa superciliosa, 196. 
Rhinosaurus gracilis, 199. 
Anolius Grahamii, 202, 274. 

„ punctatuSy 206. 
Trachycyclus marmoratus^ 219. 

Rio Grande. 
Taraguira torquata, 220. 

Darwinii, 220. Abrol- 
hos Inlet. 

Smithii, 221. 
Opiums Braziliensis, 222. 
Strobilurus torquatus, 222. 
Uraniscodon umbra, 223. 
„ pictunif 223. 

Tropidurus cyclurus, 225. 
Uranocentron azureum, 225. 

Fernando Noronha. 
Euprepis punctatus, 110. 
Thysanodactylus bilineata, 193. 

Buenos Ayres. 
Lepidosoma scincoides, 60. 
Ophiodes striatus, 99. 

Peru and Chili. 
? Callopistes flavipunctus, 17. 
„ celestisy 17. 

Cnemidophorus longicauda, 21. 
Patagonia. 

„ lacertinoides, 

22. Monte Video. 
Dicrodon guttulatum^ 23. Peru. 
Bachia D^Orhignii, 58. Chili. 
Caudiverhera Peruviana^ 152. 

Chili. 
Hemidactylus Peruvianus, 156. 
Homonota Gaudichaudii, 171. 
Cubina D''Orbignii, 175. Chili. 
Anolius f us coauratus, 205. Chili 
Leiodera Chilensis, 210. Ch.N. 
„ Gravenhorstii, 210. 



» 



j> 



5> 



?» 



»5 



J> 



» 



>5 



57 



5> 






Leiodera gracilis, 210. Pata- 
gonia. 
Leiolaemus cyanogaster, 211. 
Bellii, 211. 
BibroDii, 211. Pat. 
lineatus, 213. 
nigromaculatus, 213 
inconspicuus, 213. 
pictus, 213. 
tenuis, 214. 
signifer, 214. 
maculatus, 214. 
Peru. 

Fitzingeri, 215. Pa- 
tagonia. 

Darwinii, 215. Pat. 
Kingii, 215. Patag. 
Wiegmannii, 216. 
Ptygoderus pectinatus, 216. 
Proctotretus raultimaculatus, 

217. 
Leiocephalus ornatus, 219. 

Guayaq. 
Stenocercus roseiventris, 219. 

Bolivia. 
Microlophus Peruvianus, 221. 

Peru. 
Leiosaurus Bellii, 224. 

„ fasciatus, 224. 
Diplolaemus Darwinii, 225. 
„ Bibronii, 225. 

Phrymaturus Palluma, 226. 

Galapagos. 
Trachycephalus subcristatus, 

188. 
Oreocephalus cristatus, 189. 
Leiocephalus Grayii, 218. 

California. 
Gerrhonotus Burnettii, 54. 

„ Wiegmannii, 54. 

Elgaria Kingii, 54. 
Phyllodactylustuberculatus,151 
Callisaurus draconoides, 227. 
Phrynosoma Douglasii, 227. 
Blainvillii, 228. 



>j 



INTRODUCTION. 



XIX 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 

The names in Italics are at present desiderata to the Museum 

collection. 



Sect. I. Scaly Reptiles. 


Fa 


m. II. 


Helodermid^, 14. 


Squamata. 


1. Heloderma horridum, 14. 


Ord. 1. Lizards. Saura. 












Fam. 


III. Teid^, 14. 


Synopsis of Families, p. 3. 


1. 


Teius 


Teguexim, 16. 


Suborder I. Leptogloss^. 


2. 


)> 


nigropunctatus, 16. 




3. 


C allopistes maculatus, 1 7, 270 


Tribe 1. Cyclosaur^. 


4. 


*' 


, celestis, 17. 


Fam. I. MoNiTORiDiE, p. 6, 


5. 


Ameiva major, 1 7. 


6. 


»j 


punctata, i/. 


1. Psammosaurus Scincus, p. 7. 


7. 


)j 


Surinamensis, 18. 


2. „ Caspicus, 7. 


8. 


« 


guttata, 18. 


3. Odatria punctata, 7. 


9. 


« 


scutata, 19. 


4. „ ocellata, 8. 


10. 


5» 


Plei, 19. 


5. „ Timorensis, 8. 


11. 


)» 


dorsalis, 19. 


6. Regenia albogularis, 8. 


12. 


5» 


trilineata, 19. 


7. „ ocellatus, 9. 


13. 


») 


Auberi, 20. 


8. Empagusia flavescens, 9. 


14. 


» 


undulata, 20. 


9. Uaranus heraldicus, 9. 


15. 


J> 


murina, 20. 


10. „ lunatus, 10. 


16. 


5» 


lineolata, 20. 


11. „ ornatus, 10. 


17. 


Cnemidophorus murinus, 21. 


12. „ Dumerilii, 10. 


18. 




„ longicauda- 


13. „ rudicollis, 10. 




tus, 


21. 


14. „ nebulosus, 10. 


19. 




„ lemniscatus, 


15. Monitor Niloticus, 11. 




21. 




16. „ Dracaena, 11. 


20. 




„ scutatus, 21. 


17. „ Gouldii, 12. 


21. 




„ sexlineatus. 


18. „ chlorostigma, 12. 




21. 




19. Hydrosaurus varius, 12. 


22. 




„ lacertinoides, 


20. „ Bella, 13. 




22. 




21. „ giganteus, 13. 


23. 




„ Deppii, 22. 


22. „ salvator, 13. 


24. 




„ Sackii, 22. 


23. „ prasinus, 13. 


25. 




„ ffuttatus, 22. 



XX 



INTRODUCTION. 



^. 




3. 




4. 




5. 




6. 




7. 





26. Dicrodon gutlulatum^ 23. 

27. Acrantus Teyou, 23. 

28. Acanthopyya striata, 23. 

29. Centropyx calcaratus, 24. 

30. Emminia olivacea, 24. 

31. Crocodilurus lacertinus, 25. 

32. Ada Guianensis, 25. 

33. Custa bicarinata, 25. 

Fam. IV. Lacertinid^, 26. 

1. Zootoca vivipara, 27. 
muralis, 28. 
oxycephala, 29. 
Taurica, 29. 
tcsniolata^ 29, 
Derbiana, 29. 
Galloti, 30. 

8. Lacerta ocellata, 30. 

9. „ Isevis, 31. 

10. „ viridis, 31. 

11. „ strigata, 32. 

12. „ agilis, 32. 

13. Thetia perspicillata, 32. 

14. Teira punctata, 33. 

15. Nucras Lalandii, 33. 

16. „ tessellata,3^. 

17. „ ? exigua, 34. 

18. „ ? chalyhea, 34. 

19. Notopbolis Fitzingeri, 34. 

20. „ ? Capensis, 34. 

21. „ Morestica, 35. 

22. „ nigropunctata, 35 

23. Tropidosaura montana, 35. 

24. Algira barbarica, 35. 

25. ,, Capensis, 36. 

26. „ Dumerilii, 36. 

27. Acanthodactylus velox, 36 
28. 
29. 



32. 

33. 

34. 

35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 
52. 
53. 
54. 
55. 



Acanthodactylus lineatoma- 
culatus, 37. 

„ Boskianus, 

38. 

„ inomatus, 

38. 
Psarnmodromus hispanicus, 38 

„ cinereus, 39. 

Scrapteira grammica, 39. 
Eremias arguta, 39, 270. 
velox, 40. 
Knoxii, 40. 
Capensis, 40. 
Buichellii, 40. 
dor sails, 41. 
Namaquensis, 41. 
lugubris, 41. 
guttulata, 41. 
lineo- ocellata, 41. 
undata, 42. 
pulchella, 42,. 
? Aspidorhinus gracilis, 42. 
Mesalina Pardalis, 43. 

„ rubropunctata, 43. 
Cabrita Leschenaultii, 43. 
Ophiops elegans, 44. 

macrodactylus, 44. 






5) 



5» 



»J 






J? 



»5 
5? 



»5 



30. 



31. 



37. 



37. 



37. 



55 
5? 



» 



11 



Bellii, 36. 
Capensis, 

scutellatus, 

Savjgnii, 



Fam. V. ZoNURiD^, 45. 

1. Cordylus polyzonus, 47. 

2. Zonurus Cordylus, 47. 

3. „ cataphractus, 47. 

4. „ Derbianus, 48, 270, 

5. Hemicordylus Capensis, 48. 

6. Pseudocordylus microlepi- 
dotus, 49. 

7. Platysaurus Capensis, 49. 

8. Cicigna Madagascarensis, 49 

9. „ ornata, 50. 

10. Gerrhosaurus flavigularis, 50 

11. „ typicus, 50, 270 

12. „ Bihronii, 50, 270 

13. Pleurostrichussepiformis,51. 

14. „ suhtessellatus,b\. 



11 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXI 



15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 



Saurophis tetradactylus, 51. 
Caitia Africana, 52. 
Tachydromiis sexlineatus, 52 
Tachysaurus Japonicus, 52. 
Ahronia Deppii, 53. 

„ taniata, 53. 
Gerrhonotus tessellatus, 53. 
cesruleus, 54. 
Burnettii, 54. 
Wiegmannii,54 
Elgaria Kingii, 54. 
Barissia imbricata, 55. 

,, rudicollis, 55. 

„ lichenigera, 55. 
Pseudopiis Pallasii, 55. 

„ gracilis, 56. 

Ophisaurus ventralis, 56. 



?5 



5) 



2. Ablepharus Pannonicus, 63. 

3. „ hivittatus, 64. 

4. Cryptoblepharus Boutonii, 64 

5. „ lineo-ocella- 
tus, Qb. 

6. Morethia anomala, 65. 

7. Menetia Greyii, QQ. 

8. Miculia elegans, QQ. 

9. Lerista lineata, 66. 

Fam. XII. Pygopid^, 67. 

1. Pygopus lepidopus, 67. 

2. 5, squamiceps, 67. 

3. Delma Fraseri, 68. 

Fam. XIII. Aprasiad^, 68. 
1. Aprasia pulcbella, 68. 



Fam. VI. Chalcid^, 57. 

1. Brachypus Cuvieri, 57, 271. 

2. Microdactylus gracilis, 57. 

3. Chalcis Jiavescens, 58. 

4. Bachia D^Orbignii, 58. 

Fam. VII. Anadiad^, 58. 
1 . Anadia ocellata, 58. 

Fam. VIII. Chirocolid^, 58. 
1 . Heterodactylus imbricatus, 59. 

Fam. IX. CercosauridjE, 59. 

1. Cercosaura ocellata, 60. 

2. „ Schreibeni, 60. 

3. „ Gaudichaudii, 60. 

4. Lepisoma scincoides, 60. 

Fam. X. Cham^saurid^, 61. 
1. Chamaesaura anguina, 61. 

Tribe 2. Geissosaura. 

Fam. XL Gymnophthalmid^, 
62. 

1. Gymnophthalmus lineata, 63. 20. Elania Mulleri,d>0. 



Fam. XIV. Lialisid^, 69. 


1. ; 


Lialis Burtonii, 69. 


2. 


?» 


bicatenata, 69. 


3. 


55 


punctulata, 69. 


Fam. 


XV. SciNciD^, 70. 


1. 


Scincus oflScinalis, 74. 


2. 


Hinulia neevia, 75. 


3. 


55 


fasciata, 75. 


4. 


55 


Dussumieri, 75. 


5. 


55 


Gerrardi, 75. 


6. 


55 


elegans, 76. 


7. 


55 


Greyii, 76. 


8. 


55 


tenuis, 76. 


9. 


55 


Reevesii, 76. 


10. 


55 


sancta, 76. 


11. 


55 


ornata, 77. 


12. 


55 


Labillardieri, 77. 


13. 


55 


australis, 77. 


14. 


55 


Essingtonii, 78. 


15. 


55 


inornata, 78. 


16. 


5J 


taeniolata, 78. 


17. 


55 


Whitei, 79. 


18. 


55 


Richardsonii, 271. 


19. 


Keneuxia sraaragdina, 79 



XXll 



INTRODUCTION. 



21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 

25. 
26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30- 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 

42. 
43. 

44. 
45. 
46. 

47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 

51. 
52. 
53. 
54. 
55. 
56. 
57. 
58. 
59. 
60. 
61. 
62. 
63. 



)) 



J) 



?» 



)? 



5i 



5> 



55 



5» 



55 



55 



55 



Mocoa Guichenoti, 80. 
trilineata, 81. 
Curaingii, 81. 
ocellata, 82. 
Entrecasteauxii, 82 
Zelandica, 82. 
Smithii, 82. 
Owenii, 272. 
microtis, 83. 
cupraga, 83. 
grandis, 271. 
Africana, 83. 
lateralis, 83. 
Carlia melanopogon, 82, 272. 77 
Leiolepisma Bellii, 84. 
Lipinia pulchella, 84. 
Lygosoma australis, 85. 

?Temminckii^ 85. 
Bougainvillii, 85 
Ristella Rui'kii, 86. 
Tetradactylus Decresiensis, 
86. 

Hemiergis Decresiensis, di7. 
Chelomeles quadrilineatus, 
87. 

Omolepida Casuarinae, 88. 
Podophis Chalcides, 88. 
Siaphos aequalis, 89. 
Rhodona punctata, 89. 
Soridia liueata, 90 
Plestiodon laticeps, 90. 

quinquelineatum, 92. 

93. 
auratuni,91. 
pulchrum, 92. 
Bellii, 92. 
Chinense, 92. 
Eumeces Oppelii, 93. 
Otosaurus microlepis, 93. 
„ Cumingii, 93. 

Mabouya Sloanei, 94. 
agilis, 94. 
aenea, 94. 
Cepedii, 95. 
elegans, 95. 
alrocostata, 95. 



55 



91. 



55 



55 



55 



55 



55 



55 



5> 



>» 



64. 
65. 
66. 

67. 
68. 
69. 
70. 
71. 
72. 
73. 
74. 
75. 
76. 



78. 

79. 

80. 
81. 
82. 
83. 
84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 
88. 
89. 

90. 
91. 



94. 

95. 

96. 

97. 

98. 

99. 
100. 
101. 
102. 
103. 
104. 

105. 



Mabouya Carteretii, 95. 
„ Baudinii, 95. 
„ cyanura, 96. 
Riopa punctata, 96. 
„ Hardwickii, 96. 
„ Ruppellii, 97. 
Hagria Vosmaerii, 97. 
Chiamela lineata, 97. 
Senira bicolor, 98. 
Brachymeles BonitsB, 98. 
Anguis fragilis, 100. 
„ "? punctata., 101. 
„ ? 7nelanosticta, 100. 
Tribolonotus Novee Guineae, 
101. 

Tropidophorus Cochinchi- 
nensis, 101. 
Norbea Brookei, 102. 
Trachydosaurus rugosus, 102 

„ asper, 1(^3. 

Cyclodus gigas, 103. 

„ nigroluteus, 104. 
Silubosaurus Stokesii, 105. 
Egernia Cunninghami, 105. 
TropidolepismaKingii, 106. 
„ nitida, 106. 

„ major, 107. 

Ateuchosaurus Chinensis, 
107. 
Heteropus fuscus, 107. 

„ Peronii, 108. 

Dasia olivacea, 108. 
Tiliqua rufescens, 109. 
„ multicarinata, 109. 
„ grisea, 1 10. 
„ Fernandi, 110. 
Euprepis Coctei, 110. 

maculatus, 111. 
punctatus, 111. 
Perottetii, 111. 
Raddoni, 112. 
Smithii, 112. 
Stangeri, 112. 
quinquetasniatus. 



55 
55 
55 
55 
J5 
J5 



»5 

112. 

51 



Fellowsii, 113. 



INTRODUCTION. 



xxm 



106. 
107. 

108. 
109. 
110. 
111. 
112. 
113. 
114. 
115. 
116. 
117. 
118. 
119. 
120. 
121. 
122. 
123. 
124. 
125. 
126. 
127. 



FiWpreipis septemteeniatus 113 
inornatus, 113. 
vittatus, 113. 
maculilabris, 114 
cyanogaster,\\A. 
Bibronii, 1 14. 
carinatus, 115. 
bistriatus, 115. 
Physicce, 115. 
Delalandii, 116. 
Belcheri, 116. 
Microlepis undulatus, 117. 
Celestus occiduus, 117. 
striatus, 117. 
Hewardii, 118. 
„ macrolepis, 118. 
Camilla J amaicensis, 119. 
Diploglossus Oivenii, 119. 
S agree ^ 119. 
P/m, 119. 
fascial us, 120. 
Ophiodes striatus, 99. 



jj 



n 



»» 



j> 



n 



5J 



jj 



J) 



)? 



)» 



5) 



5? 



Fam. XVI. Ophiomorid^, 120. 
1. Opbiomorus miliaris, 121. 

Fam. XVII. Sepsid^, 121. 

1. SphEenops sepsoides, 122. 

2. Scelotes bipes, 123. 

3. Gongylus ocellatus, 123. 

4. Thyrus Bojerii, 124. 

5. Amphiglossus Astrolabi, 125. 

6. Seps tridactylus, 125. 

7. Heteromeles Mauritanicus, 1 26 

Fam. XVIII. Acontiad^, 126. 

1. Nessia Burtoni, 126. 

2. Evesia monodactyla^ 127. 

3. Acontias meleagris, 127. 

Fam. XIX. Typhlinid^, 128. 

1. Typhline Cuvieri, 128. 

2. Feylinia Currori, 129. 

3. Dihamus Novce Guinece^ 129. 



?> 



»j 



)> 



99 



JJ 



» 



Fam. XX. Typhlopsid^e, 130. 

Typblops Russellii, 132. 
Onychophis Franklinii, 132. 
„ Lalandii^ 1.32. 

BaiTowii, 133. 
punctatus, 133. 
olivaceus, 133. 
Cumingii, 133. 
Fordii^ 134. 
multicarinatus f 
134. 
Typhlinalis lineatus, 134. 
Anilios australis, 135. 
Leachii, 135. 
nigrescens, 135. 
ruficauda, 136. 
?ater, 136. 
"? squamosa, 136. 
Argyrophis bicolor, 136. 

Horsfieldii, 137. 
vermicularis, 137 
reticulatus, 137. 
lumbricalis, 137. 
truncatus, 138. 
Bramicus, 138. 
polggrammicus, 



1. 
2. 

3. 
4. 
5. 
6. 

7. 
8. 
9. 

10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 

25. 
26. 
27. 

28. 
29. 



99 



99 



99 



99 



9' 



99 

139. 

Meditoria nasuta, 139. 
Glauconia nigricans, 139. 
Epictia undecimstriata, 140. 

,, ? albifrons, 140. 

„ bilineatus, 139. 



Fam. XXI. Uropeltidje, 140. 

1. Rhinophis oxyrhynchus, 141. 

2. Uropeltis Philippinus, 141. 

3. Siluboura Ceylonica, 142. 

Suborder II. PachyglossjE. 

Tribe III. Nyctisaura. 

Fam. XXII. GECKOxiDiE, 142. 

1. Thecadactylus rapicaudus, 
146. 



XXIV 



INTRODUCTION. 



2. 
3. 
4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 
10. 
11. 
12. 

13. 
14. 

15. 
16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 

24. 
25. 
26. 

27. 

28. 

29. 
30. 
31. 

32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 

37. 

38. 
.39. 
40. 



)) 



?» 






3) 



» 



41, 
42 
43 
44 

45, 



5J 

150. 



(Edura marmorata, 147. 
rhombifer, 147. 
Lesueurii, 147. 
Strophura spinigera, 148. 
Diplodactylus vittatus, 148. 
ornatus, 149. 
ocellatus, 149. 
niarmoratusl49 46. 
bilineatus, 150. 47. 
lineatus, 150. 48. 
Gerrhopygus, 49. 
50. 

Phyllodactylus pulcher, 150. 51. 

„ tuberculatus, 52. 

150. 53. 

Ptyodactylus Gecko, 151. 54. 

Uroplates fimbriatus, 151. 55. 

„ lineatus, 152. 56. 

Caudiverbera Peruviana, 152. 57. 

Hemidactylus trihedrus, 152. 

maculatus 153 58. 
Brookii, 153. 59. 
depressus, 153 60. 
vermiculatus, 61. 
62. 
fasciatus, 154 63. 
Mabouia, 154. 64. 
mercatorius, 65. 

frenatus, 155. 66. 

Leschenaultii, 67. 
68. 
vittatus, 155. 

Bellii, 155. 69. 

Pei-uvianuSy 70. 

156. " 71. 
Nubilia argentea, 273. 
VelernesiaRicbardsonii, 156. 72. 
Doryura Bowringii, 156. 

„ Garnotii, 157. 73. 
Platyurus Schoeiderianus, 

157. 74. 
Leiurus ornatus, 157. 
Crossurus Caudiverbera, 158. 75. 
Boltalia sublaevis, 158. 76. 
Peripia Peronii, 159. 77. 



5» 



154. 



J) 



55 



55 
55 



155. 



55 



55 
55 



55 



155. 



55 



55 
55 



55 



Peripia variegata, 159. 
Peropus mutilatus, 159. 
Theconyx Seychellensis, 159. 
Pentadactylus Duvaucelii, 
160. 

Platydactylus Leachianus, 
160. 
Gecko verus, 160. 

Reevesii, 161. 
Cbiuensis, 161. 
monarchus, 161. 
Smithii, 162. 
vittatus, 162. 
hivittatus, 162. 
Amydosaurus lugubris, 162. 
Gehyra oceanica, 163. 
„ australis, 163. 
Luperosaurus Cumingii, 163 
Ptycbozoon bomalocephala, 
164. ^ 

Tarentola Mauritanica, 164 
iEgyptiaca, 165. 
Delalandii, 165. 
Americana, 165. 
Borneensis, 165. 
clypeata, 166. 
Phelsuma Cepedianum, 166. 
„ Madagascarense, 
166. 
„ lineatum, 166. 

Pachydactylus ocellatus, 167 
„ maculatus, 

167. 

„ elegans, 168. 

Sphaerodactylus sputator, 168 
„ punctatissi- 

mum, 168. 

fantasticus, 



55 
35 
33 
33 
33 



168. 



35 



33 



tatus, 168. 



53 



nigropunc- 

Richardso- 
nii, 168. 
Naultinus pacificus, 169,273 
„ granulatus, 273. 

„ brevidactylus, 169 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXV 



78. 
79. 
80. 
81. 

82. 
83. 

84. 
85. 

86. 

87. 

88. 
89. 

90. 

91. 

92. 
93. 
94. 
95. 
96. 
97. 

98. 

99. 
100. 
101. 



)> 



i» 



Naultinus elegans, 169. 
Grayii, 170. 
punctatus, 170. 
Eublepharis Hardwickii, 170 
„ Derbianus, 274. 

Homonota Gaudichaudii, 
171. 

Pristurus Jlavipunctatus^ 171 
Goniodactylus Timorensis, 
172. 

australis, 172 
albogularis, 



172. 






?ocellatus 172 
„ ? Mauritani- 

cus, 172. 
Cyrtodactylus marmoratus, 
173. 

„ pulchellus, 

173. 
Heteronota Kendallii, 174. 

„ Binoei, 174. 

Cubiua. fas data, 175. 

D^Orhignii, 175. 
Darwinii, 274. 
Gymnodactylus Geckoides, 
175. 

Phyllurus platurus, 176. 
Miliusii, 176. 
inermis, 176. 
Stenodactylus guttatus, 177 



)? 



5? 



»5 



>? 



Tribe IV. Strobilosaura, 178. 

Fam. XXIII. Iguanid^, 178. 

1. Polychrus marmoratus, 183. 

2. Sphaerops anomalus, 184. 

3. Urotrophus Vautieri, 184. 

4. Ecphymotes Fitzingerii, 184. 

5. „ undulatus, 185. 

6. „ obtusirostris, 185. 

7. „ acutirostris, 185. 

8. Lcemanctus longipes, 185. 

9. Iguana tuberculata, 186. 

10. „ rbinolopbus, 186. 

11. ,, delicatissima, 187. 



;> 



12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 

16. 
17. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 

23. 
24. 
25. 

26. 
27. 

28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 

32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 
47. 
48. 
49. 
50. 
51. 
52. 



Aloponotus Ricardi, 187. 
Brachylophus fasciatus, 187. 
Metopoceros comutus, 188. 
Trachycephalus subcrista- 
tus, 188. 

Oreocephalus cristatus, 189. 
Cyclura MacLeayii, 190. 
„ nubila, 190. 
„ Collei, 190. 
Ctenosaura acanthura, 191. 

„ pectinata, 191. 

Enyaliosaurus quinquecari- 
uatus, 192. 

Basiliscus Americanus, 192. 
Corythaeolus vittatus, 193. 
Thysanodactylus bilineatus, 
194. 

Corythophanes cristata, 194. 
Chameleopsis Hernandesii, 
194. 

Enyalius rhombifer, 195. 
„ bilineatus, 196. 
Ophyoessa superciliosa, 196. 
Chamaeleolis Fernandina, 
197. 

Xiphosurus velifer, 197. 
„ Ricordii, 197. 

„ cristatellus, 197. 

Dactyloa equestris, 198. 
„ Edwardsii, 198. 
Bhinosaurus gracilis, 199. 
Anolius Leachii, 200. 
„ occipitalis, 200. 

lineatus, 200. 

Cepedii, 201. 

marmoratus, 201. 

porcatus, 201, 

principalis, 202. 

flavescens, 202. 

Ricliardii, 202. 

Graham i, 203, 274. 

nebulosus, 203. 

lineatopus, 203, 

maculatus, 203. 

pulchellus, 204. 

venniculatuSy 204. 



» 



5J 



55 



?5 



55 



1) 



») 



)) 



}» 



« 



5) 



>J 



XXVI 



INTRODUCTION. 



53. 

54. 

55. 

56. 

57. 

58. 

59. 

60. 

61. 

62. 

63. 

64. 

65. 

66. 

61. 

68. 

69. 

70. 

71. 

72. 

73. 

74. 

75. 

76. 

77. 

78. 

79. 

80. 

81. 

82. 

83. 

84. 
85. 
86. 
87. 
88. 
89. 
90. 
91. 
92. 
93. 
94. 

95. 
96. 



5) 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



Anolius stenodactylus, 204. 
reticulatus, 204. 
fuscoauratus, 205. 
aeneus, 205. 
Lucius, 205. 
Goudotii, 205. 
punctatus, 205. 
bullaris, 206. 
Valenciennii, 206. 
Acantholis Loysiana, 206. 
Draconuva nitens, 207. 

„ chiysolepis, 207. 

Norops auratus, 207. 
Tropidolepis imdulatus, 208. 
torquatus, 208. 
fonnosus, 209. 
spinosus, 209. 
horridus, 209. 
grammicus, 209' 
microlepis, 209. 
variabilis, 209. 
(Bneus, 210. 
scalaris, 210. 
Leiodera Chilensis, 210. 

Gravenhorstii, 211. 
gracilis, 211. 
Leiolaemus cyanogaster, 212. 
Bellii, 212. 
Bibronii, 213. 
lineatus, 213. 
nigvomaculatus, 



j> 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



11 



213. 



97.Leiocephalus MacLeayii 218 

98. „ Schreibersii 218 

99. „ microlepis, 274 
TOO. „ Grayii, 218. 

101. „ ornatus, 219. 

102. Stenocercusroseiventris, 219 

103. Ta chycyclus mar mo ra tus 219 
Taraguira torquata, 220. 

Darwinii, 220. 

Smitbii, 221. 
Microlopbus Peruvianus, 
221. 

108. Oplurus Brazilieusis, 222. 

109. Strobilurus torquatus, 222. 
Uraniscodon umbra, 223. 

„ picium, 223. 

Plica umbra, 223. 
„ punctata, 224. 

114. Leiosaurus Bellii, 224. 

115. „ fasciatus,'^24. 

116. Diplolaemus Darwinii, 225. 

117. ., Bibronii, 225. 

118. Tropidurus cyclurus, 225. 

119. Uranocentron azureum, 225 

120. Phryraaturus Palluma, 226. 

121. Callisauriis draconoides, 227 
Tropidogaster Blainvillii, 
227. 

Phrynosoma Douglasii, 227 
orbiculare,228 
Blainvillii 228 
cornutum, 229 



104. 
105. 
106. 
107. 



110. 
111. 
112. 
113. 



122. 

123. 
124. 
125. 
126. 



11 
11 



11 



inconspicuus,213 

pictus, 214. 

tenuis, 214. 

si'gnifer, 215. 

maculatus, 215. 

Fitzingerii, 215. 

Darwinii, 215. 

Kingii, 215. 

Wiegmannii, 216 
Ptygoderus pectinatus, 216. 
Proctotretus multimacula- 

tus, 216. 
Leiocephalus //ermimeri 217 
carinatus, 217. 



11 



11 



11 



11 



ii 



91 



11 



11 



Fam. XXIV. Agamid^, 230. 

1. Draco volans, 233. 

2. „ Timorensis, 233. 

3. „ fimbiiatus, 234. 

4. Dracocella Dussumieri, 234. 

5. „ haematopogon, 
234. 

6. Dracunculus quinquefascia- 

tus, 235. 

7. „ lineatus, 235. 

8. „ ornatus, 235. 

9. „ maculatus, 236. 



INTRODUCTION. 



XXVU 



10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 
14. 
15. 

16. 
17. 

18. 
19. 
20. 
21. 
22. 
23. 
24. 
25. 

26. 
27. 
28. 
29. 
30. 
31. 
32. 
33. 
34. 
35. 
36. 
37. 
38. 
39. 
40. 
41. 
42. 
43. 
44. 
45. 
46. 

47. 

48. 
49. 



?> 



?5 



5) 



Draciin cuius spiloptems, 236 
Sitana ponticereana, 236. 
Lyriocephalus scutatus^ 237. 
Ceratophora Stoddaitii, 237. 
Otocryptis bivittatiis, 238. 
Gonyocephalus chameleon- 

tina, 238. 
Dilophyrus grandis, 239. 
Tiaris megapogon, 239. 
„ Bellii, 239. 
„ Sophia, 240. 
Acanthosaura armata, 240. 
Bi'oncbocela cristatella, 241 
Celebensis, 241 
gutturosa, 241. 
marmorata, 242 
tympanistriga, 
242. 
Salea Horsfieldii, 242. 
Calotes Maria, 242. 

ophiomachus, 243. 
versicolor, 243. 
minor, 243. 
Emma, 243. 
Rouxii, 244. 
mystaceus^ 245. 
Chelouasia brunuea, 245. 
Charasia dorsalis, 246. 
Gindalia Benuettii, 247. 
Lophura Amboinensis, 247. 

„ Shawii, 247. 
Physignathus concinnus, 247 
„ Lesueurii, 248 

Cblamydosaurus Kingii, 249 
Hatteria punctata, 249. 
Lopbognathus Gilbertii, 250 
Diporopbora bilineata, 250 
Grammatopbora cristata, 251 
muricata, 



?? 



?> 



?? 



J5 



» 



?? 



50. 

51. 
52. 
53. 
54. 
55. 
56. 
57. 
58. 
59. 
60. 
61. 
62. 
63. 
64. 
65. 
66. 
67. 
68. 

69. 

70. 
71. 
72. 
73. 
74. 
75. 
76. 
77. 
78. 
79. 



?i 



5» 



Grammatopbora maculata, 
253. 

Decresiii 253 
ornata, 253. 
Laudakia tuberculata, 254. 
Stellio Cordylinus, 255. 
„ Caucasicus, 255. 
„ cj/anogaster, 255. 
Agama colonorum, 256. 
occipitalis, 256. 
atra, 256. 
agilis, 257. 
aculeata, 257. 
bispida, 257. 
Trapelus Savignii, 258. 
ruderatus, 258. 
sanguinolentus, 259. 
Sinaitus, 259. 
Pbrynocephalus Olivieri, 259 
„ belioscopus, 

260. 

„ caudivolvu- 

lus, 260. 

„ Tickelii,260 

Megalochilus auritus, 261. 
Uromastix ornatus, 261 . 
spinipes, 261. 
acanthiurus, 262. 
„ fasciatus^ 262. 
Saara Hardvvickii. 262. 
Leiolepis Bellii, 263. 

„ Keevesii, 263. 
Molocb horridus, 263. 



» 



n 



?» 



5» 



)? 



5J 



)> 



55 



")•> 



251. 



252. 



252. 



)? 



» 



5J 



55 



Tribe V. Dendrosaura, 264. 

Fam. XXV. CHAMELEONIOiE, 

264. 
1. Chameleo cristatus, 264. 





2. 




lateralis, 264. 


reticulata. 


3. 




vulgaris, 265. 




4. 




Senegalensis, 266. 


barbata, 252 


5. 




dilepis, 266. 


angulifera, 


6. 




pardalis, 266. 




7. 




verrucosus, 267. 



XXVlll 



INTRODUCTION. 



8. Chameleo rhinoceratus, 267. 

9. „ tuberculiferus, 267. 



10. 
11. 
12. 
13. 



cucullatus, 267. 
nasutiis, 268. 
bifurcus, 268. 
Tigris, 268. 



14. 
15. 
16. 
17. 

18. 



Chameleo ventralis, 268. 
„ pumiliis, 269. 
Parsonii, 269. 
Owenii, 269. 
Brooksianus,270. 



55 



5? 



J) 



The British Museum possesses 429 out of the 612 species 
which are known to exist in the different European collections. 
Many of those which are wanting are inhabitants of our own pos- 
sessions, or places with which we have a considerable trade ; it is 
therefore to be hoped, now that the desiderata are known, that we 
shall soon be able greatly to reduce their number, and also, doubt- 
less, add to the species already described. 



JOHN EDWARD GRAY. 



British Museum^ 
June 4, 1845, 






SYNOPTIC CATALOGUE 



OF 



REPTILES. 



Class III. — REPTILES, (Eeptilia), 

Animal furnished with a distinct bony skeleton. The skin 
clothed with horny imbedded plates or imbricated scales, which 
are covered with a thin and often deciduous epidermis. They re- 
spire by cellular lungs. The heart has a single ventricle divided 
into two or more cells, giving origin to two arteries and receiving 
the cold red blood by two veins from two auricles. Penis distinct. 
Oviparous, but the egg sometimes hatched in the body of the mo- 
ther, often covered with a thick more or less calcareous shell. The 
young like the parent, and not undergoing any transformation. 

Synopsis of the Orders. 

Sect. T. Scaly Reptiles, (Squamata). 

Body covered with overlapping scales. Skull formed of sepa- 
rate bones ; the ear-bone external and only articulated to the rest. 
Vent a cross slit. The generative organs bifid. Tongue free. 

1. Lizards, (Saura). Mouth not dilatable : lower jaw-bones 

united by a bony suture in front. Limbs 4, distinct, rarely in 
such a rudimentary state as to be hidden under the skin. 

2. Serpents, (Ophidia). Mouth very dilatable : bones of the 

lower jaws separate from each other, only united by ligaments. 
Limbs none, or only in the form of short spurs on the sides of 
the vent. 

B 



REPTILES. 



Sect. TI. Shielded Reptiles, (Cataphracta). 

Body covered witli square imbedded shields. Bones of the 
skull adglutiuated together, hard, with the ear-bone sunk into its 
substance. Jaws united into a solid mass : mouth not dilatable. 
Vent roundish or linear, plaited. The generative organs simple. 

3. Tortoises, (Chelonians). Body short, depressed. The 

bones of the thorax external, surrounding the muscles of the 
body like a case, out of which the head, limbs and tail are pro- 
truded. Jaws toothless, covered with a horny coat. 

4. Emydosaurians. Body fusiform, covered with square bony 

plates placed in longitudinal lines. Limbs 4, free. Vent li- 
near, longitudinal. Jaws with teeth. 

5. Amphisbenians. Body elongate, cylindrical, covered with 

square imbedded plates, placed in cross rows. Limbs none or 
very short, weak. Vent transverse, plaited. Jaws with teeth. 

These orders appear to be analogous to the following orders of 

Mammalia and Birds. 

k 
Reptiles. 

Lizards Climbers 

Serpents Carnivorous 

Emydosaurians Aquatic 

Tortoises Large-hoofed 
Amphisbenians — — ? 



Mammalia. 


Birds. 


Primates 


Insessores 


Fers 


Accipitres. 


Cete 


Anseres. 


Ungulata 


Gallinse. 


Glires 


Grallffi. 



LIZARDS. 



3 



Sect. I. SCALY REPTILES, (Squamata). 

Body covered with overlapping or granular scales. Skull formed 
of separate bones. The ear-bone external, and only articulated to 
the skulL Tongue free, elongate, nicked at the tip, often exten- 
sile. The lungs free in the cavity of the thorax. Vent a linear 
cross slit. The male organ and vagina forked. Oviparous, rarely 
ovoviviparous : the eggs when deposited covered with a more or 
less coriaceous shell. 

Order L LIZARDS, (Saura). 

Mouth not dilatable, jaws toothed, the lower jaw-bones being 
united by a bony suture in front. Eye generally with distinct 
eyelids. Drum of the ear generally distinct, exposed. Limbs 4, 
distinct, rarely in such a rudimentary state as to be hidden under 
the skin. Toes clawed. Body elongate, rounded, covered with 
imbricated or granular scales. Ribs distinct, mobile, and with a 
distinct sternum. Tail elongate, tapering, rarely prehensile, gene- 
rally covered with whorls of scales. Egg with hard skin. The 
young not undergoing any metamorphosis. 

Synopsis of the Families. 

Suborder I. Leptogloss^. Tongue flat ^ elongate^ end bifid. 

Tribe I. Cyclosaura. Scales of the belly square, in cross bands ; 
of the back and tail rhombic and imbricate, or circular and 
subgi-anular. Tongue elongate, flattened, free, nicked, or with 
2 elongate, cylindrical, horny tips. Eyes diurnal, with 2 val- 
vular lids. Feet for walking. Toes unequal, compressed. 

a. Head with small many-sided shields. Tongue sheathed at the 

base. 

1. MoNiTORiD^. Head-shields flattish, scales small. Old world 

and Australasia. 

2. Helodermid^. Head-shields and scales of body convex, tu- 

bercular. Teeth with a groove behind. New world. 

b. Head with large regular shields. Tongue mostly free at the base. 

* Sides flattish, covered with small often granular scales. 

3. Teid^. Supra-orbital plate horny. Teeth solid, rooted. 

Scales small, granular, often with larger plates. New world. 

B-2 



4 REPTILES. 

4. Lacertinid^. Supra-orbital plate bony. Teeth hollow, root- 
ed. Scales small, granular or lozenge-shaped. Old world. 

** Sides with a distinct longitudinal fold covered with small 

granular scales. 

5. ZoNURiD^. Ears distinct. Limbs distinct, or rarely quite 
hidden. 

6. Chalcidj;. Ears hidden under the skin. Limbs very short ; 

femoral pores none. Lateral fold indistinct. 

*** Sides rounded, covered with scales like those on the back. 

7. Anadiad^. Scales of the back and sides thin, imbedded, 
smooth, in alternating cross series ; of the tail elongate, smooth, 
in longitudinal series. Ears distinct. Femoral pores distinct. 

8. Chirocolid^. Scales of the back imbricate, 6-sided, lanceo- 
late, keeled, narrow, in cross series ; of the tail in rings, alter- 
nating with each other. Ears hidden. Femoral pores distinct. 

9. Cercosaurii)^. Scales of the back, sides, and upper part 
of the tail keeled, in longitudinal series. Limbs 4 : feet for 
walking. 

10. Cham^ssaurid^. Scales imbricate, all elongate, rhombic, 
keeled, in longitudinal series, the keels forming longitudinal 
ridges. Limbs simple, undivided. Temple scaly. 

Tribe II. Geissosaura. Scales of the belly and (almost always) of 
the back and sides quincuncial, rounded, imbricate. Sides 
rounded. Tongue narrow, short, flat, end slightly nicked. 
Head with regular shields. 

a. Eyes distinct, exposed, eyelid rudimentary. Head conical. 

n. GymnophthalmidtE. Head-shields normal. Nostrils lateral, 
in a nasal shield. Limbs 4 or 2. Body fusiform. 

12. Pygopid^. _ Head-shields normal. Nostrils over the upper 
edge of the first labial. Pupil round or oblong. Abdominal 
shields 6-sided, in 2 or 3 series. Tail with a central series of 
larger shields. Limbs 2, posterior. Australasia. 

13. ApRASiADiE. Head-shields normal. Nostrils in a suture be- 
tween the nasal and first labial, (sometimes united ?). Limbs 
none. Ventral and dorsal scales nearly similar. Australasia. 

14. LialisiDjE. Head-shields subimbricate, scalelike. Cheeks 
scaly. Nostrils in a small single nasal on ridge of the face. 



LIZARDS. O 

b. Eyes distinct^ eyelids distinct, connivent. Head conical. 

15. SciNciD^. Rostral shield moderate, triangular. Nostrils in 
a plate between the frontal and labial shields. 

16. Ophiomorid^. Rostral moderate, triangular. Nostrils in 
a notch on edge of nasal and the supernasal shields. 

17. SEPsiDiE. Rostral rather large, square. Nostrils in a notch 
in the hinder edge of the rostral. 

18. AcoNTiAD^. Rostral large, cuplike. Nostrils in the rostral, 
with a narrow slit to its hinder edge. 

c. Byes hidden under the skin. 

19. Typhlinid^. Head conical. Rostral shield cuplike. Nos- 
trils in the rostral shield, with a slit to its hinder edge. 

20. Typhlopsid^. Head short, depressed. Rostral shield elon- 
gated, extended up the forehead. Nostrils in an elongated na- 
sal shield. 

Suborder II. Pachygloss^. Tongue thick, convex, attached to the 

gullet at the base. 

Tribe III. Nyctisaura. Scales of the belly small, rhombic, imbri- 
cated ; of the back and sides granular. Tongue thick, short, 
convex, end slightly nicked. Eyes nocturnal; eyelids circular, 
not connivent, pupil linear, erect. Feet for walking ; toes sub- 
equal, scaly beneath, and generally dilated. 

21. Geckotid^. The Old and New World. 

Tribe IV. Strohilosaura. Scales of the belly small, rhombic, im- 
bricate; of the back and sides imbricate. Tongue thick, short, 
convex, end slightly nicked. Eyes diurnal, with valvular eye- 
lids; pupil round. Feet for walking; toes unequal, compressed. 

22. Iguanid^. Teeth on the inner side of the jaw-bone. New 
world. 

23. AcAMiDiE. Teeth on the edge of the jaw-bones. Old world 
and Australasia. 

Tribe V. Dendrosaura. Scales of the belly, sides and back gra- 
nular. Tongue elongate, subcylindricai, wormlike, very exser- 
tile. Eyes globular, very mobile, with a small, central, round 
opening. Toes equal, united into two opposing groups, 

2^1. Chameleonid^. Teeth on the edge of the jaw-bone. Old 
world. 



b3 



6 REPTILES. 



Suborder I. Slender-tongued Lizards, (Leptogloss^). 

Tribe I. Cyclosaura. 

Scales of the belly square (very rarely rhombic, keeled), in cross 
bands ; of the back and tail rhombic, imbricate, or circular and 
subgranular, placed in cross rin,s:s; of the sides generally granular, 
rarely like the back. Tongue elongate, flattened, base sometimes 
sheathed, generally free, only attached to the gullet by a long fre- 
num, end with 2 elongate, cylindrical, horny tips. Tail elongate, 
with whorls of scales, generally conical, tapering, sometimes com- 
pressed, with 2 elevated crests above. 

A. Head ivitk small many-sided shields. Tongue sheathed dft the 
base. Sides Jiattish^ granular. ■ 

Family I. Monitors, (Monitorid^). 

Head with minute polygonal shields. Teeth adnate to the in- 
ner side of the jaws. Tongue elongate, slender, retractile into a 
sheath at its base. Scales small, roundish, placed in cross rings ; 
those of the sides like those of the back. Legs 4, strong. Toes 
5-5, compressed, unequal. Thighs poreless. Superorbital plate 
bony. Old world, near water. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

A. Tail roundj without any keel above. 

1. PsAMMOsAURUs. Nostrils large, oblique, near the eyes. 

2. Odatria. Nostril moderate, longitudinal, near the apex of 

muzzle. 

B. Tail compressed, with a keel formed of 2 rows of scales above. 

3. Regenia. Nostrils large, oblique, near the eyes. Toes short. 

4. Empagusia. Nostrils large, oblique, anterior. Toes short. 

5. Uaranus. Nostrils oblong, longitudinal, subcentral. Toes 

elongate. 

6. Monitor. Nostrils round, subcentral. 

7. Hydrosaurus. Nostrils round, anterior. Teeth small. 



LIZARDS. 



A. Tail rounds without any keel above. Terrestrial. 

Gen. 1. PsAMMOsAURUs, Fitz. 

Nostrils ovate, oblique, near the orbits. Tail roundish, not 
keeled above, with convex sides, unarmed. Scales not pierced. 
Toes unequal, rather elongate. Teeth slender, acute. 

The OuARAN. Psammosaurus Scincus, Gray, Ann. Nat. Hist. 
i. 392. Wagler, Syst. 165. Uaranus Scincus, Merrem, Tent. 59. 
Gray, Griffith, A. K., i. 27. Tupinambis griseus, Daud. Rept. viii. 
352. Monitor terrestre, Cuv. R. A. ii. 26. Schinz, Rept. t. 32,/. 
2. Ouran de Forskal, Geoff. Rept. Egypt, t. 3,/. 2, t. 4,/. 14, 15. 
Tupinambis arenarius, I. Geoffr. Rept. Egypt. Dum. et Bib. E. 
Gm. iii. 471. 

Grey, obscurely banded with an obscure streak on each side of 
the head aad neck. 

a. Young, in spirits. Pale brown, with pale cross bands; tail with 
dark rings ; head and neck with 2 black streaks on each side ; 
side of face black cross-lined. North Africa. Presented by Sir 
J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

h, c. Adult, stuffed and in spirits. N. Africa. Presented by 
James Burton, jun. 

d. Half grown, stufifed. The dark mark rather visible. N. Afri- 
ca. Presented by Sir J. G. Wilkinson. 

e,f. Adult, stuffed. N. Africa. From Mr. Warwick's collection. 

The Caspian OuARAN. Psammosaurus (?) Caspicus, Eichw. 
ZooL Spe. iii. 190, t. 1,/. 8—10. Fauna Gasp. 48, t. 7—9, bones. 
Inhab. Caspian Sea. Mus. Moscow, a doubtful species. 

2. Odatria, Gray. 

Nostrils ovate, longitudinal, subanterior. Teeth compressed, 
acute. Tail elongate, round, not keeled above, scales large, sharp- 
ly keeled, subspinose. Back with elongate, narrow, keeled scales. 
Ventral shield elongate. Toes rather unequal, elongate. 

The Dotted Odatria. Odatria punctata, Gray, Ann. Hist. 
ii. 394. Grey, Trav. Aust. ii. 422. Zool. Erebus ^- Terror, t. 
Monitor tristis, Schlegel, Abbild. 73. 

Grey olive, with narrow black reticulated lines, leaving large 
hexagonal spots. Head, limbs and tail blackish, with a few pale 
spots, dark banded. Ventral shield twice as long as broad. Tail 
round, scales over the eye small, granular. Male ? with a tuft of 
conical spine-like scales on each side of the vent. 

a. Half.grown, in spirits. Male? with tuft of spines. Western 
Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 



8 REPTILES. 

h. Adult, stuffed. N.W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

c. Young, stuffed. Blackish, witli cross row of ocellated spots. 

Port Essington. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

d. Very young, in spirits. Grey, with numerous narrow cross 
bands, without tuft of spines. W. Australia. From Mr. Tur- 
ner's collection. 

e. Young, in spirits. Olive blackish, with cross row of white rings, 

head closely white-speckled, limbs white-dotted. W. coast of 
Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

The Eyed Odatria. Odatria ocellata, Gray^ ZooL Erebus Sr 
Terror, t. 

Black, with rather large yellow rings ; limbs and tail yellow- 
spotted ; tail round, scales of the tail broad, oval, spinose ; scales 
over the eyes small, granular ; ventral shields twice as long as 
broad. 

a. Adult, in spirits. N.W. coast of Australia. 

The Timor Odatria. Odatria Timorensis. Monitor Timor- 
ensis, Gray, Griffith, A. K. i. 36. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 394. Dum. 
et Bib. E. Gen. iii. 473. Tupinambis viridimaculatus, Daud. 

Black, yellow-dotted, dots forming rings and spots, head yel- 
low and black dotted ; scales over the orbits small, granular, of 
forehead larger ; ventral shields nearly as broad as long ; tail 
slightly compressed above, sub triangular, base of tail unarmed. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. Timor. From the Leyden Museum. 

B. Tail with a compressed keel above, formed of two rows of scales. 
Nostrils large, oblong, oblique. Aquatic. 

3. Kegenia, 

Nostrils large, oblong, oblique, near the orbit; tail shortish, 
thick, doubly keeled above, scales oblong, bluntly keeled ; toes 
short, subequal ; teeth rounded ; scales large, convex, surrounded 
with numerous granulations. Head short. 

The White-throated Regenia. Regenia albogularis. Tu- 
pinambis albogularis, Daud. Rept. iii. 72, t. 32. Gray, Griffith, A. 
K. ix. 28. Ann. N. H. i. 393. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 495. A. 
Smith, Illust. S. A. Zool. t. 2. Monitor Gillii. A. Smith, Zool. 
Journ. Uaranus ornatus, var. Merrem, Tent. 59. M. exanthe- 
maticus, var. Capensis, Schlegel, Abbild. 71. 

Dark brown, with large white spots, pale beneath, with a dark 
streak on each side of the back of the neck; nostrils near the orbit; 
scales rather large, of the head convex. 
a—c. Adult, stuffed. S. Africa. From the S. African Museum. 



LIZARDS. y 

The Eyed Regenia. Regenia ocellatus. Uaranus ocellatus, 
Huppell, Atlas N. A. 21, t. 6. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 469. Sckinz, 
t. 33,/. 2. Graj/, Griffith, A. K. ix. 25. Tupinambis exanthe- 
maticus, Baud, R. iii. 80 ? Act. Soc. H, N. Par. 1790. 95, t. 5^f. 
3 ? M. exanthematicus, var. Schlegel, Ahhild. 70, 

Nostrils rather further from the orbit; scales large, of the neck 
largest, of the head tubercular. 

o. Stuffed. Senegal. From M. Parzudaski's collection. 

4. Empagusia, Gray. 

Nostril large, oblong, oblique, in front of the muzzle ; tail as 
long as the body and head, tapering, roundish, with a double-edged 
keel above, scales sharply keeled ; toes rather short, subequal ; 
teeth acute ; scales ovate, keeled. Head short. 

The Indian Empagusia. Empagusia flavescens, Gray^ Ann. 

N. H. i. 393. Monitor flavescens, Gray, Zool. Journ. iii. 228. 

Griff. A. K. ix. 25. Illust. Ind. Zool. t. . Uaranus Russelii, 

Schlegel, MSS. U. Piquotii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 483, t. 35, 

/. 5. M. exanthematicus, var. Indica, Schlegel, Abbild. 70. 

Olive, with yellowish cross bands ; head-shields subequal; eye- 
brow with a central series of larger plates. 

a, b. Adult, stufi'ed. India. From M. Piquet's collection. 

c, d. Adult, stuffed. Nepal. Presented by H. B. Hodgson, Esq. 

e. Young, stuffed. Black, with narrow, irregular, often interrupt- 
ed white cross bands, beneath white, with black cross bands ; 
head with a black streak from the back angle of the eye. In- 
dia. Presented by Genl. Hardwicke. 

M. Hardwickii, Gray, MSS. B. M. 

5. Uaranus. Uaranus part, ilf<?r7-e77i. 

Nostrils oblong, rather oblique, in the centre between the apex 
of the muzzle and the orbits ; tail elongate, compressed, with a 
double-edged keel above ; toes elongate, unequal, strong. Head 
elongate. 

a. Shields over the orbits small, subequal. 

The Heraldic Uaran. Uaranus heraldicus. Monitor heral- 
dicus, Gray, Griff. A. K. 25. Ann. N. H. i. 393. 

Black, with cross rows of pale-eyed spots, beneath pale, black- 
banded ; shields over the orbits small, subequal. 

a. Half-grown, stuffed. India. 

b, c. Adult and half-grown, stuffed. India. 

d. Adult, stuffed. India, Nepal. Presented by H. B. Hodgson, 

Esq. 
e — h. Half-grown, young. India. 

i. Very young. Olive, with black and white spots. India. 
j, k. Half-grown, stuffed. India. From Mr. Warwick's collection. 



10 REPTILES. 

The LuNATED Uaran. Uaranus lunatus. 

Nostrils large, nearly central ; shields over orbit small, sube- 
qual; dark brown, with lunate bands, directed backwards on the 
neck, and forwards on the body, and with cross bands on the tail ; 
belly and under side of tail whitish. 

a. Half-grown, stuffed. India. 

The Philippine Uaran. Uaranus ornatus. 

Nostrils large, central ; shields over orbit small, subequal ; 
olive, neck and front of the body with pale-spotted, broad, black 
cross bands ; the hinder part of the body and tail with pale spots. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cu- 
ming's collection. 

Dumeril's Uaran. Uaranus Dumerilii. Monitor Dumerilii, 
Muller, Verh. Rept. t. 6. Schlegel, Ahhild. 78. 

Brown, with obscure cross bands, with a black spot on side of 
neck ; shields of the head and over the orbit nearly equal, mode- 
rate ; scales large, convex. 
a. In spirits. Borneo. From Mr. Argent's collection. 

The Rough-necked Uaran. Uaranus rudicollis. 

Nostrils large, nearer the orbit than the end of the muzzle ; 
shields over the orbits nearly square, the hinder central ones ra- 
ther larger; scales of the back triangular, keeled, of the neck large, 
prominent ; muzzle elongate ; black, with white streaks on back 
of neck, and bands across the back. 

a. Adult, stuffed- Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's col- 

lection. 

b. Scales over the orbit sinall, with a central longitudinal series of 

larger plates. 

The Clouded Uaran. Uaranus nebulosus. Monitor nebu- 
losus. Gray, in Griff. A. K. ix. 27. Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. iii. 483, 
t, 35,/. 2, 3, head and scales. M. nebulatus, Schlegel, Abbild. 75, 
n. 7. 

Nostril large; rather nearer the orbit than the end of the muz- 
zle ; orbital shield with a larger series ; back of neck with con- 
verging dark streaks. 

o. Half-grown, in spirits. 

h. Young, in spirits. Olive, with white-eyed black rings. India. 

c. Half-grown, stuffed. From Mr. Warwick's collection. 

C. Tail triangular^ compressed., and ivith a doubly toothed crest 
above. Nostril small, round. Aquatic. 

6. Monitor, Gray. Polydasdalus, Wagler. Uaranus, Fitz. 

Nostrils small, round, in the middle between the apex of the 



LIZARDS. 11 

muzzle and the front angle of the eye ; tail elongate, compressed, 
with a double-edged keel above ; toes elongate, unequal, strong ; 
teeth rounded. 

a. Scales over the eyes equal. Nape with lunate bands. African. 

The XiLOTic Monitor. Monitor Xiloticus, Grai/, Ann. N. 
H. i. 393. Geoff. jRept. Egypt, i. 121, t. 3,/. 1. Lacerta Niloti- 
ca, Hasselq. Iter. 361. Forsk. Fauna, t. Schneid. Amp. ii. 195. 
Daud. Rept. iii. 51. Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. iii. 476. Wagler, Syst. 
164. ? Lacerta Capensis, Sparm. Voy. t. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 
393. Tupinambis ornatus, Daud. Rept. viii. 352. Merrem, Tent. 
59. Stellio Saurus, Laur. Syn. 56. Tuj). elegans, Daud. R. iii. 
37, young. Tup. stellatus, Daud. R. iii. 59, t. 31, young. Mo- 
nitor pulcher, Leach, Bawd. Voy. Africa. Gray, Griff. A. K. t. 
voung.— .Se&a, i. t. 94, f. 1, 2. t. 100,/. 3. t. 105,/. 1. ii. t. 49, f. 
2. t. 97, f. 2. t. 105,/ 1. 

Head grey, when young with concentric rows of white spots ; 
back of neck with lunate cross bands ; under side of body and 
head greyish, white-spotted when young, black cross-banded; the 
shield over the eyes flat, subequal, many-sided. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, jun. Esq. 

b. Young, in spirits. Africa. 

c. Half-grown, stuffed. Egypt. Presented by Sir J. G. Wilkinson 
d—^f. Half-grown and young, stuffed. N. Africa ? 

g. Young, in spirits. Ashantee. Presented by T. E. Bowditch, 

Esq. The specimen described by Dr. Leach. 
h—j. Young, in spirits. Africa. 

k. Young, in spirits. W. Africa. Presented by W. Raddon, Esq 
/. Young, in spirits. Niger Expedition. Presented by Dr. W. 

Stanger. 
m. Young, in spirits. Ashantee. From the Leyden Museum. 
n. Young. Africa, Fernando Po. From the Voyage of the Ethiope. 
o — q. Young, stuffed. S. Africa, Cape of Good Hope. 

b. Scales over the eyes equal. Nape coloured like the back. 

The Indian Monitor. Monitor Dracaena, Gray, Ann. N. H. 
i. 393. Lacerta Dracsena, Linn. S. N. 360. Shaw, Zool. iii. 218, 
t. 67. Stellio Salveguardia, Laur. Syn. bl . Tupinambis Ben- 
galensis, Daud. Rept. iii. 67. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. t. 26. Dum. 
et Bib. E. Gen. iii. 480. T. Indicus, Daud. Rept. iii. 46, t. 30. 
T. Cepedianus, Daud. Rept. iii. 42, t. 29. Uaranus guttatus, U. 
punctatus, and U. Argus, Merrem, 58 — 60. Monitor gemmatus, 
Guerin, Icon. t. 3,/. 1. Seba,\. t.^b,f.2—4. t.86,f.4,5. t. 101. 
t. 105,/ 2. ii. t. 32,/ 3. t. 68,/ 2. 

Brown, black-spotted or yellow-eyed when young; nostrils cen- 



12 REPTILES. 

tral ; scales over the eyes flat, small, subequal, of the head rather 
larger. 

a, h. Young, in spirits. India. 

Gould's Monitor. Monitor Gouldi, Schleyel. Hydrosaurus 
Gouldii, Gi-ay^ Ann. N. H. i. 394. Grei/, Trav. ii. 422. 

Neck with 2 yellow streaks ou the side ; scales over the eyes 
small, granular, of forehead larger ; ventral shields small, longer 
than broad. 

a — d. Half-grown, stuffed. North-western Australia. From Mr. 
Gould's collection. 

e,/. Half.grown, stuffed. Western Australia. 

g. Young, stuffed. Western Australia. 

h—j. Adult, stuffed. Port Essington. Presented by Capt. Cham- 
bers, R.N. 

k. Adult, stuffed. Port Essington. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

1, m. Half-grown, stuffed. Adelaide. Presented by C. D. Fort- 

num, Esq. 
n, 0. Half-grown, in spirits. Western Australia. From Mr. 
Gould's collection. 

c. Scales over the eyes with a larger central seiies. 

The Dotted Monitor. Monitor chlorostigma, Cuv. Mus. 
Paris. Gray, Griff. A. K, ix. Schlegel, Ahhild. t. 22, f. 6, head. 
Gray, Ann. Nat. Hist. i. 394. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 489. 

Olive, with greenish dots ; nostrils rather nearer the muzzle 
than the eyes ; head-scales flat ; scales over the orbit unequal, the 
central series very large. 

a. Adult, stuffed. From the Paris Museum. 

h. ? Young, in spirits. Black, with cross bands of white rings ; 

belly black-banded ; head white-dotted. Presented by Capt. 

Sir E. Belcher, R.N. 

7. Hydrosaurus, Wagler. Tupinambis, Fitz. 

Nostrils oblon-g, longitudinal, near the apex of the muzzle ; 
tail elongated, with a double-edged keel above; toes unequal, elon- 
gate ; teeth compressed, sharp-edged, denticulated : scales small. 

* Scales over the orbit equal. Neck with lunate bands. 

The Lace Lizard. Hydrosaurus vavius. Gray, Ann. N. H. 
i. 394. Lacerta varia, Shaiv. White, Jour. N. S. W. 246, t. 3,/. 

2. Nat. Misc. iii. t. 83. Merrem, Tent. 58. Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. 
iii. 491. Gray, King^s Voy. ii. 427. Tupinambis variegatus, 
Daud. Rept. iii. 76. Hydrosaurus v. Wagler, Syst. 164 

Scales over the orbit very small, equal. 



LIZARDS. 



13 



o. Half-grown, in spirits. New Holland. 

6, c. Adult, stuffed. New Holland. Presented by J. Gould, Esq. 

d, €. Adult, stuffed. New Holland. 

Bell's Lace Lizard. Hydrosaurus Bellii. Uaranus Bellii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. Gen, iii. 493, L So,/. 1. Gray, in Grey, Trav. 
Aiistr. ii. 422. 

Pale, body and tail with broad black cross bands ; scales of the 
orbit dilated, equal. 

Inhab. ? Mus. Bell. 

** Scales on the orbit equal, small. Neck spotted like the hack. 

The Gigantic Lace Lizard. Hydrosaurus giganteus, Gray, 

Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. — . 

Brown, back and tail with cross bands of large black-edged 

white spots ; neck and under side of body pale, with large black 

round reticulations; legs white-spotted; toes rather short, strong ; 

shields of the head subequal, convex, over the orbits very small, 

granular. 

«. Adult, length 78 inches. N. coast of New Holland. Present- 
ed by Capt. Stokes, R.N. 

■**"^' Scales over the orbits ivith a larger central longitudinal series. 

The Two-streaked Lace Lizard. Hydrosaurus Salvator. 
H. bivittatus, Wagler, Syn. 104. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 394. Stel- 
lio Salvator, Laur. Syn. 5Q. Shaw, Zool. iii. 214, t. 66. Tupi- 
nambis bivittatus, Kuhl. Beitr. 125. Boie, Iris, xviii. 205. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 486. Uaranus vittatus, Lesson, Voy. Belang. 
307. Monitor elegans, Gray, Zool. Jour. Seba, ii. t. 30, /. 2. 
cop. Shaio, Zool. t. 66. Lacerta Monitor ? Herm. Obs. 254. 
M. marmoratus, Weigmann, N. Act. xviii. t. 14 ? U. Cumingii, 
Martin, Proc. Z. Soc. 1838, 69? Seba, ii. t. 30, /. 2. t. 86, f. 2. 
Tupinambis exilis, Reimu. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. China. Presented by J, Lindsay, Esq. 
h, c. Half-grown, stuffed. India ? 

d. Half-grown, stuffed. S. Africa. From Dr. Krauss' collection. 

e. Half- grown, in spirits. Celebes. From the Ley den Museum. 

The Green Lace Lizard. Hydrosaurus prasinus. Monitor 
prasinus, Midler, Verhan. Rept. t. 5. Schley. Abbild, 78, t. 22, f. 5. 

Green, with narrow dark cross-bands, generally placed in pairs, 
those of the neck lunate, the rest transverse, with a brown streak 
on the cheek behind the nostril ; head-shields flat, rather large, 
those over the orbits larger in a series. 

Inhab. West coast of New Guinea. Mus. Leydeo. 

? Monitor inornatus, Schlegel, Abbild. 72. Inhab. " N. Hol- 
land,'' Schlegel. 

C 



14 REPTILES, 



Fara. II. Caltetepons, (Helodermid^). 

The head depressed, covered with many-sided subequal convex 
shields ; muzzle rounded ; rostral, uasal, and front labial plates 
thin, flat ; teeth on the inner side of the jaws, incurved, with a 
groove on the front of the inner side. Femoral pores none. Tongue 

? The back and sides with oblong, 6-sided, very convex, 

shield-like scales. The belly with oblong, rather convex plates. 
Tail round, with oblong, convex scales above, and flat, elongate, 
thin plates beneath. Legs 4, strong; toes 5-5 ; claws curved. 



1, Heloderma, Weigm. Trachyderma, Wagler. * 

The Caltetepon. Heloderma horridum, Weigm. his, 1829, 
627, H. M. t. 1 . Wagl Icon. 1. 18. Schinz, Rept. t. 33,/. 1. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 499, t. 36, bad. De Caltetepon, Hernand, H. 
N. Hisp. 315. 

Brown, yellow-spotted. ^ . 

a. Half-grown. Mexico. 

h. Adult, Mexico. Presented by Dr. John Richardson. 



B. Head with large regular shields. Tongue mostly free at the base. 

* Sides Jlattish, granular. 

Fam. III. Teguexins, (Teid^). 

Head pyramidical, covered with regular many-sided shields ; 
supraorbital plate horny ; teeth solid, rooted ; tongue elongate, 
flat, free (rarely slightly sheathed at the base). Scales of the back 
granular or keeled, rhombic. Sides flat, covered with small gra- 
nular scales. Throat scaly, with a double collar, rarely indistinct. 
The New or Western world, 



LIZARDS. 15 



Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Throat ivith 2 cross folds^ ivith larger 6-sided scales hetween. 
A. Ventral shields small, lony, smooth. Tongue contractile. 

1. Teius. Toes 5-5. Femoral pores disliuct. 

2. Callopistes. Femoral pores none. Toes 5-5. 

B. Ventral shields broad, smooth. 
* Tongue elongate, sheathed at the base. Teeth compressed. 

3. Ameiva. Toes 5-d. Teeth 3-lobed. 

** Tongue not sheathed, free at the base. 

4. Cnemidophorus. Teeth compressed longitudinally, 3-lobed. 
Toes 5-5. 

5. DiCRODON. Teeth compressed transversely, bifid. Toes 5-5. 

6. AcRANTUs. Teeth compressed transversely, bifid. Toes 5-4. 

II. Throat with a collar of large shields. 
a. Collar and ventral shields keeled. Tail round. 

7. AcANTHOPYGA. Scalcs of back large, of sides granular. 

8. Centropyx. Scales of back and sides moderate, in many series. 

b. Collar and ventral shields smooth, elongate. Tail round. 

9. Emminia. Scales of back rhombic, keeled, equal. 

c. Collar and ventral shields smooth, elongate. Tail compressed. 

10. Crocodilurus. Scales of back equal, similar. 

11. CusTA. Scales of back unequal. Throat with a collar of large 
scales. 

12. Ada, Scales of back unequal. Throat with 2 plaits. 

c 2 



16 REPTILES. 

I. Throat ivith two cross folds, the scales in the middle betiveen them 
6-sided. Abdominal shields smooth. Tail rounded. Nostrils 
hetu'cen two large nasal plates. 

a. Abdominal shields small, longer than broad: dorsal scales small 

equal. Teiina. 

1. Te I u s, ilierrem. Podinema and Ctenodon, PTa^^er. Tupi- 

nambis, part, Daud. Monitor, Fitz. Salvator, Dum. et Bib. 

Exypneustes, Kaup. 

Toes 5-5. Tail round. Teeth of youno^ adnate to the inner 
side of the jaws, pectinated in front and 3-lobed on the side. 

As the animal grows, the base of the teeth becomes surrounded 
by the bone of the jaw, and the front teeth lose their lobes and 
become more rounded. 

The Teguexin. Teius Teg-uexim, Gray^ Ann. N. H. i. 276. 
T. Monitor, llerrem, Tent. 61. Variegated Lizard, Shaw, Zool. t. 
73. Lacerta Teguexin, Li7in. Mus. Ad. 45. S. N. i. 368. Tupi- 
nambis Monitor, Baud. Ill, 20. Spix, R. B. t. 19. Seps mar- 
moratus, Laur. Syn. 59. Seba, t. 96, f. 23. Pr. Max. Abbili. t. 
from life. Monitor Meriana, Blainv. Bull. Soc. Phil. 1816,111. 
Dum. et Bib. v. 85. Le Sauvegarde, Merian, Surin. t. 70, t. 4. 
Teyongoucijou, Azara, Parag. 387. 

Green, black-varied, with 2 series of white spots on the i^pper 
part of each side ; the cheek with 2 plates behind the nasal, the 
hinder one being rather the largest, and followed by an arched se- 
ries of square plates on the front of the eye ; the upper edge of 
the temple with 4 or 5 small square equal shields ; the hinder la- 
teral teeth of adult very large, rounded. 

a — c. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Brazils. From M. P. 

Clausen's collection. 
d — •/. Adult, stuffed. 
g. Half-grown, stuffed. 

The Spotted Teguexin. Teius nigropunctatus. Tupinam- 
bis nigropunctatus, Spix, Braz. t. 20. Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. v. 90. 
Wagler, Syst. \5-d.—Seba, i. 150, t. 96, f. 2, 3. 

Green, black-varied, back with 6 series of white spots ; cheek 
with only one plate behind the nasal, with a series of narrow 
shields under the eyes, the first rather the largest and trigonal ; 
the upper edge of the temple with 5 rather large square shields ; 
the cheek-teeth 3-lobed ; gular shields large. 

a, b. Half-grown and younger, in spirits. The first suborbital 
shield large to the middle of the third upper labial. 

c. Half-grown, in spirits, like a. Brazils. Presented by Lord 
Stuart. 



LIZARDS. 17 

<£. Young, in spirits. First sul3orbital shield smaller to the sutuie 
between the third and fourth upper labial. Black, with a nar- 
row white band and edges of the head-shields. 

e. Half-grown, stuffed. 

/. Adult, in spirits. Partly bleached. 
Lacerta Teguexin, Shaiu, B. M. 

g. Adult, in spirits. Olive, black-spotted, with rows of black- 
edged white spots. Demerara. Presented by Col. Sabine, R.E. 

2. Callopistes, Gravenh. Aporomera, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes 5-5, slightly compressed, the hinder rather tubercular on 
the inner edge ; femoral pores none ; teeth separate ; tongue not 
sheathed at the base ; palate toothed ; cheek-teeth compressed, 
arched, the hinder lobed; nostrils between 2 plates; ventral plates 
small, oblong, 4 -sided, smooth, rather longer than broad ; tail 
slightly 4-sided. 

The Yellow-spotted Callopistes. Callopistes flavipunc- 
tata. Aporomera flavipunctata, Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. v. 72. — 
Seba,\. 174, t. 110,/. 4, 5. 

Brownish black, yellow-dotted. 

Inhab. 

The Eyed Callopistes. Callopistes celestis. Ameiva celes- 
tis, D^Orbig. Voy. A. M. t. o,f. 6. Aporomera oruata, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. v. 76. 

Olive, with 4 series of white-edged black spots. 
«, b. In spirits. Tail orange beneath. Chili. From Mr. Bridge's 

collection. 

b. Abdominal shields smooth, broader than long. Thighs shielded 

beneath. Ameivina. 

3. Ameiva, Cuv. Cnemidophorus part, Wagler. 
Cnemid. sect. A. Weigm. 

Toes 5-5 ; femoral pores distinct ; teeth tricuspid ; the palate 
toothed or toothless ; tongue very long, narrow, contractile, and 
slightly sheathed under the glottis, with very long filiform tips. 

* Ventral shields 14 — IS-rowed, caudal scales elongate, keeled. 

The Larger Ameiva. Ameiva major, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
177. 

Heel simple ; ventral shields 16 or 18 rowed. 
Inhab. Cayenne, (Mus. Paris). 

The Pale-headed Ameiva. Ameiva punctata. Gray, Ann. 
N. H. i. 277. 

Ventral shields 14-rowed ; the scales of the hinder sides of the 
arm above the elbow rather larger rhombic, above the hind heel 

c 3 



18 REPTILES. 

graruilar, minute ; outer row of shields under the hind legs 7, the 
second and third the largest and nearly equal ; olive, with black 
wavy lines, sides darker, with white spots on the lower part ; head 
in spirits pale reddish. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Demerara. Presented by Col. Sabine, R.E. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Demerara? 

A. undulata. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 277. 

** Ventral shields I0~rowed ; caudal scales elongate, keeled. 

The Amefva. Ameiva Surinaraensis. Seps Surinamensis, 
and S. Zeylanicus, Laur. Syn. 59. Lacerta graphica, Daud. R. 
iii. 112. L. gutturosa, Daud. R. iii. 119. L. literata, Daud. R. 
iii. 106. Teius Ameiva, Merrem. Spix, Braz. t. 23, S' - P^- Max. 
Beytr. t good. T. lateristriga, and T. tritaeniatus, Spix, Bras, 
t. 24, /. 2, 5. A. vulgaris, Licht. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 100. 
A. maculata, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 277. A. Argus, Fitz. Guerin, 
Icon. Rept. t. 4, /. 1. Cnemidophorus undulatus, Weigm. H. 
Mex. 27? Seba, i. t. 88, f. 2, S- . t. 90, /". 7, ^. 1. 103,/. 3,4, 5^. 
^. 88,/. 1, ?. ^89,/. 3,*$. ii. «. 63,/. 4, 5. 

Shields on the hinder part of the arm just above the ellfow 
rhombic, scarcely larger than the others ; the fore foot with 2 or 3 
large prominent scales at the back of the palm ; heel of the hind- 
er foot simple above ; preanal shields 3 or 5, in two series, nearly 
equal ; olive, nape and front of back black-speckled ; side with 
cross bands of black-edged white spots ; the outer part of the un- 
der side of the hind legs with 8 plates, the second, third and fourth 
nearly equal, the rest smaller. 

u. Adult, in spirits. Larger preanal scales 3, I anterior, 2 poste- 
rior ; ventral shields nearly 12-rowed. Demerara. Presented 
by Dr. Hancock. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Preanal plates 5, 2 in front, 3 behind. 

c. Young, in spirits. Preanal plates 3. 

d. Young, in spirits. Preanal plates rather irregular, 5, 2 front 

largest, shield on back of elbow larger. 

e. Young, in spirits. West Indies. From Mr. Scrivener's col- 

lection. 

The Spotted Ameiva. Ameiva guttata. 

Shields on the hinder part of the fore arm just above the elbow 
rhombic, rather larger ; fore foot with 2 or 3 larger tubercles be- 
hind ; heel of the hinder foot with small scales above ; the outer 
part of the under side of the hind leg with 6 plates, the second 
and third much the largest, especially the second, the rest gradu- 
ally smaller; preanal shields in 2 series, the hinder series largest ; 
olive, black-speckled, sides dark, with cross rows of black-edged 
white spots. 



LIZARDS. 19 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. Demerara. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Brazils. From M . Clausen's collection. 

c. Adult, in spirits. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits. 

e,/. In spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by Mrs. J. P. G. Smith. 

The Shielded Ameiva. Ameiva scutata. 

Shields of hinder part of arm just above the elbow rhombic, ra- 
ther larger ; fore feet with 2 or 3 tubercles ; heel of hind feet with 
small granular scales behind ; the outer part of the under side of 
the hind leg with 6 or 7 shields, the second and third largest, the 
second nearly twice as large as the third, rest graduated ; preanal 
shields in 3 rows, the 2 anterior moderate, central one behind the 
other, with a cross row of 12 gradually diminishing scales behind 
them. 

a. Young, in spirits. 

Plee's Ameiva. Ameiva Plei, Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. v. 114. 

Shields on the hinder part of the arm just above the elbow di- 
lated transversely ; scales above and behind the heel small, granu- 
lar ; the shields of the outer series under the hind legs very large, 

Inhab. St. Domingo and Martinique, (Mus. Paris). 

Sloane's Ameiva. Ameiva dorsalis, Gray^ Ann. N. H. i. 277. 
Ameiva Sloanei, Dum. et Bib. E. Gen. v. 107. Ijacerta major, 
&c. Sloane, Jam. ii. 333, t. 272,/. 3. Edivards, Birds, iv. t. 203. 

Shields of hinder part of arm just above the elbow 6-sided trans- 
verse ; heel of the hind feet with a group of acutely tubercled scales 
behind ; the temples are granular ; the hinder lower labials small, 
separated from the gular shields by series of granular scales ; pre- 
anal shields in 3 series, subequal; shields under the hinder legs 
6 or 7, the second and third larger, the third the largest ; olive, 
back with a pale streak commencing at the nape and becoming 
gradually wider ; sides with a series of whitish spots. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. Two front preanal shields one before 

the other. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Preanal shields in 3 series, the first of 

1, the second of 2 shields. Jamaica. Presented by R. Hew- 
ard, Esq. 

MacLeay's Ameiva. Ameiva trilineata, Gray, Ann. N. H. 
v. 114. 

Olive, with 3 pale streaks ; shields of the hinder part of the 
fore arm just above the elbow rather dilated, rhombic; heel of the 
hind feet with a small group of acute tubercles behind ; temple 
granular ; the hinder lower labial and gular plates small, with 1 or 
2 series of granular scales between them ; the second and third 
shields on the outer part of the under side of the hind leg very 



20 REPTILES. 

large, the second nearly as long as wide ; preanal shields 6, the 
hinder 4 suhequal ; the outer series of abdominal shields small ; 
occipital shields 3, large ; tail with a white streak on each side. 

a—c. Half-grown, in spirits. Cuba. Presented by W. S. Mac- 

Leay Esq. 
d. Adult male. Spine on heel large. Cuba. Presented by W. 

S. MacLeay, Esq. 

Auber's Ameiva. Ameiva Auberi, Cocteau Sagra, Cuba Rept. 
76, t. 6. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 112. 

Shields of the hinder part of the fore arm above the elbow ra- 
ther dilated ; heel of the hind feet with a group of acute tubercles 
behind ; temples granular, shielded in front ; the hinder lower la- 
bial shields few and large, without any granules between them and 
the gular plates. 

Inhab. Cuba, Mus. Paris. 

^*^ Ventral shields '6-rowed. ( Caudal plates keeled ? ). 

The Waved Ameiva. Ameiva undulatus, Weigm. MSS. 
Cnemidophorus undulatus, Weigm. H. Mex. 27. 

" Scales of the middle of the throat and mesoptychis very lafge, 
shield-like, scarcely imbricate ; greenish, sides varied with black 
and white spots." 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Murine Ameiva. Ameiva murinus, Weigm. Cnemido- 
phorus murinus, Weigm. H. Mex. 27. 

" Scales of the chin and throat subequal, of the mesoptychis 
rounded or ovate, many-sided; first upper labial shield entire; 
sides and thighs white-spotted ; adult, back one-coloured, young, 
bluish-green, with 8 pale streaks," 

Inhab. Surinam. Mus. Berlin. 

**** Ventral shields S-rcwed. Upper caudal plates rhomboidalj 

keclless. 

The Lined Amjiiva. Ameiva lineolata, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
v. 119. 

The upper part of the back of the elbow with some rather lar- 
ger rhombic scales; the second and third shields on the outer side 
of the under part of the leg very large ; scales at the upper part of 
the back of the heel small, granular. 

Inhab. St. Domingo. Mus. Paris, (1 spec.) 

4. Cnemidophorus, Wagler. — Dum. ^j- Bib. 

Toes 5-5 ; femoral pores distinct. Cheek-teeth compressed, 
the hinder 3-lobed ; tongue short, base simple, rather dilated and 
swollen, and with 2 rather short depressed tips ; palate toothed ; 
intermaxillary teeth 6 ; nostrils in, or rather within the edge of, 
the nasal plate. 



LIZARDS. ~ 21 

* Front of the upper ami with rhomhic scales. Ventral shields in 

10 series. Cuemidophorus. 

The MuEiNE Taraguira. Cnemidopborus murinus, Ditm. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 126. Seps murinus, Laur. Syn. 63. Seha, Thes. 
ii. t. 105,/, 2. Lacerta Ameiva, Daud. Rept. iii. 98. 

Nostrils in the suture between 2 plates ; front edge of the up- 
per arm with small rhombic scales only, the second shield on the 
under side of the hind leg largest, nearly as broad as long ; pur- 
plish (in spirits), with a series of large bluish spots on each side of 
the back. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits, discoloured ? 

The Long-tailed Taraguira. Cnemidopborus longicauda. 
Ameiva longicauda, Bell, Zool. Beagle, 28, t. 15,/. 1. 

Xostril in the middle of the nasal ; scales of the front of the 
fore arm large, rhombic, smooth, in 2 series ; front upper labial 
trigonal, angle rather truncated ; shields under the legs 6-sided, 
third largest; tail elongate, scales rhombic, strongly keeled; white, 
upper part and sides with numerous black streaks. 

a. In spirits. Tail imperfect. Bahia Blanca, N. Patagonia. 
Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

** Front of the upper arm shielded. Ventral shields in 8 series. 

Taraguira. 

' The Tagaguira. Cnemidopborus lemniscatus, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 128. Lacerta lemniscatus, Daud. Rept. iii. 175, t. 36,/. 
1, young. Petiv. Gaz. t. 150, / 11. Seba, i. 144, t. 91,/. 3. 
Ameiva lineata, Graij, Ann. N. H. i. 

Blue, back black-lined, sides white-spotted; nostrils on the su- 
ture of the nasal shield ; front of the fore arm with 2 complete se- 
ries of dilated shields ; male with a sharp spur on each side the 
vent ; second, third and fourth shields on the outer side on the un- 
der part of the hind leg largest, transverse and subequal ; preanal 
plates 4, in 2 series. 

a, h. Male, adult and half-grown, in spirits. Tropical America. 

The Shielded Taraguira. Cnemidopborus scutata. 

Blue, with black dorsal streaks, sides paler spotted ; nostrils in 
the suture of the nasal shields ; Irout of the upper fore arm with 
2 series of dilated shields; the second and third shields on the out- 
er side of the under part of the hind legs very large, third largest, 
nearly as long as broad ; preanal plates 3, large ; males with a 
spur on each side of the vent. 

a, b Male, adult, and female, half-grown, in spirits. 

The Six-lined Taraguira. Cnemidopborus sexlineatus i>M7n. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 131 ? Lacerta sexlineata, Linn. S. N. i. 364. 



22 REPTILES. 

Daud. R. iii. 183. Holbrook, N. A. Herp. i. 63, t. 6. Ameiva li- 
neata, var. 3, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 287. 

Nostrils within the edge of the nasal plate ; first upper labial 
plate 4-sided, narrower above; olive, with 3 or 4 yellow streaks on 
each side ; the front of the fore arm with 2 or 3 series of shields. 

Var. I. Fore arm with 2 series of shields ; preanal plates 3 ; 
occipital plate variable. 

a — c. Half-grown, in spirits, partly bleached. N. ? America. 
d. Young, in spirits. N. America. Presented by E. Doubleday, 

Esq. 
y. Young. Preanal shields rather irregular. N. America. From 

Mr. Drummond's collection. 

Var. 2. Front of the fore arms with 3 series of shields ; prea- 
nal plates 2, one before the other, (hinder 2 soldered ?). 
€. Half-grown, in spirits, partly bleached. 
/. Young, in spirits. N. America. Presented by E. Doubleday, 

Esq. 

The Lizard-like Taraguira. Cnemidophorus lacertinoides, 
Lhim. et Bib. E. G. v. 134. 

Nostrils within the edge of the nasal plate ; front upper labial 
plate quadrilateral ; the upper part of the fore arm with 2 series 
of shields : olive or blue, with 2 yellow streaks with a series of 
black spots between them on each side. 

a. Chili, Monte Video. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

*** Fore arm ? Ventral shields 8-roived. 

Deppe's Taraguira. Cnemidophorus Deppii, Weigm. H. 
Mex. 29. 

"Ashy with 8 pale greenish streaks, sides spotless; scales of the 
chin small, of the middle of the throat larger, of the middle of the 
fold moderate, imbricate, rhombic ; the front upper labial shield 
denticulated ; male not spurred." 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

Sack's Taraguira. Cnemidophorus Sackii, Weigm. H. 
Mex. 29. 

" Greenish, with black brown cross bands and 2 pale streaks ; 
scales of the throat subequal, small, oblong, of the middle of the 
fold moderate, imbricate.'' 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Spotted Taraguira. Cnemidophorus guttatus, Weigm. 
H. Mex. 29. 

" Ashy, throat with white longitudinal spots, sides olive, black- 
ish, spotless, edged with 2 streaks; scales of the middle of the 
throat larger, of the middle of the fold large, nearly rhombic, im- 
bricate." 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 



LIZARDS. 23 

6. DicRODON, Dum. et Bib. 

Tongue moderately large, rather dilated, not contracted and 
sheathed at the base, with 2 depressed tips ; palate not toothed ; 
cheek-teeth flattened, transverse, and hluntly 2-lobed at the tip ; 
nostrils on the edge of the nasal plate. Toes 5-5, rather com- 
pressed, not keeled beneath. 

The Spotted Dicrodon. Dicrodon guttulatum, Eydoux, 
MSS. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 138. 

Olive, white-spotted, with 2 white streaks on each side. 
Inhab. Peru. Mus. Paris, (I spec.) 

6. AcRANTus. Wagl. Teius, Fitz. 

Toes 5-4, the outer hind toe rudimentary and short. Tail 
round, with elongated keeled scales. Cheek-teeth flattened trans- 
versely, and bluntly 2-lobed at the tip; palate toothed. 

The Carapopeba. Acrantus Teyou. Lacerta Teyou, Daud. 
Rept. iii. 195. Tejus viridis, Merr. Tent. 60. Gray^ Ann. N. H. 
i. 277. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 143. Ameiva oculata, D'Orbig. 
Voy. A. M. t. 5,/. 1, (toes wrong). Carapopeba, ili«rc. Braz. 238. 

Green, with a series of black spots and 2 pale streaks on each 
side ; front of arm shielded ; the third shield on the outer side of 
the under part of the hind leg very large ; preanal shield 4-sided. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits. The second and third shields on one of 
the legs united into one. From the Berlin Museum. 

II. Throat with a collar of large shields. 

a. Collar and ventral shields lanceolate, imbricate, heeled. Thighs 
scaly beneath. Nostrils between two nasal plates. Tail round. 
Toes 5-5, compressed , not keeled beneath. Tongue enlarged be- 
hind, and sheathed at the base. Palate toothed. Teeth com- 
pressed, 3-lobed. Centropicina. 

7. AcANTHOPYGA, Gray. Pseudoameiva, Fitz. 

Scales of the back larger, keeled in 17 or 25 series, keels con- 
tinuous, of the sides granular; collar toothed. 

The Steiated Spine-tail. Acanthopyga striata. Gray. Ann. 
N. H. i. 278. Lacerta striata, Daud. Rept. iii. 247, from Merrem, 
Wetter Ann. \. i. 1. Pr. Max. t. 13. Guerin, Icon. t. Gray, 

Giiffith, A. K. i. 31, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 151. Weigm. H. M. 9. 

Olive, with white streaks, sides spotted. 

Inhab. Surinam. Mus. Paris and Levden. 

8. Centropyx, Spix. Trachygaster, Wagler. Acanthopyga, 
Leach. Pseudoameiva, Fitz. 

The scales of the back moderate, ovate, keeled, in many (40) 
series, of the sides rather smaller, of the belly very large ; scales 
of the collar not prolonged beyond their free edge. 



24 



REPTILES. 



The Spurred Centropyx. Centropyx calcaratus, Spix^ Br. 
t. 22,/. 2. Grmj, Ann. N. H. i. 278. Guerin, Icon. Rept. t. 4,/. 
3. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 149. Schinz, R. 97, t. 36,/. 2. Weigm. 
H. M. 9. C. intermedius, B.M. 

Olive-green, with 3 paler streaks and 2 series of black spots on 
the back, beneath greenish white. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Female, Alabama. Presented by Thomas 

Bell, Esq. 
h. Adult, in spirits, discoloured. 
c. Adult, in spirits. Trop. America. Presented by Col. Sabine, 

R.E. 

b. Collar and ventral shields 4-sided, smooth, broader than long. 
Thighs beneath shielded. Tail round, tapering. Toes 5-5. 
Inguinal pores distinct. Collar indistinct. Emminiina. 

9. Emminia. 

Scales of back rhombic, keeled, subequal, keels forming con- 
tinuous ridges ; of the tail whorled, of the upper part elongate, 4- 
sided, keeled, keels forming ridges, of the lower side broad, smooth, 
in 2 series ; of the sides of body smaller, ovate, convex, sub-imori- 
cate ; of the sides of the neck granular; of the throat broad, shield- 
like, in 2 longitudinal series; collar indistinct, formed of 3 shields. 
Tongue not sheathed at the base. Head-shields 19 ; the gullet 
shielded all over. Nostrils between 2 nasal shields, over the mid- 
dle of the upper surface of the first labial. Toes 5-5, unequal, 
slender, rather compressed, each with 2 rows of rather convex scales 
beneath. Femoral pores 1 (or 2) at the base of each thigh. 

The Emminia. Emminia olivacea. 

Olive, back with a central brown streak, and a brown-edged 
pale streak on each side; sides greyish, beneath silvery, with a few 
minute brown dots ; gular shields 9, anterior single, with 4 pair 
and a single one on each side between the suture of the fourth and 
fifth pairs and the angle of the mouth. 

a. Young, in spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by Mrs. J. P. 
George Smith. 

c. Collar and ventral shields 4-sided, smooth, as long as broad. Tail 
compressed, 2-crested above. Toes 5-5, not keeled below. Croco- 
dilurina. 

10. Crocodilurus, Spix. Ada, part, Gray. 

Scales of the back equal. Cheek-teeth on the inside of the 
jaws, the hinder tricuspid ; tongue not sheathed at the base, with 
2 depressed tips ; palate not toothed ; nostrils between 3 shields. 
Femoral pores distinct. Toes 5-5, rather compressed, not keeled 
beneath, the outer hinder toothed on the side. 



LIZARDS. 25 

The LiZARDET. Crocodilurns Lacertinus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 46. Tupinamhis lacertinus, Daud. Rept. iii. 85. C. amazo- 
nicus, Spix, Braz. t. 20. Gra?/, Ann. N. H. i. 278. Wafjler, Icon. 
t. 15. Weigm. H. Mex. 8. C. ocellatus, Spix^ Braz. t. 21, Jun. 

Brown, with black spots ; throat and belly yellow ; young;, 
sides black, with reddish white spots, beneath whitish, black-spotted. 

luhab. Brazils, Guiana. Mus. Paris. 

10. Ada, Gray. Dracsna, Daud. not Linn. Thorictes, Wagl. 

Dum. et Bib. 

Scales of the back unequal, larger oval. Tail with a serrated 
crest on each side above. Throat with a double plait. " Teeth 
on the edge of the jaw," the hinder 3-lobed ; palate toothless ; 
nostrils in the keel, in the middle of the longitudinal suture be- 
tween the two nasal shields. 

The Great Dragon. Ada Guianensis. Dracaena Guianensis, 
Daud. Rept. ii. 423, t. 28. Waaler, Si/st. 153. Weigm. H. M. S. 
Le Dragonne, Lacep. Q. O. i. 243, t. 16. Bannot^ Erpet. E. 31. t. 
3,/. 2. Teius crocodilinus, Merrem, Tent. 62. Thorictes Dra- 
caena, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 56. 

Olive, beneath yellow, brown varied. 

Inhab. Tropical America. Mus. Paris. 

11. CusT A, Fleming. 'NexxsiicnTus, Du7n. et Bib. DrdC'ddua., Guer. 

Scales of the back unequal. Tail with a serrated crest on each 
side. Throat with a collar of large scales. Tongue not sheathed 
at the base ; palate toothless ; cheek-teeth compressed, 3-lobed ; 
nostrils lateral, small, in the centre of a large oval plate. Toes 
5-5, not keeled beneath, nor toothed on the edge. 

The Smaller Dragon. Custa bicarinata, Fleming, Phil. 
Zool. ii. 274. Lacerta bicarinata, Linn. S. N. i. 361. Guerin, Lc. 
t. 3,/. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 64, t. 49. Thorictis Guianensis, 
Waglei', Syst. 153, junior. Monitor crocodilinus. Gray, Griffith, 
A. K. xi. t. 16. 

Brown, with large blackish spots and cross bands ; sides and 
beneath yellowish. 

a. Young, in spirits. Tropical America. 



D 



26 REPTILES. 



Fam. 4. Lizards, (Lacertinid^), 

Head pyramidical, covered with regular many-sided shields ; 
supraorbital plate rig^id. Throat scaly, often with a cross fold in 
front, and a collar of larger scales behind. Tongue elongate, flat, 
free at the base, exsertile, long-forked. Teeth hollow rooted. 
Scales granular or rhombic, keeled. Sides flat, covered with small 
granular scales. Inhab. Old or Eastern World and Australasia. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Nostril erect, in the loiver hinder angle of the nasal shield, just 
above the labial shield, ivith 1 or 2 shields behind it. Eyelid 
distinct. 

A. Toes simple, compressed, not keeled nor fringed. Collar distinct. 

a. Scales granular or 6-sided, elongate. Posterior nasal shield 

single. Collar distinct. 

1. ZooTOCA. Lower eyelid scaly, opaque. I 

b. Scales granular or 6-sided, elongate. Posterior nasal shields 2, 
small, one above the other. Collar distinct. 

3. Thetia. Lower eyelid transparent. 

2. Lacerta. Lower eyelid opaque. Chin-fold distinct. Abdo- 
minal shields narrowed behind. 

4. Teira. Lower eyelid opaque. Chin-fold distinct. Abdominal 

shields square. 

5. NucEAS. Lower eyelid opaque. Chin-fold indistinct. Abdo- 

minal shield narrow behind. Preanal shields one before the 
other. 

c. Scales rhombic, keeled. Postei'ior nasal shields 2, small, one 

above the other. 

6. NoTOPHOLis. 'Collar and throat-fold distinct. 

7. Tropidosaurus. Collar and throat-fold indistinct. 

d. Scales rhombic, keeled. Posterior nasal shields single. Collar 

indistinct. 

8. Algira. Ventral shields roundish, thin. 

B. Toes keeled beneath, and sometimes fringed on the sides. Scales 

keeled. Posterior nasal single. 

9. Acanthodactylus. Toes fringed on the sides. 

10. PsAMMODROMus. Tocs uot fringed on the sides. Collar in- 
distinct. 



LIZARDS. 



27 



II. Nostril horizontal on the ridge, between three stvollen scales, one 
between the nostril and labial. Toes keeled beneath or fringed 
on the side. 

a. Eyelid distinct. 

11. ScRAPTEiRA. Toes depressed, friuged on the edge, not keeled 
beneath. Collar indistinct. 

12. Eremias. Toes compressed, keeled beneath, not toothed on 
the edge. Collar distinct. Preanal shields small, in several 
series, in central series one behind the other. 

13. Mesalina. Toes compressed, keeled beneath, not toothed on 
the edge. Collar distinct. Preanal shield single, semicircular, 
with 1 or 2 arched series of smaller ones round it. 

14. Cabrita. Toes rather compressed, keeled beneath, not frin- 
ged on the sides. Collar none. 

b. Eyelid rudimentary. Eye circular, exposed. 

15. Ophiops. 

I. Nostrils erect, lateral, subapical, in the loiver hinder angle of the 
nasal plate just above the labial, and ivith 1 or 2 -posterior nasals 
behind it. Eyelid distinct. Dorsal scales someivhat granular. 
Ventral shields broad, smooth. 

A. Toes simple, compressed, not keeled beneath nor fringed on the sides. 

a. Scales granular or elongate, 6-sided. Collar distinct. Lacertina. 

f Posterior nasal single. 

1. ZooTOCA, Wagler. Lacerta, part, Liim. 

Nostrils on the side of the nose, in the lower hinder angle of 
the nasal shield, with 1 small posterior nasal. Lower eyelid 
opaque, scaly. Throat with a narrow cross fold under the ears. 
Abdominal shields square. Temple scales small, with a larger 
central one. Preanal shield single, surrounded by smaller ones. 

* Ventral shields 6-rowed. Dorsal scales rather long, 6-sided. 

The Scaly Lizard. Zootoca vivipara. Lacerta vivipara, 
Jacg. N. A. Helv. i. 33, t. 1 . Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 205. L. cro- 
cea. Wolf. Sturm's Fauna Germ. t. 4. Eversm. N. M. Mosq. iii. 
347, t. 3,/. 1,2. L. pyrrogaster, Merrem, Tent. 67. L. montana, 
Mikan, Sturm, Fauna, t. L. agilis, Pemi. B. Z. iii. t. 3,/. 7. 

Licht. Douhl. 93. L. oedura, Sheppard, Linn. Trans, vii. 50 (male 
in summer). L. Schreibersiana, Edw. Ann. S. N. xvi. 83, t. b,f. 
5. Duges, Ann. S. N. xvi. 37. L. chrysogaster, Andrz. L. uni- 
color, Kuhl, Beit. 121 ? L. praticola, Evers. N. M. Mosq. iii. 347, 
t. 30,/. 2. Z. Jacquini, and Z. Guerini, Coct. Mag. Zool. t. 9. 
Z. miiralis, Gray, Ann. N. H. 279. 

D-2 



28 EEPTILES. 

Ventral shields 8-rowed ; the temple covered with mjiny-sided 
shields with a larger central shield; olive, hack with a white-edged 
hlackish streak on each side, and a central black streak, belly 
orange (in summer), black-spotted. 

Var. 1. Black. Ireland. 

Lacerta nigra, Wolf. F. G. t. 

a — d. Adult, in spirits. Devonshire. 

e. Adult, in spirits, Cheltenham. 

/. Adult in spirits. S. of Europe. 

y, h. Adult, in spirits. Dalmatia. From M. Heckle's collection. 

Lac. crocea, Heckle. 
i — k. Adult, in spirits. Pool-heath. Presented by W. Thompson. 
Esq. 

** Ventral shields 6 or 8 roived. Dorsal scales small ^ broad, 6-sided. 

The TiLiQUERTA. Zootoca muralis. Lacerta muralis, 3Ier- 
rem, Tent. 67. Licht. DouhL 92. Ediv. Ann. S. N. xvi. 67, 84, t. 
6,f. 1, t. 7,/. 3, t. 8,/. 2. Duges, Ann. S. N. xvi. 380, t. \b,f. 5. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 230. Bonap. F. Ital. t. — . Seps muralis, 
Laur. S. 6l,l62,t.l,f.4. Koch, Sturm, Faun. t. — , Seps sericeus, 
Laur. 61, 160, t. 2,/. 5. Merrem, Tent. 63. Ameiva Tiliquerta, 
Meyen, Syn. 28. Daud. Rept. iii. 167. L. agilis, Daud. Rept. iii. 
211, t. 38,/. 1. Lezard gris, Daub. Q. Ovip. 636. L. Brongni- 
artii, Daud. Rept. iii. 221. Fauna Franc, t. 9, f. 1. L maculata, 
Daud. Rept. iii. 208, t. 37, /. 2. L. olivacea, and L. puccina, 
Rafin. ? L. Merremia, and L. fasciata, Risso, E. Merid. iii. 86, 
87. Podarcis Merremi, Filz. MSS. L. saxicola, Eversm. 3Iem. 
Mosq. iii. 349, t. 30,/. 1. Z. quadrilineata, Gray, Ann. N.H. i. 
279. 

Temple covered with small tubercular scales, with a large cen- 
tral circular shield ; ventral plates 6-rowed, middle row rather the 
narrowest ; head rather depressed ; scales of the back small, cir- 
cular, convex ; collar continuous, even, not toothed, of 1 1 scales ; 
green. 

a — c. Adult, in spirits. Green, sides black-varied, with 2 pale 
streaks. Sardinia. Presented by the Rev. W. Hennah. 

d—f. Adult, in spirits. Larger ; green, varied with black, with a 
pale streak on the upper part of each side. Sardinia. 

g,h. Adult. Blue, with a central series of black spots. Malta. 
Presented by J. Ritchie, Esq. 

i — k. Adult. Smaller; blue, spotless. Shores of the Mediterra- 
nean. Presented by the Rev. W. Hennah. 

/. Adult, in spirits. Like d. Portugal. Presented by T. Bright- 
well, Esq. 

m. Half-grown, in spirits, bad state. Like g. S. Europe. Pre- 
sented by T. Bell, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 29 

11. Adult, in spirits. Like d S. Europe. Presented by T. Bell, 
Esq. 

o, p. Adult, in spirits. Malta. Presented by Miss Emilie Attersoll. 

q. Adult, in spirits. S. Europe. Presented by the Hon. A. Rus- 
sell. 

The Long-headed Lizard. Zootoca oxycephala, Lacerta 
oxycephala, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 235. 

Temple covered with small swollen scales, with a larger central 
one ; dorsal scales oval, rather convex ; ventral shields 6-rowed. 

a ? Young, in spirits. Spain ? or Madeira ? Presented by P. B. 
Webb, Esq. 

The Taurian Lizard. Zootoca Taurica. Lacerta Taurica, 
Pallas, Z. Ross. Asiat. iii. 30. Ratke, Acad. Petersh. iii. 302, t. 2, 
/. 1, 4. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 225. L. Peloponesiaca, Bib. Exp. 
3Iorea, Rept. QQ, t. 10, f. 4, (voung). L. muralis. Bib. Exped. 
Morea, Rept. t. 10,/. 2, "(^,/. 3, $ . L. agilis, Menest. Cat. 60, 
209. 

Temple covered with unequal, flat, polygonal and some circu- 
lar shields; scales of the back small, circular, convex ; olive, with 
2 white streaks on each side ; throat-fold distinct. 

Inhab. Crimea, Morea, Corfu and Sicily. 

^ The Striped Lizard. Zootoca tceniolata. Lacerta teeniolata, 
A. Smith, Mag. N. H. ii. 93. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 247. 

Scales of the temples ovate, 6-sided, equal, convex, of the back 
rounded ; subcollar of 9 scales ; ventral shields 8-rowed ; hinder 
legs not reaching the shoulders. 

Inhab. S. Africa. Mus. Dr. A. Smith and Paris. 

*** Ventral shields \2-roived. 

Lord Derby's Zootoca. Zootoca Derbiana. 

Olive, with a white streak on each side of the back ; scales of 
the back roundish, convex, with a few minute granules between 
them ; temples with flat scales, and a larger round central plate ; 
abdominal shields 12, middle series largest, the outer ones with 
the outer side rather oblique inwards. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Olive, with 4 rows of large, square, black 

spots. Austraha ? Sydney ? Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

b. Half-grown ? (female ?), in spirits. Olive, with a broad white 

streak edged above with black on each side of the back. Aus- 
tralia ? Presented by the Earl of Derby. 



Da 



30 REPTILES. 

*** Ventral plates 12- or l4-rowed, the front roiv larger^ forming a 
regular collar in front of the chest. 

Gallot's ZooTOCA. Zootoca Galloti. Lacerta Galloti, Z>Mm. 
et Bib. E G. v. 238. 

Olive, witli interrupted black streaks ; scales of temple very 
small, with a rather larger central disk; of the hack disco-quad- 
rangular, rather flattened ; ventral shields 12- or 14-rov^^ed; femo- 
ral pores 25 or 30. 

a, h. In spirits. Madeira. Presented by P. B. Webb, Esq. 
ff Posterior nasal shields 2, small, one above the other. 

2. Lacerta, Linn. P Bonap, Podarcis, Wagler. 

Nostrils lateral, erect, in the lower hinder angle of the nasal 
shield, with 2 posterior small scales, placed one over the other ; 
throat with a narrow cross fold under the ears ; abdominal shields 
square, the 2 central series narrower, with oblique sides ; dorsal 
scales ovate, granular, thick, convex, small, not imbricate ; lower 
eyelid opaque, covered with scales ; temple with many-sided line- 
qual ovate scales ; preanal shield single, surrounded by smaller 
ones. 

* Ventral shields 8- or 10-roived. Dorsal scales circular, granu- 
lar, side bg side. Lacerta. 

The Eyed Lizard. Lacerta ocellata. Baud, Rept. iii. 12!5, t. 
33. Edw. Birds, t. 202. Pet. Gaz. t. 92,/. 1. Bonap. F. Ital. t. 
Licht. Doubl. 92. Edw. Ann. S. N. xvi. 63, 82, t. 5,f. 1 — 10, t. 
l,f. 6, t, 8,/. 4. Duges, Ann. S. N. xvi. 368, L 15,/. 1,2, 7, 8, 9. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 218. Lizard vert, Lacep. Q. O. i. 309, t. 
20. E. M. t. 6,f. 3. L. margaritata, Schinz. Abbild. 986, 33,/. 
3. L. Jamaicensis, Daud, iii. 149. 

Green, reticulated or spotted with black, with large blue spots 
on the sides ; temples covered with unequal polygonal convex 
scales. 

a. Very large, in spirits, partly bleached. Senegal ? 

Lac. Senegalensis, Grai/, Ann. N. H. ii. 279. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Green, white or l)lue, closely dotted. S. Eu- 

rope. Presented by Mr. B. Leadbeater. 

c. Adult, in spirits. Black, netted and ringed with white specks. 

Portugal. Presented by J. Brightwell, Esq. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits, bleached. S. Europe. 

e. Young, in spirits, partly bleached. S. Europe. 

Lac. Lepida, Daud, R. iii. 204, t. 37,/. 1. 
f,g. Half-grown, in spirits. Scales rather rhombic, obscurely 
keeled. Algiers. 



LIZARDS. 31 

** Ventral shields Q-roiued. Scales circular ^ granular. 
The Smooth Lizard. Lacerta laevis, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 

279. 

Greenish grey, beneath greenish white, front of legs black- 
spotted ; dorsal scales roundish, 6-sided, convex ; Preanal shields 
with an arched series of 6 rather large shields in front ; temple 
mth a large central circular disk, with flat, rhombic, smooth scales 
in front, and smaller, more convex ones behind. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Europe. 

*** Ventral shields 6-rowed ; dorsal scales elongate., keeled. 
Throat-scales large., broad. Podarcis. 

The Green Lizard. Lacerta viridis, Liim. S. N. Petiv. Gaz. 
t. 9b., f. 1. Daud. iii. 144, t. 34. Wolf. Deut. Faun. t. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 210. Licht. Doiib. 92. Exped. Morea, Rept. t. 10, 
/.I. L. varius, Edw. Ann. S. N. xvi. 64, 83, t. 4,/, 3. Duges, 
Ann. S. N. xvi. 372, t. 15, /. 3. L. chloronata, and L. Serpa, 
Rafin. Seps terrestris, Laur. Sf/n. 61, 166, ^. 3,/. 1. L. elegans, 
Andrz. L. smaragdina, and L. bisiriata, Schinz, Rept. 99, t. 37, 
/. 1,2. L. bilineata, Daud., Rept. iii. 152, t. 35,/. 1. 

Scales of temple inequilateral, many-sided, with a central lar- 
ger one ; of back granular, oblong, with shelving sides ; throat- 
fold distinct. 

. Var. 1. Green, white-speckled. 
a. Adult, in spirits. Dalmatia. From M. Heckle's collection. 

" L. viridissima," Heckle. 
b — d Adult, in spirits like a. S. Europe. From M. Heckle's col- 
lection. 

••' L. chloronotus,'' Heckle, 
e. Adult, in spirits. S.Europe. Presented by the Hon. A. Russell. 
f—k. Adult, in spirits. Turin. Presented by Prof. Bonelli. 
I. Very large, old, in spirits, not good state. Tail forked. S. 

Europe. 
u, V. Young and old, in spirits. Jersey. Presented by A. Chris- 
ty, Esq. 
w. Adull, in spirits. Xauthus, Asia Minor. Presented by C. 
Fellows, Esq. 

Var. 2. Green, black-varied, with a pale streak on each side. 
L. bilineata, Daud. Rept. iii. 152, t. 2b., f. 1. 
m — n. Adull, in spirits. Dalmatia. From M. Heckle's collection. 

Lac. Tiliguerta, Heckle. 
— q. Adult, in spirits. Turin. Presented by Prof. Bonelli. 
r — t. Adult, in spirits. S. Europe. 
X. Adult, in spirits. Jersey. Presented by A. Christy, Esq. 

M. Bibron confounds Zooioca exigu^ and chali/bdea, which 
have the preanal plates of a Nucras, and Lac. gracilis, with those 
of an Eremias, with this species ! 



32 REPTILES. 

The FiTE-sTREAKED LizARD. Lacci'ta sti'igata, Eichw. Zool. 
Spec. iii. ISS. Fauna Casp. 70, t. 20, f. 4 — 6. Lac. quinquevit- 
tata, Menetr. Lac. Michaliellesii, Fitz. Lac. viridis, var. Dum. 
etBih.E. G. 210,218. 

Brown, black-spotted, with 5 narrow white streaks ; scales of 
the temple large ahove and below, smaller in the centre. 

Inhab. Caucasus, Syria, Dalmatia. 

The Sand Lizard. Lacerta agilis, Linn. Licht. Cat. Douh. 
Wolf. Sturm. Fauna, t. Bonap. F. Ital. t. Bell. B. R. t. 
Lac. Europa, Pallas. Lac. vulgaris, Mullei', Z. D. L. angui- 
fonnis, Sheppard P Lac. stirpium, Baud. R. iii. 153, t 35,/. 2. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 196. Duges, Ann. S. N. xvi. 376. Edw. 
Ann. N. S. xvi. 65, 83, t. o,f. 4, t. 8./. 1, 2. Seps varius, Laur. 
Syn. 62, 172, t. 3,/. 2. S. caerulescens, Laur. 62, 171, t. \,f. 3. 
S. Argus, Laur. 61, 161, ^. 1,/. .5. S. ruber, Laur. 62, 169, t. 3, 
f. 3. S. stellatus, Schrank, F. B. 117. Koch, Sturm, F. i. L. 
Laurenti, Daud, R. iii. 227. L. arenicola, Daud. R. iii. 230, t. 
38,/. 1. L. sepiura, Griffith, A. K. ix. 116. Seha, i. t. 97,/ 1. 
ii. t. 4,f. 5. t. 79, f. 5. Ediv. Glean, i. t. 244. Lac. rosea. Li ca- 
tenata, Fitz. 

The upper hinder nasal small, rather in front of the larger low- 
er one ; scales of the temple small, unequal, irregularly many- 
sided, often with a larger central one ; throat-fold indistinct ; 
brown, spotted or eyed with black, sides green, brown-eyed, be- 
neath white. 

a. Adult, in spirits. S. Europe. Presented by the Hon. A. Rus- 
sell. 

b — d. Young, in spirits. Sometimes with a small scale behind 
the lower hinder nasal. S. Europe. Presented by the Hon. 
A. Russell. 

e,f. Adult, in spirits. Pool-heath, Dorsetshire. Presented by W. 
Thompson, Esq. 

ff — i. Adult in spirits. S. Europe. 

3. Thetia. 

Nostrils between the anterior and 2 superposed hinder nasal 
plates. Lower eyelid transparent. Throat with a slight cross fold 
under the ears. Collar feebly marked, not toothed. Temples co- 
vered with scales. Scales of the back round, smooth, granular. 
Preanal shield single, surrounded by smaller ones. 

The Thetia. Thetia perspicillata. Lacerta perspicillata, 
Lhim. et Bib. E. G. v. 249. 

Scales of the temple small, granular, equal ; of the back cir- 
cular, convex; sub-collar of II scales; ventral shields 10-rowed. 

Inhab. Algiers, (one young specimen, Mus. Paris). 



LIZARDS. 33 

4. Teira, Gray. 

Nostril erect, in the hinder lower angle of the nasal, vnih. 2 
smaller posterior nasal shields. Lower eyelid opaque. Throat 
with a narrow cross fold under the ears, with small scales. Collar 
distinct, even. Abdominal plates all square, with parallel sides. 
Scales of the temple keeled, uniform ; of the ])ack, round, granu- 
lar, smooth. 

DuGEs' Teira. Teira punctata, Graj/, Ann. N. H. i. 286. 
Lacerta Dugesii, Edw. Ann. Sci. Nat. xvi. 84, t. 6,f. 2 ? Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 236. L. raaderensis, Fitz. Kept. 51. 

Dark hlackish green, darker on the sides, closely and minutely 
white-speckled, beneath pale green ; caudal scales obscurely keel- 
ed ; ventral shield 6-rowed, square, with parallel sides. 
a, b. Adult, back brown, minutely white speckled, not streaked. 

Madeira. Presented by T. Bell, Esq. 
c — i. Adult and young. Back with a white streak on each side. 

Madeira. 
;. Adult in spirits. Presented by M. Bibron from Mus. Paris. 
k — 0. Adult and young, in spirits. Madeira. Presented by A. 

Christy, Esq. 

5. NuGEAS, Grai/. Eremias, Sect. 1. Grai/. Zootoca, Eichw. 

. Nostrils lateral, in the lower hinder angle of the nasal shield, 
with 2 posterior nasal shields. Lower eyelid opaque. The throat 
without any fold under the ears. Collar distinct, even, transverse. 
Abdominal plates rhombic, with the outer sides oblique and con- 
tracted behind. Temples covered with keeled scales. Preanal 
plates 2, triangular, small, one behind the other, with an oblong, 
4-sided shield on each side of them. 

* Ventral shields S-j-owed, S. African. 

Laland's Lizard. Nucras Lalandii, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 280. 
Lacerta Lalandii, Edu\ Ann. Sci. Nat. xvi. 70, 84, t. 15,/. 6, L 
7,/. 5. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 241, t. 48. L. intertexta, A. Smithy 
Mag. N. H. ii. 93. 

Scales of the temple oval, 6-sided, convex, equal ; of the back 
nearly circular, swollen ; ventral shields 8-rowed, 2 outer series 
smaller ; the hinder legs not reaching to the armpits. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Cape of G. Hope. From S. African Museum 

b. Young, in spirits. Tail pale. Cape of Good Hope. 

The Chequered Lizard. Xucras tessellata. Lacerta tessel- 
lata, A. Sm. Mag, N. H. ii. 92. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 244. L. 
livida, and L. eiegans, A. Smith, Mag. N. H. ii. 92. 

Scales of the temples ovate, hexagonal, equal, convex ; of the 
back circular, rather small; sub-collar scales 9 — 13: ventral 
shields 8-rowed; hinder legs reaching nearly to the armpits. 

Inhab. S. Africa. Mus. Dr. A. Smith, and Paris. 



34 REPTILES. 

** Ventral shields 6-roived. Russian. 

The Small Lizard. Nucras? exigua. ZootocR exigua, Eichw. 
Zool. Spec. iii. 188. Fauna Casp. ii. t. 10,/. 1 — 3. Lac, sylvico- 
la, Eversm. N. Mem. S. N. Mosq. iii. 344, t. 31,/. 3. Lacerta 
viridis, young, Dum, et Bib. E. G. v. 218. Lacerta cliloris, Fitz. 

Blackish grey, with 3 white streaks, sides white-dotted, thighs 
white-spotted ; scales of the temple large in front, small behind ; 
of the hack minute, very smooth ; abdominal shields 6-rowed. 

Inhab. Caucasus, Volga. 

The Steel Black Lizard. Nucras ? chalybdea. Zootoca 
chalybdea, Eichiv. Fauna Casp. 73, t. 11,/. 1 — 3. Lacerta saxi- 
cola, Eversm. N. Mem. Moscou, ii. 325. 

Violet brown, shining, black-dotted, sides obscurely banded, 
black-spotted ; scales of the temple minute, with 3 larger ones in 
a central series ; abdominal shields 6-rowed, middle one small. 

Inhab. Caucasus. 

b. Scales rhombic, keeled, imbricate. Collar indistinct. Algirajna. 
f Posterior nasal shields 2, small, one above the other. 

6. NoTOPHOLis. Ageroides, Bibron. Notopholis part, Weigm. 
Lacerta, Sect. 1. Dum. et Bib. 

Nostrils lateral, in the lower hinder angle of the nasal shield, 
with 2 smaller posterior nasal shields. Scales of the back large, 
rhombic, keeled, and distinctly imbricated. Throat with a distinct 
fold under the ears. Palate toothless. Preanal plate single, sur- 
rounded with small ones in front. Ventral shields in 6 rows, the 
outer and inner of each side narrower. 

Fitzinger's Notoppiolis. Notopholis Fitzingeri, Weigm. H. 
Mex. 10. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 194. Lacerta nigra, Mus. Vien- 
na, not Wolf. 

Back and sides- uniform, olive ; scales of the back and sides 
equal, of the temple unequal, with granules in front and below; 
the hind leg not reaching the armpits ; the preanal shield with 
only 1 or 2 small scales on each side of its hinder edge. 

a. Adult, in spirits, Sardinia. From Dr. Heckle's collection. 

The Cape Notopholis. Notopholis? Capensis. 

Bluish olive, (dry) ; scales of the back and sides equal, large, 
strongly keeled, of the temple smaller, rhombic, rather convex, sub- 
equal. 

a. Stuffed. Under side destroyed ; tail reproduced. S. Africa. 



LIZARDS. 35 

The Algeeine Notopholis. Nolopholis Moresticus. Alge- 
roides Moresticus, Bib. Voy. Morea, Rept. 57, t. 10,/. 5. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 192. Al^rerk Cuvieri, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 283 ?? 

Back olive, with a yellow streak on each side, sides black, white- 
dotted ; scales of the hack and sides equal, of the temples rhombic, 
with a central larger one; preanal plates with 12 very small scales 
on each side of the hinder edge. 

Inhab. Morea. Mus. Paris. 

The Black-spotted Notopholis. Notopholis nigropuncta- 
ta. Lacerta nigropunctata, Dimi. et Bib. E. G. v. 190. 

Olive, irregularly black-dotted; scales of the sides smaller than 
those of the back; temple-shield polygonal, with a large plate; the 
hind legs as long as the body. 

Inhab. Island of Corfu. Mus. Paris, 1 spec. 

7. Tropidosaura, Boie. Trop. part, Bum. et Bib. 

Nostril lateral, in the lower hinder angle of the nasal plates, 
with 2 plates behind it. Eyelid distinct, lower scaly. Temple 
with small equal scales. Collar indistinct, but a fold on each side 
before the shoulder. Shields of the throat, chest and belly thin, 
small, 6-sided, hinder edge rather rounded. 

The Mountain Tropidosaure. Tropidosaura montana, Boie, 
Erp. Java, MSS. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 172. 

Brown, with a blackish streak ; femoral pores 6 or 7 on each 
thigh ; scales of the temple small. 

Inhab. Java, Boie. Mus. Leyden. 

ff Posterior nasal shields single. 

8. Algira, Cuvier. Psammurus, Weigm. Psammuros, Wagier. 
Trepidosaura, part, Dum. et Bib. Tropidosaurus, Fitz. 

Nostril lateral, erect, in the lower hinder angle of the nasal 
with a single posterior nasal. Temple with keeled scales. Toes 
rather compressed, smooth, with a single series of imbricate scales 
beneath. Shields of the throat and belly thin, smooth, 6.sided, 
hinder edge rather rounded. Collar none, with a fold on each side 
of the neck. Preanal shields numerous. 

* Ventral shields 6-roived. 

The ZermoUxMeah. Algira barbarica, Cuv. M. Paris. Gue- 
rin, Icon. t. 5,f. 2. Lacerta Agaria, Linn. S. N. 363. Daud. Rep. 
iv. 269. Lacep. Q. O. i. 367. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 168. Wagl 
Sgst. lo6.Weigm. H. M. ii. The Zermoumeah, Shaiv, Barb. 324 ? 

Fulvous or coppery, whitish beneath ; femoral pores 15 or 18. 

a. In spirits. Algiers. 



36 REPTILES. 

** Ventral shields lO-rotved. 

The C.AJ>E Zermoumeah. Algira capensis, A. Smith, May. 
N. H. ii. 94. Diim. et Bib. E. G. v. 171. 

Reddish yellow ahove, with 2 or 3 series of hlack spots or streaks; 
femoral pores 10 — 13; head-shields rough, grooved, frontal with 
a groove. 

Iiihah. S. Airica. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 

Du^ieril's Zermoumeah. Algira Dumerilii. " Tropidosaura 
Dumerilii, A. Smith.''' Dum.et Bih.E. G. v. 167, (not desciihed). 
Inhah. S. Africa. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 

B. Toes heeled beneath, and sometimes fringed on the sides. Scales 
rliombic, keeled. Posterior nasal shield single. Psammodromina. 

9. AcAfiTHOT)ACT:Yi.vs, Fitzinger. Podarcis, part, PTa^fer. 
Meroles, and Scrapteira, Gray. Ida, Grag, MSS. 

Nostrils lateral, roundish, in the lower hinder angle of the na- 
sal, v^ith a single posterior nasal. Palate not toothed. Eyelid dis- 
tinct, scaly. Collar distinct, scaly. Scales of the hack rhomhoidal, 
imbricate, smooth or keeled. Ventral shields rhombic, contracted 
behind, with oblique sides. Toes 5-5, rather compressed, keeled 
beneath and toothed on the sides. Preanal shields numerous, the 
central often placed one behind the other. 

* The central series of ventral shields narrowed on each side behind. 

Dorsal scales equal, smooth. 

The Rapid Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus velox. Lacerta 
velox, Duges, Ann. S. Nat. xvi. 383, not syn. A. vulgaris, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 268. Scrapteira pulchella, and S. leiocerea. Gray, 
Ann. N.H.i. 280. 

Scales of the back small, equal, smooth ; the front edge of the 
ear granular ; the large shield under the eyes triangular, coming 
down between the fourth and fifth upper labial ; collar of 9 or 11 
scales, the middle largest; ventral shields 10-rowed ; upper labial 
shields 5. 

a. Adult, in spirits. N. Africa ? 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. N. Africa. From the Berlin Museum. 

c. Adult, in spirits. N. Africa ? Presented by P. B. Webb, Esq. 

Bell's Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus Bellii. 

Scales very small, granular, equal, smooth ; front edge of the 
ear granular ; temple with minute scales, with a narrow elongate 
shield on the upper edge ; preanal shields forming a lozenge- 
shaped spot ; black, with 6 white streaks ; hind legs with 3 series 
of white spots. 

a — d. In spirits. Algiers. 



LIZAEDS. 37 

The Cape Spined-foot. Acantliodactylus Capensis, ^. Smith, 
Illust. Z. S. Africa, Rept. t. 39. 

Scales of the back and sides small, circular, closely set and 
slightly convex, of the side of the base of the tail triangular, keel- 
ed, ending in a spine, of the middle of the tail oblong, quadrangu- 
lar, keeled, spinose, of the temple granular ; abdominal plate 
quadrangular; brown, sides with 2 white streaks; male, sides 
black, with a central series of white spots. 

Inhab. S. Africa, Great Naraaqua Land. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 

The Shielded Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus scutellatus, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 272. Lacerta scutellata, Audouin, Rept. 
Egypt. 172. Suppl. t.\, f. 7. Edw. Ann. S. N. xvi. 85, 94, t. 6, 

f.'s. 

Scales of the back small, equal, rhomboidal, smooth ; ventral 
shields 14-rowed ; upper labial shields 6; the shield under the 
eyes elongated, rounded beneath; the front of the ear denticulated. 

a. Adult, in spirits, not good state. N. Africa, Egypt. Presented 
by M. Lefebre. 

ff Dorsal scales equal, keeled. 

Savigny's Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus Savignii, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 274. Lacerta Dumerillii, Ediv. Ann. S. N. xvi. 76, 
85, t. 7,f. 9. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 282. L. deserti, Edic. Ann. S. 
N. xvi. 79, ^Q, t. 6, /. 8. L. Savignii, Audouin, Desc. Egypt, i. 
172. Savig. Suppl. t.\,f. 8. Ediv. Ann. S. N. xvi. 73, 85, t. 6,f. 
4. — L. Olivier, Audouin, Desc. Egypt, i. 174. Savig. Suppl. t. \,f. 
11? L. grammica, Ratke, Mem. Petersb. iii. 303. Scrapteira ma- 
culata. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 281. 

Scales of the back equal, small, rhomboidal, rather swollen lon- 
gitudinally ; ventral shields 11 or 13-rowed ; front of ear subden- 
tate ; collar arched, with 11 or 13 nearly equal scales, the middle 
united to the chest. 

a, b. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Scales keeled. Tripoly. 

Presented by J. Ritchie, Esq. 
a. Adult, in spirits. Algiers. 

The Spotted Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus lineato-macula- 
tus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 276. Lacerta cruenta, Pallas, Voy. 
Rus. i. 456? Daud. Rept. iv. 278? L. coccinea, 3Ierrem, Tent. 69? 

Scales of the back small, rhomboidal, imbricate, distinctly keel- 
ed ; ventral shields 9-rowed ; ear granular in front ; collar trans- 
verse, slightly arched, of 9 well-developed scales, the middle largest 

Inhab. Marocco. Mus. Paris. 



E 



38 REPTILES. 

fff Dorsal scales larger in front. 

Bosk's Spined-foot. Acanthodactylus Boskianus, Fitz. MS. 
Weigm. H. 31. 10. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 278. Lacerta Boskia- 
na, Daud. Rept.m. 188, t. 36, f. 1, young. Lickt. Douh. 100. L. 
aspera, Audouin, Rept. Egypt, i. 174. Savig. Supp. t. 1,/. 10. L. 
carinata, Schinz, Abbild. 102, t. 39,/. 4. L. longicaudata, Reuss, 
Mus. Senck. i. 30. Scrapteira inequalis, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 280. 

Scales of the back rhomboidal, keeled, imbricate; of the hind- 
er part of the neck the largest; ear toothed in front; ventral shields 
10-rowed; collar angular, of 9 or 11 shields, the middle one larg- 
est, not fixed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Presented by James 
Burton, Esq. 

** The 2 central series of ventral shields narrowed on each side 

behind. 

The Plain SpiiNED-Foox. Acanthodactylus inornatus. Scrap- 
teira inornata. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 281. 

Greenish olive ; tail with a dark streak on each side ; beneath 
silvery white ; scales of the back small, ovate, acutely keeled ; of 
the base of the tail broad ; preanal scales 10 or 12. subequal, pla- 
ced in 4 transverse subalternate series, with small scales on the 
sides ; ventral shields 12-rowed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Tripoli. Presented by J. Ritchie, Esq. 
h. Adult, in spirits, not good state. Egypt. Presented b^^ M. 
Lefebre. 

10. Vi\uyi.ODROMV^, Fitz., Weigm. Notophilis and Aspistis, 

Wagler, Weigm. 

Nostrils lateral, in the lower hinder angle of a flat scale above 
the first labial, with a single shield behind it. Eyelids distinct, 
scaly. Scales of the back rhombic, keeled, imbricate. Throat 
with a distinct fold, covered with small scales. Collar none, but 
a small arched fold before each shoulder. Ventral shields 4-sided, 
smooth. Toes 5-5, rather compressed, keeled beneath, not toothed 
on the side. 

The Garriques. Psammodromus hispanicus, Fitz. Rept. 52. 
Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 283. Lacerta Edwardsiana, Duges, Ann. S. 
N. xvi. 386, t. 14,/. 1—6. Wagler, Syst. 142. Weigiti. H. M. 10. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 253. Bonap. Ann. Sci. Nat, Zool. xii. 62, 
t.4A.f.2. 

Olive, spotted ^vith black, with 2 white streaks on each side ; 
scales of the temple small, subequal, many-sided, not imbricate ; 
of the back rhomboidal, imbricate, keeled ; ventral shields 6-rowed. 

Inhab. S. of France, Spain. Mus. Paris. ISI us. Frank. 



LIZAKDS. 39 

The Grey Garriques. Psammodromus cineveus, Bonap. 
Ann. Sci. Nat. xiii. 62, t. 4 A./. 1. Weigm. Arch. 1841, 118. 

Ashy bronzed, uniform, beneath white ; temple scaly ; head 
large ; tail elongate. 

Inhab. South of France, Marseilles. 

TI. Nostrils horizontal, in the ridge betiveen 3 sivollen shields, 1 
between the nostril and the labial. Toes keeled beneath, or 
fringed on the sides. 

A. Eyelids valvular. Scrapteirina. 

11. ScRAPTEiRA, Fifz., Gray. 

Nostrils on the ridge between 3 swollen nasal plates, the lower 
and anterior moderate, the hinder upper small, triangular. Eye- 
lids distinct. Collar transverse, free, with a few veiy small scales. 
Scales of the back circular, not imbricate. Ventral shields square. 
Preanal shields small, numerous, subequal. Toes 5-5, flattened, 
smooth beneath, toothed on the sides. 

The ScRAPTEiRA. Scrapteira grammica, Fitz. MSS. Weigm. 
H. M. 9. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 283. Lacerta grammica, Licht. 
Doubl. 100. 

Scales of the back small, equal, convex ; ventral shields small, 
equal, in 18 or 20 oblique series of 18 — 22 ; collar of 5 or 6 scales; 
ear toothed in front. 

Inhab. Nubia. Mus. Berlin, Leyden. 

12. Eremias, Fitzinger. Podarcis, part, Wagler. Scrapteira, 
part. Gray. Aspidorhinus, Eichw. ? 

Nostrils on the ridge in the centre between 3 swollen nasal 
plates, the lower and anterior upper moderate, the hinder upper 
small, triangular. Eyelids distinct, lower scaly, opaque, or with 
2 or more transparent spots. Collar transverse, straight, free. The 
throat with a slight fold under the ears. Ventral shields square, 
smooth. Toes 5-5, rather compressed, keeled beneath, not toothed 
on the edge. Preanal shields numerous. 

■* Ventral shields in 16 or 18 rather oblique series. Ear not toothed 
in front. Lower eyelid scaly, nearly opaque. 

The Arguta. Eremias arguta. Lacerta arguta, Pallas, Voy. 
Rus. iii. 470, viii. 87. L. variabilis, Pallas, Zoogr. iii. 31. Licht. 
Doub. 98. Weigm. H. Mex. 9. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 293. Eversm. 
N. Mem. Mosq. iii. 351, t. 29. 

Back with black-edged white spots, or irregular black cross 
bands, sometimes spotted with white ; tail short, swollen at the 
base ; scales of the back ovate, rhomboidal, smooth, surrounded 
by granules, under the legs lozenge-shaped, preanal small, numer- 
ous, equal, middle one sometimes larger. 

Inhab. Tartary. E 2 



40 REPTILES. 

Eversman's Arguta. Eremias velox. Lacerta velox, Evers. 
N. Mem. Mosq. iii. 353, t. 30, /. 3. Eremias caeriileo-ocellata, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 295. L. arg^utus, Eichw. Z. S. iii. 188 ? 

Tail elongate, very slender ; scales of the back ovate, rhoraboi- 
dal, smooth, surrounded by granules, of the under side of the legs 
6-sided, very large, preanal moderate, the central one largest ; ven- 
tral shields nearly equal, square ; hinder legs long. 

Inhab. Crimea. 

** Ventral shields in 6 to 16 straight longitudinal series. Meroles. 
f Loiver eyelid opaque^ subocular shield over the labials. 

Knox's Eremias Eremias Knoxii, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 282. 
Lacerta Knoxii, Ediv. Ann. S. N. xvi. 76, 85, t. 6,/. 6. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 299. Smith, Illus. Z. S. Afr. t. 43. 

Ear toothed in front; lower eyelid covered with small, sube- 
qual, convex, 6-sided shields ; scales of the back lozenge-shaped, 
slightly convex, as if keeled, subimbricate, of front of vent equal, 
with 1 or 2 larger medial ones; ventral shields subrhoniboidal, in 
16 series ; subocular shields 2, over the fourth and fifth labial 
shields ; femoral pores 16 or 20 ; collar of 11 or 13 scales. * 

a. Adult, in spirits. Throat black-dotted. S. Africa. Presented 

by the Earl of Derby. 
h — e. Young and half-grown. Back with streaks of spots; legs 

with 3 rows of white spots. S. Africa. 

W Lower eyelid scaly, ivilh a pellucid central spot : subocular shield 
between the labial shields, forming part of the lip. 

The Cape Eremias. Eremias Capensis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 302. Smith, Illust. Zool. S. A. t. Lacerta Capensis, Smith, 
Mag. N. H. ii. 93. 

Ears granular in front ; ventral shields in 14 series ; scales of 
the back lozenge-shaped, flattened, slightly imbricate, of front of 
vent subequal; collar of 11 scales; subocular shield to the edge 
of the lip between the seventh and eighth labial plates. 
a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. A. Smith. 

Burchell's Eremias. Eremias Burchellii, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 303. Smith, III. Zool. S. A. t. Lacerta Burchellii, A. 

Smith, Mus. Chatham. 

Ears granular in front ; the under eyelid with a central cross 
series of 4 large 6-sided shields; ventral shields square, 14-rowed; 
scales of the back small, granular, suboval, convex, not imbricate, 
of the front of the vent small, equal ; the subocular shield to the 
edge of the lip, between the fourth and fifth plates. 

a. In spirits. Greyish brown, black-speckled, with a row of white 
specks on each side of the back, sides white-speckled, limbs 
with black-edged white spots. S. Africa. Presented by the 
Earl of Derby. 



LIZARDS. 41 

b. In spirits. Greyish brown, closely black-spotted, with 2 pale 
streaks converging along the middle of the back, ihe inner pair 
uniting and ending just behind the shoulders. S. Africa. Pre- 
sented by the Earl of Derby. 

The Streaked-back Eremias. Eremias doi'salis, A. Smithy 
MS. III. Z. S. A. t. Duin. et Bib. E. G. v. 305. 

Ears granular in front; collar slightly arched, of 7 or 8 scales; 
ventral shields 8-rowed, rather transverse ; scales of the back rhom- 
boidal, slightly ridged, subimbricate, of the front of the vent small, 
numerous, equal ; eyebrow-disk rounded in front, entirely sur- 
rounded with granules ; subocular plate between the fifth and 
sixth labial shields. 

Inhab. S. Africa. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 

The Namaqua Eremias. Eremias Xamaquensis, A. Smith, 
MSS. III. Z. S. Afr. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 307. 

Ears granular in front; collar straight, of 9 or 11 scales; ven- 
tral shields equal (keeled ?), 10 or 12 ; suborbital plate between 
the fifth and sixth labial shields ; scales of the back rhomboidal, 
smooth, not imbricate, before the vent moderate, few, equal-sized. 

a. In spirits. &, c. Dry. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. A. Smith. 

The Dull Eremias. Eremias lugubris, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 309. Smith, III. Z. S. Afr. t, Lacerta lugubris, A. Smith, 

Mag. N. H. ii. 93. 

Ears granular in front, suborbital plate ? collar straight, 

slightly arched, free, of 9 — 11 scales; the ventral shields 6-rowed; 
scales of the back lozenge-sbaped, smooth, not imbricate, of front 
of vent hexagonal, rhomboidal. 

a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. A. Smith. 

The Spotted Eeemias. Eremias guttulata, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 310. Lacerta guttulata, Licht. Doub 101. L. Olivieri, Au- 
douin,Rept. Egypt, i. 175. Savig. Supp. t. 2,/. 1. t. 2, 2. — Edw. 
Ann. S. Nat. xvi. 94, t. 6,f. 5. 

Collar curved, free, of 9 or 1 1 scales ; ear granular in front ; 
subocular plate between the third and fourth or fifth and sixth la- 
bial shields ; scales of the back lozenge-shaped, slightly convex, 
smooth, not imbricate ; eyebrow disk angular, outer side edged 
with granules; ventral shields subrhombic, equal, in 10 rows; out- 
er smaller; preanal plate large, edged with 2 series of small scales. 

Inhab. N. Africa, Egypt, Algiers. Mus. Paris. 

fff Lower eyelid with 2 transparent plates. 

The Eyed Eremus. Eremias lineo-ocellata, A. Smith, MSS. 
III. Z. S. Afr. t. — Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 314. 

Lower eyelid with 2 large transparent plates in the middle form- 
ing a longitudinal spot ; collar of 11 or 12 scales ; scales of back 

E 3 



42 REPTILES. 

thin, rhomboidal, keeled, imbricate ; palate toothed ; ear slightly 
toothed in front; ventral shields lozenge-shaped, in 14 series; pre- 
anal scales small, numerous, subequal. 

a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 
h. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. A. Smith. 

The Waved Eremias. Eremias undata, Diim. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 316. Smith, III. Z. S. Afr. t. Lacerta undata, A. Smith, 

Mag. N. H. ii. 93. 

Lower eyelid with 2 central transparent plates; ears with a few 
prominent granules in front ; subocular plate between the fifth 
and sixth labial shields; scales of the back sub rhomboidal, smooth, 
not imbricate; ventral shields in 13 series, subrhomboidal, the cen- 
tral series narrower on each side behind; preanal scales subequal, 
moderate-sized. 

a. In spirits. Back dark blackish, 2 pale streaks on each side. S. 
Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

The Beautiful Eremias. Eremias pulchella. 

Reddish olive, black varied, with 2 rows of black rings on ^ach 
side; lower eyelid with 2 transparent plates, forming an oblong, 
transverse spot; collar of 11 or 13 scales; scales of the back 
small, granular, rhombic, thick, convex, obscurely keeled, of the 
hinder part of the back rather larger and not imbricate ; edge of 
the ear slightly toothed ; ventral shields rather rhombic, in 14 se- 
ries ; preanal scales 5 or 6, moderate, surrounded by smaller ones. 

a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 
h. Half-grown. In spirits. Presented by the Saffron Walden N. 
Hist. Society. 

tttt ? 



Aspidorhinus gracilis, Eichw. Fauna Casp. Cans. 74, t. 11,/. 
4 — 6. Lacerta g. Eichw. J. S. iii. L. vittata, Eversm. not Gmel. 

Scales of the temple very small, with 1 superior and 2 inferior 
larger plates, of the back very minute, granular; "preanal shield 
variable, single, large, or numerous and small ; " black, with nar- 
row white streaks ; hind legs white-spotted, beneath white. 

Inhab. Shore of the Caspian Sea. 

13. Mesalina, Grai/. Scrapteira, part. Gray. 
Eremias, Sect. Dum. et Bib. 

Head rather depressed. Nostrils on the ridge between 3 swol- 
len scales, the lower and anterior moderate, hinder ujiper small, 
triangular. Eyelids distinct. Collar indistinct, subangular, at- 
tached in the middle, free on the sides. Throat without any fold 
under the ears. Ventral shields smooth, central, contracted be- 
hind. Scales of the back rhombic or circular, not imbricate. 
Toes 5-5, rather compressed, keeled beneath, not toothed on the 



LIZARDS. 43 

edge. Preanal shield single, posterior, large, with 1 or 2 series of 
smaller ones round it. 

* Lotver eyelid tvith 2 transparent plates. 

The Dotted Mesalina. Mesalina Pardalis. Lacerta par- 
dalis, Licht. Douh. 99. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 312. Scrapteira 
punctulata, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 281. 

The collar subcrenated, subangular, fixed in the middle to the 
chest, free on the sides ; ear not toothed in front ; lower eyelid with 
2 transparent plates, forming an elongated spot ; scales of the back 
rhombic, conic, not imbricate ; ventral shields 10-rowed ; preanal 
plate large, edged with 2 rows of scales, the outer largest. 

a, b. In spirits. N. Africa. From the Berlin Museum. 

** Loicer eyelid pellucid, scaly. 

The Red-spotted Mesalina. Mesalina rubropunctata. La- 
certa rubropunctata, Licht. Doub. 100. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
297. Scrapteira sabulosa (nebulosa). Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 281. 

Greyish green, with 3 rows of black spots; tail with a row of 
black spots on each side ; ear not toothed in front ; collar even, of 
9 or 11 small scales ; lower eyelid with a central larger and 2 or 3 
smaller half-transparent plates ; scales of the back minute, smooth, 
convex, with intervening grannies; ventral shields square, sube- 
qilal, in 12 straight series; preanal plate central, with 2 series of 
smaller scales. 

a — d. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by Sir. J. G. Wilkinson. 
e. Young, in spirits. N. Africa. From the Berlin Museum. 
Mesalina Lichtensteinii, Gray, Ann. N. H.\. 282. 

14. Cab RITA, Gray. Callosaura, Dum. et Bib. 

Nostrils on the muzzle-ridge, between a superior and inferior 
rather swollen nasal plates, with a small hinder nasal. Upper eye- 
lid short, lower large, with a transparent disk. Collar none, with 
a small fold in front of each shoulder. Throat-fold indistinct. 
Scales of the back rhomboidal, keeled, imbricate. Ventral shields 
4-sided, smooth. Preanal shield single, surrounded by smaller 
ones Femoral pores distinct. Toes 5-5, slightly compressed, 
keeled beneath, not toothed on the sides. 

The Cabrite, Cabrila Leschenaultii. Lacerta Leschenaultii, 
Ediu. Ann. S. N. xvi. 80. 86, t. 6, /. 9. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
284. Cabrita brunnea, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 282. 

Brown, with 2 white streaks on each side; temple covered with 
small, equal, hexagonal, keeled, subimbricate scales; ventral shields 
6-rowed, the middle row on each side largest; femoral pores 15-16, 

Inhab. India. Mus. Bell. Coromandel. Mus. Paris. 



44 REPTILES. 

B. The Eyelid rudimentary^ circular. Eye exposed. Ophiopina. 

15. Ophiops, Menesiries. Amystes, Weigm. 

Nostrils longitudinal, in the muzzle-ridge, between a superior 
and inferior rather swollen nasal shields, with 3 small shields behind 
them. Eyelids none. Tongue elongate. Cheek-teeth tricuspid. 
Palate toothless. Collar none, a small fold before each shoulder. 
Scales of the back rhombic, keeled, imbricate. Ventral shields 4- 
sided, rhombic, smooth, 2 middle series narrowed on each side be- 
hind. Femoral pores distinct. Toes 5-5, rather compressed, 
keeled beneath, not toothed on the sides. 

The Eleoant Ophiops. Ophiops elegans, Menetr. Cat. 60. 
Eichw. Fauna Casp. Cans. 78, t. 12, /". 1 — 5. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V, 259. Amystes Ehrenbergii, Weigm. Eerl. Mag. 1835. Lacerta 
nudipes. Hemp, et Ehrenh. Algira punctata, Gray^ Ann. N. H. 
i. 283. 

Olive or bronzed, black-spotted, with 2 whitish streaks on each 
side of the back ; temples covered with small many-sided shields ; 
ventral shields 8-rowed ; femoral pores 9 — 12. i 

a, h. Adult and young, in spirits. Shores of the Mediterranean. 
Smyrna ? Presented by J. Miller, Esq. R.N. 

The LoNG-TOED Ophiops. Ophiops raacrodactylus, Berthold. 
Weigm. Arch. 1841, 118. 

Olive-green, black-spotted, without any dorsal streaks or eyed 
spots on the thighs ; toes very long; tail twice as long as the body. 

Inhab. Asia Minor. 



LIZARDS. 45 



** Sides tvith a distinct longitudinal fold, covered tvith small 
granular scales. Back luith large squarish shields. 

Fam. V. CoRDYLEs, (Zonurid^). 

Head pyramidal or depressed, covered with regular many-sided 
shields. Tongue flat, nicked at the tip. Scales of the hack and 
tail large, rhombic. Sides with a distinct longitudinal fold, co- 
vered with small granular scales. Ears distinct. Eyes with 2 
valvular lids. Limbs 4, strong, or rarely entirely wanting or hid 
under the skin. 

A. Femoral pores distinct. Nasal shield without any or only one 
pair of supra nasals. Legs 4. Occipital shields few. Old World. 

a. Tail spinose. Head depressed. Fronto-parietal and parietal 
plates forming a large square. Tongue velvet-like. Collar none, 
ivith a slight cross fold on the side of the neck. Femoral pores 
numerous. 

1. CoRDYi.us. Scales of back and sides square, in close cross se- 
ries. Lower eyelid transparent. Nasal small : supra-nasals 
square, contiguous. 

2., ZoNURus. Scales of back and sides square, keeled, in close 
cross series. Lower eyelid opaque. Nasal triangular : supra- 
nasal none. 

3. Hemicordylus. Scales of back small, square, in cross rows; 

of the sides granular. Nasal triangular : supranasal none. 

4. PsEUDOcoRDYLUs. Scalcs of the back suboval, in cross rows, 
surrounded with granules, with a fold on each side of the neck. 
Nasal triangular : supranasal none. 

b. Tail unaiined. Head pyramidical. Tongue scaly. Supra- 

nasal none. 

5. Platysaurus. Toes 5-5. Head depressed. Fronto-nasals 2, 

fronto-parietals and parietals distinct, equal. Body fusiform. 

6. CiciGNA. Toes 5-5. Head square. Fronto-nasals 2, fronto- 
parietal and parietal united on each side. Body fusiform. 

7. Gerrhosaurus. Toes 5-5. Head square. Fronto-nasals 2, 
fronto-parietals and parietals distinct, equal. Body fusiform. 

8. Pleurostrichus. Toes 5-5. Head square. Fronto-nasals 

none, fronto-parietal and parietals equal. Body and tail elon- 
gate. 

9. Saurophis. Toes 4-4, very short. Body and tail elongate. 



46 REPTILES, 

10. Caitia. Feet undivided, front very slender, elongated, hinder 
compressed, thick. Body and tail elongate. Femoral pores 2-2. 

c. Tail unarmed. Head pp-amidical, elongate. Collar distinct^ 
of keeled scales. Inguinal pores 2-2. 

11. Tachydromus. Ventral shields keeled. Throat with keeled 
scales. 

12. Tachysaurus. Ventral shields smooth. Throat granular in 



front. 



o' 



B. Femoral pores none. Nasal plates ivith 2 or more pairs of supra- 
nasal shields above. Occipital plates numerous. Collar none. 
Throat shielded. 

a. Limbs 4. Body fusiform. Tongue velvety. Western hemisphere. 

13. Abronia. Head depressed. Inter-nasals small, distinct. 
Scales of back smooth. 

14. Gerrhonotus. Head pyramidical. Internasal small, su- 
pranasal large. Scales of the back keeled. * 

15. Elgaria. Head pyramidical. Internasal large, supernasal 
very narrow. Scales of the back keeled, of sides smooth. Tail 
elongate, slender. 

16. Barissia. Head pyramidical. Internasal plates none. Scales 
of back keeled. . . 



b. Legs 2 or none. Body snake-like. 

17. PsEUDOPus. Limbs 2, posterior, undivided. 

18. Ophisaurus. Limbs none. 

A. Femoral pores distinct. Supranasal shields none or only 1 pair. 
Occipital shields few. Legs 4. Eastern World. 

a. Tail spinose. Head depressed, broad. Fr onto. parietal and pari- 
etal plates large. Tongue velvet-like. Collar none, or only a 
slight fold on each side of throat. Nostrils in a single plate. 
Femoral po res numerous . Z o n ur i n a. 

1. Cordylds. Zonurus, § ii. Gray. Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed, fronto-parietal and parietal plates forming a 
square. Temple-shield keeled ; nasal small, oblong ; supranasal 
large, square, contiguous. Eyelids distinct, lower with a central 
transparent smooth spot. Scales of the back moderate, rhombic, 
keeled, striated and pierced with a pore, in close cross rows ; of 
the back unarmed. Toes 5-5, compressed, keeled beneath. Tail 
spinose, squarish. 



LIZARDS. 47 

The CoRDYLE. Cordylus polyzonus, A. Smith, Mag. N. H. 
ii. 34. Illust. Zool. S. Africa, Rept. t.28,f. 1. t 30,/. 7. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 357. 

Grey, black-varied, with a black streak behind the ears; scales 
of the back ovate, rhombic, slightly keeled, in 40 cross. rows ; of 
the sides rather more keeled; tail and sides of the neck rather spi- 
nose ; ventral shields 18-rowed. 

a. Young, in spirits. Olive, black-spotted ; tail with alternate 
pale rings. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

2. ZONURUS. 

Head depressed, fronto-parietal and parietal plates large, form- 
ing a square ; interparietal square. Neck spinose. Temple-shields 
keeled. Nasal triangular, contiguous, supranasal none. Eyelids 
distinct, lower opaque, scaly, with a central longitudinal series of 
larger 6-sided scales. Scales of the back and sides square, keeled, 
in close cross series. Toes 5-5, compressed, keeled beneath. Tail 
round, spinose. 

* Ventral shields square, truncated behind. 

The Rough-scaled Cordyle. Zonurus Cordylus, Merrem, 
Tent. 57. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 388. Lacerta Cordylus, Linii. S. 
N. 361. Daud. Rept. iii. 8. Cordylus verus, Laur. Syn. 52. C. 
griseus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 33. Seba,\\.t.62,f. 5. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
v.'350. A. Smith, 111. Zool. S. Afr. i. 28,/. 2, 3. t. 30,/. 8. Stel- 
lio niger, Daud. Rept. iii. 48. Cuv. R. A. 33. C. dorsalis, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 33. Seba, t. 109,/ 5. Le Cordyle, Lacej). Q. O. i. 324. 
Pet. Gaz. t. 58,/. 12. 

Head-shields smooth. Scales of the back large, rhoraboidal, 
keeled, in 19 cross rows, central series broadest, the rest keeled ; of 
the sides with the keels prolonged into spines ; of the tail sharply 
keeled the whole length ; nasal plate not swollen ; side of the neck 
spinose; ventral shields 10 or 12-rowed; lateral series very nar- 
row ; tail slender, angular. 

a. Adult, in spirits. S. Africa. From the Leyden Museum. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Larger. S. Africa. 

The Shielded Zonurus. Zonurus cataphractus. Gray, Grif- 
fith, A. K. ix. 63. Ann. N. H. i. 388. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 355. 
Cordylus cataphractus, Boie, N. Act. N. Cur. xiv. 139. Z. Cor- 
dylus, Schlegel, Zon. i. 7,/. 2. C. maculosus, A. Smith, Mag. N. 
H. ii. 31. 

Head-shields rugose ; scales of the back 4 -sided, oblong, keel- 
ed, in 16 cross rows, of the sides equally large and spinose ; of the 
tail broad, thick, keeled, rugose, and ending in a conical point ; 
nasal plate swollen ; tail and sides of neck strongly spinose ; ven- 
tral shields 12 or 14-rowed, lateral series moderate ; tail thick, 
roundish. 



48 REPTILES. 

a, b. Adult, stuffed. Central dorsal series of scales smooth. S. 
Africa. From the S. African Museum. 
Z. vertebralis, G-'ra?/, Ann. N. H. i. 388. 

c. Adult, stuffed. S. Africa. 

d. Adult, in spirits. Reddish. S, Africa. Presented by the Earl 

of Derby. 

e. Adult, in spirits. Olive, black-spotted. S. Africa. Presented 

by John Lee, LL.D. 
/ — h. In spirits, partly bleached. S. Africa. 

** Ventral shields oblong, central rounder, the lateral ones slightly 

keeled and angular behind. 

Lord Derby's Zonurus. Zonurus Derbianus. 

Head-shields very rough, back of head with a ridge of conical 
spines ; scales of the nape, sides and tail ending in broad conical 
spines; tail conical, very spinose; ventral shields rounded, lateral 
ones angular. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Brown, head black. S. Africa. Presented 

by the Earl of Derby. 

b. Young, in spirits. Black and white banded, tail black-ringed, 

end red. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

3. Hemicordylus, A. Smith. Zonurus, Sect. 2. Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed. Fronto-parietal and parietal plates large. 
Temple-scales smooth. Neck granular. Palate not toothed. Na- 
sal triangular, contiguous ; supranasal none. Throat with a fold 
on each side. Scales of the back small, quadrangular, keeled, sub- 
imbricate, in close cross rows ; of the sides granular, with a series 
of larger scales. Toes 5-5, compressed, keeled beneath. Tail 
spinose ; lower eyelid scaly. 

The Bastard Cordyle. Hemicordylus capensis, A. Smith, 
Mag. N. H. ii. 32. lllustr. Zool. S. Afr. t. 27, /. 2. t. 30, /. 6. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 360. 

Ventral shields 8-rowed ; tail subspinose. 

Inhab. S. Africa. Mus. Chatham, 1 specimen. 

4. PSEUDOCORDYLUS, -4. ASmz^/t. 

Head depressed. Fronto-parietal and parietal plates large ; 
temple-scales smooth. Neck granular, v^rith a strong plait on each 
side. Throat with an indistinct collar attached in the middle, and 
with a distinct fold on each side. Palate not toothed. Nasal tri- 
angular, contiguous ; supra-nasal none. Eyelids distinct, lower 
opaque. Scales of the back and sides granular, with transverse 
series of ovate, trigonal, convex, slightly keeled larger scales, lar- 
gest on the sides of the back. Toes 5-5, compressed, keeled be- 
neath. Tail compressed, spinose, 



LIZARDS. 49 

The False Cordyle. Pseudocordylus microlepidotus. Zo- 
nurus Wittii, Schlegel, Zon. t. 7,f 1. Cordyliis microlepidotus, 
Cuv. R. A. ii. 33. Guerin, Icon. t. 6,/. 1. Illust. S. Afiic. Zool. 
t. 24 — 27,/. 1 ; t. 30,/. 1 — 5. C. montanus, C. fasciatus, C. me- 
lanotus, C. alo:oensis, C. siihviridis, A. SiJiith, Mag. N. H. ii. 22. 
Z. Davyi, Graij, Ann. N. H. i. 388 ? 

Ventral shields 12 or 14.rowed ; femoral pores in 3 rows. 

a. Adult, in spirits. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

C. fasciatus, A. Smith, III. Zool. S. Afr. t. 27,/. I, t. 30,/. 5. 

b, c. Adult, stuffed. S. Africa. From the S. African Museum. 

b. Tail unarmed. Head pyramidical. Tongue imhncately scaly. 
Supranasal none ; nasals small, contiguous. Ear with a plate 
in front. Cicignina. 

* Toes 5-0 or 4-4. Femoral pores numerous. 

5. Platysaurus, a. Smith. 

Head depressed. Frontonasals contiguous; parietal plates 
distinct, equal, forming a square shield; fronto-parietal and pal- 
pebral plates edged with rows of narrow plates. Teeth short, nu- 
merous. Nostrils lateral. Ears open, oblong. Gular collar 
rudimentary. Body depressed. Scales of back very small. Ab- 
dominal shields quadrangular. Femoral pores small. Limbs 4. 
Toes 5-5, unequal. Tail round, tapering, unarmed. 

The Cape Platysaure. Platysaurus capensis, ^. *SW^/i, 7//. 
Zool. S. Africa, Rept. t. 40. 

Grey brown, with 3 white streaks, beneath greenish yellow. 
Inhab. S. Africa. Great Namaqua Land. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 

6. CiciGNA, Gray. Gerrhosaurus, Weigmann. 

Head 4-sided ; fronto-nasal distinct ; fronto-parietal and pari- 
etals united on each side; interparietal small, central, or wanting; 
temple shielded. Palate not toothed. Nostrils lateral, between 
the upper labial and an anterior and posterior shield. Eyelids 
distinct. Ears with a plate in front. Scales of the back square, 
in cross series. Body fusiform. Toes 5-5, unequal, compressed, 
smooth beneath. Femoral pores distinct. Tail rather compress- 
ed, unarmed. 

* Inteiparietal none. 

The Two-streaked Cicigna. Cicigna Madagascarensis, 
Gray, Griffith. A. K. ix. 64. Gerrhosaurus bifasciatus, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 375, ^ 47. A. Smith, III. Zool. S. Afr. t. 42, f. 
25—27. 

Olive, with a black-edged white streak ; scales of the back in 
24 cross rows, finely striated, with a very small central keel ; 2 
small shields between the second pair of submaxillary. 

F 



50 REPTILES. 

«, h. Adult and young, in spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. 
E. Gray, Esq. 

** Interparietal very small^ central. 

The Beautiful Cicigna. Cicigna ornata. C. Madagascar- 
ensis, var. ornata, Gray^ Griffith, A. K. ix. 64. Gerrhosaurus li- 
neatus, Cocteau, Mag. Zool. t. 5, 6, f. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 378 
A. Smith, III. Zool S. Afr. t. 42, f. 21, 24 ? 

Back with 5 alternate black and yellow streaks ; scales of the 
back in 24 cross rows, strongly striated and keeled; a small shield 
between the second pair of submaxillaries. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

7. Gerrhosaurus, Weigmann. Pleurostrichus, A. Smith. 

Head pyramidical ; frontoparietals 2 ; frontonasals and pa- 
rietal plates separate, equal ; interparietal small. Temple shield- 
ed. Palate toothless. Nostrils lateral, between the upper labial 
and an anterior and posterior nasal shields. Eyelids distinct. Ear 
with a long scale in front. Scales of the back square, in cro|p se- 
ries. Body fusiform. Toes 5-5, unequal, compressed, smooth be- 
neath. Femoral pores distinct. Tail rather compressed, unarmed. 

The Yellow-throated Gerrhosaurus. Gerrhosaurus fla- 
vigularis, Weigm. Isis, 1828, 379. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 379. 
Wagler, Icon. t. 34,/. 1. G. ocellatus, Cocteau, 3Iag. Zool. iv. t. 
5, 6,/. 1. Cicigna sepiformis, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 63. ^Ann. 
N. H. i. 389. Pleurostrichus chrysobranchus, and P. Dujardinii, 
A. Smith, Mag. Zool. Sf Bot. i. 144, 143. 111. Zool. S. Afr. Kept, 
t. 42, f. 1—4. 

Back brown, with black-edged white spots, a black-edged pale 
streak on each side; scales of the back striated and keeled, of the 
sides smooth, in 23 series ; ventral shields 8-rowed. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Tail wanting. S. Africa. From the S. Afri- 
can Museum. 

The Gerrhosaurus. Gerrhosaurus typicus, Dion, et Bib. E. 
G. V. 383. Pleurostrichus typicus, A. Smith, Mag. Zool. ii. 143. 
///. Zool. S. Afr. Rept. t. 42, f. 58. 

Back brown, with a black and white streak on each side; scales 
of the back striated, slightly keeled, of the sides smooth, in 23 
series; ventral shields 16-rowed. 

a. Adult, stuffed. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. A, Smith. 

Bibron's Gerrhosaurus. Gerrhosaurus Bibronii, A. Sinith, 
Zool. S. Afr. Rept. t. 49, f 9—12, not described. 
Tnhab. S. Africa. Mus. Dr. A. Smith. 



LIZARDS. 51 

8. Pleurostrichus. 

Head pyi-amidical ; internasal large ; frontonasal none (or unit- 
ed to the former); frontoparietal and parietal separate (or united?) 
Nostrils lateral. Eyelids distinct. Ear with a long narrow scale 
in front. Body elongate, subcylindrial. Toes 5-5, unequal. Tail 
elongate. 

The Pleurostrichus. Pleurostrichus sepiformis. Scincus 
sepiformis, Schn. Amph. 291. Merrem, Tent. 70. Dum.etBih. E. 
G. V. 385. Bell. Zool. Voy. Beagle, 29, /. 15,/. 2. A. Smith, III. 
Zool. S. Afr. t. 42 J. 13—16. 

Yellowish brown, with 12 brown streaks; scales of the back 
and sides large, equal, strongly striated, in 13 series; of the tail 
slightly keeled ; ventral shields 8-rowed. 

a. Half-grow^n, in spirits. S. Africa. 

h. Half-grown, in spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Charles Dar- 
win, Esq. 

The Smooth-tailed Pleurostrichus. Pleurostrichus sub- 
tessellatus. Gerrhosaurus subtessellatus, A. Smith, Illust. Zool. 
S. Afr. Rept. t. 41,/. 1. G. tessellatus, A. Smith, I. c. t. 42, f. 
17,20. 

Back yellow brown, edged on each side with a brown and white 
tessellated streak, beneath greenish ; body elongate, depressed : 
scales of body and tail smooth, not keeled ; " fronto-parietal and 
parietal united on each side.'' 

Inhab. S. Africa. Great Namaqua Land. Mus. Dr. A. 
Smith. 

9. Saurophis, Fitzinger, Weigm. Tetradactylus, Merrem, (not 

Peron). Chalcides, Baud. 

Head pyramidical, shielded. Temple shielded. Palate tooth- 
less. Nostrils lateral, in the upper labial, an anterior and a pos- 
terior nasal plate. Eyelids distinct. Ear with a lobe in front. 
Body very long, narrow. Sides with a groove. Scales of back 
rhombic, smooth. Legs very short. Toes 4-4, short, compressed, 
smooth below ; claws elongate. Femoral pores distinct. 

The Saurophis. Saurophis tetradactylus. Tetradactylus 
Chalcididus, Merr. Tent. 75. Lacerta tetradactyla, Lacep. Ann. 
Mus. ii. 351, t. 59,/. 1. Schinz, Rept. t. 42, /. 1. Baud. Rept. iv. 
362. Guerin, Icon, t. 1 6,/. 2. Saurophis Seps, Fitz. Rept. 50. S. 
Lacepedii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 389. 

Fulvous, scales brown-edged ; lips and lower edge of the tem- 
ple white, black-spotted ; scales of the back striated, with a small 
central keel, in 14 series ; ventral shields 6-rowed ; femoral pores 
5 or 6. 

Inhab. S. Africa ? Australia ??? Mus. Paris. 

f2 



52 REPTILES. 

** Feet undivided. Femcffal pores 2-2. 

10. Caitia, Gray. 

Head pyramidical. Body very long, subcylindrical. Legs 
undivided, mdiraentary, front legs very slender, elongate. Hind 
feet short, compressed, thick, undivided. Femoral pores 2, large, 
on each thigh. Tail very long, tapering, slender. 

The Caitia. Caitia Africana, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 389. 
Olive brown, rather paler on the sides. 
Inhab. Cape of Good Hope. Mus. Chatham. 

c. Tail elongate, unarmed. The head pyramidical, elongate. Col- 
lar distinct, formed of keeled scales. Nasal lateral, supra-nasal 
none. Inguinal pores 2-2. Tachydromina. 

11. Tachydiiomus, Daud. 

Nostrils in the muzzle-ridge, in a single plate. Eyelids dis- 
tinct. Collar scaly, toothed, slightly marked. Scales of the back 
angular, keeled, in cross bands; of the sides granular; of the bel- 
ly and throat imbricate, keeled. Inguinal pores 2-2, distinct. 
Toes 5-5, slightly compressed, (not keeled beneath). Tail Very 
long, with rhombic scales. 

The Tachydrome. Tachydromus sexlineatus, Daud. Rept. 
iii. 256, t. 39. Brong. Class. 43, t. 2,/. 8. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
158. T. 4-lineatus, Daud. Rept. iii. 252. T. ocellatus, Guerin, 
Icon. R. A. t. 5. T. typicus. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 389. 

Olive, with a black-edged white streak, sides with black-edged 
white spots ; dorsal scales in 4 longitudinal series, nearly square, 
slightly imbricate, strongly keeled ; ventral shields strongly keel- 
ed ; parietal plates oblong. 

a — d. Adult, in spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 
e. Adult, in spirits. Borneo. From the Leyden Museum. 
/. g. Adult, in spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir E. Bel- 
cher, C.B., R.N. 

12. Tachysaurus. 

Throat granular, with keeled scales on the middle behind. 
Collar toothed, of keeled rhombic scales. Ventral shields elon- 
arate, narrowed on each side, the lateral ones keeled. 

The Size Musi. Tachysaurus Japonicus. Tachydromus Ja- 
ponicus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 161. Lacerta Tachydromoides, 
Schlegel, Fauna Jap. 101, t. \,f. 5 — 7. 

Olive-green, with a yellow streak on each side ; scales of the 
back rhomboidal, keeled, imbricate, in 6 longitudinal series; shields 
of the belly slightly keeled ; head short ; parietal plates nearly as 
broad as long, 
a. In spirits. Japan. From the Leyden Museum. 



LIZARDS. 



53 



II. Femoral pores none. Nasal with 2 or more pairs of supranasals 
above. Occipital plates numerous. Collar none. Throat shielded. 

a. Limbs 4. Head pyramidical. Tongue velvet-like. Nostrils in a 
nasal plate. Body fusiform. Western Hemisphere. Gerrhonotina. 

13. Abronia, Gray. Gerrhonotus, Weigm. 
Head depressed ; intemasal small ; supernasals 2, moderate, 
contiguous ; frontonasal, frontoparietal and interparietal distinct, 
subequal; parietal rather larger; occipital shields numerous. Eye- 
lids distinct. Scales of the back and tail smooth, or obscurely 
keeled. Body fusiform, with a groove on each side. Toes 5-5, 
smooth beneath. Femoral pores none. Tail round, tapering, as 
long as the body. 

The CuTEZPALiA. Abronia Deppii, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 389. 
Gerrhonotus Deppii, Weigm. Herp. Mex. t. 9,/. 3. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 398. 

Black, with cross bands of white spots ; tail with 14 or 15 brown 
half-rings ; scales of the back and sides very large, flat, smooth, in 
16 or 17 series, in 30 cross bands; ventral shields 14-rowed. 

Inhab. Mexico, (Mus. Berlin). 

The Streaked Cutezpalia. Abronia taeniata. Gray, Ann. 
N. H. i. 390. Gerrhonotus tsniatus, Weigm. H. 31. 32, t. 9,/. 
1, 2.— Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 399. 

M Whitish, with 8 black cross bands ; a black streak on the tem- 
ple, and 15 black half-rings ; scales of the back slightly swollen 
on the tail ; the central line of the sides smooth ; ventral shields 
12-rowed. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

14. Gerrhonotus, Weigm. Pterogasterus, Peale et Green. 

Cordylus, Blainv. 

Head pyramidical ; internasal, supemasal, and the rest of 
the shields small ; occipital nmnerous, small. Eyelids distinct. 
Scales of the back and tail unarmed, keels forming continued 
ridges. Body fusiform, with a groove on each side. Toes 5-5, 
smooth beneath. Femoral pores none. Tail round, tapering, as 
long as the body. 

The Checquered Gerrhonote. Gerrhonotus tessellatus, 
Weigm. H. 3/. 31, t. 10, /. 3. head. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 390. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 405. G. liocephalus, Weigm. Iris, 1828, 
379, young. Scincvis (Pterogasterus) ventralis, Peale and Green, 
Journ. Acad. N. S. Phil. vi. 233. 

Olive, with a range of black dots and square black spots on the 
side plait; scales of the back keeled, of the sides smooth, in 53 
cross series; ventral sMelds 12-rovved ; supranasal small, rhombic, 
internasal rhombic ; frontonasal and interparietal subequal small. 

Inhab. Mexico. F 3 



54 REPTILES. 

The Bluish Gerrhonote. Gerrhonotus coeruleus, Weigm. 
Herp. Mex. 31. 

Scales of the back and sides equally keeled; dusky blue, black- 
spotted; head, throat and belly blackish ; sides black and white 
varied. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Berlin. 

Burnett's Gerrhonote. Gerrhonotus Burnettii, Gray^ 
Beecheifs Voy. Rept. 96, «. 31,/. 1. Ann. N. H. i. 390. 

Pale brown, sides with 10 or II oblique brown cross bands, 
with white tips to the scales; scales of the back and sides equally 
keeled, forming regular ridges ; supranasals 2 pair, equal, rather 
transverse; internasal, frontonasal and frontoparietal moderate, 
equal ; ventral shields 12-rowed ; tail elongate, compressed at the 
base, brown-varied. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Tail reproduced. S. America. Presented 
by Sir William Burnett, R.N. 

Weigmann's Gerrhonote. Gerrhonotus Weigmannii. 

Pale brown, sides with oblique brown cross bands, with white 
tips to the ends of the scales ; scales of the back and sides equally 
keeled, forming regular ridges; head broad behind, supranasals 2 
pair, front small, upper larger, transverse; internasal broad 6-sid- 
ed ; frontonasal and frontoparietal moderate, subequal ; ventral • 
shields 12-rowed; tail elongate, brown- varied, compressed at the 
base, angular at the end. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Mexico ? \ ' 

15. Elgaria, Gray. 

Head pyramidical, shielded ; internasal large, rhombic ; su- 
pranasals 2 pair, very narrow, band-like ; fronto-nasal and fron- 
toparietal 6-sided, equal ; the occipital plates scale-like. Scales 
of the back and tail slightly keeled, armless. Limbs weak. Toes 
5-5. Tail slender, tapering, much longer than the body. 

The Elgaria. Elgaria Kingii, Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 390. 
Gerrhonotus Kingii, Bell, MSS. G. multifasciatus, Dum. et 
Bib.E. G.y. 401. 

Brown, with 15 white-spotted brown bands, and numerous half- 
rings on the tail ; scales of the back obscurely keeled, of the sides 
smaller; ventral shields 12-rowed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Mexico. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

16. Bahissia, Gray. Gerrhonotus, part, Weigm. 

Head pyramidical ; shields convex ; supranasals 2 or 3 pair, 
square, contiguous ; internasal none ; frontonasal and fronto-pari- 
etal square ; occipital shields keeled. Scales of the back round, 
keeled and unarmed. Toes 5-5. Tail round, as large as the body. 



LIZARDS. 55 

The Barissia. Barissia imbricata, Gray^ Ann. N. H. i. 390. 
Zool. Beecheifs Voy. Rept. 99, t. 31,/. 1. Gerrlionotus imhrica- 
tus, Weigm. H. M. 34, t. 10,/. 2, orDum. et Bib. E. G. v. 407. 

Greenish grey, varied with olive ; scales of the back keeled, 
ending in a point, of the lower part of the sides smooth, in 37 cross 
bands ; ventral shields 12-rowed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Wants end of tail. Mexico. Presented by 

J. E. Gray, Esq. 

The Rough-necked Barissia. Barissia rudicollis, Gray, 
Ann. N. H. i. 390. Gerrhonotus rudicollis, Weigm. H. M. t. 10, 
/. 1,4. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 410. 

Greenish grey, varied with olive and dotted with black ; sides 
blackish banded; scales of the back and sides large, keeled, point- 
ed behind, in 28 cross rows ; ventral shields 14-rowed. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Speckled Barissia. Barissia lichenigerus. Gray., Ann. 
N. H. i. 390. Gerrhonotus lichenigerus, IVagler, Icon. t. 34,/. 2. 
Weigm. H. M. 35. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 408. G. adspersus, 
Weigm. H. M. t. 10,/. 6. 

Olive, whitish spotted, and with a v/hitish streak on each side; 
scales of the back keeled, not pointed, of the sides smooth, in 39 
cross series; ventral shields lO-rowed. 
^ Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

b. Snake-like. Legs 2, rudimentary or none. Ears small. Eye- 
lids distinct. Nostrils in a shield. Supranasal shields band- 
like, many pairs, ivith a central suprarostral. Tongue granular 
in front, villose behind. Pseudopina. 

17. Pseudopus, Merrem. Bipes, Oppel, Wagler. Proctopus, 
Fischer. Hisieropus, Bory. Oharasesaura, part, Schneid. 
Seps, part, Baud. Ophisaurus, part, Eichwald. 

Head pyraraidical, 4- sided ; suprauasals many, band-like, 
transverse. Palate toothed. Nostrils lateral in a nasal plate. Ears 
very small. Body elongate, lateral groove double. Legs 2, pos- 
terior, rudimentary, undivided. The Eastern World. 

The Sheltopusik. Pseudopus Pallasii, Cuv. It. A. ii. 69. 
Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 417. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 391. Lacerta 
apoda, Pallas, N. Com. Petrop. xix. 435, t. 9-10. L. apus, Gmel. 
S. N. 1079. Pseudopus serpentinus, Merrem, Tent. 78. Bipes 
Pallasii, Oppel, Kept. 43. Wagler, Icon. t. 14. Sheltopusik di 
dactylus, Latr. Rept. ii. 273. Seps Sheltopusik, Baud. Rept. iv. 
351. Mem. Soc. Mosq. ix. t. 2, 3. P. Oppellii, Bory, Exp. Mo- 
rea, t. 12, 13. Bonap, Faun. Ital. t. 



56 REPTILES. 

Cliesimt ; scales dark-edged or spotted, of the back in 13 lon- 
gitudinal series, very obscurely keeled, more distinctly so on the 
upper and lower part of the tail ; iuternasal short, 6-sided ; inter- 
parietal triangular, narrow, acute behind; frontonasal 3, subequal, 
in a cross series. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Europe. Presented by Dr. John Richardson. 

b, c. Adult, in spirits. Dalmatia. From M. Heckle's collection. 
d. Young, in spirits. Grey, with brown cross bands : scales of 

the back and tail acutely keeled ; ventral shields keeled. Epi- 
darus, Morea. Presented by the Rev. W. Hennah. 

Apodous Lizard, Shaiv, Zool. t. Pseudopus D'Urvillii, 
Cuv. R. A. ii. 69. Guerin, Icon. t. 17, f. 1. Bori/, Voy. Morea, 
Rept. t. 12, f. 2. P. Fischeri, Menetries, Cat. 65. 
e — <}. Adult, in spirits. Xanthus, Asia Minor. Presented by 
Charles Fellows, Esq. 

The Slender Pseudopus. Pseudopus gracilis. 

Brownish, with a dark streak on each side ; back with cross 
rows of pale-edged black spots; scales of the back in 15 longitudi- 
nal series, bluntly keeled, rounded behind, keel more obscure pear 
the nape, forming distinct ridges, more distinct on the hinder part 
of the body; of the belly smooth ; of the under side of the tail 
very obscurely keeled ; iuternasal and interparietal shields taper- 
ing or rounded behind, without any central shield between the 
frontonasals 

a. In spirits. Khagic Hills. Presented by the Hon. East India 
Company. * 

18. Ophisa u Ru s, Z)awf/. Hyalinus, ilflprrem. Chama?saura, part, 

Schn. 

Head pyramidical ; supranasal shields numerous, band-like. 
Nostrils lateral, in a nasal plate. Ear very small. Eyelids dis- 
tinct. Palate with many rows of teeth. Body serpentiform, with 
2 deep grooves upon the sides. Limbs none. 

The Glass Snj\ke. Ophisaurus ventralis, Daud. Rept. vii. 
252, t. 88, Graj/, Ann. N. H. i. 39L 0. punctatus, and O. stri- 
atulus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 70. Anguis ventralis, Linn. S. N. 39L 
Glass Snake, Catesb. Carol, ii. t. 59. Ophisaurus lineatus. Gray, 
Ann. N. H.\. 391, (var.) 

Brown, black and yellow spotted and streaked. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Partly bleached. N. America. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Brown-speckled, with a brown band on each 

side of the back. N. America. Presented by Dr. R. Harlan, 
Philadelphia. 



LIZARDS. 



57 



Fam. VI. Chlacides, (Chalcid.e). 

Head covered with regular many-sided shields. Temples 
shielded. Tongue squamose, with 2 small pointed tips. Palate 
toothless. Nostrils lateral, between the first labial, and a nasal 
plate. Eyelid distinct. Ears hidden under the skin. Limbs 4, 
very short, rudimentary. Femoral pores none. Body elongate, 
cylindrical, with a slight granular groove on the front of each side. 
Scales of the back and tail 4 or 6-sided, imbricate, in cross bands ; 
of the belly square. 

Synopsis of the Genera, 

1. Brachypus. Hind feet with 4 clawed toes. 

2. MiCRODACTYLUS. Hind feet with 3 tubercles. 

3. Chalcis. Hind feet undivided. Scales square. 

4. Bachia. Hind feet undivided. Scales 6-sided. 

1. Brachypus, Fitz.^ Weigmann, not Swains. 

Head with 2 internasals ; the interparietal as large as the pa- 
rietal ; 4 pair of palpebrals. Scales of the back 6-sided, narrow, 
thin, flat. Toes 4-4, clawed. 

^ The Short-foot. Brachypus Cuvieri, Fitz. Rept. 50. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 453. Chalcide de quadredoigts, Cuv. R. A. ii. QQ. 

Brown or fulvous, with a pale streak on each side ; ventral 
shields 6-rowed. 

Inhab. N. America, Columbia. Mus. Paris. 

2. MiCRODACTYLUS, TschucU. 

Head with an internasal ; 3 pair of palpebral plates, and an 
oblong triangular interparietal and no frontonasal shield. Scales 
of the back and sides rectangular, very narrow, smooth. Legs ve- 
ry short. Toes 3-3, like tubercles. 

The MiCRODACTYLE. Microdactylus gracilis, Tsckudi, Mus. 
Leyd. Chalcides Schlegelii, Diun. et Bib. E. G. v. 457. 

Olive brown, below fulvous ; dorsal scales in 25, and ventral 
shields in 8, longitudinal series; preanal plates 3. 

Inhab. " India, Calcutta." Mus. Leyden. 

3. Chalcis, Menem. Chalcides, Bonat, Weigm. Chamagsaura, 
Schn. Colobus, Merrem., not lUiger. 

Head without any internasal, rostral or interparietal shields, 
with 2 pair of palpebral. Scales of the back and sides rectangu- 
lar, narrow, smooth. Toes 3-1, front tubercular, hind style-like. 



58 REPTILES. 

The Chalcis. Chalcis flavescens. Chalcicles flavesceus, Bon- 
nat, E. M. 67, t. 22 J. 3. Lacep. Q. O. i. 443, t. 32. Charasesau- 
ra Copliias, Schneid. Amph. 209. Merrem, Tent. 75. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 459. Chalcides tridactylus, and C. monodactylus, Daiul. 
Rept. iv. 367, 370. Colobus Daiidinii, Merrem, Tent. 76. 

Scales of the back in 20, of the belly in 6, longitudinal series ; 
preanal plates 4, 2 medial one before the other. 

Inhab. Tropical America, Guiana. Mus. Paris. 

4. Bachia. 

Head with no internasal nor interparietal plate, and with 2 
very narrow palpebral shields. The fore feet with 3 small tuber- 
cles like toes, the hind feet very narrow, undivided. Scales of the 
back and sides 6-sided, narrow, smooth. Preanal plates 4, 2 mid- 
dle one behind the other. 

The Chilian Chalcis. Bachia D'Orbignii. Chalcis D'Or- 
bignii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 462. 

The dorsal scales in 19 and the ventral ones in 6 longitudinal 
series. 

Inhab. Chili, Santa Cruz. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

S 



II. The sides rounded, covered with scales like the back. 

Fam. VII. Anadias, (Anadiad^). 

Head with regular many-sided shields. Ears distinct, tympa- 
num rather sunken. Eyelids distinct, lower pellucid. Scales of 
the back and sides squarish, 6-sided, thin, smooth, imbedded, not 
overlapping, in alternating cross rings; of belly 4-sided, smooth; 
of the tail 4-sided, smooth, in rings, one scale behind the other, so 
as to form longitudinal series. Sides rounded, with scales like the 
back. Scales of th^ throat square. Toes 5-5, unequal, clawed, ra- 
ther depressed with a series of tubercles beneath. Nostrils in the 
facial ridge, in the suture between 2 nasal shields. The temples 
shielded. Preanal plates numerous, in 3 cross series. Femoral 
pores numerous. 

1. Anadia. 

Toes 5-5, rather depressed. 

The Eyed Anadia. Anadia ocellata. 

Pale brown, bronzed, sides darker, with white-eyed black spots 
in front, beneath silvery, rather iridescent. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Tropical America ?? 



LIZARDS. 59 



Fam. VIII. Chirocoles, (Chirocolid^). 

Head covered with regular many-sided shields. Tongue scaly, 
imbricate. Palate toothless. Nostrils lateral, in a single plate. 
Eyelids distinct, lower transparent. Collar double. Ears hidden 
under the skin. Body and tail elongate subcylindrical. Scales of 
the back, sides and tail slender, 6-sided, lanceolate, keeled, imbri- 
cate, in regular rings, those of the neighbouring rings alternating 
with each other ; of the belly square, smooth, imbricate, in longi- 
tudinal series. Legs 4, short. Femoral pores numerous, in the 
centre of a scale. 

1. Heterodactylus, Spix, Chirocolus, Wagl. Chalcides, Cuv. 

Toes 5-5, hinder elongate, very unequal, the front thumb very 
short, rudimentary. 

The Chirocole. Heterodactylus imbricatus, Spix, Braz. t. 
27, f. 1, not good. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 392. Schinz, Rept. 106, t. 
41,/ 4. Dimi. et Bib. E. G. v. 447. 

Brown, with a pale streak upon each side; scales of the back 
keeled ; abdominal shields 6-rowed ; preanal plates 3. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Zool. Soc. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 



Fam. IX. Cercosaures, (Cercosaurid^). 

Head with regular many-sided shields. Upper eyelids very 
short. Ears distinct. Throat with a double series of shields. Col- 
lar rather distinct. The body subcylindrical. Sides rounded, 
with scales like the back. Back and upper part of the tail with 
rings of large keeled scales forming longitudinal series. Belly 
and tail beneath with flat square shields in longitudinal series. 
Legs 4, moderate. Toes 5-5, unequal, smooth beneath. Tail 
round. America. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

1. Cercosaura. Body elongate. Scales of back oblong, bluntly 

keeled. Femoral pores none^ 

2. Lepisoma. Body fusiform. Scales of back narrow, keeled. 
Femoral pores distinct. 



60 REPTILES. 

1. Cercosaura, Wagler. Ecpleopus, Dum, et Bib. 

Crichochalcis, Weigmann. 

Scales of the back large, oblong;, quadrate, compressed, keeled, 
scarcely imbricate; of the tail imbricate. Toes 5-5, unequal, sub- 
cylindrical, smooth beneath. Femoral pores none. 

The Eyed Cercosaurus. Cercosaura ocellata, Wagler^ Sijst. 
158. Weigm. H.Mex. 10. 

Black, with 4 white streaks, continued on the base of the tail, 
the outer from the back of the eyes and above the ears ; head and 
body beneath yellowish ; sides sprinkled with green, and with 8 or 
9 wbite-eyed black spots ; labial plate black-spotted. 

Inhab. Asia ? 

Schreiber's Cercosaurus. Cercosaura Schreibersii, Weigm. 
H. Mex. 10. Tachydromus Schreibersii, Fitz. Sys. 50. 

Olive brown, with 5 obscure black brown streaks, 3 continued 
on to the tail. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Berlin. 

Gaudichaud's Cercosaurus. Cercosaurus Gaudich^udi. 
Ecpleopus Gaudichaudi, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 437. 

Fulvous brown, with 1 or 2 whitish streaks on each side, be- 
neath silvery. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Paris, (M. Gaudichaud). 

Perhaps the same as the former. 

2. Lepisoma, Spix. Lepidosoma, Wagler^ Weigm. 

Pantodactylus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head covered with large shields. Temples shielded. Teeth 
rather compressed, 3-cut, front simple. Tongue squamose. Pa- 
late toothless. Nostrils lateral, in a single nasal plate. Eyelids 
2, distinct. Ear distinct. Body fusiform, sides rounded, without 
any groove. Scales of the back, sides and tail thin, 4-sided, elon- 
gate, narrow, keeled, keels forming longitudinal ridges ; of the ab- 
domen square, smooth ; of the sides of neck very small, granular. 
Femoral pores distinct, (none, Spix). Legs 4, moderate. Toes 
5-5, unequal, subcylindrical, smooth below. 

The Lepidosome. Lepisoma scincoides, Spix^ Braz. 24, t. 27, 
f, 2, " descriptio et icon, pess." Wagler, cop. Tropidosaurus scin- 
coides, ScJmiz, Abbild. Rept. 91, t. 30. Pantodactylus D'Orbignii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 431. 

Scales of the back narrow, nearly lanceolate, keeled ; of the 
sides of the neck very small, equal ; ventnil shields square, 6-rowed. 

Inhab. Buenos Ayres? Mus. Paris, I specimen. Mus. Berlin. 



LIZARDS. 61 



Fam. X. Cham^saures, (Cham^saurid^). 

Head covered with regular many-sided shields. Tongue 
nicked. Palate toothless. Temple scaled like the back. Eye- 
lids distinct, lower scaly. Body subcylindrical, elongate, the 
whole except the head covered with rings of elongate keeled scales, 
forming longitudinal series. Limbs rudimentary. Ears distinct, 
small. No lateral groove. Sides rounded, covered with scales, 
like the back. Africa. 



1. Cham^saura, i^i^^, Chalcides, Zrtwr. Chalcida, and 
Monodactylus, Merrem. 

Feet fin-shaped, ending in a single claw. Nostrils in the low- 
er hinder edge of the nasal shield. Back with 6 series of broad, 
belly and sides with many narrow, long, keeled scales. Head- 
plates keeled, elongate, scale-like, rather imbricate. 

The Anguine Lizard. Chamsesaura anguina, Schn. Amph. 
210. Gray, Ann. N. H. i. 392. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 441. La- 
certa anguina, Linn. S. N. 371. Seba, Thes. ii. t. 8,/. 7, 8. Lac. 
monodactylus, Lacep. Ann. Mus. N. H. ii. t. 59, f. 1. Baud. Rep. 
\v^ 342. t. 58,/. 1. Shaw, Nat. Mise. t. 947. Chalcides pinnata, 
Laur. Syn. 64. Chalcida anguina, Merrem, Tent. 31. Lizard 
Serpent, Vosmaer, Q. t.\. 

Brown, with a yellow streak on each side. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by Sir 
James Macgregor, M.D. 



r. 



62 REPTILES. 



Tribe IT. Geissosaura. 

Scales of the "belly and (almost always) of the back and sides 
rounded, quincuncial, imbricate, formed of a more or less thick, 
vascular, bony plate, covered with a thin epidermis, often showing 
the vessels through it. Sides rounded, covered with scales like 
those of the back. Tongue narrow, short, flat, slightly nicked at 
the end. Head covered with regular many-sided shields (rather 
scale-like in Lialisidse) ; neck not contracted. Body fusif(n'm or 
subcylindrical. Preanal pores none, (except in Pygopus and 
Lialis). 

A. Eyes distinct^ exposed. Eyelid rudimentary. Head conicaL 

Fam, XL Gape-eyed Scincks, (Gymnophthalmid^). 

Nostrils lateral, in a single nasal plate. Teeth conical, sim- 
ple. Palate toothless. Tongue scaly, nicked at the tip. Eyes 
naked ; eyelids rudimentary, circular, ring-like and immoveable. 
Ears distinct. Body fusiform. Limbs 4, weak, unequal-. Fe- 
moral pores none. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

a. Head conical. Rostral rounded. * 

* Scales keeled. 

1. Gymnophthalmus. Toes 5-4. 

** Scales smooth, keelless. 

2. Ablepharus. Toes 5-5. Supranasal none ; frontoparietal 
plate double. Ears exposed. 

3. Cryptoblepharus. Toes 5-5. Supranasal none ; frontopa- 
rietal plate single. Ears exposed. 

4. MoRETHiA. Toes 5-5. Supranasal 2, band-like ; fronto-pa- 

rietal single. Ears distinct. 

5. Menetia. Toes 4-5. Frontoparietal single. Ears hidden. 

(>. ■SI ic ALIA. Toes 4-4. Frontoparietal double ; rostral truncat- 
ed ; nasal transverse, band-like. Ears hidden. 

b. Head icedge-shaped. Rostral rather produced. 
7. Lerista. Toes 2-3. Scales smooth. 



LIZARDS. 63 

a. Head conical. Rostral rounded. 
* Scales keeled. American. 

1. Gymnophthalmus, Merrem. Salamandra, Lacep. Latr. 

Head 4-sided, rather depressed. Rostral plate large, 6-sided. 
Eyelid none apparent. Eyes distinct, open. Nostrils lateral, in 
a large square nasal plate ; supranasal none. Tongue scaly, nick- 
ed at the tip. Pahite toothless, v/ith a longitudinal groove. Body 
fusiform. Scales of the back and tail keeled, 6-sided, wider than 
long. Legs 4. Toes 4-5, unequal, clawed. Preanal scales 4. 

The Americima. Gymnophthalmus lineata, Gravenh. Cat. 
Mus. Bres. t. 25. Gray., Ann. N. H. ii. 335. Gymn. quadriline- 
ata, Nieuwied, Braz. Ahhild. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 820. 

G. Merremii, Coct. Seine. 1. Seps lineatus, Laur, Syn. 60. Scin- 
cus quadrilineatus, Daud. Rept. iv. 266. S. cyanurus, Schinz. 
Seba, Thes. ii. 43, t. 46, /. 6. Pedver, Gaz. i. 59,/. 4. Lacerta 
lineata, and L. 4-lineata, Gmel. 

Brownish-green bronze, sides blackish, with a yellowish streak 
above and below. 

Inhab, Brazils and Martinique. Mus. Paris, 

** Scales smooth. Old World and Australasia. 

s 2. Ablepharus, Cocteau, Weigmann. 

Head subquadrangular. Nostrils lateral, in the middle of tri- 
angular approximating nasals ; frontoparietal plates 2 ; suprana- 
sal none ; internasal single. Eyelids rudimentary, circular, more 
or less mobile. Pupil round. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at the 
tip. Teeth simple, conical. Palate not toothed, with a triangular 
notch. Ears distinct. Body fusiform. Scales smooth. Legs 4. 
Toes 5-5, unequal, rather compressed. Preanal plates 2, large. 

* Ears very small, nearly hidden. Eyelid half -circular. 

The Hungarian Ablepharus. Ablepharus Pannouicus, 
Licht. Doiib. 103. Fitz. Berol. Mag. 1824, 297, t. 14. Gray, Ann. 
N. H. i. 335. Scincus Pannouicus, Schreib. Mus. Vienna. S. 
platycephalus, Peron, Mus. Paris. Lacerta nitida, Kitaibel, Mus. 
Paris. Ablephams Kitaibelii, Exped. Morea, Rept. 69, t. 11,/. 4. 
Coct. Scincoide, t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 809. 

Coppery green, with a white-edged brown band on each side ; 
eye with only a posterior half-circular lid; body elongate ; eai^s 
very small, nearly hidden ; limbs short, front only as long as the 
neck, 
rt, b. Adult, in spirits. Eastern Europe. Hungary. From Dr. 

Heckle's collection. 
c. In spirits, not in a good state. E. Europe. From the Berlin 

Museum. t; 2 



64 



REPTILES. 



** Ear moderate. Eyelid circular. 

The Two-streaked Ablepharus. Ablephams bivittatus. 
Scincus bivittatus, Menest. Cat. 64. A. Menestriesii, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 811. 

Copper green, scales brown-edged, with 4 series of brown- 
edged grey spots ; eyelid circular ; ears moderate, circular, even, 
simple-edged ; limbs moderate, fore legs extending to the eye. 

Inhab. Talysche Mountains, Perimbal, Menestries. 

3. Cryptoblepharus, Cocteau, Weigmann. Ablephams, part, 

Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical. Frontoparietal plate single. Nostrils la- 
teral, in a single nasal ; supranasal none. Eyelid rudimentary, 
circular. Ears moderate, open. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at 
the tip. Palate toothless. Body fusiform, scales smooth, or very 
finely and indistinctly grooved. Legs 4. Toes 5-5, unequal, ra- 
ther compressed. Tail roundish, tapering, acute. Preanal scgles 
in 3 rows. 

* Eyelid complete, with a series of larger scales above. 

Tlie Pete. Cryptoblepharus Boutonii. Scincus plagiocepha- 
lus, Peron, 3Ius. Par. S, Boutonii, Desjard. Ann. Sci. Nat. xxii. 
1831. 298. S. arenarius, and S. furcatus, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. 
S. aureus, Mm. Paris. Cryptoblepharis Peronii, Coct. Scincoi- 
des, i. t. Mag. Zool. t. " Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 812. C. 

Leschenaultii, Coct. Seine, t. Ablepharus poecilopleurus, Weigm. 
N. Act. N. Cur. xv. 183, t. 8,/. 1. Gray, Ann N. H. ii. 335, and 
Grey, Trav. Austr. ii. 426. Seba, Thes. ii. 4, t. 2,f. 9-10. Tiliqua 
Buchanani, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 291. 

Olive or bronzed, brown-varied ; scales black-streaked ; eyelid 
circular, scaly, with the three upper scales largest ; ears moderate, 
suboval, open, simple-edged ; rostral plate very large, triangular ; 
preanal plates 6 or 7, nearly equal. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Dark bronze green, with 3 or 4 streaks of 
black dots. Isle of France. Presented by M. Bibron, of Mus. 
Paris. 

b — d. Adult, in spirits. Brownish, with a bright yellowish streak 
on each side. Timor. From the Leyden Museum. 

(I — m. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's col- 
lection. 

;j — p_ Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's 
collection. 
T. Buchanani, Gray, Ann. N. H, ii. 291. 



LIZARDS. 65 



** Eyelid incomplete^ no scales between the eye and eyebrow above. 

Tlie Eyed Pete. Cryptoblepbarus lineo-ocellatus, Gray, in 
Grey, Trav. in Austr. ii. 427. Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 
Ablepharus lineo-ocellatus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 817. 

Back grey or reddish, with 4 series of vvliite-edged black spots 
and edged with a pale streak, and a black-edged white streak on 
each side ; upper lip white ; eyelids circular, covered with small 
equal scales, without any between the eye and superciliaiy plates ; 
rostral plate small, very broad, 6-sided; frontal plate broader than 
long ; ears moderate, suboval, with 2 or 3 denticulations in front; 
head short. 

a — d. In spirits. Swan River. 

4. MORETHIA. 

Head pyramidical. Frontoparietal shields single. Nostrils 
lateral, in a small shield, with a small supranasal above it, and a 
smaller nasoloreal shield behind it; eyelid rudimentary, circular; 
ears moderate, open, denticulated in front ; body fusiform ; scales 
smooth ; legs 4, weak ; toes 5-5, unequal, rather compressed ; tail 
roundish, tapering, acute ; preanal scales rather larger. 
^ This only diiiers from Cryptoblepharus in the nasal shields ; it 
is as if the nasal shield of that genus was divided into three small 
plates. 

The MoRETHiA. Morethia anomalus, Gray, Zool. Erebus 
and Terror, t. 

Olive, bronzed, black-spotted ; eyelid, scales equal ; ears with 
3 or 4 small denticulations in front. 

a. Adult, wants tail. W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's collec- 

tion. 

b. Young. Sides with a dark-edged white streak. W. Australia. 

From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

5. Menetia. 

Head subquadrate. Muzzle rounded. Rostral plates mode- 
rate. Nostril lateral, in an oblong nasal shield; supranasal none; 
frontoparietal shield single, rhombic. Eyes moderate, the pupil 
round. Eyelid rudimentary, circular. Ears small, covered with 
the scales. Body elongate, fusiform, subcylindrical, rounded on 
the sides. Scales smooth. Legs 4, weak. Toes 4-5, slender, ra- 
ther compressed, unequal, clawed. Tail subcylindrical, tapering. 
Australia. 

g3 



66 REPTILES. 

The Menetia. Menetia Greyii, Gray, Zool. Erebus and Ter- 
ror, Rept. t. 

Olive, bronzed, with a pale narrow streak, externall}' edged 
with a very narrow black line. 

a — e. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Turner's collection. 
/. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

6. MiCULIA. 

Head conical, Muzzle rounded ; rostral plate rather large, 
with a straight edge behind. Nostrils lateral, in the middle of 2 
transverse nasal scales edging the back of the rostral ; supernasal 
none ; frontoparietal shield double. Eyes moderate, pupil round. 
Eyelid rudimentary, circular, granular. Ears, none visible. Body 
subcylindrical, rounded on the sides. Scales smooth. Legs 4, 
weak. Toes 4-4, slender, rather compressed, simple, unequal, 
clawed, the 2 middle front subequal, longest, the third hinder ve- 
ry long. Tail cylindrical, tapering. Australia. 

The MicuLiA. Miculia elegans. Gray, Zool. Erebus and 
Terror, t. 

Olive, with a dark streak on each side, with a narrow wljite 
edge below ; beneath pale whitish ; tail brown-dotted ; eyelid in- 
terrupted above. 

a-c. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection. 

i - 

b. Head wedge-shaped. Rostral rather produced. Australia. 

7. Lerista, Bell. 

Muzzle rather wedge-shaped. Rostral plate large, bent back 
on the upper and lower part of the muzzle. Nostril lateral, in a 
large nasal plate ; supranasal none. Eyelid rudimentary, circu- 
lar, granular. Ears distinct, very small. Palate with a slight 
triangular nick behind. Body fusiform, rounded above, flat be- 
neath. Scales smooth. Tail conical. Legs 4. Toes 2-3, unequal, 
clawed, subcylindrical, simple. Preanal plates 2. 

" The ear-hole is so small that it was overlooked by Mr. Bell.'' 

The Lerista. Lerista lineata, Bell, Pr. Zool. Soc. 1833, 99. 
Zool. Journ. v. 393, t. 26, f. 2. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 335. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. V. 825. 

Greenish grey, with 2 black streaks. 

Inhab. New Holland. Mus. Bell. 



LIZARDS. 07 



Fam. XII. The Pygopodes, (Pygopid^). 

Head pyramidical, shielded, short, with 2 or 3 pair of band- 
like supranasal shields above the nasal shield, with a large inter- 
nasal and frontal shields. Nostrils oblong, in the lower angle 
of the band-like transverse nasal, appearing in the suture between 
the outer angle of the nasal, the front loreal shield, and the lower 
labial plates. Throat covered with small scales. Teeth conical, 
simple. The palate toothless, with a broad longitudinal groove. 
Tongue flat, scaly in front, velvety behind, rounded and nicked at 
the end. Ears distinct, exposed, tympanum sunk. Eyelid rudi- 
mentary, circular, immovable, scaly." Body cylindrical, elongate. 
Ventral shields broad, 6-sided, in 2 or 4 series. Tail with 3 series 
of broader shields, the central broadest. Limbs 2, posterior, mdi- 
mentary, undivided, scaly, on the side of the vent. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

1. Pygopus. Scales of the back keeled. Preanal pores numer- 

ous. The hinder limbs elongate. Pupil circular. 

2. Delma. Scales smooth. Preanal pores none. Pupil ellip- 

tical, erect. Hinder limbs short. 

1. Pygopus, Fitz., Merrem. Bipes, Cuv. Hysteropus, 
Dum. et Bib. Sheltopusik, Oppel. 

Head short, truncate, rounded, with 2 parietal and a pair of 
occipital plates. Rostral plate large. Pupil circular. Scales of 
the back keeled. Ear ovate. Vent with a series of pores in front. 
Hinder limbs elongate, ovate, compressed, scaly. Tail cylindri- 
cal, rather tapering. 

The Pygopus. Pygopus lepidopodus. Bipes lepidopodus, 
Lacep. Ann. Mus. N. ij.iv. 193, 209, t. 55, 1. Schinz. Ahhild. t. 
42,/. 2. Pygopus lepidopus, Merrem^ Tent. 77. Bory, Res. Er- 
pet. 142, t. 27, f. 2. Hysteropus Novs Hollandice, Z>nm. et Bib. 
E. G. v. 828, t.bb. Sheltopusik Novfe HollandiEe, Oppel, Rept. 40. 

Coppery grey, with 5 series of oblong, 4-sided, white-edged, 
black spots and some oblique black streaks on the side of the neck; 
muzzle with 2 pair of broad transverse frontals, similar in shape 
to the nasals. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Australia. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Australia. Presented by the Rev. N.Wilton. 

c. d. Adult, in spirits. With 3 rows of large, white-sided, black 

spots, with a small plate between the supranasals. Swan 
River. Presented by Dr. Richardson. 



68 REPTILES. 

The Scaly-faced Pygopus. Pygopus squamiceps, Gray^ 
ZooL. Erehiis and Terror^ Rept. t. 

Muzzle with 5 series of supranasal plates ; grey, with a series 
of small spots on each side. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Australia. Presented by Dr. Mair. 

2. Delma, Gray. Pygodactylus, part, Weigm. 

Head elongate, shielded, with 2 parietal and a pair of large 
occipital shields. Rostral plate transverse, moderate. Eye cir- 
cular : pupil elliptical, erect. Ears ovate, open, simple-edged. 
Body suhcylindrical. Tail tapering. Scales smooth. Hinder 
limbs short, scaly. Vent without any pores in front. 

Eraser's Delma. Defma Fraseri, Gray^ ZooL Misc. 14. 
Grey^ Trav. in Austr. ii. 427, t. 4,/. 3. 

Olive, head white, with 4 more or less confluent black bands ; 
sides of neck white-spotted, beneath white. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Western Australia. Presented by James 
Hunter, Esq. 

6. Half-grown, in spirits. Western Australia. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 



Earn. XIII. Aprasias, (Aprasiad^). 

Nostrils small, in the suture between the top of the first upper 
labial and the square supranasal. Head small, half-conic, shield- 
ed. Muzzle rather produced, acute. Frontonasal large, cover- 
ing the cheeks. Frontal shield large, elongate, 6-sided. Supercili- 
ary shields 2 pair, small. Labials ifew, large. Eyelid rudimen- 
tary, circular, edged with a series of small scales. Pupil round. 
Ears hidden under the scales. Body and tail cyliudrical, taper- 
ing, covered with hexagonal scales, and rather broader ventral 
shields. Limbs none. Preanal pores none. 

1. Aprasia, Gray. 
Limbs none. Scales smooth. 

The Aprasia. Aprasia pulchella, Gray^ Ann. N. H. ii. 322. 
Grey, Trav. Austr. ii. 428-438, t. 4,/. 2. 

Pale brown, with a series of brown spots, 1 spot in the centre 
of each scale ; sides with the spots more connected, forming in- 
terrupted streaks ; lips yellow. 

a, b. Half-grown, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchan- 
an's collection. 
c. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Turner's collection. 



LIZARDS. 69 

Fam. XIV. Lialises, (Lialisid^). 

Head elongate, depressed. Cheeks scaly, covered with rather 
imhricate scales. Muzzle flattened in front. Nostrils in the hind- 
er edge of a small nasal shield in front of the face-ridge. Eyelid 
rudimentary, circular, scaly. Pupil elliptical, erect. Ears dis- 
tinct. Body elongate, subcylindrical. Scales oval, smooth, im- 
bricate. Belly with 2, tail with 1, series of larger shields. Limbs 
2, posterior, short, undivided, fiat, scaly. Tail rather tapering, 
elongate. Vent with a series of pores in front, in the front edge 
of a scale. 

1. Li A LIS, Gray. 
The only genus. 

Burton's Lialis. Lialis Burtoni, Gray^ Proc. Zool. Soc. 
1834, 134. Grey's Travels, ii. 437, t. 3, f.l. Zool. Misc. 52. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 831. 

Above, grey olive, in spirits, with 5 rather interrupted brown 
longitudinal streaks, the central streak divided into two over the 
nape, and united together again over the nose, the outer lateral 
streaks narrowest and more interrupted, edged with the two colors; 
beneath blackish grey, with large white spots; lips and streak un- 
der ear and along the side of the neck white. 

a, h. Adult female, in spirits. W. Australia, Houtman's Abrol- 

hos. From Mr. Gilbert's collection, 
c. Half-grown, in spirits. W. Australia. 

The Tw^o-LiNED Lialis. Lialis bicatenata, Gray^ Zool. Misc. 
52. Voy. Erebus and Terror^ Rept. t. 

Above brown grey, in spirits, with a series of distant black spots 
(one on the centre of each scale) along each side of the back ; top 
of the head and nape with an indistinct double band, forming an 
elongated loop : beneath blackish grey, whitish dotted : chin and 
throat blackish, white-spotted ; lip-shields brown. 

rt, b. Half-grown, in spirits. Partly bleached. Throat like rest 
of under side. Australia. Presented by Sir James Macgregor. 

c. Adult, in spirits. Port Essington. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection. 

rf, e. Half-grown, in spirits. Not good state. Australia. 

The Dotted Lialis. Lialis punctulata, Gray^ Zool. Misc. 52. 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Brownish grey, very minutely black-dotted, beneath darker 
brownish grey, the two colours separated by a very narrow brown 
edu;e and a distinct white line ; sides of the head and neck dark 
chocolate brown, edged above with a very narrow, and beneath 
bv a broader white band ; front upper and side lower Labial plates 
white, the rest dark brown. 



70 REPTILES. 

a. Adult female, in spirits. Tail reproduced, shortened. Port 

Essington. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

b. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Dring's collection. 



II. Eyes distinct, eyelids distinct, valvular. Head conical. 

Fam. XV. The Scincs, (Scincid^). 

Head suLquadrangular, regularly shielded. Rostral plate mo- 
derate, erect, sometimes rather produced and transversely keeled. 
Nostrils lateral, in a more or less large nasal shield, with some- 
times a supranasal over it between the nasal and internasal. Body 
fusifomi or subcylindrical. Tail cylindrical or tapering. Scales 
smooth, or keeled, or striated. Limbs 4, more or less strong, 
sometimes wanting, or rather hidden under the skin. Femoral 
pores none. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Scales thin, smooth, not striated nor keeled. Nostrils in a sin- 
gle smooth plate, without any lunate groove behind. Tail round, 
tapering, unarmed. 

A. Toes depressed, fringed on the sides. Head wedge-shaped. Ros- 
tral depressed, keeled in front. Nostril in the middle of the 
upper edge of the nasal, with a triangular sxipranasal above the 
rostral. Scincina. 

1. SciNcus. Body fusiform, flat below. Toes 5-5. 

B. Toes compressed, simple. Head subquadrangular. Rostral 
erect, triangular. Nostril in the middle of a shield. 

a. Supranasal plate none. 

* Body fusiform. Lower eyelid covered ivith scales ; fronto- 
parietals 2. 

2. HiisuLiA. Head subquadrangular. Heel surrounded with 

granules. 

3. Keneuxia. Head depressed in front. Rostral and labials 
low. Heel with a flat oval plate behind. 

4. Elania. Head conical. Rostral rather produced. Heel sur- 

rounded with granules. 

** Body fusiform. Lower eyelid with a transparent disk. 

5. MocoA. Rostral erect, triangular. Palate toothless. 

a. Leilopisma. Rostral erect, triangular. Palate toothed. Pa- 
rietal plates 2, large, square. 



LIZARDS. T'l 

7. LiPiNiA. Rostral depressed, large. Head flattened. Nasal 
lateral, square. 

*** Body and tail cylindrical,, elongate. Limbs 4, ireak,far apart. 
Rostral erect^ rounded. Froiito -nasals distinct. 

f Toes elongate, unequal. 

8. Lygosoma. Toes 5-5. Lower eyelid scaly. 

9. PRrsTELLA. Toes 4-5. Lower eyelid ? Supranasal 

? 

10. Tftradactylus. Toes 4-4, the third longest, the fourth 
short. Lower eyelid transparent. 

11. Hemiergus. Toes 3-3, unequal, middle one rather longest. 
Lower eyelid transparent. 

12. Chelomeles. Toes 2-2, unequal. Lower eyelid transparent. 

ft Toes short, thick, suhequal. 

13. Omolepida. Toes 5-5, rather short, suhequal. Lower eyelid 
scaly. Ear deep, simple in front. 

14. PoDOPHis. Toes 5-5, short, suhequal. Lower eyelid scaly. 
Frontoparietal single. 

**** Body and tail cylindrical, elongate. Limbs rudimeiitaiy or 
wanting. Rostral rather produced ; frontonasal very snuill, 
lateral. Head half conical. 

15. SiAPHOs. Legs 4. Toes 3-3, very short, the middle longest. 

If>. Ehodona. Legs 4 ; fore legs rudimentary, undivided, claw- 
less, hinder with 2 short, unequal, clawed toes. 

17. SoRiDiA. Legs none. 

h. Supranasal plates 2, rarely 4 or 6. 
* Body fusiform. Tail tapeiing. Limbs strong. Supranasals 2. 

18. Plestiodon. Lower eyelid scaly. Scales large. Body fusi- 
form. Palate toothed. ' Frontoparietal double. 

19. Eumeces. Lower eyelid scaly. Scales large. Body and tail 
elongate. Palate toothless. Frontoparietal double. 

20. Otosaurus. Lower eyelid scaly. Scales small. Body fusi- 
form. Palate toothless. Frontoparietal double. 

21. Mabouya. Lower eyelid transparent. 

** Body and tail elongate, sub cylindrical. Legs 4, short. Toes 
compressed, unequal. Supernasal 1 pair. 

22. RioPA. Toes 5-5, unequal. 



72 REPTILES. 

23. Hagria. Toes 5-4, unequal. 

24. Chiamela. Toes 4-4, unequal. 

*** Body and tail elongate^ suhcylindrical. Legs 4, very short. 
Toes very short, siihequal or rudimentary. Supernasals 1 pair. 

25. Sen IRA. Toes 5-5, rounded, thick, very short. 

26. Brachymeles. Fore feet very short, with 2 very short toes; 
hinder tapering, undivided. 

**** Body and tail elongate, suhcylindrical. Legs 2, posterior, or 
none. Supranasals 2 or 3 pair. 

27. Ophiodes. Legs 2, on side of vent, undivided. 

28. Anguis. Legs none external. 



II. Scales thick, bony, rugose, striated, or 1 or more keeled. Ros- 
tral I'ounded in front. Body fusiform. Limbs 4, strong. Toes 
5-5, compressed. 

C. Tail compressed, keeled above. Scales of the tail keeled, spinose, 
of the body smooth. Head-shields rugose, closely applied to the 
skull. Temples shielded. Lower eyelid scaly. Preanal plates 
few, large. 

29. Tribolonotus. Tail with 4 spinose keels above, and spinose 
on the sides. Preanal plates 2, large. 

30. Tropidophorus. Tail with 4 spinose keels above, smooth on 
the sides. Preanal plates 3, large, central triangular. 

31. NoRBEA. Tail with 2 close rows of keeled scales above, 
smooth on the sides. Preanal plates single, square, very large, 

D. Tail rounded, tapering, rarely spinose, not keeled above, thick, 
bony, rugose, or 3 or 6 keeled, rarely smoothish. 

* Supranasal shields none. 

f Lower eyelid scaly. Toes 5-5. Nostril ivith a curved groove 

behind it. 

§ Toes short, thick, subequal. Scales rugose, unarmed. Orbit with 

a series of plates beneath. 

32. Trachydosaurus. Tail short, thick, depressed, truncated. 
Body fusiform. Scales very thick, rugose. Ears lobed in 
front. 

32. Cyclodus. Tail moderate, round, tapering. Body fusiform. 
Scales moderate, subequal. Ears lobed in front. 



LIZARDS. 73 

§§ Toes elongate, compressed, vneqval. Scales I — b-keeled. 

Orbits simple. 

33. SiLUBOsAURUs. Tail short, depressed, spinose. Scales 1- 
keeled. 

34. Egernia. Tail elongate, round, tapering', spinose. Scales 
1 -keeled, dagger-pointed. 

35. Tropidolepisma. Tail elongate, round, tapering, armed. 
Scales 3- or 5-keeled, slightly toothed behind. Frontal short. 

36. Lardella. Tail elongate, tapering, unarmed. Scales 2- 
keeled. Frontal very long. 

-f-f Lower eyelid scaly. Toes 5-5. Nasal plate Jlat, u'ithout any 

groove behind it. 

37. Ateuchosaurus. 

fff Lower eyelid transparent. Toes 4-5. Nasals ? 



38. Heteropus. Tail and hody elongate, subcylindrical. Scales 
3-keeled. Legs weak. Ears ? 



-to" 



** Supranasals 1 pair. Scales moderate, 3- or 5-keeled. 

Palate toothed. 

39. Dasia. Lower eyelid seal v. Toes dilated at the base. 

40. TiLiQUA. Lower eyelid scaly. Toes compressed the whole 
* length. 

41. EupREPis. Lower eyelid transparent. Ears oblong, lobu- 
lated in front, or covered with the scales of the temple. Toes 
compressed the whole length. 

E. Tail round, tapering, smarmed, not heeled above. Scales 
minutely striated, and sometimes I -keeled. Supranasals tivo 
pair. 

42. MiCROLEPis. Body fusiform. Head depressed. Tail elon- 
gate, compressed. 

43. Celestus Body fusiform. Tail tapering. Head depressed. 
Internasal and frontonasal united into 1 shield. Claws short. 

44. Camilia. Body fusiform. Tail tapering. Head square. 
Internasal and frontonasal separate. Claws broad, blunt. 

45. DiPLOGLossus. Body and tail cylindrical, elongate. 



H 



74 REPTILES. 



1. Scales thin, smooth, not striated nor keeled, unarmed. Nasal 
fiat, smooth, icithoiit am/ lunate groove behind the nostril. Tail 
round, tapering, unarmed. 

A. Toes depressed, fringed on the side. Head ivedge-shaped. Ros- 
tral depressed, keeled in front. Nostril in the middle of the 
upper edge of the nasal^ ivith a triangular supranasal above the 
nostril. Scinciiia. 

1. SciNcus, Fitz., Gray. 

Muzzle wedge-shaped. Rostral depressed, sharp-edged, trun- 
cated in front. Frontoparietal plates 2. Nostril lateral, in the 
upper front edge of the nasal, immediately under the triangular 
supranasal. Lower eyelid scaly. Tongue scaly, nicked. Palate 
toothed, with a longitudinal notch. Ears small, toothed in front. 
Limhs 4, short. Toes 5-5, nearly equal, flatted, toothed on the 
edge. Body angular below. Scales smooth. Tail conical, pointed. 

Bury themselves with great rapidity in the sand, Bruce. Ly- 
on's Trav. 184-5. 

The Officinal Skink. Scincns officinalis, Laur. Syn. 55. 
Schn. Savig. Rept. Egypt, t. 2,f. 8. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 288. — 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 564, t. ^7,f. 3, the foot. Lacerta Stincus, 
Hasselq. L. Scincns, Linn. S. N. i. ed. 10, 205. El Adda, 
Bruce, Voy. v. 226, t. 39, cop. Shaio, N. Misc. t. 1031. Sav. Rep. 
Egypt, i. t. 2,/. 8. L. agilis, Meyer, 133, not Linn. L. Edda, 
Donndrojf, Zool. Beytr. ii. 134. Asilis, Lyon, Trav. 184-5. 

Fulvous, with brown cross bands ; preanal scales 2. 

(I. Adult, in spirits, bleached. N. Africa. 

b. Adult, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Presented by M. Lefebre. 
(', d. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Pre- 
sented by Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

B. Toes compressed, simple. Head suh quadrangular. Rostral erect, 
triangular. Nostril in the middle of nasal shield. Lygosomina. 

a. Supranasal plate none. Body fusiform. Loiver eyelid covered 
with scales. Frontoparietal separate. 

2. HiNULiA. Lygosoma, part, Dum. et Bib. Le Keneux, part, 

Cocteau. 

Frontal plate oblong. Rostral erect, triangular. Palate tooth- 
less, with a deep triangular notch in front. Body fusifomi. Scales 
smooth, thin ; the 2 central preanal scales larger than the rest. 
Tail tapering, roundish. Legs moderate. Toes 5-5, slender, com- 
pressed. Heel of the hind feet surrounded with granules, 

A 



LIZARDS. to 

* Ears simple^ in front roundish, 
f Scales small, numerous. 

The Black-bearded Hinulia. Hiniilia ngevia. Tiliqiia 
iiEevia, Gray, in Grey, Trav. Aust. ii. 426. Scincus neevius, Per- 
ron, 3Ius. Pans. S. erythrulamus, and S. melanopogoii, Muller, 
Mas. Leyd. Lygosoma melanopogon, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 723. 

Brown, witli irregular, interrupted, brown, cross bands, be- 
neath whitish ; legs with a pale streak in front; chin black, spot- 
ted or varied ; scales small ; head larii-e, short ; supraocular plates 
6 or 7 pair ; nasal lateral, square ; tail rather compressed. 

n. Adult, in spirits. New Guinea. From the Leyden Museum. 
h, Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The White-bavded Hinulia. Hinulia fasciata. 

Black, with a series of narrow white cross bands on each side, 
interrupted in the middle of the back, beneath white ; legs white- 
spotted ; scales small, in many series ; supraocular shields 5-5 : 
nostrils in a subtviangular nearly touching shield ; tail rather 
compressed. 

a. In spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's collec- 
tion. 

W Scales moderate, in 8 series. Supraocular shields 3-3 or 5-5. 

Dussumier's Hinulia. Hinulia Dussumieri. Lygosoma 
Dussumieri, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 725. Keneux de Dussuinier, 
Coct. Tab. 

Back fulvous, with a black streak upon each side ; sides with 
white-edged black streaks, beneath whitish; tail round; legs long; 
'toes simple ; supraocular plates 4 ; nostrils lateral ; nasal square, 
internasal rhombic, truncated in front; eai"S large, oval, open, sim- 
ple-edged. 

Inhab. Malabar, Dussumier. Mus, Paris. 

Gerrard's Hinulia. Hinulia Gerrardii, Gray, Voy. Erebus 
and Terror, Kept. t. 

Silvery grey (when dry), with a broad irregular brown band 
across the back of the neck, with a streak to the occiput, and a 
broader one to each fore leg; body with 6, tail with 12 or 14 broad 
crescent-like cross brown bands, which are spotted with grey when 
they cross the side; limbs with bro%vnish streaks; head brown above, 
head- shields black-edged, with a brown streak on the temple, to- 
wards the ear ; chin white, brown-lined, belly brown-spotted ; ear 
open, simple in front, partly covered by the temple-scales; supra- 
ocular plates 3-3, nasal nearly contiguous, frontcmasal and fronto- 
parietal contiguous. 

a, b. Adult, stuffed. Australia ?? Length 14 inches, h 2 



76 REPTILES. 

The Elegant Hinulia. Hiniilia elegans, Gray^ Zool. Ere- 
hxis and Terror^ Rept. t. 

Pale brown, hack varied with hlack spots, more close forming- 
an irregular broad dark streak on the upper part of each side ; be- 
neath whitish ; chin varied with black ; lips and limbs blackish 
vaiied ; nasal and frontonasal nearly contiguous ; ears ovate, open, 
simple-edged. 

a. In spirits. New Holland. 

The Swan River Hinulia. Hinulia Greyii, Gmi/, Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Olive, black-varied, with a dark-edged yellow streak on each 
side of the back, sides black-spotted, with a yellow streak below ; 
legs brown-streaked ; lip-shields black-edged; ears oblong, smooth- 
edged ; frontal triangular, elongate, frontonasal contiguous, fron- 
toparietal and parietal small, similar ; body thick, fusiform. 

a. In spirits. Swan River. 

The Slender Hinulia. Hinulia tenuis. Tiliqua tenuis, 
Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 71. Ann.N. H. ii. 291. Scincus Eruca- 
tus, Peron, Mus. Paris. Lygosoma erucala, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 726. Keneux de Busseuil, Coct. Tab. 

Pale brown, varied, with an irregular edged brown streak on 
each side ; scales in 8 series ; feet long, toes very slender; muz- 
zle rather short; supi-aocular shields 4 ; ears round, open, simple- 
edged ; nostrils lateral, nasal triangular, frontonasal nearly conti- 
guous ; tail elongate, rather compressed. 

a. In spirits. Australia. 

b, c. Sides white-speckled. W. Australia, Swan River. From 

Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

Reeves's Hinulia. Hinulia Reevesii. Tiliqua Reevesii, 
Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. Scinque a flanc noir, Quoy et Gaim. 
Voy. Uran. t. 42, f. 1. Keneux de Quoy, Coct. Tab, Lygosoma 
Quoyii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 728. 

Pale olive, with a white-dotted dark streak on the upper part of 
each side; head short; supraocular shields 5-5 ; ears ovate, open, 
simple-edged ; nasals lateral, rhombic, nearly contiguous ; tail 
slightly compressed. 

a, b. In spirits. China, Presented by J. R. Reeves, Esq. 

The Javan Hinulia. Hinulia sancta. Scincus sanctus, Bale, 
MSS. Mus. Leyd. Lygosoma sancta, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 730. 

Greyish, with a rather darker band on each side; nasal small, 
lateral ; ear round, open, simple-edged ; su])raocular shields b-d. 

Inhabits Java. Mus. Paris. A young specimen in a bad state, 
probably the same as the former. 



LIZARDS. 77 

The New Zealand Hinulia. Hinulia ornata. Tiliqua or- 
nata, Gray^ Diejf\ N. Z. ii. 202, Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Bright pale brown, varied with black and white spots, sides 
with an irregular narrow pale streak above ; scales with short black 
streaks, some black on each side, white in the centre ; ears mode- 
rate, roundish, simple-edged. 

a. Tn spirits. Brown, wnth black and white spots. Cook's Straits 

N. Zealand. Presented hy R. Owen, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Brown, with 3 blackish streaks, sides blackish, 
edged above and below with an irregular edged pale line. N. 
Zealand. 

** Ears denticulated in front. 

f Scales moderate, in 4 series, 

Labillar DIE re's Hinulia. Hinulia Labillardieri, Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Keneux de Labillardiere, 

Coct. Tab. Tiliqua Labillardieri Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 289. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. V. 734. 

Bronze green, speckled or lined vvith black, sides black, white- 
dotted and with 2 white streaks ; nasals rhombic, large, nearly con- 
tiguous, frontonasal plates separate; ears ovate, slightly denticu- 
lated in front ; scales of the back large, in 4 series. 

a. In spirits. x\ustralia, King George's Sound. From the Paris 

Museum. 

b. Swan River. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

c. Young, in spirits. Bronze green, with a series of round white 
' spots in the black on the sides of the back. W. Australia. 

The Australian Hinulia. Hinulia australis. Gray, Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Tiliqua australis. Gray, Ann. N. 

H. ii. 291. Lygosoma Lesueiirii, Dum. et Bib. E.G. v. 733. 
Gray, Grey^s A^istr. ii. 425. 

Pale brown, with a central white-edged brown streak ; sides 
black with a narrow white streak above, a series of oblong white 
spots, as if formed of an interrupted streak, and a rather wide in- 
distinct pale streak below ; ears half ovate, with 4 strong teeth in 
front; temple white, brown-spotted; scales of the back in 4 series. 

a, b. In spirits. Back pale, with a white edged central streak. 

W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 
c,d. Back with several white-edged streaks. W.Australia. From 

Mr. Gould's collection. 
e, f. Houtman's Abrolhos. From Mr. Gould's collection. 
g. Inspirits. Back brown, without a streak. Port Essingt^n. 

From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

H 3 



78 REPTILES. 

Gilbert's Hinulia. Hinulia Essingtonii, Gray, Zool. Ere- 
bus and Terror, Rept. t. Tiliqua Essingtonii, Gray, Zool. 
Misc. 51. 

Pale brown, nape with 3 indistinct black streaks, with a very 
distinct narrow broadly black-edged silvery streak from the back 
angle of the eye to over the base of the tail, and with a broader 
more indistinct streak from the front to the hinder legs ; sides of 
throat brown, white-spotted ; chin, under side of limbs and be- 
neath yellow; tail elongate, brown, with 2 narrow black streaks 
on each side; limbs brown, with 3 indistinct black-dotted lines; 
ears large, with 3 small scales on the front edge. 

a. Young? inspirits. Port Essington, North coast of Australia. 
From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

Like the preceding, but it has no white-edged central streak, 
and the lateral streak has indications of a white border to its up- 
per edge. 

The Bronzed Hinulia. Hinulia inornata. Gray, Zool. Ere- 
bus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Pale nearly uniform brown bronze above, back with a rather 
narrow bright yellow rather darker edged streak on each side ; the 
sides pale, with an indistinct yellow streak on the lower part of 
each, both streaks extending along the side of the tail ; chin and 
beneath whitish, with rather darker edges to the sides ; ears ob- 
long, with 4 or 5 small compressed yellow scales in front. 

a. In spirits. Swan River. 

The LiNEATED Hinulia. Hinulia tasniolata. Lacerta tfeni- 
olata, Shaiv. White, Jour. N. H t. 32, f. 1. Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 68. Ann. N. H. ii. 289. Dum. et Bih. E. G. V. 734. Scincus 
undecira-striatus, Kuhl, Beytr. 129. S. octolineatus, Daud. Rept. 
iv. 285. S. multilineatus. Lesson, Voy. Coq. t. 3,/. 2. Keneux 
de Lesueur, Coct. Tab. 

Brown or black, with 6 white streaks, continued and margin- 
ing the shields of the head ; sides brown, with 2 white streaks ; 
tail pale, with 3 tapering streaks ; nasals contiguous ; scales of the 
back in 4 series ; ears denticulated in front ; frontonasal plates 
contiguous. 

a. In spirits, rather bleached. Australia. Presented by Capt. J. 

White. The specimen described by Dr. Shaw. 
&, c. In spirits. Australia. 
d, e. In spirits. N. Holland. 
/. Inspirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 



LIZARDS. 79 

ff Dorsal scales small, in 8 series. Head large. 

White's Hinulia. Hinulia Whitei, Gray. Zool. Erebus and 
Terror, Rept. t. Scincus Wliitei, Lacep. Ann. Mus. iv. 192. 

S, ocellatus, and S. Lewecinensis, Peron, Mas. Paris. S. taBnio- 
latus quadrilineatus, Merrem, Tent. 72. S. monili';;er, Valenc. 
Mas. Par. Lygosoma moniligera, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 736. 
Keneux de White, Coct. Tab. Tiliqua leucopsis, Gray, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 291. 

Pale olive, back with a central pale streak and a regular white 
spotted black streak on each side ; sides white-spotted ; eyelid and 
ear-lobes white ; lips black-varied ; scales of the back as long as 
bioad, in 8 series; nasal plates contiguous; ears strongly denti- 
culated in front ; frontonasal plates contiguous. 

a. In spirits. Kanguroo Island. From the Paris Museum. 

b. In spirits. Swan River. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 

c. In spirits. Swan River. 

d — k. In spirits, young and old. Australia. Presented by the 
Lords of the Admiralty, from the Antarctic Expedition. 

/, VI. In spirits, Australia. Presented by Lieut. A. Smith, R.N. 

n, 0. H. Abrolhos, Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

p, q. Young. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

r. Half grown. Dorsal streaks each wlih 2 rows of linear white 
specks. Swan River. 

s. Adult, stuffed. Back with a central reddish streak. Australia. 
Presented by W. Shuckard, Esq. 

3. Keneuxia. Le Keneux, part, Cocteau. Lygosoma, part, 

Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed- in front. Nostrils lateral, in a small oblong 
longitudinal nasal. Rostral low notched above. Internasal large, 
subtrigonal. Loreal shields 2, oblong. Frontoparietal separate, 
interparietal small. Labial plate low, elongate, Mental shields 
large, with a small triangular central one behind. Ear small, 
simple in front. Body fusiform. Scales smooth. Tail round, ta- 
pering, with a series of broad plates beneath. Legs 4, strong. 
Toes 5-5, compressed, elongate, unequal. Soles granular. Heel 
of the hind feet with a flat oval plate behind. Preanal shields ra- 
ther larger in a curved series: the scales behind the vent small, 
numerous. 

The Keneux. Keneuxia smaragdina. Scincus smaragdinus, 
Lesson, Voy. Coq. iii. t. 3, /. 1. Schlegel, Abb. Amph. 33, ^ 11. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 738. S. viridijumctatus. Lesson, Voy. Coq. 
44, t. 4,/. 1. S. celestinus, Valenc. Mus. Par. Guerin, Icon. R. 
A. t. 15,/. 2. S. oxycephalus, and S. Tressianus, Reinw. Mus. 
Leyd. Keneux de Valenciennes, Coct. Tab. 



80 REPTILES. 

Olive, black-spotterl, with a pale streak on each side, (it and 
the spot becomins^ obliterated with age), beneath silveiy ; inter- 
nasal as long as broad, siibtrigonal ; frontonasal contiguous. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Uniform pale greenish. Molucca. From 

the Leyden Museum. 

b, c. Younger, in spirits. Olive, black-spotted, with a pale streak 

on each side of back. Molucca. From the Leyden Museum. 
d. Adult, in spirits. Green, black-spotted. Philippines. From 
Mr. Cuming's collection. 

4. Elania. Lygosoma, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head small, slender, conical. Rostral plate bent back on the 
muzzle. Frontal plate very large, rhombic, broader than long, 
soldered in front to the internasal. Nasal large, nearly contigu- 
ous, supranasal none, frontonasal separate, lateral. Eyebrow with 
o plates. Frontoparietal 2. Ears very small. Body fusiform, 
large in the middle. Scales moderate, smooth. Limbs strong. 
Tail very long and gradually tapering. The 2 middle preanal 
shields largest. 

The Elania. Elania Mullen. Scincus Mulleri, Schlegel^ 
Abh. Amph. 13, t. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 740. 

Eeddish, with cross series of black spots ; end of the muzzle, 
chin and lips black, beneath yellow ; sides with a yellow-edged 
brown streak ; limbs black, with a longitudinal yellow streak ; a 
spot under the eyes and streak on side of neck black, 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Leyden. 

b. Supranasal plate none. Body fusiform. Lower eyelid with a 

transparent disk. 

5. Mocoa. Lygosoma, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head subquadrangiilar. Rostral erect, triangular, convex. 
Nasal lateral, nearly conuguous, supranasal none, frontoparietal 
separate or uniled into one. Palate toothless, nicked behind. 
Ears oblong, slightly denticulated in front, tympanum deep. 
Lower eyelid with a central transparent disk. Chin with several 
pairs of large shields. Body fusiform. Scales smooth, with 3 or 
4 black streaks. Limbs 4, strong. Toes .5-5, compressed, une- 
qual. Tail round, tapering, unarmed. Central preanal scales 
rather larger than the others. 

* Frontoparietal plate single, lozenge-shaped. 
f Seales of the back moderate, in 6 series. 

Guichenot's Moco. Mocoa Guichenoti, Gray, Zool. Erebus 
and Terror, Rept. t. Lygosoma Guichenoti, Dum. et Bib. E. 

G. v. 713. Gray, in Grey, Austr. ii. 425. 

Bronze green, with blackish streak on each side; scales of the 
back moderate ; frontoparietal plate single, larger, elongate, lo- 



LIZARDS. 81 

zenge-sliaped, frontal triang'ular, equal-sided ; nasal plate small, 
quite lateral, internasal broad, truncated in front; ear large, near- 
ly circular, open, simple-edged in front; 2 of the 4 scales of the 
last preanal series larger than the rest. 

a. In spirits. N. Holland, King George's Sound. From the 

Paris Museum. 

" Scincns Duperrep,'' Bihron. 

b. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

The New Holland Moco. Mocoa trilineata, Gray, Zool. 
Erehus and Terror, JRept. t. Tiliqua trilineata, Gray, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 291. Lygosoma Duperreyii, JDum. et Bib. E. G. v. 715. 

Olive, black-spotted, with a pale streak on each side, sides 
blackish, white-dotted ; ears moderate, oval, front edge covered 
with 2 scales; nasal lateral, nearly contiguous, frontoparietal plate 
single, lozenge-shaped, frontal rhombic, short and blunt before, 
long and acute behind. 

a. In spirits. Olive, scales of the back and sides black-edged, 
not spotted. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 

b — d. Like a. W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

e — g. In spirits. Like a. Swan River. 

h. In spirits. Olive, black and white spotted, sides blackish, 
white-dotted. W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

i — I. In spirits. Like h. Swan River. 

m. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

ff Scales of the back small, in 8 or 10 series. 

Cuming's Moco. Mocoa Cumineii. 

Olive-green, with scattered black and white spots, sides black- 
varied, beneath silvery green ; nasal lateral, nearly contiguous, 
internasal lozenge-shaped, nearly as long as broad, frontonasal 
large, contiguous, frontal moderate, interparietal single, lozenge- 
shaped, slightly nicked behind, parietal small, superciliary shields 
4-4 ; scales of back rather small, of the sides small ; lower eyelid 
disk moderate. 

a. In spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's collec- 
tion. 

The Black-chinned Moco. Mocoa melanopogon. Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Olive, varied with black, and with 2 or 3 white streaks on some 
of the scales ; side of the head and neck black, with a white streak 
under the eyes from the back edge of the ear ; chin and throat 
black, with a central white spot on each scale, beneath silveiy; 
nasal lateral, frontonasal contiguous ; scales of the back rather 
small, in 8 or 10 series, of the sides smaller ; disk of lower eyelid 
very large. 
a. In spirits. Port Essington. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 



82 REPTILES. 

ff f Scales of the back very small, in numerous series. 

Tlie Eyed Moco. Mocoa ocellata, Grai/, ZooL Erebus and 
Terror, Kept. t. 

Olive, varied witli numerous sometimes confluent black dots, 
foiming rings on the sides, beneath whitish ; scales very small, in 
many series ; nasal rhombic lateral ; disk of lower eyelid large. 

« — c. In spirits. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 
d, e. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

** Interparietal plates 2, separate. 

f Ear ovate, partly covered tvifh the scales above. Australia. 

Entrecasteaux's Moco. Mocoa Entrecasteanxii, Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Lvgosoma Entrecasteanxii, 
Dmn. et Bib. E. G. v. 717? 

Olive, back with a broad blackish central streak, sometimes 
with series of spots on the side, sides blackish, with 2 narrow white 
streaks ; nasal plates small, nearly continuous ; temple covered 
with large scales ; transparent disk of the lower eyelid very large; 
ears moderately open, nearly circular, simple-edged ; preanal 
scales nearly equal; frontoparietal plate double, frontonasal nearly 
contiguous. 

a — -f. In spirits. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 
d — i. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Lords of the Ad- 
miralty, from the Antarctic Expedition. 
j,k. Inspirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

The MoKo MoKO. Mocoa Zelandica, Gray, Zool. Erebus and 
Terror, Rept. t. Tiliqua Zelandica, Grai/, JDieff. N. Z. ii. 202. 
Tiliqua Moko, " Gray, 31SS.'' Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 718. 

Pale brown, bronzed, with 2 narrow black-edged bright streaks 
on each side, the lower one continued down the front of the legs; 
sides blackish ; the frontonasal nearly contiguous, the fronto-pa- 
rietal separate, similar to the parietal, nasal nearly contiguous ; 
ears moderate, nearly circular, simple-edged ; preanal scales near- 
ly equal ; palpebral disk moderate. 

a. In spirits. Cook's Straits, N. Zealand. Presented by R. Owen, 

Esq. 

b. In spirits. New Zealand, Bay of Islands. Presented by the 
Admiralty, from the Antarctic Expedition. 

Smith's Moco. Mocoa Smithii, Gray, Zool. Erebus and 
Terror, Rept. t. 

Pale brown, with 3 indistinct scries of black spots and a pale 
streak on each side ; sides black-varied, beneath whitish ; limbs 
black-spotted ; nasal and frontonasal i;early contiguous, fronto- 



LIZARDS. 83 

parietal and parietal nearly equal ; ears open, simple-edged ; pre- 
anal plates nearly equal,* larger; disk of the lower eyelid very 
large, oblong. 
a — c. In spirits. New Zealand. Presented by Lieut. Alexander 

Smith, R.N. 
d — h. In spirits. N. Zealand. Presented by the Admiralty, from 

the Antarctic Expedition. 

The Small-eared Moco. Mocoa microtis, Grai/, Zool. Ere- 
bus and Terror^ Rept. t. 

Olive, with a narrow dark streak on each side of the back ; sides 
black, with a subcentral broad pale streak ; nasal contiguous, iu- 
ternasal triangular, outer angle truncated, frontonasal small, far 
apart, frontal 5-sided ; ears small, partly covered with the scales 
above ; lower eyelid disk large, oblong ; 2 central preanal plates 
largest. 
a. In spirits. Swan River, W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's 

collection. 

The Bronzed Moco. Mocoa cuprea. Ablepharus cuprens, 
Gray^ Ann. N. H. ii. 335. A. Perouii, part, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
814.' 

Golden green, mottled with brown (perhaps discoloured), with 
a narrow pale sinuous streak on each side of the back ; nasal 
nearly contiguous, frontonasal small, contiguous, frontal elongate 
lozenge-shaped ; ears oblong, moderate ; head depressed ; lower 
eyehd'disk large, oblong ; 2 central preanal plates lai;ger. 

a. In spirits. ? ? 

-f-j- Ears round, moderate, simple-edged, drum sunhen. African. 

The African Moco. Mocoa Africana. 

Brown, darker spotted (perhaps discoloured ?) ; lip and throat 
brown-spotted, beneath silvery ; scales rather larger, nearly as long 
as broad ; nasal oblong, lateral, separated by the 4-sided interna- 
sal, frontonasal nearly contiguous, frontal elongate, rhombic, ra- 
ther truncated in front ; tail short, tapering, with a central series 
of broad shields beneath. 

a.- Young, in spirits. W. Africa. 

fW Ear circular, large, entirely exposed. American. 

The North American Moco. Mocoa lateralis. Scincus 
lateralis, Say, Long^s Exped. R. N. ii. 324. Holb. N. A. Herp. i. 
t. 8. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 70. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 719. 
S. unicolor, Harlan., J. Acad. N. S. Phil. v. 156. 

Olive, black-dotted, with a white-edged dark streak on each 
side ; nasal nearly contiguous ; ears very large, circular, the edge 



84 REPTILES. 

simple, rounded ; frontal very long, narrow in front ; 2 iiiiddle 
preanal scales largest; frontoparietal plate double; palpebral disk 
moderate. 

a—e. In spirits. N. America. Presented by E. Doubleday, Esq. 

6, Leiolopisma, Dum. et Bib. Racbites, part, Coct. 

Head short, quadrangular. Rostral erect, triangular. Nos- 
trils lateral. Nasal subtrigonal, nearly contiguous, supranasal 
none, frontoparietal plate separate, interparietal large square. 
Palate with a slight nick behind, armed with teeth. Lower eye- 
lid with a transparent disk. Ear oblong, simj)le-edged, tympa- 
num sunk deep. Chin with a large mental shield in front, with 
a pair of rather larger behind, and with two series of small scales 
below the lower labials. Body fusiform. Tail round tapering. 
Scales smooth, in many series. Preanal scales moderate, rather 
larger, the middle rather the largest. Limbs 4, strong. Toes 5-5, 
compressed, unequal. Soles granular. Claws short, compressed. 

The Leiolopisma. Leiolopisma Bellii. Tiliqua Bellii, Grai/, 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 70. Ann. N. H.292. Rachite de Telfair, Coct. 
Tab. Scincus Telfairii, Desjardin, Ann. Sci. Nat. xxii. 292, 1831. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 742. 

Pale brown, with irregular cross bands of brown-margined 
pale scales ; sides brown-spotted. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Madagascar. Olive, brown-varied. 

Presented by Dr. Johnson. 

7. LiPINIA. 

Head rather depressed. Muzzle depressed. Rostral rather 
depressed, large, truncated behind, rounded in front. Supranasal 
none, interparietal 2. Nostrils lateral, rather in front of the mid- 
dle of an elongate 4-sided nasal. Tongue depressed, nicked. Eyes 
moderate, pupil round. Eyelids short, edged with granules, the 
lower with a transparent disk. Ears round, large, tympanum ra- 
ther sunk. Body fusiform. Scales smooth. Legs 4, moderate, 
slender. Toes 5-5, slender, simple, unequal, clawed. Tail elon- 
gate, tapering. 

The LiPiNiA. Lipinia pulchella. 

Brown, whitish beneath, with a broad central white (yellow) 
streak from the tip of the nose to the middle of the tail, edged on 
each side by a broad dark brown streak ; legs brown-spolted. 

a. In spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 



LIZARDS. 85 

*** Supernasal plates none. Body and tail elongate^ suh-:yUndrical. 
Limbs 4, weak ^ far apart. Rostral erect ^ triangular. 

\ Toes elongate^ rather compressed., unequal. 
8. Lygosoma, Gray. Lygosoma, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head subquadrangular. Nasal lateral, nearly contiguous, su- 
pranasal none. Rostral rounded, triang;ular, erect, frontoparietal 
double (or single). Palate toothless, nicked behind. Ears oblong, 
tympanum sunk. Lower eyelid scaly, with a transverse series of 
larger scales. Chin with several pair of large shields. Body and 
tail elongate, subcylindrical. vScales smooth. Limbs 4, weak, lar 
apart. Toes 5-5, compressed, unequal. 

The Swan River Lygosoma. Lygosoma australis, Gray., 
Ann. N. H. ii. 332. Zool. Erebus and Terror., Rept. t. 

Back golden brown, darker varied, with a broad pale golden 
green streak down each side ; sides grey, closely black-dotted ; na- 
sal lateral, triangular, nearly contiguous, frontonasal contiguous, 
Jrontoparietal 2 ; ears simple, round, 

a. Adult, in spirits Back dark bro^Mi, with 3 series of black ob- 
long longitudinal spots, beneath white. Swan River. From 
Mr. Dring's collection. 

h. Half-grown, in spirits. Back pale brown, scarcely spotted, be- 
neath white, with black edges to the scales. Swan River. 
From Mr. Dring's collection. 

. Temminck's Lygosoma. Lygosoma (?) Temminckii, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 727. Scincus Cuvierii, Mus. Leyd. 

Dull chesnut, with a narrow black streak on each side, l)eneath 
white ; chin and throat closely black spotted ; limbs short, weak ; 
toes rather short, stout, subcylindrical ; tail conical ; supraocular 
shields 4 ; ears large, circular, open, simple-edged ; nasal lateral, 
intevnasal lozenge-shaped, strongly truncated in front, frontona- 
sal nearly contiguous. 

Inhab. .^ Mus. Paris from Mus. Leyden, (1 specimen). 

Bougainville's Lygosoma. Lygosoma Bougainvillii, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 716. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 332. Scincus Bou- 
gainvillii, Cocteau., MSS. 

Ears veiy small, simple, partly covered by the ends of the tem- 
ple-scales above; preanal scales 2, very large; nasal plates large, 
contiguous, internasal very large. 

Inhab. New Holland. Mus. Paris, (1 specimen). 

9. Ristella, Gray. 

Muzzle conical. Supranasal ? Ears distinct, subor- 

bicular, sunken. Lower eyelid ? Body and tail elon- 

I 



86 EEPTILES. 

^ate, subcylindrical, the latter tapering: at the end. Legs 4, wealc, 
far apart. Toes 4-5, compressed, front very short, hinder unequal. 

Kurk's Ristella. Ristella Rurkii, Gray^ Ann. N. H. ii. 333. 

CrovtTi and hack pale hrown, shinino- ; scales 6-rowed, each of 
those in the 4 central rows with a black central spot, forminp: 4 
longitudinal series of spots; sides ashy, while- dotted : chin and 
belly white ; tail similar, but rather paler, nearly as long as the 
body. 

Inhab. N. India, Dr. Rurk. Mus. Fort Pitt, Chatham. 

10. Tetradactylus, Peron. Seps, Fitz., Weigm. 

Head subquadrangular. Nasal plates lateral, nearly contigu- 
ous, supranasals none, frontoparietal ? Tongue flat, scaly, 

nicked at the tip. Teeth conical, simple. Palate toothless, slight- 
ly notched behind. Ears distinct, partly covered by the scales in 
Iront of it. Occipital plates none. Lower eyelid with a transpa- 
rent disk. Body elongate, cylindrical, sides rounded. Scales 
smooth. Legs 4, far apart, weak. Toes 4-4, subcylindrical, sim- 
ple, unequal, clawed, the first to the third gradually longer, fourth 
short, low down. Tail elongate, conical, pointed, with a central 
series of rather broader scales beneath. The 2 central preanal 
scales largest. 

This genus differs from Chiamela in having no supranasal, and 
in having a distinct external thumb-like toe to the hind foot. 

The Tetradactylus. Tetradactylus Decresiensis, Peron, 
Mus. Paris. Cuv. R. A. ii. 64. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 333. Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 764. Diet. 
Sci. Nat. Add. t.f. 3. Seps Peronii, Fiiz. 52. Chiamela Du- 
vaucellii. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 333. 

Dark brown, with series of black spots, the central series the 
broadest ; scales of the under side pale edged. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Kangaroo Island. From the Paris Museum. 

11. Hemiergis, Wagler. Tridactylus, Peron, not Xacf/?. 
Zygnis, part, Fitzinger. Seps, part, Cuvier. 

Head conical. Nasals lateral, large, rhombic, nearly contigu- 
ous, supranasals none, 2 frontoparietals and interparietal similar 
in size. Lower eyelid with a transparent disk. Tongue scaly, 
nicked. Teeth simple, conical. Palate toothless, slightly notched 
behind. Ears exposed. Body elongate, cylindrical, sides round- 
ed. Scales smooth. Limbs 4, far apart, weak. Toes 3-3, simple, 
subcylindrical, clawed, the middle one rather longest, the inner 
shortest. Tail conical, pointed, with a central series of very broad 
scales beneath. The 2 central preanal scales rather larger. 



LIZARDS. 87 

The Tridactyle. Hemiergis Deci-esiensis, Wagler, Si/s. 160. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v, 766. Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. 
t. Tridactyliis Decresiensis, Peron, Mus. Par. Cuv. R. A. ii. 

64. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 333. Fitz. Class. 53. 

Back olive, with 2 lines of small indistinct black spots and a 
broad black streak on each side, extending to the tip of the tail, 
beneath yellowish. 

a. In spirits. Swan River, 

12. Chelomeles, Dum. et Bib. 

Muzzle conical. Nostrils lateral, in the middle of a nasal 
shield. Supranasal none, 2 frontoparietal and interparietal simi- 
lar in size. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at the end. Palate not 
toothed, notched behind, without any central groove. Teeth co- 
nical, simple. Ears very small, hidden under the scales. Lower 
eyelid with a transparent disk. Body cylindrical, elongate. Scales 
smooth, of the under side larger. Legs 4, far apart. Toes 2-2, 
subcylindrical, simple, unequal, clawed. Tail elongate, conical, 
acute. 

The Four-lined Chelomele. Chelomeles quadrilineatus, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 774. Gray, in Grey, Austr. ii. 428. Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Fulvous, with 4 longitudinal black lines, 2 in the middle and 
1 on each side of the back ; beneath whitish, scales grey-edged. 

a. In spirits. W. Australia, Houtman's Abrolhos. From Mr. 
• Gilbert's collection. 



■\^ Toes short, thick, cylindrical. 

13. Omolepida. Cyclodus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head 4-sided, rounded in front. Nasal ovate, oblique, sub- 
anterior, nearly contiguous, with the round nostril in the centre, 
without any curved groove behind. Supranasal none. Rostral 
triangular, erect. Frontonasal and frontoparietal separate, mode- 
rate, contiguous, frontal and interparietal distinct, parietal elon- 
gated. Orbit with a series of small shields beneath. Temple 
shielded. Ear oblong, simple-edged, deep. Lower eyelid with a 
series of larger scales. Body and tail subcylindrical, elongate. 
Scales 6-sided, smooth, of the under side thinner. Limbs 4, short, 
moderate. Toes 5-5, cylindrical, rather short, subequal Tail 
elongate, with 3 series of rather larger broad scales beneath. 

M. Bibron arranged this genus with Cyclodus, but it differs from 
it in the nasal shield being quite flat, without any groove behind 
the nostrils, and the scales smooth and thin. 

I 2 



88 REPTILES. 

The Omolepide. Omolepida Casiiarince. Cyclodus Casiia- 
rinag, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 749. Gray, in Grey Trav. Atistr. ii. 
423. Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. t. 15,/. 3. Keneux de la Casua- 
rine, Coct. Tab. 

Olive green, varied with black interrupted cross bands formed 
of the hack edges of the scales, beneath grey white, with black 
edges to the scales. 

a. In spirits. V. D. Land. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
6, c. In spirits. V. D. Land. Presented by the Admiralty, from 

the Antarctic Expedition, 
rf, e. In spirits. V. D. Land. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

14. PoDOPHis, Weigm. Lygosoma, part, Gray^ Dum. et Bib. 
Chalcida, Meyen. Mabouya, part, Fitz. 

Head subquadrangular. Nasal lateral, triangular, nearly ap- 
proximating, supranasal none, frontoparietal single, interparietal 
triangular, parietals 2, oblique, large. Ears very small, nearly 
hidden under the skin. Lower eyelid scaly, with a cross series of 
larger scales. Body and tail elongate, subcylindrical. Scales 
smooth, of the under side rather larger. Limbs 4, very far apart, 
weak, shcnt. Toes 5-5, short, thick, subequal, cylindrical, clavved. 
Tail cylindrical. Scales of the under side similar to those of the 
belly. ' 

The PoDOPHis. Podophis Chalcides, Lacerta Chalcides, 
Linn. S. N. i. 369. Anguis quadrupes, Linn. S. N. i. 390. 
Lacep. Q. O. i. 437. Lacerta serpens, Block, Naturf. ii. 28, t. 2. 
Meyer, Syfi. Rept. SI. Gray, Zool. Journ. iii. 228. Lygosoma 
aurata. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 72. L. brachypoda, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 721. Scincus brachypus, Schn. Amph, ii. 192. 
Seps pentadactylus, Daud. Rept. iv. 325. Lacerta abdomiualis, 
Thunb. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 332. Tiliqua deVosmaer, Coct. Tab. 

Frontal plate oblong, frontoparietal plate single; last range of 
of preanal scales largest. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Java. From the Leyden Museum. 

d. Supranasal plates none. Body and tail cylindrical, elongate. 

Limbs rudimentary or ivanting. Rostral rather produced and 

depressed in front. Frontonasal rudimentary, the inter nasal and 

frontal being separated by a broad straight suture. Head half 

conical. 

1^. SiAPHOS, Gray. Peromeles, Weigm. Tetradactylus, 

Dum, et Bib. 

Head rather depressed, half conical. Supranasal none. Ros- 
tral rather produced but rounded in front. Nasal triangular, ob- 
lique, lateral, internasal truncated behind, frontonasal none, fron- 



LIZAEDS. 89 

tal large, truncated in front, 2 frontoparietal and interparietal 
similar in size. Body elongate, subcylindrical. Scales smooth. 
Legs 4, far apart, weak, short. Toes 3-3, very small, unequal, 
middle longest, the hinder outer smallest. Tail elongate, sub- 
cylindrical, tapering, with a central series of broader scales be- 
neath. The 2 central preanal scales larger. 

The SiAPHos. Siaphos equalis. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 72, 
Ann. N. H. iii. 334. Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Weigm. 
H. M. ii. vSeps equalis. Gray, Ann. Phil. x. 1825, 202. Anguis 
lacertina, E. W. Gray, B. Mus. 1804. Hemiergis Decresiensis, 
part, Diim. et Bib. E. G. v. 767. 

Pale olive ; sides of body and tail black, beneath white. 

a. In spirits, bleached. New Holland ? 

b. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

16. Rhodona, (rray. B-onh, Gray. BYaichjstO])us, Dum.et Bib. 

Muzzle rather wedgeshaped. Rostral rather depressed, round- 
ed in front. Frontoparietal plates 2. Nostril on the ridge in the 
middle of a large triangular nasal plate, which converge together 
in front. Supranasal none. Tongue flat, covered with granular 
papillae, nicked at the tip. Teeth blunt. Palate toothless, with 
a short posterior groove. Ears very small. Eyes small. Lower 
eyelid transparent. Body cylindrical, rather elongate. Scales 
smooth. Legs 4, far apart, the front pair simple, undivided, ta- 
pering, the hind pair divided into 2 unequal subcylindrical sim- 
ple clawed toes. Tail conical, pointed, with 3 or 5 series of larger 
scales beneath. 

The Dotted Rhodona. Rhodona punctata, Gray, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 335. Brachystopus lineapunctulatus, " A. Smith, i^i^S'S'." 
31us. Chat. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 779. Ronia catenulata, Gray 
in Grey Trav. Aust. ii. 426, 437, t. 4,/. 1. 

Greyish silvery, with 6 or 8 series of small black specks, one in 
the centre of each scale, beneath white. 

a, b. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's 
collection. 

c—f. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection. 

17. SoRiDiA, Gray. Praepeditus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head wedge-shaped. Muzzle half conic. Rostral convex 
above, sharply keeled in front. Frontoparietals and interparietal 
united into a single triangular plate, internasal and frontal broad, 
separated by a broad straight suture. Nostrils lateral, in the mid- 
dle of a triangular oblique nasal, supranasal none. Tongue scaly. 
Ears hidden under the skin. Body cylindrical. Scales smooiii. 

i3 



90 REPTILES. 

Legs 2, posterior, simple, undivided. Tail cylindrical, with scales 
like the helly below. Preanal shields 2, large. Australia, (not S. 
Africa, as supposed by M. Bihron). 

The LiNEATED SoRiDiA. Soridia lineata, Gray, Ann. N. H. 
ii. 336. Grey, Trav. in Austr. ii. 428, t. 3,/, 2. Proepeditus liue- 
atus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 788. 

Silvery grey, with 2 very narrow black longitudinal lines, and 
a broad black streak on each side, beneath white, black-spotted. 

a—/. Adult, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's 
collection. 

g — i. Adult, in spirits, W. Australia, From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection, 

j. Adult, in spirits. Tail double. W. Australia. From Mr. 
Gilbert's collection. 

e. Supranasal plates 2. Body fusiform. Tail tapering. 

18. Plestiodon, Dum. et Bib. Euprepis, part, Cocteau. 

Head subquadrangular, Supranasal 1 pair, transverse, conti- 
guous. Nostril in the middle of an oblong scale, often divided 
by a suture above and below the nostril, as if in the middle be- 
tween two scales. Frontoparietal 2, contiguous. Palate vvith a 
central slit, widened at its front end and toothed behind. Low- 
er eyelid scaly, with a cross series of larger scales. Body fusi- 
form. Scales smooth, large, transverse. Toes 5-5, compressed, 
keeled, slightly serrated beneath, sometimes with 2 or 3 rounded 
tubercles at the base. Palms and soles unequally warty. Tail 
lather compressed, tapering. The 2 central preanal scales larger. 

In some of the Sj)ecies the nasal appears to be formed of two 
plates soldered togetb.er, with the nostril in the suture. Some- 
limes the front portion is much the largest, triangular, as in P. 
auratus, and may be mistaken for a second supranasal plate. 

* A small scale between the nasal and loreal. Plestiodon. 

f Ear tubercled in front. Nostril posterior, ivith a small triangular 

space in front of it. 

The Broad-head Plestiodon. Plestiodon laticeps, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 705 Scincus laticeps, Schn. Amph. 189. Daud. 
Rept. iv, 301, S. ervthroce{)halus, GilliuTris, Journ. Acad. N. S. 
P. t. 18,/. 2. Holb. N. Am. Herp. ii. t. 22. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 
292. S. Americanus, Harlan, Med. and Phys. Reg. 138. Eupre- 
pis de Petiver, Cod. Tab. The Scoi^pion, Lawson, Carolina. 

Back fulvous, head reddish ; ears large, oblong, with a series 
of oblong oblique tubercles in front; temples smooth, swollen, co- 
vered with large shields ; toes short, edged beneath with 3 or 4 
rounded tubercles at the base ; 2 central preanal shields longer ; 
nasoloreal plate distinct square. 



LIZAKDS. 91 

a. Adult, in spirits. North America. Presented by E. Double- 

day, Esq. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Head bruised. N. America. Presented by 

Dr. K. Harlan. 

c. Adult in spirits. Head bruised. W. Indies. 

Tiliqua similis, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. 

d. Half-grown ? in spirits. Back with 4 dark streaks. N. Ame- 
rica. 

Scincus tristatus, Daud. Rept. iv. 290. — Bosc. N. Hist. H. 
N. xvii. 524, t. 15, f. 2. Plesliodon quinquelineatum, var. A. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 707. Euprepes de Bosc, Coct. Tab. 
Scincus trilineatus, Schneid. Amph. ii. 202 .?? Scincus bicolor, 
Harlan, J. Acad. N. S. Phil. iv. 286, ^ 18, /. 1. Tiliqua 
Sloauii, Grai/, Ann. N. H. ii. Scincus quinquelineatus, Hol- 
brook, N. Amer. Herpet, iii. 39, t. 6. 

-f-j- Ear denticulated in front. Nasal shield oblong. 

The Blue-tail. Plestiodon quinquelineatum. Lacerta quin- 
quelineata, Linn. S. N. i. 366. Dand. Rept. iv. 272, t. 55, /. 1. 
Lac. fasciata, Linn. S. N. i. 369. Holbrook, N. Amer. Herpet. iii. 
43, t. 7. Euprepis de Catesby, Coct. Tab. E. Lynxe, Weigm. 
H. Mex. i. 36. Le Queue Bleue, Lacep. Q. O. i. 360. Catesby, 
Carol, ii. 67. Petiver, Mus. t. \,f. 1. Fauna Japon. 49, t. \,f. 1 — 4, 
P. quinquelineatum, var. /3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 707. 

Black or brown, with 5 white streaks, the middle one forked 
in front ; ears with several small lobules in front ; nasoloreal plate 
distinct, square. 

a — d. In spirits. N. America. Presented by E. Doubleday, Esq. 

e. In spirits. N. America. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 
/, g. Young, in spirits. N. America. From Mr. Drummond's 

collection. 
h. In spirits. N. Holland. 
i — 0. In spirits. Japan. From the Leyden Museum. . 

* No small shield betiveen the nasal and loreal shields. 

f Ear strongly toothed in front. Nasal shield broad in front. 
Nostril central, with a triangular space rather above it, (an up- 
per nasal P J Cyprius. 

The Cyprius. Plestiodon auratus. Lacerta Cyprius, Aldrov. 
Quad. i. 660. Scincus Cyprius, Cuv R. A. ii. 62. S. auratus, 
Schn. Amph. ii. 176. S. Schneiderii, Daud. Rept. iv. 291. Geoff. 
Rept. Egypt, t. 3,/. 3. S. Cepedii, 3Ierr. Tent. 74. Le Dora, 
Lacep. Q. O. i. 384, t. 25. Anolis gigantesque, Geoff. Rept. Egypt, 
t. 3,f. 3. Euprepis de Geoffroy, Coct. Tab. Plestiodon Aldro- 
vandii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 701. 



92 REPTILES. 

Brown or fulvous, red spotted ; ears vertical, ovate, with seve- 
ral large lobules in front ; plirenonasal plates wanting, the front 
upper labial short, obliquely truucaled above (for the nasal) ; toes 
with convex cross plates beneath. 

a. Young, in spirits, bleached. North Africa ? 

ff Ears simple. Nostrils in the middle of an oblong longitudinal 

shield. Euprepis. 

The Chinese Plestiodon. Plestiodon pulchrum, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. v. 710. Tiliqua pulchra. Gray, Brit. Mus. (not II- 
lust. Ind. Zool.) Tiliqua de Gray, Coct. Tab. 

Black, back with 7 alternately broad and narrow white streaks, 
sides white-spotted, beneath white ; ears simple ; temples flat, 
shielded, 2 frontoparietal and the interparietal nearly of the same 
size. 

a. In spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

Bell's Plestiodon. Plestiodon Bellii. 

Blackish, with 3 broad dark-edged white streaks, raost distinct 
in the fore part of the back, the central one simple in front ; sides 
with a broad black streak in front ; no small uaso-loreal shield ; 
ears simple in front; nasal plate oblong, 4-sided. 

a. In spirits, wants the tail. ? Presented by Thomas 

Bell, Esq. 

The Chinese Plestiodon. Plestiodon Chineusis. Tiliqua 
Chinensis, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 289. P. Sinense, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 704. Euprepis d' Hardwick, Coct. Tab. Hardiv. Icon, 
ined. B. M. t. Tiliqua rufoguttata. Cantor^ Ann. N. H. 1842, 
(spec. Mus. Ind. Comp.) 

Greenish, sides and tail varied and spotted with brown ; ears 
vertical, ovate, with some very small lobes in front ; nasoloreal 
plates none, nasal shield oblong 4 -sided. 

a. In spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

19. EuMECES. Eumeces, part, Weigmann, Dum. et Bib. 

Head short, su])qiiadrangular. Muzzle conical, rounded. 
Frontoparietal 2, approximate. Nostrils lateral. Nasal oblong, 
with nostrils in the middle of its upper edge, supernasals 2, sub- 
contiguous. Lower eyelid scaly, with a cross band of larger scales. 
Palate with a very slight triangular notch behind, not toothed. 
Ears large, circular, with 2 or 3 small lobes in front. Body rather 
elongate, subcylindrical. Limbs strong. Toes b-b, beneath warty. 
Tail elongate, rounded, subcompressed. Scales smooth, moderate 
sized. Preanal scales equal, larger. 



LIZARDS. 93 

The EuMECEs. Eumeces Oppelii, Dum. et Bih. E. G. v. 657. 
Scincus fasciatus and S. annulatus, Oppel, MSS. Mus. Paris. 
S. elongatus, Bote, MSS. Mus. Lei/d. 

Fulvous, with brown cross bands ; scales brown-edged. 

a. Adult, in spirits. New Guinea. From the Leyden Museum. 

20. Otosaurus. Eumeces, part, Dum. et Bih. 
Le Keneux, part, Cocteau. 

Head short, thicli. Muzzle conical, rounded. Frontoparie- 
tal single or 2 separate. Nostrils hueral. Nasal oblong, 4-sided, 
supernasal 2, contiguous. Lower eyelid scaly, with a cross series 
of larger scales. Occipital plates none. Palate with a triangular 
nick behind, toothless. Ears large, circular. Body fusiforai. 
Limbs strong. Toes 5-5, compressed. Tail conical, compressed. 
Scales smooth, very small, very numerous, and closely imbricate, 
the preanal rather larger. 

* Ears tubercular infrorit. Ei/ehrow plates 5-5. 

The Otosaure. Otosaunis microlepis. Eumeces microlepis, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 659. Keneux de Gaimard, Coct. Tab. 660. 

Fulvous or brown, beneath whitish ; the anterior loreal plate 
small, triangular, the frontoparietal single, hexagonal, interparie- 
tal very small, obtusely triangular; superciliary shields 5 on each 
side; ears large, circular, with several small tubercles on the front 
edge. 

Inhab. Tongataboo. jMus. Paris, 2 specimens. 

■** Ears simple in front, drum superficial. Ei/eh row -plates 7-7. 

Cuming's Otosaure. Otosaurus Cumingii. 

Brown, with black interrupted cross bands, sides black above, 
with yellow oblique cross bands, beneath pale yellow, throat black- 
spotted ; ears large, oblong, simple in front; drum nearly superfi- 
cial ; eyebrow shields 7-7, transverse, the front one triangular, 
hinder small ; the first loreal shield square, nearly as large as the 
second, frontoparietal plates separate, the interparietal as large 
as the former, obtusely trigonal. 

a, b. Half grown, in spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. 

This species has much the appearance of Hinulia ncevia, p. 75, 
but is easily known by the two large supranasals. 

21. Maj30uya, Eitz. Spondylurus, Fitz. Euprepis, part, Wagler. 

Eumeces, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head subquadrangular. Muzzle conical. Frontoparietal 
double, or 2 united into 1. Nostril lateral, near the hinder edge 



94 



REPTILES. 



of the nasal shield, supranasal 2. Lower eyelid with a transpa- 
rent disk. Palate not toothed, with a triangular notch behind. 
Ears moderate, open, simple. Body fusiform. Limbs 4, mode- 
rate. Toes 5-5, elongate. Scales smooth. Tail conical, acute. 
Preanal scales subequal. 

* Frontoparietal plates separate. 
t Transparent disk of eyelid rather posterior. Internasal discoidal. 

Sloane's Mabouya. Mabouya Sloanei. Scincus Sloanei, 
Daud. R. iv. 287, t. 55, /. 2. Pr. Max. Ahhild. t. Sloane, Jam. 
ii. 332, t. 273, /. 5. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 639. Scincus Ei- 
chardii, Coct. Miis. Par. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. 

Back with 4 black streaks from the end of the muzzle, 2 mid- 
dle extending to the middle of the body, and the side ones to above 
the thighs ; the internasal plate half discoidal, frontonasal 5-sided, 
contiguous, frontal elongated behind, frontoparietal and interpari- 
etal equal-sized; ears moderate, simple; tail rounded; preanal 
scales moderate, equal. 

Inhab. Jamaica. Mus. Paris. 

ff Transparent disk of the eyelid central. Internasal rhombic. 

The Two-lined Mabouya. Mabouya agilis, Fitz. Rept. 32. 
Scincus agilis, Raddi, Soc. Ital. xix. 62. S. bistriatus and S. ni- 
gropunctatus, Spix, Braz. 23, t. 26, f 1,2. Tiliqua Spixii, Coct. 
Tab. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 642, (not syn. Gray). Tiliqua albo- 
labris. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. 

Bronze, black-dotted, with a white-edged black streak on each 
side ; internasal plate rhombic, as long as broad, the front part of 
the frontal with 2 sides ; ear moderate, slightly covered above 
with the scales of the temple ; soles of feet with flat subequal tu- 
bercles ; eyes small, 

a. In spirits. Tropical America. 

b. In spirits. Jamaica, " in holes in rocks." Presented by R. 

He ward, Esq. 

c. In spirits, bleached. 

The Bronzed Mabouya. Mabouya asnea. Tiliqua senea. 
Gray, Griffith. A. K. ix. 70. Ann. N. H. ii. 292. Scincus laevi- 
gatus, Guilding, MSS. 

Bronzed, black-spotted, w'ith a broad black streak on each side, 
edged above and below by a narrow interrupted white streak ; in- 
ternasal plate rhombic, broader than long, frontal shield with 2 
angles in front, acute in the middle ; ears moderate, slightly co- 
vered above by the end of the temple-scales; eyes large. 

a. In spirits. W. Indies. 

b. In spirits. St. Vincent's. From the Rev. L. Guilding's col- 

lection. 



LIZARDS. 95 

The Mabouya. Mabouya Cepedii. Scincus Mabouya, Coct. 
Mus. Par. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 647, not syn. Tiliqua Cepe- 
dii, Coct. Tab. 

Bronzed, black-dotted, with a broad black streak on each side 
and a pale streak from the lip under the ear to the shoulder ; the 
internasal plate rhombic, rather broader than long, the front end 
of the frontal truncated so as to have 6 sides ; the ears moderate, 
slightly covered with the temple-scales above. 

a. In spirits. Brazils. 

The Indian Mabouya. Mabouya elegans. 

Olive brown, back with 6 narrow brown streaks of close dots, 
and with a broad silveiy streak on each side, sides brown, tail pale 
brown, uniform; legs with series of minute brown dots ; fronto- 
parietal and interparietal plates distinct, pale-edged, frontal plate 
broad, very short in front, internasal rather broader than long, su- 
pranasal triangular, contiguous, frontonasal lateral, separate; ears 
small, round, simple-edged. 

a. Young, in spirits. India. Presented by Joseph Wright, Esq. 

Like Riopa HarduickU, p. 96, but fusiform, and the pale 
streaks are wider apart. 

** Frontoparietal plate single, (2 united). Emoia. 
•j- Interpanetal plate distinct from the frontoparietal. 

The Black-sided Emo. Mabouya atrocostatus. Scincus atro- 
costatus, Lesson, Voy. Cog. ii. 50, t. 4,/. 3. Tiliqua Freycinetii, 
Coct. Tab. Dum. et^ Bib. E. G. v. 648. 

Bronzed, black-dotted, sides black, white-dotted ; the interpa- 
rietal plate distinct; the ^scales under the toes broad, smooth; pre- 
anal scales moderate ; ears with a solitary scale in front. 

Inhab. Isle Yanicoro and Oualan. Mus. Paris. 

Carteret's Emo. Mabouya Carteretii. Eumeces Carteretii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 651. 

Chocolate brown, beneath white ; interparietal shield distinct ; 
scales on the toes very narrow, numerous; ears moderate, circular, 
\n\\\ a free produced scale in front. 

Inhab. New Ireland. Mus. Paris, 1 spec. 

If Interparietal plate united to the frontoparietal. 

Baudin's Emo. Mabouya Baudinii. Eumeces Baudinii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 653. 

Back brown bronzed, sides of the neck and body black, white- 
dotted, sides black and white dotted ; the interparietal plate want- 
ing ; ears large, circular, simple in front. 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Paris, 3 specimens. 



96 REPTILES. 

The Emo. Mabouya cyanura. Scincus cyanurus, Lesson^ 
Voy. Coq. ii. 49, t. 4,f. 2. Graj/, Ann. N. H. ii.*28. S. celesti- 
nus, Mus. Lei/d. Eumeces Lessonii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. \. 654. 
Tiliqua Lessoiiii, and T. Keenii, Coct. Tab. 

Black, with 3 golden streaks, middle broadest from the end of 
the nose, beneath greenish bronze ; the interparietal plate want- 
ing ; ears suboval, partly covered above by the end of the temple 
scales ; nasal small, nostril large, as if in the centre of 3 nasal 
plates ; tail tapering. 

a — c. In spirits. Molncca. From the Leyden Museum. 
rf, e. In spirits. New Guinea. From MM. Quoy and Gaimard, 
Mus. Paris. 

f. Supranasal 2. Body and tail subcylindrical^ elongate. Limbs 
4, shorty weak, or rudimentary. 

22. RioPA, Gray. Eumeces, B. Weigmann. Eumeces, part, 

Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical. Muzzle rounded in front. Rostral erect. 
Frontoparietal shields double, interparietal distinct. Nostrils la- 
teral, near the hinder edge of the nasal plate, supranasals 2, con- 
tiguous. The lower eyelid with a transparent disk. Palate not 
toothed, with a triangular notch behind. Ears small, circular, 
drum sunken. Body elongate, cylindrical. Scales smooth. Limbs 
very short, weak. Toes b-b, short, unequal, with a series of com- 
pressed tubercles beneath, palm and soles equally granular. Tail 
elongate, cylindrical. 

The Dotted Riopa. Riopa punctata, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 
332. Seba, ii. t. 12,/. 16. Weigm. H. M. 36. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 634. Lacerta punctata, Linn. Mus. Ad. 46. S. N. i. 369. L. 
interpunclata, Gmelin, S. N. i. 1075. Seps scincoides, Cuv. R. 
yl. ii. 64. Lygosoma punctata, Gray, Cn^^/i, ^. A', ix. "Tili- 
qua Cuvieri, and T. Duvaucellii," Coct. Scincus bilineatus, Daud. 
Rept. iv. 256. Le Double Raie, Lacep. Q. O. i. 408. 

Fulvous or brown, with 4 series of black dots, the 2 central 
series largest, and a pale streak on each side, beneath silvery ; the 
cheeks, sides and limbs with series of black s})ots; preanal scales 
subequal ; ear simple in front ; tail thick, with lines of spots above 
and below. 
a. Adult, in spirits, tail broken. India. 

Hardwicke's Riopa. Riopa Hardwickii. 

Pale brown, back with a broad pale streak on each side, edged 
above with a series of very minute dark dots, sides brown, the dor- 
sal streak 2 series of scales wide, sides brown, with some indistinct 
white lines; feet short, toes short; tail slender, cylindrical, uni- 
form pale brown. 

a. Young? in sjiirits. India. Presented hy Gen. Hardwicke. 



LIZARDS. 97 

Ruppell's Riopa. Riopa? Ruppellii, Gray^ Ann. N. H. ii. 
332. Seps scincoides, 3Ius. Franc f. not Cuvier. 

Pale olive, silvery, very finely punctated, with a whitish streak 
on each side, edged beneath with a dark line, beneath whitish ; 
supranasal shields .^ 

Inhab. Arabia Petrea. Mus. Francfort. 

See Ly.afosoma a grosse queue, H. ^' /. Voy. a Pol Sud, Saur. 
t. 2,/. 1, not described. 

23. Hagria, Gray. Campsodactylus, Dum. et Bib. 

Muzzle conical. Nostrils lateral. Nasal shields separate, su- 
pranasal 2, contiguous, frontonasal small, lateral, not contiguous, 
frontal large. Eyebrow shields 4-4. Frontoparietal single, trian- 
gular, nicked behind, interparietal moderate. Tongue flat, scaly, 
nicked. Teeth conical, simple. Palate not toothed, slightly nick- 
ed behind. Lower eyelid with a central transparent disk. Ears 
small, oblong, with simple edges. Body elongate, sides rounded. 
Scales smooth. Legs 4, short, far apart, weak. Toes 5-4, subcy- 
lindrical, unequal, simple, clawed. Tail conical, pointed. 

The Hagria. Hagria Vosmaerii, Gray^ Atm. N. H. ii. 333. 
Scincus Vosmaerii, Coct. MSS. (fide Mus.' Paris). Campsodac- 
tylus Lamarrei, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 762. Lacerta Chalcides, 
Hardwicke., Icon. ined. Brit. Mm. t. 115. 

Body and tail above and below with alternate brown and yel- 
low narrow streaks, equal in number to the series of scales ; head 
brown. 

Inhab. India, Bengal. Mus. Paris. 

24. Chiamela, Gray. 

Head subquadrangular. Nasal lateral, 4-sided, separate, su- 
pranasals 2, band-like, transverse, contiguous, frontonasal lateral, 
frontoparietal single, interparietal large, triangular, parietal ob- 
lique. Lower eyelid with a central transparent disk. Ears small, 
oblong, nearly hidden under the scales. Body and tail elongate, 
subcylindrical. Limbs 4, w'eak, far apart. Toes 4-4, subcylin- 
drical, elongate, clawed, the first hinder very short, the second and 
third gradually longer, the third and fourth equal and longest. 

This genus difi'ers from Tetradactylus in its being the large 
thumb-like outer toe that is deficient, and not, as in that genus, 
where that toe is well developed, whilst it is the smaller inner toes 
that are wanting. 

Hardw^icke's Chiamela. Chiamela lineata, Gray^ Ann. N. 
H, ii. 333. 

Golden brown, with longitudinal black lines, one in the centre 
of each series of scales ; head brown, shields pale-edged. 

a. Young, in spirits, India. k 



98 reptiles. 

25. Senira. 

H%ad depressed. Rostral triangular. Nostrils large, lateral, 
occupying nearly the whole of tlie small oblong nasals ; supra- 
nasal large, contiguous, frontonasal moderate, approximate, 
frontoparietals 2, moderate, interparietal triangular. Eyes small, 

lower eyelid with a transparent disk. Tongue .'* Body 

cylindrical, elongate. Scales smoolh. Limhs 4, very short, stout, 
very far apart. Toes 5-5, thick, rounded, clawed, front very short, 
suhequal, hinder short, unequal, third and fourth longest, nearly 
equal. Tail round, elongated, tapering. 

The Senira. Senira hicolor. 

Black, lower part of sides and beneath white ; young above 
whitish, with interrupted black slveaks ; rostral, supranasal, naso- 
loreal and upper labial shields rather swollen. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Back deep black, sides and beneath white, 

limbs black-spotted in lines, Philippine Islands. From Mr. 

Cuming's collection. 
bf c. Half-grown. Pale, back with rows of black spots, one on each 

scale, sides and legs black-spotted, a band of spots from the 

eye to over the ear. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 

collection. 
(L Adult, like a, but the tail more tapering, and with some of the 

scales of the tail showing indistinct indications of 3 keels. 

Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

26. liRACHYMEhES, Dum. et Bib. Cuminia, Grai/. 

Nostril lateral. Nasal very small, separate, subanterior. Su- 
pranasal triangular, nearly contiguous, frontoparietal double, in- 
terparietal triangular. Tongue flat, slightly nicked, covered with 
circular convex pajtillae. Palate not toothed, with a large trian- 
gular nick. Ears hidden under the skin. Lower eyelid trans- 
parent. Body cylindrical, rather elongate. Sides rounded. 
Limbs 4, rudimentaiy, short, front truncated, with 2 veiy short 
claws, the hinder rather tapering, undivided. Tail conical. 
Scales smooth. Teeth simple, conical. 

The Brachymeles. Brachymeles Bonitae, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 777. Cuminia, Gray, Syn. B. M. Ed. 42, 110. 
Dark brown. 

o, h. Adult and young. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. 



LIZARDS. 99 

g. Supranasals 4 or 6. Bodj/ and tail suhci/lindrical, elongate. 
Limbs 2 or none. Scales placed in transverse lines on the back, 
and in oblique ones on the sides. 

27. Ophiodes, Wagler. Pygodactylus, Fitz.^ Wagler. 
Pygopus, Spix. Bipes, part, Cuvier. 

Nostrils lateral, in the middle of a small nasal shield. Supra- 
nasal 4, transverse, contiguous. Tongue granular in front, velvet- 
like behind, end nicked. Lower eyelid scaly. Palate toothless, 
with a longitudinal groove. Teeth conical, simple. Ears very 
small, covered with the scales. Body cylindrical, sides rounded. 
Scales striated, when without the epidermis, with 3 or 4 divergent 
central lines. Legs 2, posterior, short, flattened, undivided, point- 
e(L Tail conical, pointed. 

The tongue and scales are like Diploglossm. 

The Cariococca. Ophiodes striatus, Wacjler, Isis, xxi. 1828, 
740. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v, 789. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 73. 
Ann. N. H. ii. 334. Pygopus striatus, Spix, Braz. 25, t. 28, f. 1. 
P. cariococca, Spix, Braz. t. 28, /. 2, (young). Seps fragilis, 
Raddi. Pygodactylus Gronovii, Fitz. Class. 53, not Merrem. 
Pseudopus 0\fex'\\,Licht. Bipes lineata, Mus. Paris, 

Pale, hack with 2 hrown uarrow lines ; sides brown, dark-edged 
above; lips white-spotted. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Brazils. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Pale olive, ^vith 3 or 4 darker streaks 

on each side. Brazisl. Presented by T. Bell, Esq. 

c. Stuffed. Brazils. Presented by Mrs. Parker. 

28- Anguis, Zi/iw. Otophis, Fi^s-.? Siguana, Gmy.^ 

Dorfia, Gray? 

Head conical, 4-sided, blunt. Nostril lateral, in the centre of 
a small ring-like nasal plate. Supranasal 4, contiguous, fronto 
and interparietal united into one shield. Tongue partly granular 
and partly velvet-like, nicked at the end. Teeth long, acute. Pa- 
late not toothed, with a longitudinal groove. Ears very small, 
linear, generally hidden under the scales, near the angle of the 
mouth. Lower eyelid scaly, opaque. Body cylindrical, elongate. 
Legs none, bones hidden under the skin. Tail elongate. Scales 
smooth, subverticillate, of the back, belly and tail 6-sided, of the 
sides of the body oblong, 4-sided, oblique, subimbricate, the lower 
part of the upper series being covered by the upper part of those 
of the series below them. Sometimes ovoviviparous, Edinb. Phil. 
Journ. i. 374. 

k2 



100 REPTILES. 

M. Bibron observes that the genus Siguana (Otophis, Fitz.) 
only depends on the accident of the ear being sometimes more ex- 
posed. I have unfortunately not the opportunity of verifying the 
accuracy of this remark. I have placed Dorfia in this genus, un- 
til 1 can again examine the specimen. 

The Blind Worm. Anguis fragilis, Linn. S. N. i. 392. 
Daud. Rept. vii. t. 87, f. 2. Guerin, Icon. t. 17, f. 2. Gray, Ann. 
N. H. ii. 334. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 792. A. Eryx, Linn. S. N. 
i. 262. Daud. Rept. viii. 337. A, lineata, Laiir. Si/n. Rept. 68, 
178, t. 5,/. 2. A. clivica, Tmw. Daud. Rept. vii. 281. A. bico- 
lor, Risso, E. M. iii. 89. A. incerta, Kri/nick, Bull. Mosq. 52, t. 1. 
A. cinereus, Risso, E. 31. iii. 88. Siguana Otlonis, Gray, Grif- 
fith, A. K. ix. 74 ? Ann. N. H. ii. 334 ? Otophis Eryx, Fitz. 
Verz. Ceecilia, Gesner, Serp. 36,/. 9. C. vulgaris, Aldrov. Serp. 
xi. 243, f. C. typhlus, CharL Exer. 31. C. anglica, Pet. Mus. 
ii. Rai/, St/n. L' Orvet, Lacep. Q. O. ii 430, t. 19, f. 1. Blind 
Worm, Penn. B, Z. t. 4. Hazelworm, Van Lier. 

Silvery grey, sides darker, with a dark upper edge; young with 
a central longitudinal dorsal streak. 

a — c. Adult and young, in spirits, bleached. Europe. From Sir 

Hans Sloane's collection. 
d. Devonshire. Presented by Dr. W. E. Leach. 
e — i. Adult and young, in spirits. Aberdeen. Presented by Dr. 

Brine. 
j. Adult, in spirits, bleached. Europe. 

The Dorfia. Anguis? punctata. Dorfia punctata, 6* ray, 
Ann. N. H. ii. 334. 

Crown and back white ; nape with a central black streak end- 
ing in a line of spots ; cheeks, sides and beneath black ; lower 
lip white-dotted. 

Inhab. S. Africa, Cape of Good Hope ? Mus. Fort Pitt, 
Chatham. 

Russel's Blind Worm. Anguis ? melanosticta. Tortrix 
melanosticta, Merrem, Tent. 82. Russel, Ind. Serp. i. t. 42. 

Reddish pale brown, black-spotted ; end of tail grey, beneath 
white. 

Inhab. India. Quickly buries itself in the sand. "Palate 
toothed." 

II, Scales thick, bony, rugose, I- or more keeled, or closely longitu- 
dinally striated. Rostral rounded in front. Body fusiform. 
Limbs 4, generally strong. Toes 5-5 {rarely 4-5), compressed. 

C. Tail compressed, keeled above. Scales of the tail keeled, spinose. 
Head-shields rugose, closely applied to the shill. Temple shield- 
ed. Loiver eyelid scaly. Preanal plates feiv, large. Tympanum 
superficial. Tropidophorina. 



LIZARDS. 101 

29. Tribolonotus, Dum. et Bib. Zonurus, part, Schlegel. 

Head depressed, covered with plates quite soldered to the bone, 
spinose behind. Frontal and eyeln-ow shield distinct, more or less 
soldered. Palate not toothed. Tongue scaly. Nostrils lateral, 
in a single plate. Eyelids distinct, lower one scaly. Scales of 
the back bony, strongly spinose, of the belly rhombic, keeled. 
Toes 5-5, rather compressed, not keeled, beneath. Femoral pores 
none. Preanal plates 2, very large. Tail compressed, with 4 spi- 
nose keels above, and spinose on the sides above. 

The Tried LO NOTE. Tribolonotus Novae Guineee, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 366, t. 6. Zonurus N. GuineEe, Schlegel, Zonurus, 
19, t. l,f. 2. Gray, Ann. N. II. \, 388. 

Brown, whitish beneath. 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Leyden, (Mus. Paris). 

29. TROPiDOPH0RUs,Z>ttm. etBib. Tropidosaurus, Gray, not Boie. 

Leposoma, Cuvier, not Spix. 

Head squarish, with keeled rugose shields. Rostral erect, 
triangular. Nasal lateral, supranasal large, like the frontonasal, 
frontal and interparietal large, frontoparietals separate, small, in- 
temasal very small, triangular. Tongue scaly. Teeth compress- 
ed. Palate toothless, with a deep triangular notch behind. Lower 
eyelid with a band of large scales. Tympanum nearly superficial. 
Body fusiform, rather compressed. Scales of the back and upper 
part of the tail rhombic, keeled, spinose, of the throat and sides 
lozenge-shaped, keeled, of the belly roundish, 6-sided, smooth. 
Preanal shields 3, large, central triangular. Tail compressed, 
with 4 keels above, with moderate lozenge-shaped keeled scales on 
the sides, and a row of broader keeled scales beneath. Legs 4, 
strong. Toes 5-5, unequal, compressed, clawed. 

The Tropidophore. Tropidophorus Cocincinensis, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 556, t. 57, f. 1. Leposoma Cochincinensis, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 38. Tropidosaurus montanus, Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 35. T. Boiei, Cuv. MSS. Mus. Paris. 

Brown, with black cross bands. 

a — c. Adult, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr-. Cuming's 
collection. 

30. NORBEA. 

Head rather depressed, shields thick, even, granular. Rostral 
squarish, erect. Nasal square, lateral, supranasal none, interna- 
sal squarish, large, nicked behind, frontonasal lateral, distinct, 
frontal elongate, tapering behind, eyebrow-shields 4-4, large, the 
frontoparietals 2, small, contiguous, interparietal and parietals 

k3 



102 REPTILES. 

large, ratlier elongate. Temple covered with scales. Orbits gra- 
nular. Lower eyelid with a central series of larger scales. Tjtii- 
panum round, superficial. Body fusiform, rather depressed. 
Scales of the back roundish, 6-sided, keeled, the keels forming 
continued ridges, of the sides smooth, in oblique series, of the 
throat and under part similar but rather thinner. Preanal shields 
single, large, 4-sided. Tail elongate, tapering, compressed, above 
flattened, with 2 close series of keeled scales, with smooth scales 
on the sides, and a single series of ratlier larger scales beneath. 
Limbs 4, strong, rather short. Toes 5-5, compressed, unequal. 

The NoRBEA. Norbea Brookei. 

Dull blackish brown ; throat and beneath white. 

a. In spirits, Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. Belcher, 
C.B., KN. 

D. Tail round, tapering, rarely spinose, not keeled above. Scales 
thick, bony, rugose or 3- or 5-keeled, rarely smoothish. Drum 
of ear deep. Tiliquina. 

* Supranasal shields none. 

■\ Lower eyelid scaly. Toes 5-5, short, strong. Nostrils with a 
curved groove behind them. Teeth large. Preanal scales rather 
large. 

31. Trachvdosaurus, Gray. Trachysaurus, Weigm. 
Sibubolepis, Cocteau. Brachydactylus, A. Smith. 

Head pyramidical ; shields thick, convex. Nasal lateral, with 
a curved groove behind the nostril, nasoloreal small, supranasal 
none, intemasal rhombic, frontonasal large, contiguous, frontal 
and interparietal rather short, frontoparietal 2, moderate, parietal 
moderate. Occiput and temple shielded. Orbit surrounded by a 
series of small shields. Lower eyelid scaly. Teeth short, conic. 
Palate not toothed. Ears oblong, rather narrow. Body thick, 
fusiform, back rather flattened on each side. Scales thick, con- 
vex, rugose, imbricate, of the under side thinner, crenulated round 
the hinder edge. Limbs 4, very short, moderate. Toes 5-5, short 
subequal. Palms and soles granular. Tail short, convex, cover- 
ed with large convex scales, like the back above, rapidly tapering 
at the end. 

The Rugose Stump-tail. Trachydosaurus rugosus, Gray, 
King^s Voy. Austr. ii. 424. Ann. N. H. ii. 288. Waaler, Amjih. 
t. 36. Brachydactylus typicus, A. Smith, S. Afr. Quart. Jour. fig. 
young. Gray, Grey, Trav. Austr. ii. 423. Trachysaurus Peronii, 
Wagler, Syst. 163. " Scincus pachyurus, Peron, MSS.^^ Sibulo- 
lepis Coct. Tab. Sciiic. 



LIZARDS. 103 

Pale brown, with broad rather irregular yellow cross bands ; 
scales rather rugose ; interparietal plate 6-sided, longer than broad. 

a—c. Stuffed. W. Australia. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

d—f. Stuffed. Western Australia. 

(J. In spirits, not good state. W. Australia. Presented by Capt. 

P. P. King, E. N. 
h. In spirits. Houtman's Abrolhos. From Mr. Gilbert s collec- 
tion. 

The Spinose Stump-tail. Trachydosaurus asper, Gray^ 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. T. rugosus, Graij, Grey's 

Trav. Aust. ii. 428. 

Interparietal plate 6-sided, as broad as long ; scales very ru- 
gose ; dark brown, with yellow tips to some of the scales of the 
back and sides in the young, of the sides only in the adult. 

rt_c. Adult, stuffed. Adelaide, W.Australia. Presented by C. 

D. E. Fortnum, Esq. 
d. Half-grown, stuffed. Adelaide, W. Australia. Presented by 

C. D. E. Fortnum, Esq. 

32. Cyclodus, Wagler. Tiliqua, part, Fitz. 

Head square, rounded in front, head-shields thick, rather ru- 
gose. Nasal ovate, trigonal, rather anterior, contiguous. Nostril 
central, with a curved groove behind. Internasal rhombic, fron- 
tonasal 2, moderate, contiguous, frontal large, broad, frontoparie- 
tal 2 large or 4 small, interparietal distinct. Occiput and temple 
with polygonal shields. Orbit surrounded by a series of small 
shields. Lower eyelid scaly. Ear oblong, partly hidden, with a 
series of scales in front. Body fusiform, thick, elongate. Scales 
of the back 6-sided, rather convex, slightly rugose, with very ob- 
scure diverging central grooves, of the under side thinner, smooth. 
Limbs 4, short, strong. Toes 5-5, short, cylindrical, subequal. 
Claws short, thick. Tail subcylindrical, tapering, half the length 
of tbe body, covered with rather thicker scales than the back, with 
a central series of broad scales beneath. 

The Giant Cyclodus. Cyclodus gigas. Scincus gigas, 
Bodd. N. Act. Cur. vii. 5. Schn. Amph. 202. Daud. Rept. iv. 244. 
Tiliqua Whitii, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 158. Ann. N. H. ii. 288. 
Lacerta scincoides, Shaiv, Zool. t. 81. Nat. Misc. t. 179. White, 
Jour. 242, t. 30. S. crotaphomelas, Lacep. Ann. Mus. iv. 192. 
S. tubercatus, Merr. Tent. 73. Cyclodus flavigularis, Wagler, Ic. 
t. 6. Keneux de Boddaert, Coct. Tab. C. Boddcertii, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 752. 

Ears toothed ; face with a groove over the labial ; internasal 
shield broad, frontal long ; temporal plate neair the eye much lar- 
ger than the rest ; brown, darker on the sides, w^ith a dark streak 
before the orbit ; sides with 9 or 10 rather oblique cross bands. 



104 REPTILES. 

a. Adult, in spirits. N. Holland. Presented by Capt. White. 

L. scincoides, var. australis, Shaw, Brit. Mus. 
h. Advilt, stuffed. New Holland. 

c. Adult, stuffed. Port Essington. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

d. Half-grown, paler, stuffed. Port Essington. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 

e — h. Half-grown and young, stuffed, paler. V. D. Land. From 
Mr. Ronald Gunn's collection. 

y, n. Very young, in spirits. V. D. Land. Presented by Dr. Ri- 
chardson. 

The Black and Yellow Cyclodus. Cyclodus nigroluteus, 
Waglei\ Syst. 162. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 781. Scincus nigrolu- 
teus, Quoy, Voy. Uran. t.4\. Cuv. R. A. ii. 63. Gray^ Ann. N. H. 
ii. 290. Keneux de 1' Uranie, Coct. Tab. Scincus erucotis, Pe- 
ron, MSS. Mus. Paris, young. 

Black brown, with 2 rows of yellow spots on the back ; inter- 
nasal plate as long as broad, frontal short ; the temporal shields 
moderate, rather narrow, equal-sized. 

Var. 1. Blackish. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Australia. 

b. Half-grown, stuffed. Australia. 

i,j. In spirits. H. Abrolhos. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

k, I. In spirits. Frontoparietal shields 4 (2 pair), small. Austra- 
lia. Presented by the Admiralty, from the Antarctic Expedi- 
tion. 

m. In spirits. Frontoparietal shields 2, large. Australia. Pre- 
sented by the Admiralty, from the Antarctic Expedition. 

Var. 2. Paler, dark marbled, very like the young of C. yigas, 
but with small nearly equal-sized temporal scales. 

c — e. Half-grown, stuffed. Van Diemen's Land. From Mr. R. 
Gunn's collection. 

/ — h. Half-grown, stuffed. Australia. 

33. SiLUBOSAURUS. 

Head subquadrangular, rounded in front. Head-shields flat, 
thin, rather rugose. Nasal ovate, triangular, rather anterior, with a 
groove behind the nostril. Rostral triangular, erect. Supranasal 
none, internasal broad, frontonasal large, contiguous, frontal and 
interparietal small, frontoparietal and parietals moderate. Eye- 
brow shields 4-4. Temple scaly, no shield between the orbits and 
labial plates. Eyes rather small, lower lid scaly. Ears oblong, 
with 2 large scales in front. Body fusiform, roundish, thick. 
Scales of the back broad, lozenge-shaped, keeled, keel ending in a 
dagger-point, largest on the hinder parts of the throat and belly, 
transverse, ovate, 6-sided. Limbs 4, strong. Toes elongate, com- 



LIZARDS. 105 

pressed, unequal, clawed. Tail short, conical, tapering, depress- 
ed, with rings of large, broad, lozenge-shaped, dagger-pointed, 
spinose scales, with a central series of very broad 6-sided smooth 
scales beneath. 

The SiLUBOSAURE. Silubosaurns Stokesii, Gray, Stokes^ Trav. 
Aust. t. 

Olive brown varied with black, with large white spots; shields 
of the bead white, black-edged. 

a—c. Adult and young, in spirits. H. Abrolhos. From Mr. 

Gilbert's collection. 
d — (J. Adult and young, in spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. 

Dring's collection. 
h, i. Stuffed. W. Australia. From Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

34. Egernia, Gray. 

Head quadrangular, rather tapering in front. Head-shields 
convex, rugose. Nasal ovate, triangular, rather anterior, approx- 
imate, supranasal none, rostral triangular, erect, internasal lozenge 
shaped, as long as broad, frontonasal rhombic, lateral, separate, 
frontal and interparietal moderate, elongate, frontoparietals 2, ra- 
ther diverging, contiguous in front, parietal moderate, half ovate. 
Temple shielded. Orbit without any scales between it and the 
labial shields. Ears oblong, with 4 small scales in front. Body 
fusiform. Scales of the back, sides and upper part of the limbs 
broad 6-sided, with a large central keel ending in a spine, larger 
on the loins, those of the nape 3- or 5-grooved, of the throat and 
belly thin, broad, ovate, 6-sided. Legs 4, strong. Toes elongate, 
compressed, unequal, clawed. Tail as long as the body, round, 
tapering, with 6 series of broad, 6-sided, keeled, strongly-spined 
scales, with a series of broad 6-sided smooth scales. 

Cux\NiNG ham's Egernia. Egeraia Cunninghami, Gray, 
Ann. N. H. ii. 288. Stokes'' Trav. Austr. t. Tiliqua Cunning- 
hami, Gray, Proc. Z. Soc. 1832, 40. 

Olive, white-spotted, head l)rown, chin and beneath white ; 
ears with 3 or 4 pointed scales in front. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Australia, lat. 29. Presented by Allan Cun- 
ningham, Esq., F.L.S. 

35. Tropidolepisma, Dum. et Bib. 

Head subquadrangular, rounded in front. Head-shields ra- 
ther rugose. Nasal ovate, trigonal, rather anterior, nostrils cen- 
tral, with a curved groove behind them, supranasal none, rostral 
triangular, internasal rhombic, as broad as long, frontonasal mo- 
derate, nearly contiguous, frontal and interparietal elongate, the 
former largest, frontoparietal contiguous in front, diverging be- 



106 REPTILES. 

hind, parieial moderate. Lower eyelid covered with granular 
scales, wilh a larger series on its upper edge. Temple covered 
with shields. Orbits sunounded with a series of small scales. Pa- 
late tooihless, acutely nicked behi'icl. Ears oblong, erect, with a 
series of large scales in front. Body fusiform, stout. Scales mo- 
derate, transverse, ovate, G-sided, with 3 (or on the nape 5) paral- 
lel central scales, of the throat and belly thin, smooth. Preanal 
shields ratber larger. Legs 4, strong. "^ Toes elongate, compress- 
ed, unequal. Tail elongate, cylindrical, rather 4-sidecl, tapering, 
covered with rather larger 3-keeled scales, and wilh a central se- 
ries of broader smooth scales beneath. 

* Back vjith 12 roivs of moderate -si :::ed scales. Scales of the legs 

keeled. 

The Tropidolepisma. Tropidolepisma Kingii, Grot/, Zool. 
Erebus ^ Terror, Rept. t. 13. Tiliqua Kingii, Grai/, Ann. N. H. 
ii. 280. " Scincus Nuittensis and trifasciatus, Peron, MSS. Mm. 
Par.'* " S. Napoleonis, Guv. MSS. Mus. Paris.'' Graij, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 290. "Psammate de Dumeril et de Napoleon, and Keneux 
de Delaborde, Coct. Tab."" Tropidolepisma Dumerilii, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 745. 

Olive, varied with small greenish spots, placed in longitudinal 
series; chin brown, greenish spotted, belly whitish; scales rugu- 
lose, with 2 (and sometimes 3) close parallel central keels. 

a. Adult, in spirits. New Holland. Presented hy Capt. P. P. 
King, E.N. 

h. Young. Back pale olive, black-varied, with a pale streak on 
each side ; sides black, white-spotted, chin and beneath white. 
Swan Pfciver. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

c, d. Half-grown, stuffed. Houtman's Abrolhos. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 

e. ? Adult, stuffed. Scales rather smaller and keels 3, rather wider 

apart. Western Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 
T. Gilberlii, Gray, B.M. 

f. Adult, in spirits. Black and yellow spotted. Houtman's 
Abrolhos. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

The Shining Tropidolepisma. Tropidolepisma nitida, 
Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 12. 

Dark olive, varied with black, sides black and white spotted; 
tail elongate; scales smooth, shining, in 12 series on the back, 
each marked with 3 short, smooth, close, rather converging keels ; 
of the tail rather larger, with rather larger but equally smooth and 
sharp keels; of the upper part of the limbs with 3 close distinct 
keels. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Australia. 



LIZARDS. 107 

** Bach with 8 raws of veri/ large scales. Scales of the legs 

scarcelf/ heeled. 

The Large Tropcdolepisma. Tropidolepisma major, Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, JRepL t. 14. 

Dark olive, cliinand beiieaib wliiiisli; scales veiy largC; broad, 
smooth, in 8 series on the back, each with 3 slightly raised dis- 
tinct smooth parallel keels, oi' the tail similar but lalher larger, of 
the upper part of the legs nearly smooth ; tail elongate. 

a. Adult, stufifed. Australia. 

ff Lower eyelid scaly. Toes 5-5, compressed. Nasal shield flat, 
iviihoat any groove behind the nostril. 

37. Ateuchosaurus. 

Nasal subtiiangular, lateral, with the uostiil in the centre, 
without any curved groove behind it, supranasal none, rostral tri- 
angular, internasal broad, sliort, fiontonasal small, lateral, frontal 
very long* and broad, frontoparietals 2, rhombic, contiguous at the 
angle, interparietal triangular. Lower eyelid with a series of lar- 
ger scales, Ears round, simple-edged. Body fusiform. Scales 
6-sided, with 2 strong separate keels, of the chin and under side 
similar, thinnei; and smooth. Limbs 4, moderately strong. Toes 
5-5, subcylindrical, moderate, unequal. Tail about as long as the 
body, round, tapering, with 2-keeled scales above and small smooth 
scales beneath. 

The CiJfNESE Keeled Scale. Ateuchosaurus Chinensis. 
Brown, head paler; the keels of the scales far apart; scales in 
6 series on the back ; nasoloieal shield subtriangular, oblique. 

a. In spirits, not good slate, left hind foot with only 4 toes. Chi- 
na. Presented by J. Beeves, Esq. 

fff Lower eyelid transparent. Toes 4-5. Body and tail cylin- 
drical, elongate. 

38. Heteropus, jpite.? Dum.el Bib. 

Muzzle conical. Nostrils lateral, in the middle of a nasal 
plate, supranasal none, nasal frontal single. Tongue scaly, nick- 
ed. Teeth conical, simple. Palate not toothed, with a deep tri- 
angular notch behind. Ears distinct, open. Lower eyelid trans- 
parent. Body elongate, cylindrical, sides rounded. Scales keeled. 
Legs 4, far apart. Toes ^-5, elongate, rather compressed, simple, 
clawed, hinder unequal. Tail conical, pointed. 

The BroW'N Heteropus. Heteropus fuscus, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 759. 

Lower eyelid transparent ; scales of the neck smooth, of the 
back 3-keeled. 

Inhab. Isle Waigiou and Rawach, M. Quoy. Mus. Paris. 



108 REPTILES, 

Peron's Heteropus. Heteropus Peronii, Dmn. et Bib. 

E. G. V. 760. 

Olive brown, a yellow- edgfed w^hite-spotted black streak on 
each side ; lower eyelid transparent; scales of the neck 3-keeled, 
of the back 2. keeled. 

Inhab. Isle of France, MM. Peron and Lesueur. Mus. Paris. 

** Supranasal shields 2, distinct. Scales 3- or o-keeled. Palate 
toothed. Nasal oblong, icith the nostnl in its hinder end, and a 
small nasoloreal behind it. 

39. Dasia, Gray. Euprepes, part, Dum. et Bib. 
Psammites, part, Cocieau. 

Head 4-sided. Nasal small, lateral, rounded behind, square 
in front, supranasal elongate, narrow, not contiguous, internasal 
rhombic, frontonasal 5-sided, contiguous, frontal 6-sided, oblong, 
frontoparietals 2, contiguous, interparietal distinct. Lower eyelid 
covered with scales. Ear small, partly covered by the ends of the 
temple-scales Body fusiform. Scales feebly keeled. Limbs 4, 
strong. Toes 5-5, base dilated and flat beneath, end much com- 
pressed and slightly arched, sharp-edged beneath, first and second 
toes nearly equal, longest. Claws compressed. Tail round, ta- 
pering. 

The Olive Dasia. Dasia olivacea. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 331. 
Scincus Ernestii, Boiei, MSS. Mus. Leyden. Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 696. 

Olive ; back of the head-shields black ; back with 12 cross se- 
ries of scales with a white central spot, and a black spot upon the 
sides, the bands sometimes interrupted ; scales of the back 3 or 5 
keeled, toothed behind, the 2 lateral keels close together ; hinder 
part of the sides of body and tail with 2 broad white streaks ; the 
chin and beneath green, not spotted. 

Inhab. Prince of Wales' Island. (Mus. Fort Pitt, Chatham). 
Java, Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

40. TiLiQUA, Gi-ay. Euprepes, part, Wagler, Dum. et Bib. 

Head squarish. Nasal small, oblong, lateral. Nostril rather 
large, subcentval cr posterior, frontonasal distinct, triangular, con- 
tiguous in front, frontoparietal shields 2, contiguous, interparietal 
triangular. Lower eyelid with a central longitudinal band of 4 
or 5 square scales. Ears moderate, open, lobed in front. Body 
fusiform, stout. Scales 3- or 5-keeled, Limbs 4, stout, rather 
far apart. Toes 5-5. Palms slightly granular. Scales under the 
toes smooth. Tail round, tapering, with 3 or 5 series of rather 
wider scales beneath. 



LIZARDS. 109 

* Tail and toes elongate^ slender-. Asiatic. 

The Indian Tiliqla. Tiliqua iiifescens, Lacevta rufescens, 
Shaiv, Zool. iii. 285. Cuv. B. A. ii. 62. Weigm. H. M. i. 36. 
Scincus multifasciatus, Kiihl, Beiti\ 12? Wagler, Si/st. 162. Eu- 
prepis Sebas, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 692. — Seba, ii. t. 105, /. 3, 
t. 10./. 4-5. Tiliqua carinata, Gray, Zool. Joum, 

Bronze or olive, varied with a pale streak on each side, or va- 
ried with black spots ; ears moderate, oval, open, with some small 
lobules in front; nostril subposterior ; scales of theback3-keeled; 
tail rounded, longer than the body, thin at the end. 

a, b. Adult, in spirits. Olive, scales 3-keeled, sometimes brown- 
edged, forming streaks, sides white-spotted, tail rather short. 
Molucca. From the Leyden Museum. 

Scincus Kuhlii, Boie, 3ISS. Miis. Leyden. 

c. In spirits, like «, but with a distinct pale streak on each side. 
India, Dum Dum. Presented by Gen. Thomas Hardwicke. 
T. carinata, Gray, Zool. Jown. 

d — -f. Adult, in spirits, like c, but sides, body and tail dusky, upper 
lip pale, with a streak on the lower part of the side. Madras. 
Presented by the Rev. Gerard E. Smith. 

9, A. Half- grown, in spirits. Like c?. Madras. Presented by 
Capt. Bevan. 

i — L In spirits. Dark olive, scales 3-keeled, sometimes dark on 
the sides, forming 5 or 7 narrow black streaks, cheeks and sides 
black and white varied, without any distinct lateral streaks. 
Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

m, n. Young, in spirits. Dark olive, not spotted or streaked, 
sides dark, with a narrow pale streak above and below in front, 
scales 3-keeled. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

q. Young. Dark olive, with a black dorsal streak, sides black, 
white-spotted, sides of the throat, chin and beneath greenish 
white. Madras. Presented by Capt. Bevan. 

r, s. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Back pale brown, younger 
with a few black streaks, sides darker, white-dotted, while be- 
neath, keel of the scales distinct, rather far apart, parallel. 
Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, R.N, 

t. Half-grown, in spirits. Discoloured. 

Tiliqua afRnis, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 289. 

The Many-keeled Tiliqua. Tiliqua multicarinata. Scin- 
cus multicarinatus, Kuhl P 

Dark olive, nape with a white-edged black streak; with 2 white 
streaks above and below, on each side of the front of the body, 
edged with black spots ; chin and throat black-spotted ; beneath 
whitish; head-shields rather rugose; internasal plates rhombic, as 
long as broad; nostrils subposterior; scales large, ovate, trans- 

L 



110 REPTILES. 

verse, regularly and sharply 7-keeled ; ears small, round, partly 
covered by the scales of the temple above and in front ; tail elon- 
gate, slender, rather compressed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

b, c. ? Young, in spirits. Chin white, not spotted. Philippines. 

From Mr. Cuming's collection. Perhaps T. rufescens, var. ? 

The Greyish Tiliqua. Tiliqua grisea. 

Olive grey ; scales 6-sided, 3-keeled, dark-sided, forming dark 
streaks on the back and sides, with an indistinct interrupted pale 
streak on each side; beneath whitish ; nostril in the centre of the 
nasal, supranasal triangular, contiguous, internasal broader than 
long, frontonasal 5-sided, squarish, contiguous ; ears very small, 
oblong, covered by the ends of the temple-scales in front. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection, 

** Tail mid toes short. African. 

The Fernando Po Tiliqua. Tiliqua Fernandi, Burton^ 
Proc. Z. Soc. i. 37. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 203. 

Brown, with the dark sides to the scales forming brown streaks; 
sides dark brown, white-spotted, and with oblique darker cross 
bands ; chin and beneath brown, with rows of white spots, largest 
and most distinct on the chin; ears oblong, with a few small den- 
ticulations in front ; tail thick, tapering, not so long as the body ; 
toes rather short, thick. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Fernando Po. 

h. Adult, in spirits. Head bruised. Fernando Po. 

41. EuPREPis. Euprepis, part, Wagler, Dum. et Bib. 
])Iabouya, part, Fitz. Rachite and Heremites, Cocteau, MSS. 

Nostrils in the hinder edge of the nasal plate, frontoparietal 
shields 2, or united, supranasal plates 2. Lower eyelid with a 
transparent disk. Palate with a triangular notch behind, and with 
Pterygoid teeth. Body fusiform. Limbs strong. Toes 5-5. 
Scales 2- to 7-keeled. 

* Frontoparietals and interparietal separate. 

t Scales small^ 2-keeled. Far ivith short lobes in front. 

CocTEAu's EuPREPEs. Euprcpis Coctei, Dujn. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 666. 

Grey, brown, brovvn-varied, yellow-spotted ; scales of the back 
small, with 2 distinct keels ; ear large, open, with 3 or 4 short lo- 
bules ; orbit with a series of small scales beneath ; preanal scales 
6, large ; internasal broad, lozenge-shaped, frontonasal contigu- 
ous, 5-sided. 



LIZARDS. 



Ill 



Inliab. Africa ? Mus. Paris, A single very large specimen, 
5 feet 4 inches long, part of the collection " taken from the Lishon 
Museum in 1809." 

-fi" Scales 3-keeled, moderate. Ear open, with rather large granules 

in front. American. 

Sabine's Euprepes. Euprepis maculatus. Tiliqua maculata, 
Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 289. 

Olive, with series of white spots, generally with a black spot 
on each side of them, with a series of spots on each side, begin- 
ning from the back angle of the eye ; beneath whitish ; cheeks 
white-spotted ; scales moderate, 3-keeled, 3-toothed behind ; su- 
pranasal transverse, contiguous, internasal broad, lozenge-shaped, 
frontoparietal and interparietal separate, subequal ; ears oblong, 
deep, open, with a series of 4 rather rounded tubercular scales in 
front ; tail rather compressed, as long as the body. 

a,h. In spirits, partly bleached. Demerara. Presented by Col. 
Edward Sabine, 

The Dotted Euprepes. Euprepis punctatus. Tiliqua punc- 
tata. Gray, Ann. N. H. \. 289. 

Dai'k olive, varied with dark brown and dotted with white ; 
chin and beneath white, with railier dark edges to the scales ; the 
head brown-varied ; orbit blackish ; eyelid white ; scales rather 
small, 3-keeled and 3-tootlied behind; frontoparietal and interpa- 
rietal separate, frontal and interparietal elongate, narrow behind, 
supranasal and frontonasal contiguous; ear oblong, open, very 
deep, with a series of 6 small subconic scales in front ; tail elon- 
gate, rather compressed. 

a, h. Adult and young, in spirits. Fernando de Noronha. Pre- 
sented bv the Admiralty, from H.M.S. Chanticleer. 

fff Scales moderate, S-keeled. Ear open, ivith short lobes 

in front. African. 

Perrotet's Tiliqua. Euprepis Perrotetii, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 669. 

Back greyish brown, yellow-spotted ; scales of the back large, 
3-keeled ; ear large, with short lobules in front ; scales under the 
toes, palms and soles smooth ; preanal scales nearly equal ; supra- 
nasal narrow, elongate, contiguous, internasal broad, lozenge- 
shaped, frontonasal 5-sided, contiguous, frontal lanceolate, fronto- 
parietal smaller than the interparietal. 

Inhab. Senegal. Mus. Paris. A single specimen, 2 feet 9 
inches long. 

l2 



112 REPTILES. 

Raddon's Euprepes. Euprepis Raddoni. 

Olive, with 5 narrow black streaks, 1 between each series of 
scales; sides dark, with a pale streak above and below, the lowest 
broadest ; lips, chin and beneatli white ; tail elongate, rather com- 
pressed, slender ; scales 3-keeled, of the back in 8 series ; fronto- 
parietal and interparietal plates distinct, sabequal, frontal plate 
elongate, frontonasal not contignous ; ear oblong, open, with 2 
small angular compressed lobules, and some smaller ones in the 
upper part of the front edge ; palms and soles with flat tubercles. 

a. In spirits. West Africa. From Mr. Raddon's collection. 

Dr. a. Smith's Euprepes. Euprepis Smithii. 

Olive, back with 7 broad black streaks, ] between each series 
of scales, -sviih a broad yellow streak on each side; sides dark, 
with a broad yellow streak rather below the middle, both yellow 
streaks dark edged ; head-shields dark-edged ; tail elongate, ra- 
ther compressed ; scales 3-keeled, of the back in 10 series ; the 
frontoparietal and interparietal shields distinct, subequal, the fron- 
tonasals rhombic, contiguous, the frontal elongate ; ears oblong, 
open, with 3 or 4 short acute conical tubercles in fnmt, upper 
largest. 

a. Stuffed. S. Africa. From the South African Museum. 

Dr. Stanger's Euprepes. Euprepis Stangeri. 

Olive, with narrow interrupted streaks between the rows of 
scales, with a narrow darker pale streak on the upper and lower 
part of each side; lips pale olive, upper wath a groove above, chin 
and beneath white; scales with 3 shaiii keels; ears oblong, open, 
with 4 or 5 short conical scales in front ; supranasal, frontonasals 
and frontoparietals contiguous, iniernasal transverse, interparietal 
small, triangular, frontal broad ; tail elongate, rather compressed, 
tapering, thin at the end. 

a, h. Adult, in spirits. Olive, back with 2 streaks of broad dark 
spots, lateral streak indistinct. W. Africa, Niger Expedition. 
Presented by Dr. Stanger. 

e. In spirits. Tail reproduced, back slightly varied with black, 
lateral streak distinct. S. Africa. Presented by the Admi- 
ralty, from the Antarctic Expedition. 

Savigny's Euprepes. Euprepis quinquetaeniatus Wagler, 
162. Scincus quinquetaeniatus, Licht. Douh. 103. S. Savignii, 
Autl Rept. E(/i/pt. 177, t. 2, /. 3, 4. Bum. et Bib. E. G. v. 677. 
Heremite d' Olivier, Coct. Tub. Tiliqua quinquestriata, Grai/, 
Ann. N. H.W. 290. 

Bronzed, with o black-edged white streaks, the 4 lateral ones 
continued on the tail ; sides of neck black, white-dotted; lips and 
chin white ; ears large, oval, with 3 or 4 short lobules in front ; 



LIZARDS. 113 

scales moderate, with 3 distinct keels; frontoparietal and inter- 
parietal distinct, siibequal, supranasal and frontonasal each conti- 
guous; eai-s oblong, with 4 veiylow compressed scales in front. 

a, h. Adult, in spirits, partly bleached. Africa. 

d. Younger, in spirits. W. Africa, from the Ethiopie. 

/, </. Young, in spirits. W. Africa, Senegal. Presented by M. 

' Petit. 
h. Adult, in spirits, partly bleached, throat black, white-spotted. 
Africa. 

Fellows' Euprepes. Euprepis Fellowsii. 

Olive, back with 2 series of broad 4-sided spots ; temple and 
sides black, with cross rows of white spots, and with a distinct con- 
tinued superior and an indistinct interrupted inferior pale streak ; 
back part of upper lip and lower side of ear, chin and beneath 
white ; legs and tail black and w^hite spotted ; ear oblong, open, 
with 3 or 4 short conical scales in front ; supranasal rather broad 
contiguous, internasal broad, interparietal triangular, moderate, 
longer than the frontoparietals, parietals 2, rather small; tail elon- 
gate, rather compressed at the base. 

a — d. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Xanthus. Presented 
by Charles Fellows, Esq. 

The Seven-streaked Eupeepes. Euprepis septeratseniatus, 
Rms. Mus. Senck. i. 47, t. 3, /. 1. Ihim. et Bib. E. G. v. 680. 
Tiliqua Ruppellii, Cod. Tab. Scincus pavimentus, Geoff. Rept. 
Egypt. ? 

Back with many alternate black and yellow streaks ; ear oval, 
large, with 3 or 4 small lobules in front ; scales of the back nearly 
smooth, with 3 scarcely visible keels, of the under side of the toes 
smooth ; palm and soles with conical tubercles ; tail slender. 

Inhab. Abyssinia. Mus. Frankf. (Mus. Paris, 2 specimens). 

The Quaker Euprepes. Euprepis inornata. 

Pale yellow brown, scales rather darker edged, sides rather 
paler, chin and beneath whitish ; head-shields brown ; cheeks and 
sides of the throat with a few oblong whitish spots ; ear oblong, 
with 3 or 4 short compressed lobules in front ; scales with 3 dis- 
tinct parallel keels ; palm and soles with conical tubercles ; tail 
elongate, rather compressed. Very like Tiliqua carinata. 

a. Adult, in spirits. ? Presented by A. MacLeay, Esq. 

ffff Scales S-keeled, moderate. Ears icith long lobules in front. 

Heremites. 

The Streaked Euprepes. Euprepis vittatus. Scincus vit- 
tatus, Oliv. Voy. ii. 58, t. 29, /. 1. Audouin, Rept. Egypt, i. 178, 
t. 2,/. 5. S. Jomardii, Audouin, Rept. Egypt, i. 178, t. 2, /'. 0. 

L 3 



114 REPTILES. 

5. auriculatus, Gravenh. Mus. Berol. EuprepesOlivieri, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 674. Lacerta rufescens, var. Shaw, Zool. iii. 285. 
Merrem, Tent. 71. Tiliqua suhrufa, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 289. 

Olive, with 4 interrupted series of irreg'ular brown spots, with 
yellow streaks on each side ; head-shields hrown-edged ; ears mo- 
derate, oval, with 2 or 3 long lobules in front ; scales of the back 
and tail 3-keeled ; preanal scales equal. 

a. Half-grown, in spirits Cape of Good Hope. Presented by 
Dr. J. Lee. 

6, c. Half-grown, in spirits, rather bleached. S. Africa. Dr. 

Shaw's specimens. 

f ttft Scales 5- or 7 -keeled, moderate. Ears open, with short lobules 

in front. 

The Spotted-lipped Eu pre pes. Euprepis maculilabris. 

Dark olive, black-varied on the edge of the scales, with a se- 
ries of very distant small yellow spots on each side ; cheeks and 
sides black, with a few small spots beneath, with a yellow streak 
from under the eyes, extending to the base of the fore legs ; lip- 
shields dark, with a central yellow spot ; chin and beneath white, 
varied with the dark edges of the scales ; scales broad, 6-sided, 
with 5 distinct keels, of the vent rather larger ; ears oblong, with 
several rather larger granules in front; the palm and sales with 
rounded tubercles ; tail elongate, rather compressed. 
a. In spirits, wants end of tail. W. Africa. From Mr. Raddon's 

collection. 

The Blue-bellied Euprepes. Euprepis cyanogaster. Scin- 
cus oxyrhynchus, Peron, Mus. Par. S, cyanogaster, Lesson, Voy. 
Coq. 47, t. 3,/. 3. Psammite du Geographe, Coct. Tab. Eupre- 
pes Sechellensis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 682. 

Bronzed, black-dotted, with a whitish-edged black streak on 
each side ; ears moderate, rounded, with 2 small scales in front ; 
scales of the back and tail 5- or 7-keeled, of the under side of the 
toes smooth ; palm and soles with small flat tubercles ; tail slen- 
der, compressed at the end. 

Inhab. Sechelle Islands. Mus. Paris. 

tttttt Scales 6-keeled, moderate. Ears ivith long lobules in front. 

Bibron's Euprepes. Euprepis Bibronii, Dum. etBib.E. G. 
V. 675. Tiliqua Bibronii, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 290. Rachite de 
Bibron, Coct. Tab. 

Fulvous or olive, black- edged white vertebral streak, the sides 
dark brown, with 2 white streaks below, the upper one from the 
front of the upper lip ; ears large, with 2 or 3 long lobules in front ; 
scales of the back and tail 6-keeled, of the under side of the toes 
smooth ; soles and palm covered with small rounded tubercles. 

a. Half-grown, male. S. Africa. 



LIZARDS. 115 

tfffff-|- Scales ^-heeled. Ear small, covered with the scales of the 

temple in front above. 

The Keeled Euprepes. Euprepis carinatus. Tiliqua Ca- 
pensis, Grai/, Griffith, A. K. ix. 68. Ann. N. H. ii. 290. Scin- 
cus carinatus, Schn. Amph. 184, Merrem, Beitr. 109, t. 9. Daud. 
Rept. iv. 304. Scincus trivitlatus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 62. S. Sclinei- 
(leri, Gravenh. Mus. Berol. Tiliqua Ascensionis, Gray, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 290. Euprepes Merremii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 671. 

Back with 4 series of Ijroad hlack squarish spots, divided h\' 8 
yellovv streaks, with 4 series of distant yellow spots ; head-shields 
brown; ears oval, oblique, simide, covered in front by 2 or 3 of 
the temporal scales ; scales of the back 3-keeled, of the tail smooth; 
scales under the toes keeled ; soles and palms minutely spinose ; 
tail slig^htly compressed at the end. 

rt, b. Stuffed. S. Africa. From the South African Museum. 

c. Adult, in spirits. Partly bleached. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits. S. Africa. Presented by the Earl of 
Derby. 

e. Adult, in spirits. S. Africa. 

/. In spirits, rather bleached. S. Africa. 

g. Half-grown, in spirits, rather bleached. Island of Ascension. 

Tiliqua Ascensionis, Gray, 
h. In spirits, partly bleached. S. Africa. Presented by Sir J. 

Macgregor. 
i. Dry, from spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Jas. Sowerby, Esq. 
;'. k. Young, in spirits. S. Africa. 
I. In spirits, partly bleached. S. Africa. Presented by Thomas 

Bell, Esq. 

** Frontoparietal single (united), cordate. Interparietals distinct. 

Rachiies. 

The Madagascar Euprepks. Euprepis bistriatus. Tiliqua 
bistriata, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. Ann. N. H. ii. 280. Scincus 
vittatus, Gravenh. Mus. Berol. Euprepes Gravenhorstii, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 686. 

Brown, with 4 rows of black-sided white spots, sides black, with 
2 yellow^ streaks, the lower widest; head-shields and lips pale olive, 
chin and beneath white ; ears moderate, oval, with 2 or 3 lobes on 
the front edge ; scales of the back 5 or 7 keeled, of the edge of the 
front of the vent larger than the other; tail rounded ; interparie- 
tal shields triangular. 

a. In spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

*** Frontoparietals united into one plate. Parietals 2. Interpa- 
rietal none, Supranasal far apart. Occipital none. Trissia. 

The New Guinea Euprepes. Euprepis Physicae, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 688. Rachite de la Physicienne, Coct. Tab. 



116 REPTILES. 

Brown, beneath whitish; ears large, circular, open, with 4 
very small lobules on the front edge ; scales of the back 3-keeled; 
interparietal plate none, parietal plate double. 

Inhab. New Guinea, (Mus. Paris, 1 specimen). 

**** Frontoparietal united into one plate. Parietal single, cres- 
cent-shaped. Interparietal no?ie. Supranasals contiguous. 
Chioninia. 

Delaland's Chioninia. Euprepis Delalandii, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 690. Rachite de Delalande, Coct. Tab. 

Chesnut, with a yellow streak upon each side ; ears moderate, 
oval, open, wiih some lobules in front ; scales of the back 3-keel- 
ed ; interparietal plate none, parietal plate single ; crescent-shap- 
ed, truncated at the front end, frontoparietal 6-sided ; tail long, 
slender ; body rather slender. 

Inhab. Cape of Good Hope. Mus. Paris. 

Belcher's Chioninia. Euprepis Belcheri. 

Brown, with a broad yellow streak on each side; sides dark, 
with a narrow rather inferior pale streak; scales 3-keeled, small, 
of the back in 12 longitudinal series; interparietal plate none, 
parietal plate single, crescent-shaped, truncated at the front end, 
frontoparietal single, short, vase-shaped, narrow in front, sides 
concave, broad and rounded behind ; occipitals 2, small. 

a, b. Adult and half-grow^n, in s])irits. Borneo. Presented by 
Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, K.C., R.N. 

E. Tail round, tapering, unarmed, not keeled above. Scales minute- 
lif striated longitudinally, and sometimes keeled along the centre, 
regular, hexangular, fiat. Preanal scales large, scarcely imbri- 
cate, generally in several series. Diploglossina. 

42. MiCROLEPis, Gray. 

Head depressed, broad behind, head-shields very thin. Nos- 
trils lateral, in the hinder end of a triangular small distant nasal, 
just over the suture of the first and second labial. Supranasal 
plates 2 pair, transverse, internasal veiy small, triangular, fronto- 
nasal united into one broad plate, frontal elongate, frontoparietal 
small, far apart, interparietal elongate, parietals 2, moderate. 
Eyes large. Pupil round. Lower eyelid very short, rudimentary, 
transparent. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at the end. Throat co- 
vered with scales. Ears large, exposed, simple-edged. Toes 5-5, 
elongate, slender, compressed, unequal, clawed. Legs 4, slender, 
elongate. Palms and soles warty. Body fusiform, 4-sided. Scales 
small, sharply keeled, striated. Tail elongate, compressed. 



LIZARDS, 117 

Tlie Waved Microlepis. Microlepis undulata, Gray, Ann, 
N. H. ii. 334. Tiliqua microlepis, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 71. 
Pale brown, with transverse wavy bands. 

fl. Adult, in spirits. ? 

43. Celestus, Gray. 

Diploglossus, Weigmann, Diploglossus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed. Nostrils lateral, nasals and siipranasals 2 
pair, contiguous, the internasal and tiontonasals united into a large 
shield, frontoparietal small far apart, interparietal triangular, elon- 
gate. Eyebrow-shields 5-5. Tongue with scale-like papilla? in 
front and filiform behind, nicked. Teeth conical. Palate not 
toothed, with a longitudinal nick. Ears circular, open, with a 
simple edge. Lower eyelid scaly. Body fusiform, sides rounded. 
Scales striated, slightly keeled in the centre. Limbs 4, strong. 
Toes 5-5, unequal, elongate, compressed, clawed. Claws small, 
compressed, {^cute. Tail pointed, rather compressed, tapering. 
Preanal scales in 4 rows, G-sided, flat. 

* Intemasal and frontonasal united into a single large plate. Scales 
with an indistinct keel. Head depressed. Celestus. 

The Galliwasp. Celestus occiduus. Diploglossus Shawii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. \. 590. Lacerta occidua, Sliau\ ZooL iii. 
288. Sloane, Jam. ii. t. 273, /. 9. Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. 
Scincus Galliwasp, Dand. Rept. iv. 288. S. fossor, Merrem, Tent. 
74. Scincus monotrophis, Kuhl, Beitr. 128 ? 

Brown or fulvous, with darker cross bands ; internasal and 
frontonasal united in a broad 7-sided shield ; tail compressed, 
channelled on the sides ; scales finely striated, with a very narrow 
slight central keel; earsratber large and subtriangular; scales in 
front of the vent elongate, 6-sided, as long as broad ; tail elon- 
gate, as long as the body ; infraocular shield 5-sided, slightly com 
ing down below the seventh and eighth, or the eighth and ninth 
labial shields. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Pale brov/n, darker marbled, infraocular be- 
tween the seventh and eighth labial. Jamaica. Presented by 
J. Weeks, Esq. Dr. Shaw's specimen. 

b. Young, in spirits. Back with interrupted brown irregular 

transverse spots, sides brown-spotted, infraoculars between the 
eighth and ninth labiul. Jamaica. Presented by R. Hew- 
ard, Esq. 

The GoLDEX Galliwasp. Celestus striatus. Gray, Ann. N. 
H. ii. 288. Diploglossus Cliftii, Dnm. et Bib. E. G. v. 596. La- 
certa ■d\imia,Shaiv, 3ISS. Mm. Col. Surg. n. 1180. 

Brown, brown-varied, sides brown-spotted; ears circular, open. 



118 REPTILES. 

with a simple edge ; tail slic^litly compressed ; scales moderate, 
with numerous longitudinal striae, and sometimes a very indistinct 
central keel or larger rib, of the front of the vent regular, 6-sided, 
as long as broad, in 4 cross rows ; the interparietal plate much 
longer than broad ; head flattened ; the triangular infraocular 
shield partly placed between the sixth, seventh and eighth labial 
shields, the eighth and tenth labials small, triangular. 

a. In spirits, bleached. W. Indies. 

The Three-streaked Galliw^asp. Celestus Hewardii. Ti- 
liqua striata, Graj/, Ami. N. H. ii. 293. 

Grey brown, with numerous oblique irregular cross bands; 
nape with a central straight and 2 lateral converging black-edged 
streaks ; cheeks and sides black, with oblique rather irregular 
transverse series of white spots ; throat varied with grey; scales 
small, with numerous striae and a slight central keel, of the front 
of the vent regular, 6-sided, broader than long, in 4 cross series ; 
interparietal plate triangular rather longer than broad ; tail elon- 
gate, compressed ; ear oblong ; the infraocular long, above the 
suture between the sixth and seventh labial, hinder labial trian- 
gular. 

a. In spirits. Keels of scales distinct. Jamaica. Presented by 

B. He ward, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Keels of the scales very indistinct. Jamaica. 

c. In spirits, larger, in a bad state. W. Indies. From Dr. Man- 

tell's collection. 

The Large-scaled Galliwasp. Celestus macrolepis. 

Brown ; internasal and frontonasals united into a broad 7- 
sided shield ; scales large, finely striated, with a very slight cen- 
tral keel, in front of the vent regular, 6-sided, scarcely as long as 
broad ; ears large, subtriangular ; tail compressed, shorter than 
the body ; the infraocular shield oblong, over, but not produced 
down between, the seventh and eighth labial shields ; labial shields 
4-sided, high. 
a. Adult, in spirits, rather discoloured. W. Indies. 

44. Camilia. 

Head square. Muzzle rounded. Nostrils lateral. Nasal 
rhombic, lateral, supranasals 2 pair, contiguous, internasal broad, 
frontonasals 2, distinct, rhombic, contiguous at the angle, frontal 
large, frontoparietal distinct, far apart, interparietal triangular. 
Tongue scaly in front, papillary behind, nicked at the end. Pa- 
late not toothed, with a longitudinal slit. Ears ovate, open, sim- 
ple-edged. Lower eyelid scaly. Body fusiform, sides rounded. 
Scales striated, slightly keeled" in the centre. Limbs 4, strong. 
Toes 5-5, short, cylindrical, unequal. Claws large, broad, slightly 
compressed, blunt. Tail roundish, compressed, tapering. Prea- 
nal scales large, 6-sided, in a single series. 



LIZARDS. 119 

The Jamaica Camilia. Camilla Jaraaicensis. Tiliqua Ja- 
maicensis, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 293, 

Olive; nape with 2, back with 8, base of tail with several, 
narrow dark-edg-ed white cross lines; sides pale, with broad irre- 
gular olive cross bands ; chin and beneath white ; head-shields 
white, olive-varied ; tail white, with olive cross bands ; scales stri- 
ated, olive, with a pale central line or slight keel. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Jamaica. 

45. DiPLOGLOssus. Diploglossus, part, Dum. et Bib. Weigm. 

Muzzle rounded, blunt. Nostril lateral, in the very small 
nasal plate, supranasals 4, contiguous, frontoparietals 2, small, 
interparietals distinct, frontonasals 2 or none. Tongue with scale- 
like papillae in front and filiform ones behind. Teeth conical. 
Palate toothless, with a longitudinal groove. Ears open, round, 
simple-edged. Lower eyelid scaly. Body and tail subcylindrical, 
elongate, sides rounded. Scales striated, sometimes with a central 
keel. Limbs 4, strong, far apart. Toes b-5, unequal, short, cy- 
lindrical. Palm and soles granular. Tail elongate, subcylindri- 
cal, tapering. Preanal shields hexangular. 

* Frontonasal none. Toes short. Oneyda. 
•\ Tail compressed. Scales keeled. 

Owen's Diploglossus. Diploglossus Owenii, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. 394. 

Fulvous, with numerous reddish grey streaks ; supranasals 
contiguous, frontonasal shield none, nasal very small, frontoparie- 
tals 2, veiy small, internasal large, triangular; tail elongate, com- 
pressed ; toes short; scales with a small central keel and 15 deep 
strige ; ear circular. 

Inhab. America. Mus. Col. Surg. n. 1111. 

ff Tail round. Scales keelless. 

Sagra's Diploglossus. Diploglossus Sagrae, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. V. Q02.—Coct. Sagra, Cuba, 180, t. 20. 

Bronzed grey, with a black streak on each side ; tail rather 
4-sided ; toes short ; ear small ; scales with 4 feeble striae, not 
keeled ; frontonasal plates none, supranasals 2 pair, contiguous, 
internasal broad, superciliary shields 6-6, frontoparietals 2, small, 
far apart, interparietal triangular. 

Inhab. Cuba. Mus. Paris ? 

Plee's Diploglossus. Diploglossus Pleii, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 605. 

Fulvous, waved with brown, and with a brown streak on each 
side ; tail rather 4 -sided ; ears large ; toes short ; scales not keel- 



120 REPTILES. 

ed, with 6 or 8 striae; frontonasal plates none, supranasals 2 pair, 
internasal broad ; eyebrow-shields 6-6 ; frontoparietals small, far 
apart, interparietal triangular. 

Inhab. Martinique. Miis. Paris. 

** Frontonasal scales 2. Toes elongate. Scales not keeled. Tail 
round. Preanal scales 6-sided^ in 3 rows. Diploglossus, 
Weigtn. 

The Banded Diploglossus. Diploglossus fasciatus, Weigm. 
H. M. i. 36. Tiliqua faseiata, Fitz. Rept. 52. Gray^ Griffith., 
A. K. ix. 71. Ann. N. H. i. 289. Reuse, Mm. Senck. t. 3,"/. 2. 
D. Hoiittuynii, Cocteau. — Dum. et Bib. E G. v. 598. Laceita 
Scincoides caerulescens, Mus. Houttiu/n. ScJm. Rept. ii, 204. 

Back with broad black-edged brown bands, alternating with 
blue or fulvous grey bands ; toes rather elongate ; tail round, 
elongate ; scales finely striated, not keeled ; frontonasal plates lo- 
zenge-shaped, contiguous, infraiiasal 2 pair, contiguous, fronto- 
parietal small, far apart, interparietal triangular, preanal shields 
hexangular, in 3 cross series. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Brazils. 

b. In spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by J. P. G. Smith, Esq. 

On reconsideration, the genus Ophiodes, p. 99, should be re- 
ferred to this tribe, and placed after Diploglossus. 



Fam, XVI. Ophiomores, (Ophiomorid^). 

Head regularly shielded. Muzzle rather produced. Rostral 
triangular, erect. Nostrils lateral, in a notch in the nasal and the 
supranasal shield. Teeth strait, conical, blunt. Palate not tooth- 
ed. Tongue flat, scaly, feebly nicked at the tip. Ears hidden 
under the skin. Eyes distinct, with valvular eyelid. Body cylin- 
drical, elongate, without any external limbs. Scales smooth, 6- 
sided. Tail elongate, cylindrical. 

This family appears intermediate between ScincidcB and Acon- 
tiadiB., and makes it appear as if the large rostral of the latter fa- 
mily was formed of the rostral, supranasal and nasal shields of 
this family and Scincidce being united together. 



LIZARDS. 121 



1. Ophiomorus, Dum. et Bib. Eiyx, part, Daud. 
Tortrix, part, Merrem. Anguis, part, Bib. 

Rostral large, triangular, erect. Supranasal large, contiguous, 
internasal transverse, frontonasal very small, lateral far apart, fron- 
tal very broad, frontoparietal and interparietal united together into 
one large suhtrigonal shield, parietal lateral oblique. Lower eye- 
lid transparent. Scales 6-sided, smooth, 2 central preanal scales 
large, subtriangular. 

The Ophiomgre. Ophiomorus miliaris, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 799. Anguis miliaris, Pallas, Reise^ ii. 718. Lacep. Serp. ii. 
439. Schn. Amph. 322. Band. Rept. vii. 270. Merrem, Tent. 80. 
Anguis punctatissimus, Bibron, ExjJed. Morea, 71, t. 11, /. 5, 
(details not accurate). 

Brown, dotted with very small black specks, forming lines 
along the body, those of the sides larger ; sides grey ; beneath 
white ; 2 middle preanal shields large, subtriangular. 

Inhab. Algiers. Mus. Paris. 



Fam. XVII. Seps, (Sepsid^e). 

Rostral plate rather large, square. Nostrils in the front edge 
of a small shield, in a notch at the hinder side of the rostral plate. 
Supranasal distinct, contiguous or united, frontonasal none (or 
small on the side of the face), frontoparietal often wanting, some- 
times united, interparietal triangular. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked 
at the tip. Teeth conical, simple. Palate not toothed, with a 
deep central longitudinal groove behind. Eyes distinct, with con- 
nivent eyelids Lower eyelid scaly, or with a transparent disk. 
Body fusiform or subcylindrical, elongate. Scales smooth. Toes 
simple, unequal, clawed. Tail conical, pointed. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

a. Rostral rather produced, sharp-edged, ivith a large nasal notch. 

Head wedge-shaped. 

1. SpHiENOPs. Legs 4. Mental shield small. Lower eyelid 
transparent. 

2. Scelotes. Legs 2, posterior. Mental shield large. Lower 

eyelid scaly. 

M 



122 REPTILES. 

b. Rostral rounded, erect. Head pyramidical. 

3. GoNGYLUs. Legs 4. Toes 5-5. Body subfusiform. Lower 
eyelid transparent. Frontoparietal shield none. Ears simple. 

4. Thyrus. Legs 4. Toes 5-5. Body fusiform. Lower eyelid 

transparent. Frontoparietal shield distinct. Ears toothed in 
front. 

5. Amphiglossus. Legs 4. Toes 6-5. Body elongate, cylin- 

drical. Ears distinct. Lower eyelid scaly. 

6. Seps. Legs 4. Toes 3-3. Body cylindrical, elongate. Ears 

distinct. Lower eyelid transparent. 

7. Heteromeles. Legs 4. Toes 2-3. Body cylindrical, elon- 
gate. Ears indistinct. Lower eyelid transparent. 



a. Rostral large, rather produced, zvith a large nasal notch. 

Head ivedge-shaped. 

1. Sph^nops, Wagler. 

Head wedge-shaped, rounded in front. Rostral large, keeled 
in front. Chin flat. Upper lip covering the mouth. Nostrils 
lateral, in a notch in the hinder edge of the large rostral, super- 
nasals united into a cross band, small, frontonasal and frontopa- 
rietal none, internasal and frontal large, broad, interparietal small, 
triangular. Tongue scaly, nicked. Teeth conical, simple. Pa- 
late not toothed, with a longitudinal nick. Lower eyelid trans- 
parent. Ears small, covered by the last scales of the temple. 
Body elongate, angular below. Limbs rather weak. Feet small. 
Toes 5-5, unequal, subcylindrical, not toothed on the edge, clawed. 
Tail conical, pointed. 

The Sph^nops. Sphsenops sepsoides. Reuse, Mus. Senk. 64. 
Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 288. Scincus sepsoides. And. Geojf'r. 
Rept. Egypt, t. 2, /. 2—10. Sav. Rept. Egypt, t. 2, /. 9, 10. 
Sphaenops capistratus, Wagler, Syst. 161. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
578, t. 57, /. 3. S. frenatus, Rupp. Mus. Francf. S. de Seba, 
Cod. Seine, f. Seba, Thes. iii. 15, t. 12,/. 6. 

Pale brown, with longitudinal series of black dots and a black 
streak on each side of the muzzle. 

a — c. Adult, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by Dr. Edw. Ruppell. 
d—g. Adult, in spirits. (.'' Tail reproduced). N. Africa. Pre- 
sented by M. Lefebre. 



LIZARDS. 123 

'2. ScELOTEs, Fitzinger. Bipes and Pygodactylus, Merrem. 
Zygnis, Wagner, Cliamsesaura, Schneid. Clialcida, Meyen. 

Muzzle rather wedge-shaped. Rostral large, keeled in front, 
deeply notched on the side. Nostrils lateral, in a notch in the hinder 
edge of the rostral. Supranasals 2, contiguous, transverse, frontona- 
-salnone, internasal and frontal large, frontoparietal and interparie- 
tal united into a large triangular plate. Teeth conical, simple. 
Tongue flat, scaly, nicked. Palate toothless, with a longitudinal 
groove. Ear-opening veiy small. Lower eyelid scaly, opaque. 
Legs 2, posterior. Toes 2, unequal, subcylindrical, simple, clawed. 
Body cylindrical, elongate, sides rounded, belly flattish. Scales 
smooth. Tail conical, pointed, elongate. 

The Bipes. Scelotes bipes, Anguis bipes, Linn. Mus. Adolph. 
i. t. 28,/. 3. .S'. N. i. 390. Seba, i. t. 86, f. 3. Gmel. S. N. i. 1079. 
Wagler, Sijst. 160. Meyer, 'di. Schneid. Amph. 213. Seps Gro- 
novii, Daud. Rept. iv. t. 58, /. 2. S. lineata, Harlan, J. Acad. 
Philad. iv. t. 18, /. 2. Bipes anguinus, Merr. Tent. 76. Grai/, 
Ann. N. H. ii. "336. Pygodactylus Gronovii, Merr. Tent. 76. 
Beitr. iii. t. 10. Scelotes anguinus, Fitz. S. Linnsei, Dum. et 
Bib. E.G.y. 786. 

Silvery brown, back with 10 longitudinal black lines, the late- 
ral ones most distinct, beneath white; scales sometimes with a 
central black dot. 

rt — -f. Adult, in spirits. Cape of Good Hope. 

b. Rostral erect, rounded in front. Head pyramidical. 

3. GoNGYLUs, Wagler, Weigmann. Mabouya, part, Fitz, 

Head conical. Muzzle rounded. Eoslral square, v.'ith a deep, 
angular, nasal notch. Nostril lateral, in the hinder edge of the 
rostral. Supernasals 2, contiguous, frontonasal and frontoparie- 
tal none, internasal broad, frontal large, interparietal very small, 
triangular. Palate not toothed, with a longitudinal nick. Ears 
distinct, simple-edged. Lower eyelid with a transparent disk. 
Body fusiform, subcylindrical, elongate, sides rounded. Legs 4, 
short, straight, far apart. Toes 5-5, unequal, rather compressed. 
Scales smooth. Tail round, tapering. 

The TiLiGUGU. Gongylus ocellatus, Wagler, Syst. 162. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. v. 616. Tiliqua ocellata, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 292. 
Scincus ocellatus, Meyer, Syn. 30. Daud. Rept. iv. t. 56. Oliv. 
Voy. t. 16, f. 1. S. variegatus, Schn. Amph. 185. Licht. Doub. 
103. S. tiligugu, Gmel. S. N. 1073. Daud. iv. 251. S. Ma- 
bouya, Daud. R. iv. 246. S. tirus, Raff. 9. S. Tiligugus, Merr. 
Tent. 73. S. Thyro, Metaxa. S. viridanus, Gravenh.3Ius.Berl. 
Lacerta ocellata, Forsk. F. Arab. 13. Geoff. Rept. E. t. 5, f. 1. 2, 

m2 



124 REPTILES. 

t. 2,/. 7. T. raicroceplialus, Grai/, Ann. N. H, ii. 292. Petiver, 
Gaz.f. 120. Bonap. Fauna Ital. t. La Mabouya, Lacep. Q. O. 
i. 378, t. 24. Thyro, Imper. H. N. xxviii. 684. 

Grey or bronzed, with black-edged white spots ; ears subtrian- 
gular, open, simple in front; palate with a longitudinal slit; fron- 
toparietal plates none, interparietal small ; body subcylindrical ; 
limbs short ; preanal scales nearly equal. 

Var. 1. Olive, with irregular cross series of black-sided white 
spots, Scincus ocellata, Daud. 
a, h. Adult, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by M. Lefebre. 

c. Young, in spirits. Tripoly. Presented by J. Ritchie, Esq. 

d. Half-groAvn, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by Gen. Th. Hard- 

wicke. 

e — h. Half-grown, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by Sir J. Gardner 
Wilkinson. 

o — r. Young, in spirits. Sides black. Madeira ? Spain ? Pre- 
sented by P. B. Webb, Esq. 

Var. 2. Pale olive, with 2 yellow streaks and white-spotted 
irregular brown cross bands. Scincus Tiligugu, Gmel. 

i. In spirits. Sardinia. Presented by Prof. Bonelli. 

j. In spirits. Malta. Presented by the Rev. W. Hennah. 

k. In spirits. Malta. Presented by Miss Emilie Attersoll. 

/. Young, in spirits. Malta. Presented by J. Ritchie, Esq. 

m. Young, in spirits. Sicily. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 
Var. 3. Dark olive, with irregular, pale yellow spots and a 
few streaks. Tiliqua microcephalus. Gray. 

n. Adult, in spirits. Mediterranean shores. Presented by the 
Rev. W. Hennah. 

4. Thyrus. Gongylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head conical. Muzzle rounded. Rostral square, with a 
slight rounded notch behind for the nostril. Nostril lateral. Su- 
pranasals 2, contiguous, frontonasal none (or united to the fron- 
tal ?), internasal broad, frontal large, interparietals rhombic, far 
apart, interparietal triangular, broad, large. Palate toothless, 
without any notch. Ears denticulated in front. Body fusiform. 
Limbs 4, moderate. Toes 5-5, elongate, compressed, unequal. 
Scales smooth. Tail round, tapering. 

The Thyrus. Thyrus Bogerii. Scincus Bogerii, Desj. Ann. 
Sci. Nat. xxii. 296. Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 625. 

Body fusiform, bronzed, fulvous or brown, black-spotted or 
streaked ; ear a longitudinal slit, as if operculated, the lower part 
of the front edge toothed; frontoparietal rhombic, not contiguous, 
interparietal large, triangular; two middle preanal shields larger. 

a, b. In spirits. Isle of France From the Paris Museum. 



LIZARDS. 125 

5, Amphiglossus, Dum. et Bib. Keneux, Cocteau, MSS. 

Muzzle blunt, conical. Nostrils lateral, between the nasal and 
the rostral, supernasal contiguous, internasal large, triangular, 
frontonasal none, frontal large, frontoparietal and interparietal 
united, triangular. Tongue scaly at the base, naked and nicked 
at the tip. Palate toothless, entire (not grooved nor nicked). 
Cheek-teeth straight, short, slightly compressed, rather sharp- 
edged. Ears small, longitudinal, simple-edged. Lower eyelid 
scaly. Body elongate, cylindrical, sides rounded. Scales smooth. 
Limbs 4, short, far apart. Toes 5-5, unequal, rather compressed, 
simple, clawed. Tail conical, pointed. Preanal scales like the 
ventral. 

The Keneux. Amphiglossus Astrolabi, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 
()08. Keneux de 1' Astrolabe, and K. de Goudot, Cocteau, Mus. 
Paris. 

Brown, beneath greyish. 

Inliab. Madagascar. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. 

6. Seps, Daudin. Zygnis, Oken, Fitz., Weigmann. 

Muzzle conical, simple. Rostral square, with a rounded na- 
sal notch. Nostril lateral, in the hinder edge of the rostral, supra- 
nasal contiguous, the internasal and frontal large, frontonasals 2, 
large, frontoparietals none, interparietal veiy small, parietal s 2, 
large. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at the tip. Teeth conical, sim- 
ple. Palate toothless, with a longitudinal groove. Ears oblong, 
simple-edged. Lower eyelid with a transparent disk. Body cy- 
lindrical, elongate, sides rounded. Scales smooth. Legs 4. far 
apart, weak. Toes 3-3, subcylindrical, simple, unequal, clawed. 
Tail conical, pointed. 

The CiciGNA. Seps tridactylus, Rapp. Seps Chalcidica, 
3fei-rem, Tent. 75. S. quadrilineata, and vS. concolor, Metaxa. 
Seps vittatus, and S. lineatus, Leuk. Breves. 9. S. chalcides. Bo- 
nap. Fauna Ital. t. Dum. et Bib. E-. G. v. 7QS. Lacerta chal- 
cidica, Aldrov. L. chalcides, Linn. S. N. ed. 10, 209. L. Seps, 
Shaw, Zool. iii. 252. Vandelli, M. Acad. Lisb. i. 37. Zygis 
striata, Fitz. 53. Guerin, Icon. t. 15, /. 3. Ameiva meridio- 
nalis, Meyer, Syn. 28. Chamgesaura Ohalcis, Schn. Amph. 287. 
Seps, Lacep. Q. O. i. 433, t. 31. Cicigna, Cetti, Sard. ii. 28, Jig. 

Pale, with series of small black specks. 

a, b. Adult, in spirits. Turin. Presented by Prof Bouelli. 
c, d. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Europe. 
e — g. Adult and young, in spirits. Dalmatia. From Dr. Hec- 
kle's collection. 
h. Adult, in spirits. Europe. 

M 3 



126 REPTILES. 

7. Heteromeles, Dum. et Bib. 

Muzzle conical. Nostril lateral, in the hinder edge of the 
large rostral. Supranasal large, contiguous, internasal large, 
frontonasals 2, frontoparietal none, frontal large, interparietal 
small, triangular. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked at the tip. Teeth 
simple, conical. Palate toothless, with a broad longitudinal 
groove behind. Ears small, hidden under the scales. Lower eye- 
lid with a transparent disk. Body cylindrical, elongate, the sides 
rounded. Scales smooth. Legs 4, weak, far apart. Toes 2-3, 
subcylindrical, simple, unequal, clawed. Tail conical, pointed. 

The Heteromele. Heteromeles Mauritanicus, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. V. 772. 

Greenish, finely black-dotted, beneath whitish, the sides often 
blackish. 

Inhab. Algiers. From Mus. Paris. 



Fam. XVII. Acoxtias, (Acontiad^). 

Head small, shielded. Muzzle conical. Rostral rather large, 
cup-shaped, internasal short, frontal large, frontoparietal none, 
interparietal triangular, moderate. Eyes distinct. Eyelids, lower 
well developed, upper small or wanting. Nostrils in the middle 
of the side of the rostral shield, with a slit to its hinder edge. 
Tongue scaly, imbricate, nicked at the point. Ears very small 
or hidden. Femoral pores none. Body cylindrical. Limbs 4, 
very short, or none. Scales smooth. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 
* Leys 4, short. Ears small. Upper eyelid distinct. 

1. Nessia. Toes 3-3, short, subequal. 

2. EvEsiA. Feet undivided, short. 

** Legs none. Upper eyelid rudimentary. 

3. AcoNTiAS. Limbs none. Eyes with a lower lid. 

1. Nessia, Gray. 

Muzzle conical. Ears very small, dot-like. Body cylindri- 
cal, elongate, sides rounded. Scales smooth. Legs 4, very short, 
far apart. Toes 3-3, subequal, clawed. 

The Nessia. Nessia Burtoni, Gray, Ann. N. H. ii. 336. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 781. 

Pale brown, beneath paler; scales darker in the middle. 
Inhab. ? Mus. Chatham. 



LIZARDS. 127 

2. EvEsiA, Gray. 

Muzzle conical. Nostrils lateral. Rostral large, interiiasal 
half circular, frontal square, interparietal triangular, supranasal, 
frontonasal and frontoparietal none. Tongue flat, scaly, nicked 
at the tip. Teeth conical, simple. Pala'te not toothed, nicked 
behind, without any central groove. Ears very small, dot-like, 
hidden under the scales. Lower eyelid transparent ? Body cy- 
lindrical, elongate, sides rounded. Scales smooth. Limbs 4, far 
apart, very short, weak, undivided, style-like. Tail rounded, 
pointed. 

The EvEsiA. Evesia monodactvla, Bell^ MSS. Grai/, Ann. 
N. H. ii. 336. E. Bellii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 783. 
Fulvous, scales brown -edged, beneath paler. 
Inhab. India. Mus. Bell. (Mus. Paris, given by Mr. Bell). 

3. AcoNTiAs, Cuvier. 

Head conical. Nostrils lateral. Internasal broad, (J-sided, 
frontal large, 6-sided, frontonasals and frontoparietals none, inter- 
parietal small, triangular, parietal moderate. Tongue flat, scaly, 
nicked at the tip. Teeth conical, blunt. Palate not toothed, with 
a longitudinal groove. Eyes very small. Upper eyelid wanting, 
lower short, scaly, opaque. Ears hidden under the skin. Body 
cylindrical, elongate. Scales smooth. Limbs none exserted. 
Tail cylindrical, short, rounded at the end. 

The AcoNTiAS. Acontias meleagris, Cuv. R. A. ii. 71. Gray, 
Ann. N. H. ii. 337. Guerin, Icon. t. 17, /. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. V. 802. Anguis meleagris, Linn. Mus. Adolph. ii. 48. S. N. 
i. 390. Seba, i. t. 53,/. 1, ii. t. 21 ,/. 4. Daud. Rept. vii. 272. La 
Peintade, Lacep. Serp. ii. 439. 

Labial scales 4-4. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Pale brown, back with 8 series of dark spots, 

the outer series smaller. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by 
Ford, Esq. 

b, c. Half-grown, in spirits. Pale brown, back with 6 series of 

brown spots. Cape of Good Hope. 
d—f. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Back brown, with very 

numerous very minute brown dots. Cape of Good Hope. 
g. Adult, in spirits. Back nearly uniformly lead-coloured. Cape 

of Good Hope. 



128 REPTILES. 



Fam. XVIII. Typhlines, (Typhlinid^). 

Rostral rather large, cup-shaped. Nostril in a slit in the ros- 
tral shields. Chin with a cup like shield. Limhs 2, posterior, 
undivided, or none. Body cylindrical. Tail cylindrical. Scales 
smooth, equal, 6-sided. Eyes and ears hidden under the skin. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 
a. Head shielded. Preanal shield single^ large. 

1. Typhline. Limbs none. Rostral large, cup-shaped. Pre- 

anal shield single, large. 

b. Head-shields synall, scale-like. Preanal scales numerous. 

2. Feylinia. Limbs none. Rostral moderate, depressed. 

3. DiBAMus. Limbs 2, posterior. Rostral large, cup-shaped. 

a. Head shielded. Preanal shield single. 

1. Typhline, Weigmann, Dum. et Bib. (not Typhlina, Wagler). 

Muzzle produced. Rostral covering half the head, keeled on 
the edge, flat beneath, internasal very l)road, band-like, frontal 
broad, crescent-like, interparietal triangular, parietals 2, oblique, 
moderate. Limbs none. Nostril in the front of the side of the 
rostral, with a long groove in its hinder edge. Preanal shield 
single, semicircular. Eyes none, only slightly seen through the 
skin. 

M. Bibron says this genus has no cephalic plates ; his animal 
may be different. 

The Typhline. Typhline Cuvierii, Weigm. Herp. Mex. 11. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. v. 836. Gervais, Diet. Sci. Nat. Suppl. t. 
Acontias coecus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 60. 

Yellow, with a violet spot on the hinder edge of the scales. 

a. Adult. Pale brown, with a purplish band across the hinder 
part of each dorsal scale. Cape of Good Hope. 

6, c. Half-grown. Pale brown, nearly transparent. Cape of 
Good Hope. Presented by Dr. John Lee. 



LIZARDS. 129 

b. Head-shields 6-sided, scale-like. Preanal scales numerous. 

2. Feylima. 

Head rather depressed, covered with 6-sided scales, narrow in 
front. Rostral moderate, depressed. Nostrils in the middle of 
the side of the rostral, with an arched groove to the hinder edge. 
Eyes none. Body cylindrical, rather depressed, covered with 6- 
sided smooth scales, those in front of the vent like those of the 
belly. Limbs none. Tail round, tapering. 

The Feylinia. Feylinia Currori. 

Dark brown ; head with 3 scales in the central series, the first 
(internasal) 6-sided, rounded behind, with 2 transverse supranasals 
in front of it, the second (the frontal) rather wider, truncated be- 
hind, the third (the interparietal) 6-sided, with the hinder edge 
rather produced into an angle ; the lateral scales smaller. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Thick, tail very short, conical, reproduced. 

Angola. Presented by J. Cui-ror, Esq., R.N. 

b. Young, in spirits. Thinner, head and head-shields propor- 

tionally larger, tail half the length of the body, cylindrical. 
Coast of Africa. Presented by J. Curror, Esq., R.N. 

3. DiBAMUs, Dum. et Bib. 

Limbs 2, posterior, kidney-shaped. Preanal scales like the rest 
of the body. 

The DiBAME. Dibamus Nova GuincEe, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
V. 834. Gervais. Diet. Sci. Nat. Serp. t. f. Acontias subcoe- 
cus, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. 

Olive brown. 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Leyden. 



130 



REPTILES. 



Fam. XIX. Typhlops, (Typhlopsid.e). 

Head depressed, broad, rounded in front, with a large ublon<i^ 
erect rostral plate. Nostrils lateral, in a distinct nasal shield be- 
hind the edge of the muzzle, and with a slit to the hinder lower 
and sometimes to the front upper edge of the plate. Mouth small, 
lunate, inferior, above edged by the shields on the side of the head, 
upper labial shields none. Crown covered with 3 series of 6-sided 
scale-like shields, the middle ones representing the internasal, 
frontal and interparietal shields. Eyes lateral, covered by and 
only to be seen through the ocular shields, sometimes wanting. 
Tongue elongate, flat, forked at the tip. Body cylindrical, some- 
times rather larger behind. Scales 6- sided, smooth. Tail cylin- 
drical, suddenly contracted and obliquely convex and scaly above 
at the end, tip covered with a conical or spinose shield. 

They move with considerable swiftness {Russell), sometimes 
found three or four feet under ground {Trinhrill). where they bury 
themselves in the rainy season (Spix), and are often found under 
stones {Ince). They are quite innocent, and not inclined to bite 
{Spix and Russell), and lire some time after they are immersed in 
ordinary spirits of wine {Russell). 

The diameter of the body, after a certain age, appears to in- 
crease during growth, much more rapidly than the length. Dr, 
Schlegel, in his Abbildungen,t. 32, has figured the heads and tails 
of eleven species, but the scales of the head are scarcely sufficient- 
ly accurate for the determination of the species with certainty. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Tail short. Vent edged ivith scales in front. The frontonasal 
shield lateral, narroiv beloiv. The upper lip edged hy nasal and 
ocular only. 

* Head nearly covered ivith the large oblong rostral, ichich is sharp- 
edged or keeled and concave beneath, and rather bent down in 
front. Nostril inferior. 

1. Typhlops. Rostral very large, oblong. Nasal, frontonasal 

and eye shields very narrow, rest of head covered with scales 
like the body. 

2. Onychophis. Rostral moderate, oblong. Nasal, frontonasal 

and eye shields oblong, subangular. Crown with 3 series of 
6-sjded shields. 



LIZARDS. 131 



** Head depressed. Rostral regularlj/ rounded in fronts convex 
above and belon\ with a central^ oblony, erect rostral. The na- 
sal, frontonasal and eye shields moderate, the rest of the head co- 
vered with 3 series of 6-sided shields. 

3. Typhlinalis. Head rounded. Rostral ohlong, convex, ra- 

ther swollen, broad. Nasal rather large, convex. Nostril 
inferior, with a slit to the lower edge of the plate. Snprana- 
sal none. Eyes none. Temple-shield elongate. Crown with 
3 series of 6-sided shields. 

4. Amlios. Head rounded. Eostral flat, oblong, erect, not 

narrowed below, regularly arched in front. Nostril Avith a 
slit to the lower edge of the nasal. Nasal, frontonasal and 
eye-shields oblong, subangular. Eyes distinct. Crown with 
3 series of 6-sided shields. 

.5. Stenostoma. Head rounded. Rostral oblong, flat, erect, re- 
gularly arched in front, narrowed below. Nostril with a slit 
to the'upper as well as the lower edge of the nasal. Nasal, 
frontonasal and eye-shields oblong, subangular. Eyes dis- 
tinct. Crown with 3 series of 6-sided shields. 



6. Meditoria. Head rather narrowed in front. Rostral ob- 
long, rather produced and slightly angularly bent in front, 
tapering below. Nostril with a short slit towards the upper 
and one to the lower edge of the nasal. Nasal, frontonasal 
and eye-shields distinct, oblong, subangular. Eyes distinct. 
Crown with 3 series of 6-sided shields. 



II. Tail elongate, cylindrical. Vent with a single transveise shield 
in front. The frontonasal low doivn, inferior, tvide and square 
below, forming, ivith the nasal and ocular, the edge of the upper 
lip. 

7. Glaucoma. Rostral shield rounded abo\e. Crown-shields 

subequal. The frontonasal plate very short, to the nasal slit. 

8. Epigtia. Rostral shield truncated above. Central crown- 

shields small, 6- sided, the lateral broad, transverse, the fronto- 
nasal plate moderate, to the front of the eyes. 



132 REPTILES. 



A. The tail short. Vent edged ivith scales in front. Frontonasal 
shield lateral^ narrowed below. The upper lip edged with the 
base of the nasal and ocular shields only. Crown with 3 series 
of 6-sided scale-like shields. 

* Head nearly covered ivith a large rostral, tchich is sharp-edged 
and keeled, and rather bent down in front. Tail very short. 
Preanal scales like the others, numerous. Typblopsina. - 

1. Typhlops, part, Schneider. T. sect. 2. Cuv. 

Head depressed, almost entirely covered with a very large ob- 
long nail-like rostral, which is horny, sharp-edged, keeled, and 
rather hent down in front. Nasal, frontonasal and eye-shields 
very narrow, the rest of the head covered with scales, like the bo- 
dy. Scales all small and uniform. Tail very short, suddenly ta- 
pering, convex above, apex incurved. 

The Typhlops. Typhlops Eussellii. 

Yellowish white ; rostral rather darker; tail much shorter than 
broad, apex incurved. 

a. In spirits. " India. Presented by Dr. Patrick Eussell." 

2. Onychophis. 



r 



Head depressed, rounded. Rostral moderate, oblong, erect, 
■ather produced, keeled, sharp-edged, horny, and slightly bent 
down in front. Nasal, frontonasal and eye-shields subangular, 
distinct. The crown of the head with 3 series of 6-sided scale- 
like shields. Scales all smooth, uniform. Tail cylindrical, end 
suddenly tapering, convex above. 

* Tail very short. Rostral broad, oblong, more than half the ividth 
of the head, keeled the whole width in front. 

Franklin's Claw-headed Snake. Onychophis Franklinii. 

Pale brown above, paler beneath ; the hinder half of the dor- 
sal scales darker coloured ; rostral broad, oblong, more than half 
as wide as the head ; tail nearly as long as broad, apex conical, 
nearly straight. 

a. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

Laland's Claw-headed Snake. Onychophis Lalandii. T. 
Lalandii, Schlegel, Abbild. 40, t. 32, f. 17, 20. 

Pale brown, paler beneath ; rostral half as wide as the head, 
not contracted beneath ; tail short. 

Inhab. Cape of Good Hope. Mus. Leyden. 



LIZARDS. 133 



* Tail short. The rostral large, broad, oblong, nearly half as ivide 
as the head, obscurely keeled in the middle of the front. The 
first croum-shield (frontal P ) the largest, with its side-angles be- 
hind the tips of the nasal. 

Barrow's Clawed Snake. Onychophis Barrowii. 

Black, back irregularly marbled and spotted with pale brown ; 
chin and beneath pale brown ; head-shields black, with a narrow 
yellow subraarginal line ; scales smooth, palei-edged in front, ra- 
ther small, in many longitudinal rows ; rostral rather bluntly keel- 
ed in the middle of the front, concave beneath ; the front central 
crown-shield largest, 6-sided ; tail very short, apex incurved. 

a. In spirits. India ? Presented by Sir John Barrow. 

Bowdich's Clawed Snake. Onychophis punctata. Acontias 
punctatus, Xertc/i, (M^^S. 5. M. 1816). Bowdich, Africa. Ty- 
phlops Eschrichtii, Schlegel, Abbild. 37, t. 32,/. 13, 16 ? 

Pale brown ; each of the scales with a squarish white spot ; 
head-shields pale brown ; the first central crown-shield much the 
largest, rather crescent-shaped ; the rostral very obscurely keeled 
in front, rather concave below. 

a. In spirits. Fantee, Afnca. Presented by T. E. Bowdich, Esq. 

** Tail elongate. Rostral moderate, oblong, erect, about half the 
width of the head, keeled in the middle of the front. 

The Olive Clawed Snake. Onychophis olivaceus. 

Dark olive ; upper lip and beneath yellowish ; scales of the 
back yellow-edged in front; head blackish, shields rather paler 
edged ; rostral moderate, about one third the width of the head, 
rounded above, convex on the sides, slightly keeled, horny and 
bent down in the centre of the front ; the central crown-shields 
equal, the two first rounded and the third rather truncated behind, 
rather the widest; the two shields over the eye-shield equal in 
size; tail elongate, cylindrical, 4 or 5 times as long as broad, apex 
conical. 

a. In spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

Cuming's Clawed Snake. Onychophis Cumingii. 

Pale olive or blackish grey, rather paler beneath ; head rather 
pale; head-shields closely and minutely punctulated; the rostral 
moderate, rounded above, straight on the sides, about one third the 
width of the head; the central crown-shields unequal, rounded be- 
hind, the first largest, broad, the second smallest, and the third or 
hinder intermediate in size ; tail subcylindrical, elongate, four or 
five times as long as broad, apex rather incurved. 

N 



134 REPTILES. 

a. In spirits. Blackish grey, rather paler beneath; scales nearly 
uniformly coloured. Indian Ocean. Presented by Capt. Sir 
Edward Belcher, C.B., R.N. 

6, c. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Olive above, upper lip and 
beneath yellowish, dorsal scales yellow-edged in front. Phi- 
lippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Cape Clawed Snake. Onychophis Fordii. 

Pale brown, with triangular white tips to the scales ; beneath 
white ; rostral rather produced with a sharp horny margin ; tail 
subcylindrical, elongate, nearly three times as long as broad, apex 
incmTcd. 

Inhab. Cape of Good Hope, Dr. Ford. Mus. Fort Pitt, 
Chatham. 

Typhlops mullicarinatus, Schlegel, Abbild. 40, t. 32, f. 39, 42, 
silver grey, white streaked, from New Guinea, appears to belong 
to this division of this genus. 

B. Head regularly rounded in fronts with a central^ oblong, erect 
rostral. The nasal, frontonasal and eye-shields moderate. The 
croivn of the head covered with three series of 6-sided shields. 
Aniliina. 

3. Typhltnalis. Typhlina, Wagler, (not Typhline, Weigm.) 

Rostral oblong, broad, convex, rather swollen. Nostril infe- 
rior, in one shield, with a slit to the lower edge of the nasal. Na- 
sal rather large, convex, supranasal none. Eyes none. Temple 
shields elongate. Crown with 3 series of broad 6-sided shields. 
The body thinner in front, rather enlarged and thicker behind. 
Tail very short, suddenly attenuated, apex acute. 

The TvPHiNALE. Typhlinalis lineatum. T. lineatum, Boie, 
Isis, 1827, 563. Schlegel, Abbild. t. 32, /. 32, 34 ? (not good ?) 
Wagler, Sr/st. 196 ? Typhlops septemstriatus, Schn. Amph. ii. 
341 ? Har'dw. Icon. ined. B. M. Rept. ^ 118. 

Pale brown, with 8 regular brown streaks above, with 2 series 
of small brown spots on each side, the lines and spots are in the 
suture between the longitudinal series of scales ; tail shorter than 
broad, apex acute. 

a. In spirits, rather discoloured. India. Presented by Gen. Th. 

Hardwicke. 

b. Rather younger, in spirits. India. 



LIZARDS. 135 

4. Anilios. Tjphlops, Wagler ? 

Rostral oblong, regularly arched in front, erect, not narrowed 
below. Nasal, frontonasal and eye-shields flat, oblong, subangu- 
lar, well developed. Supranasal none. Nostril inferior, with an 
arched slit to the lower edge of the nasal. Eyes distinct. Crown 
with 3 series of 6-sided shields, the central smallest. Body sub- 
cylindrical, rather larger behind. Scales smooth, equal-sized. 
Preanal scales several, like the others. Tail very short, suddenly 
tapering, convex above, tip acute. 

* The rostral large, hroad, oblong, nearly half as tvide as the head. 

The Australian Anilios. Anilios australis. Typhlops aus- 
tralis, Grag, B. M. 1838. Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 

Pale yellow, uniform; rostral shield broad, nasal shield broad 
and rounded above ; the central crown-shield nearly as long as 
broad, 6-sided, the second (frontal) the smallest, the first and third 
nearly equal-sized ; tail veiy short, about as long as Avide. 

a, b. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 

** The rostral moderate, oblong, erect, about one third the width 

of the head. 

Leach's Anilios. Anilios Leachii. Acontias, n. s. Leach, 
MSS. B. M. 

Body subcylindrical, rather thicker behind ; pale brown ; chin 
and beneath yellow, the line of separation of the colours rather 
ragged ; the front edge of the dorsal darker scales pale ; head- 
shields brown, pale-edged ; the rostral moderate, rounded above, 
very slightly concave on the sides ; the 3 central crown-shields 
equal, the first rather rounded, and the second most truncated on 
the hinder edge ; tail very short, scarcely so long as wide, the tip 
acute, incurved. 
a, b. In spirits. The largest most alike above and below. ? 

From Mr. Stuchbury's collection. 

The Black Australian Anilios. Anilios nigrescens, Grag, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 

Body slender, blackish ; chin and under side white, the line of 
separation rather ragged ; the dorsal scales pale-edged, especially 
on the front; head whitish in front, the head-shields more or less 
clouded with grey in the centre ; the rostral moderate, rounded 
above, rather convex on the sides ; central crown-shields rhom- 
bic, as long as broad, the first the largest, the second and third 
equal-sized ; tail short, tapering, rather longer than wide, tip ra- 
ther blunt, scarcely incurved. 

a. In spirits. Australia, Paramatta. Presented by G. Newport, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

n2 



136 REPTILES. 

The Red-tailed Anilios. Anilios mficauda. 

Black ; upper lip, under side and end of tail red, the line of 
junction between the two colours rather irregular; head paler, the 
shields with black clouds in the centre ; rostral oblong, rounded 
above, straight on the sides ; the central crown-shields rounded 
behind, the first larger, then the third, the second smallest ; tail 
very short, shorter than wide, tip acute, incurved. 

a — c. Adult and young. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. 

T. Mullen, Schlegel, Abbild. 39, t. 32, f. 25—28, from Suma- 
tra, agrees with this species in colour &c., but the rostral shield, is 
represented much broader than in our specimens. 

The Black Anilios. Anilios? ater. Typhlops ater, Schlegel, 
Abbild. 39, t. 32, f. 29, 31. 

Black ; tail twice as long as wide, nearly straight, apex coni- 
cal, tip subcentral. 

Inhab. Java, Mus. Leyden. 

The Small-shielded Anilios. Anilios? squamosus. Ty- 
phlops squamosus, Schlegel, Abbild. 36, t. 32, f. 9, 12. 

Brown, beneath yellowish, head pale ; head-shields very small, 
short. 

Inhab. Guiana. Mus. Leyden. 

5. Argyrophis. Stenostoma, part, i^i<2'..'^ Wagler P (not Latr. 
nor Bibron). Typhlops, part, Wagler. 

Rostral oblong, erect, regularly arched in front and slightly 
convex above and below, narrow below. Nostrils inferior, with a 
slit extending to the upper as well as the lower edge of the nasal. 
Nasal, frontonasal and eye-shields flat, oblong, subangular, well 
developed. Eyes distinct. Crown with 3 series of 6-sided shields. 
Body subcylindrical. Scales smooth, equal-sized. Preanal scales 
many, like the others. Tail very short, suddenly tapering, convex 
above, tip acute, conical, incurved. 

* The upper nasal slit arched, not extending quite to the edge. 

The Black and White Silver Snake. Argyrophis bicolor. 
Hardw. Icon. ined. B. Mus. Rept. #.119 (good), t. 120 ? 

Black, upper lip and beneath white, the two colours being se- 
parated from end to end by a straight line ; head-shields varied 
with white on the edge; the scales often whitish at the tip; upper 
part of tail black ; the central crown-shields equal, 6-sided, the 2 
first rounded behind, the second, if anything, rather the widest ; 
rostral oblong, even-edged, about one fourth the width of the head, 
broad above, rounded at the tip, contracted beneath directly it 
reaches the bulge of the head ; tail shorter than its breadth. 

a- In spirits. Singapore. Presented by Gen. Th. Hardwicke. 



LIZARDS. 



137 



Horsfield's Silver Snake. Argyrophis Horsfieldii. 

Black, greyish beneath, the colours gradually passing into each 
other ; scales with a subterrainal white cross hand ; the central 
crown-shields equal, 6-sided, small, loimded behind; rostral shield 
even-edged, about one fourth the width of the head, rounded 
above, rather contracted beneath ; tail shorter than its breadth. 

a. In spirits. Khassia, Hill. Presented by the India Company. 

The Yellowish Silver S^AKE. Argyrophis vermicularis. 
Anguis lumbricalis, Baud. Rept. vii. 308, (not Linn.) Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 74. Le Lombric, Lacep. Q. O. ii. 355, t. 20, /. 1. Anguis 
vermicularis, Merrem, Si/si. 158. Bonap. Act. Torin, ii. 427. Ty- 
phlops flavescens, Bibron, Voy. Morea, 72, t. 14, f. 3. Schlec/el, 
Ahhild. 37. 

Pale yellowish brown, head uniform brighter brown, with very 
minute distant tubercles ; rostral oblong, even-edged, about half 
the width of the head, contracted below; the central crown-shields 
6-sided, nearly of the same width, rather angular behind, the fii-st 
rather the largest ; tail short, about as long as broad, apex slightly 
incurved. 

a. In spirits. Bay of Salamis. Presented by Lieut. John Ince, 
R.N. 

The Demerara Silver Snake. Argyrophis reticulatus. An- 
guis reticulata, Linn. S. N. i. 391. Scheuch. P. Sacra, iv. t. 747, 
/. 4. Seba, i. t. 86,/. 2. ii. t. 6, f. 4. t. 7,f. 4. Typhlops crocota- 
tus, Schn. Amph. ii. 325. Le rezeau, Lacep. Q. O. ii. 446. E. M. 
t. 31,/. 4. A. rostralis, Weigm. Berlin Naturf. iii. 190. Merrem, 
Tent. 159. A. nasuta, Shatv, Zool. iii. 587? A. rostratus, Latr. 
Rept. iv. 223? T. lumbricalis, Schlegel, Abbild. 35, t. 32, f. 1—4. 

Reddish brown ; scales rather paler edged, especially those on 
the sides, beneath paler; head-shields brown, with broad pale edg- 
es ; rostral oblong, even-edged, about one fourth the width of the 
head, rounded above, with a broad erect club-shaped white mark 
on each side, contracted below ; the first central crown-shield as 
long as wide, rather angular behind, the second and third shorter, 
slightly truncated behind, the third the widest of the three ; tail 
much shorter than broad, tapering, with a rather elongate termi- 
nal spine. 

a. In spirits. Demerara. Presented by Dr. Hancock. 

The Brow^nish Silver Snake. Argyrophis lumbricalis. An- 
guis lumbricalis, Linn. S. N. i. 391. Silver Snake, Brown, Jam. 
460, t. 44, f. 1. A. Jamaicensis, Shaw, Zool. iii. 588, (not figure). 
Typhlops Cubge, Bibron. Sagra, Cuba, 204, t. 22 ? Le Lombric, 
Daub. Q. O. 648 ? T. cinereus, Guerin, Icon. Rept. t. 18,/. 2 ?? 
^ Brown, beneath greyish white; the body very slender in front ; 
tail rather longer than wide, rather blunt. 

Inhab. Jamaica, Cuba. n 3 



138 REPTILES. 



** Upper nasal slit sinuous and extending quite to the margin of 

the nasal. 

The Truncated Silver Snake. Argyrophis trimcatus. 

Greyisli green, opaque ; Lead rather truncated in front ; ros- 
tral moderate, scarcely one third the width of the head, even-edged, 
rounded above and contracted below; the central crown -shields 
equal-sized, nearly as long as broad, the first and second rounded 
and the third rather angular behind; tail'rather shorter than broad, 
tapering, slightly incurved. 

a — c. In spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Crenulated Silver Snake. Argyrophis Bramicus. 
Eryx Bramicus, Baud. Rept. vii. 272. Tortrix Russelii, 3ferrem, 
Tent. 84. Schlegel, Ahhild. 39. Punctulated Slow Worm, Shaw, 
Hardiv. Icon. ined. B. M. Rept. t. 116, t. 117? Rondo Taloa- 
too Pam, Russell, bid. Serp. t. 43. Cuv. R. A. ii. 73. 

Black or greyish black, rather paler beneath ; head regularly 
rounded and pale in front ; rostral and nasal shields with a pale 
crenulated submarginal edge, rostral oblong, scarcely one fourth 
the width of the head, rounded above, contracted beneath; the 
crown-shields equal, rather broad, rounded behind, the fourth 
shield rather wider, the fifth longer than the other three. 

a. In spirits. Ceylon. Presented by Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. 
b — d. In spirits. Bengal. Presented by Gen. Th. Hardwicke. 
e,f. In spirits. Scales brown, with a white spot in front, and a 

veiy narrow dark edge. India, Presented by Sir James Mac 

Gregor. 
g, h. In spirits. Scales blackish, with a lead-coloured spot in 

front. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 
i. In spirits. Black. Manilla. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 
;". In spirits. Grey brown. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 
k, I. In spirits. Pale brown, bleached ? 
m P In spirits. Head-shields with a broader white margin, the 

scales pale, hinder half brown. N.E. Australia. 



*** 



The Streaked Silver Snake. Argyrophis polygrammicus. 
Typhlops polygrammicus, Schlegel, Ahhild. 40, t. 32, f. 35, 38. 

Pale yellow, with series of brown dots ; scales brown, pale- 
edged; tail about as long as broad, incurved. 
Inhab. Timor. Ley den Museum. 



LIZARDS. 139 

6. Meditoria. 

Head rather narrowed in front. Rostral oblong, slio^htly con- 
vex above and below, rather produced in the centre in front, and 
slightly angularly bent over the muzzle, tapering near the upper 
labial. Nostrils with a short slit towards the upper edge and one 
to the lower edge of the nasal. Nasal, fronto-nasal and eye-shield 
distinct, oblong, subangular. Eyes distinct. Crown with 3 series 
of 6-sided shields. Tail about as long as broad, incurved, acute. 
Preanal scales numerous. 

The Sharp-nosed Snake. Meditoria nasuta. Typhlops 
nasutus, Cuv. Fitz. Cat. 53 ? 

Brown above, yellowish beneath, the two colours divided by an 
even line ; scales brown in the centre and pale on the edge ; the 
spots on the back forming 11 series ; head-shields with a narrow- 
brown submargiual line ; upper part of tail brown. 

a. In spirits. Berbice. Presented by Lady Essex. 

II. Tail elongate, cylindrical. Vent tvith a single transverse subtri- 
gonal shield in front. The frontonasal loiv down, inferior, ivide 
and square below, forming with the nasal and ocular the edge of 
the upper lip. Glauconiina. 

7. Glauconia. 

Head broad, rounded in front. Rostral broad, oblong, round- 
ed above. Nostril with a short slit to the upper and a longer to 
the lower edge of the nasal. Nasal, frontonasal ? and eye-shields 
forming the edge of the upper lip below, the eye-shield large, 
erect, the frontonasal ? very small, square, only reaching to the 
level of the hinder nasal slit. Crown with 3 series of 6-sided sub- 
equal shields. Eyes distinct. Preanal shield subtriangular, pro- 
duced behind. Tail elongate, rather tapering, rounded at the end, 
with 3 rows of scales beneath. 

The Cape Glauconia. Glauconia nigricans. Typhlops ni- 
gricans, Schlegel, Abbild. 38, t. 32, f 21, 24. 

Blackish ; rostral full one third the width of the head ; the 
first crown-shield rather the smallest, the second and third equal, 
rather larger, truncated behind ; the first lateral shield over the 
eye small, square, the second longer, oblong, transverse. 

a. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by Dr. John Lee. 

8. Epictia. Stenostoma, Bibron, Spix P (not Fitz. nor Latr.) 

Head regularly rounded in front. Rostral oblong, erect, regu- 
larly arched, truncated at the tip. Nostril with a short straight 
slit towards the front, and a rather larger one towards the hinder 



140 REPTILES. 

edge of the nasal. Nasal, frontonasal and eye-shield distinct, the 
three forming helow the edge of the upper lip, the frontonasal oh- 
long, erect, short, only reaching to the level of the eye, the eye- 
shield large. Crown with 3 series of shields, the central series 
small, 6-sided, the lateral ones ohlong, transverse. Eyes distinct. 
Preanal shields subtriangular, produced behind. Tail rather 
elongate, slightly tapering, with a conical tip, and 3 series of broad 
6-sided scales beneath. 

From the structure of the nasal shield of this genus, it appears 
that in this family the nostril is normally placed between two 
shields (the nasal and supranasal), and that these two shields are 
more or less perfectly united in front of the nostrils in the differ- 
ent species. 

Cook's Epictia. Epictia undecimstriata. Typhlops unde- 
cimstriatus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 74. Schlegel, Ahhild. 36. Stenostoma 
albifrons, Dum. et Bib. in D^Orhig. Voy. Amer. Merid. Rept. t. 6, 
(not Spix). 

Brown, rather paler beneath; scales all pale-edged, the brown 
spots forming lines ; the tip of the tail white ; the head-shields 
brown, very minutely tuberculated ; central crown-shields small, 
6-sided, equal, white-edged, the first lateral crown-shield rhombic, 
oblique, the second and third behind the tip of the eye-shield, 
broad, 6-sided, transverse. 

a — e. In spirits. Tropical America. Presented by E. Cook, Esq. 

The Stenostoma albifrons, Spix, Braz. 69, t. 25, f. 3, appears 
to be different. 

The Double-lined Epictia. Epictia bilineatus, Schlegel, 
Abbild. 36, t. 32,/. 5, 8. 

White, with series of brown spots, with a rather wider whitish 
streak on each side ; tail elongate. 

Inhab. West Indies. Mas. Leyden. 



Family XX. Rough Tails, (Uropeltid^). 

Head conical, compressed, shelving and acute in front, flat 
above, behind. Crown covered with regular shields. Rostral pro- 
duced, moderate, convex, horny, subtriangular, erect, produced 
and acute behind. Nostrils roundish, lateral, simple, in the mid- 
dle of the front of an erect subtriangular band-like nasal. Inter- 
nasal none, frontonasal subtriangular, truncated below, contiguous 
above, frontal and frontoparietal distinct. Nape scaly. Labial 
shields \, distinct. Eyes distinct, lateral, in the middle of the 



LIZARDS. 141 

front of an erect eye-shield, and covered by the shield without any 
eyelids. Eyebrow-shields none. Tongue elongate, flat, forked at 
the tip. Body cylindrical. Scales 6-sided, smooth, those of the 
hinder part and above the tail sometimes 2-keeled. Vent with 3 
scales in front. Tail cylindrical, obliquely truncated above. 

This family is intermediate between the Lizards and the 
Snakes ; following Cuvier and others, I was induced to refer it 
to the latter order, and therefore did not insert it in the Synopsis 
of the Families : but on reexamination, and comparison with the 
various modifications presented by the genera of Typhlopsidae, 
I have been induced to place it in this order. Cuvier seems to 
have been in doubt, for though he placed the genus with the 
snakes, he also regarded the species as a section of the Typhlop- 
ses. Schlegel names the group Pseudo Typhlops. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

1. Rhinophis. Tail truncated, covered with an oblong smooth 

shield, rather produced below. 

2. Uropeltis. Tail truncated, and covered above by a mode- 
rately granular shield. Lower edge rounded. 

3. SiLUBouRA. Tail convex, and covered above with 2-keeled 
scales. Lower edge with a sharp-edged 2-tubercled scale. 

1. Rhinophis, Hempr. 

Tail obliquely truncated, upper part rather convex, covered 
with a small oblong shield, lower edge rounded, simple, rather 
produced. Head acute, tapering in front. Vent-shields in one 
marginal row. 

The Rhinophis. Rhinophis oxyrhynchus, Wagler^ Syst. 195, 
' Hemp. Berl. Mag. " Typhlops oxyrhynchus, Schneid. Amph. 
ii. 341. Schlegel, Ahhild. t. 12. 

Pale brown, with series of brown spots, one on each scale. 

luhab. ? Mus. Leyden. 

2. Uropeltis (part), Cuvier. Typhlops, part, Cuv.? 

Tail obliquely truncated, flattish, and covered with a flat 
roundish radiating granular shield, lower edge rounded, the under 
side of the tail with 6 series of small scales. 

The Philippine Shield-tail. Uropeltis Philippinus, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 76. Eydoux, Mag. Zool. Rept. 1837, t. 13. Midler, Tri- 
verian Zeitsch. Phys. 1831, 248. Typhlops Philippinus, Cuv. R. 
A. ii. 74. 

Brown, beneath white, the two colours separated by a very re- 
gular waved line. 

Inhab. Philippine Islands. Mus. Paris. 



142 REPTILES. 

3. SiLUBOURA. Uropeltis, part, Cuv, Typhlops, part, Cuv. Schn. 

Tail obliquely truncated, upper part of end rather convex, co- 
vered with 2-keeled scales, the lower edge acute, with a depressed 
sharp-edged 2-tubercled scale, lower surface with 3 series of broad 
larger scales. Vent-shields 1 before and 2 marginal. 

The Rough Tail. Siluboura Ceylonicus. U. Ceylonicus, 
Cuv. B. A. ii. 76. Cocteau, Mag. Zool. 1833, t. 2. 

Brown, minutely and indistinctly yellow-spotted, with a yel- 
low band in front of the vent, continued in a band on each side 
of the tail. 

a. In spirits. Madras. Presented by Walter Elliott, Esq. 



Suborder II. Thick-tongued Lizards, (PACHYGLosSiE). 

• Tribe III. Nyctisaura. 

Scales of the belly small, rhombic, imbricated, of the head, 
back and sides granular. Tongue thick, short, convex, slightly 
nicked at the end. Eyes nocturnal. Eyelids circular, not conni- 
vent. Pupil linear, rarely round, erect. Body depressed, some- 
times fringed on the sides. Feet for walking. Toes subequal, la- 
mellar beneath, and generally dilated. 

Family XXI. The Geckoes, (Geckotid^). 

The only Family of the Tribe. 

They live on insects and worms, which they swallow whole, 
the oesophagus being very large. They produce a sound by the 
movement of their tongue against their palate, which has given 
rise to their name, similar to the double click often used in riding, 
which has been attempted to be imitated by the word Gecko, Foc- 
kaie and Geitge, and also to be called postilions, claqueurs and 
spitters. Nocturnal, avoiding the heat of the sun, and catch 
their food in cracks in rocks, houses. Sec. Their movements are 
veiy brusque, without sound, and exceedingly rapid. They hiber- 
nate, and are provided with one or two fatty masses in front of the 
pubis, which are said to be a provision for their nourishment dur- 
ing that period. The males are smaller, and often have femoral 
pores which are wanting in the female. The egg is spherical, 
with a hard calcareous shell. 



LIZARDS. 143 

When the tail has been reproduced, it is generally covered 
with small square uniform scales, placed in cross series. Care 
should be taken not to confound these with the tails of the nor- 
mal structure, which has the scales all of the same structure and 
fomi as those of the back, and generally (but not always) has a 
central series of larger plates beneath. 

Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Toes dilated, with 2 rows of membranaceous plates beneath, 

under the dilated part. 

A. Last joint of the toes short, infiexed, sheathed in the notch 
betiveen the front of the 2 series of plates. Claws 5-5. 

a. Toes dilated, ovate, with 2 series of transverse equal plates beneath. 

1. Thecadactylus. Toes half webbed. Femoral pores none. 

Tail uniformly granular. 

b Toes linear, truncated, middle of the toes ivith 2 roivs of square 
plates beneath, the 2 terminal plates larger. 

2. CEdura. Tail subcylindrical, with square scales, unarmed. 
Toes all with 2 rows of small plates beneath. 

3. Stropiiura. Tail cylindrical, with 2 rows of spines above, tip 

revolute. The 2 middle toes with 2 rows, the rest with 1 row 
of plates beneath. 

c. Toes linear, truncated, middle of toes tvith a single series of 
plates beneath, 2 tenninal plates larger. 

4. Diplodactylus. Terminal pair of toe-plates convex, round- 
ed at the end. Back and tail granular, uniform. 

5. Phyllodactylus. Terminal pair of toe-plates thin, square 

at the end. Back and tail tubercular. 

d. Toes slender, dilated at the end, with 2 diverging series of plates 

beneath. 

6. Ptyodactylus. Toes free. Body simple. Tail round. 

7. Uroplates. Toes webbed. Tail and side,' of the head and 
body fringed. 

8. Caudiverbera. Toes webbed. Tail and back with a mem- 

branous crest. 



144 EEPTILES. 

B. Toes, last joint slender, compressed, elongate, produced, clawed, 

free from the dilated penultimate joints. 

a. Thumb with a compressed clawed terminal joint, like the toes. 

9. Hemidactylus. Tail rather depressed, angular above, with 
cross rings of spines, lower edge simple. Toes free. 

10. Velernesia. Tail rather depressed, angular above, with cross 
rings of spines, lower edge denticulated. Toes half webbed. 
Skin of sides and limbs lax. 

11. DoRYURA. Tail depressed, uniformly granular, denticulated 
on the edge. Toes free. Sides and limbs simple. 

12. Platvurus. Tail depressed, uniformly granular, denticulated 
on the edge. Toes half webbed. Sides and limbs with a thin 
membranous expansion. 

13. Leiurus. Tail cylindrical, uniformly granular, tapering. 
Toes slightly webbed. Sides and limbs simple. 

14. Crossurus. Tail cylindrical, granular, with a festooned 
fringe on each side. 

b. Thumb with a compressed, clawless, terminal joint. 

15. BoLTALiA. Toes free. 

c. Thumb without any compressed terminal joint, clawless. 

16. Peripia. Toes all free. 

17. Peroplus. Toes two middle united at their base. 

II. Toes more or less dilated, with a single series of transverse 

plates beneath. 

C. Toes dilated, the last joint (only) compressed and rather pro- 
duced or ivanting, the plates beneath the toes membranaceous, 
smooth. 

a. Claws 5-5. Thumb with a compressed, free, clawed last joint. 

18. .Theconyx. Toes free, dilated. Sides simple. 

19. Pentadactylus. Toes free, base slender. Sides simple. 

20. Platydactylus. Toes webbed. Sides with a margin. 

b. Claws 4-4. Thumb without any compressed, free, clawed, last 

joint. 

21. Gecko. Toes free, last joint short. Back tubercular. 

22. Gehyra. Toes free, last joint rather elongate, very com- 
pressed. Scales granular. 



LIZARDS. 145 

23. Amydosaurus. Toes half webbed. Back granular. Limbs 
aud body simple. 

24. Lypeeosaurus. Toes half webbed. Back granular. Hinder 
edge of legs with a slight fold of thin membrane. Tail with 
a slight fringe. 

25. Ptychozoon. Toes webbed. Head, body and tail with 
membranes on the side. 

c. Claws 2-2. All hut the two middle toes without any compressed 

last joint. 

26. Tarentola. Lower rostral shield very long, 

d. Claivs no7ie. Toes all tvithout any compressed last joint. 

27. Phelsuma. Toes dilated, ovate. Tail rather contracted. 

28. Pachydactylus. Toes slender, short, apex rather dilated. 

29. Sph^rodactylus. Toes slender, with a single rounded disk 
at the tip. 

D. Toes and thumbs claived, slightly dilated heloiu at the base, the 
two or three last joints compressed, angularly bent, the membra- 
nous plates beneath the toes transverse, smooth. 

a. Toes rather thick, tapering. Tail round. 

30. Naultinus. Tail cylindrical, tapering, granular. Preanal 
pores in 2 or 3 cross series. Back granular. 

31. EuBLEPHARis. Tail cylindrical, ringed wdth cross series of 
tubercles. Back tubercular. 

32. HoMONOTA. Tail cylindrical, tapering, granular. Preanal 
pores none. Back scaly. 

33. PisTURUs. Tail compressed, dentated above. 

b. Toes elongate, slender, compressed, versatile, joints bent at angle. 

34. GoNioDACTYLUs. Tail round, tapering, granular. Scales 
granular. Preanal pores none. 

35. Cyrtodactylus. Tail round, tapering, with rings of tuber- 
cles. Back with rows of tubercles. Preanal pores in 2 paral- 
lel rows. 

36. Heteronota. Tail round, tapering, with rings of tubercles. 
Back tubercular. Preanal pores in an arched series. 

37. CuBiNA. Tail round, tapering, with rings of tubercles. The 
Back tubercular. Preanal and femoral pores none. 

O 



146 REPTILES. 

38. Gymnodactylus. Tail rather depressed, tapering, with rings 
of tubercles. Back tubercular. Preanal pores in a curved 
series. 

39. Phyllurus. Tail depressed, cordate, end round, tapering. 

D. Toes and thumbs clawed, cylindrical, tapering, toothed on the 
side, the plates beneath transverse, many-keeled, denticulated. 

40. Stenodactylus. 

I. Toes dilated, with 2 rows of memhranaceous plates beneath the 

dilated part. 

A. The last joint of the toes short, compressed, clawed, sheathed in 
the notch between the front of the 2 series of plates. Claws 
5-5. Thecadactylina. 

a. Toes ovate, notched. Plates under the toes transverse, equal. 

Toes dilated to the base. 

1. Thecadactylus, Cuvier. Thecodactylus, Gray, Wagler, 
Weigmann. Platydactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes half webbed, clawed, dilated, ovate, with a regular series 
of close transverse scales beneath, separated by a deep central 
groove, inclosing the claw. Thumb clawed, like the toes. Scales 
of the back very minute, equal. Body with a very slight fold on 
each side. Femoral nor preanal pores none. Vent with a blunt 
tubercle on each side. Tail round, tapering (often swollen near 
the base when reproduced), covered with squarish scales, which 
are rather larger on the under side. 

The Turnip-tailed Gecko. Thecadactylus rapicaudus. 
Gecko rapicauda, Houtt. Act. Acad. Harl. ix. 322, t. 3,/. 1. Gmel. 
S. N. 1068. Baud. Rept. 141, ^ 51. Stellio perfoliatus, Schneid. 
Amph. 26. Shaw, Zool. iii. 268. Gecko laevis, Daud. Rept. iv. 
112, t. Merrem, Tent. 42. Tilesius, Munich Trans. 1811, t. 1, 
/. 1,2, (tail entire). G. Surinamensis, Daud. Rept. iv. 126. Pla- 
tydactylus Theconyx, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 306. 

Brown, darker marbled ; scales of the back 6-sided, with mi- 
nute brown specks ; lower labial shield with a marginal series of 
chin-shields, the 2 front the largest, oblong; base of the tail with 
a conical tubercle on each side. 

a — d. In spirits. Tail reproduced, swollen at the base, tapering 
at the end, acute. Trop. America. 

e. In spirits. Tail slender, coloured like the back. Nevis. Pre- 
sented by Thomas Cottle, Esq. 

/. In spirits. Tail short, reproduced. Trop. America. 



LIZARDS. 147 

b. Toes linear^ truncated. Plates under the toes transverse, the 2 

last larger, thick. 

2. CEdura, Gray. 

Toes rather depressed, slightly dilated, linear, truncated at 
the end, with 2 series of a few square transverse membranaceous 
plates beneath, the last pair being rather the largest, with the 
claws between them. Claws 5-5. Back and under side covered 
with ovate convex equal scales, those of the side rather smaller. 
Tail cylindrical or rather depressed, brittle, covered above and be- 
low with close rings of square smooth scales, with 2 or 3 conical 
spines on each side of the base. Preanal pores in an interrupted 
rather arched series in the males, wanting in the females. Front 
lower labial shield rather large, without any chin-shields below. 

* Tail very thick., ovate, depressed, ivith a tapering point. Preanal 

pores in an arched, series. 

The Marbled CEdura. CEdura marmorata, Gray, Zool. 
Misc. b'2. Zool. Ereh. and Terror, t. 

Above black, spotted and banded with white, beneath white ; 
head and limbs above black, spotted with white, a whitish band 
across the nape, 1 over the shoulder, 2 across the back and 1 over 
the hind legs: tail marbled black and white, end with 1 or 2 black 
bands and a white tip; sides of the head whitish; chin and under 
sides of the body and limbs white ; tail with 2 large convexities 
just behind the vent, covered with larger scales, and with 2 close 
conical tubercles on each side of the base. 

a — € In spirits. N. Australia, Port Essington. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 

** Tail cylindrical, rather fusiform. Preanal pores extending on 

part of the thigh. 

The Lozenge-spotted CEdura. CEdura rhombifer. Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. Phyllodactylus Lesueurii, Dum. 

et Bib. E. G. iii. 392 ?? 

Pale brown, back and tail paler, with a zigzag brown line on 
each side, as if formed by a series of pale confluent rhombic spots, 
a brown streak on the temple from the back of the eye ; tail as 
long as the body, cylindrical, tapering or fusiform. 

a — c. In spirits. W. Australia. 

Ph. Lesueurii is described as having under the toes square 
plates at the base, and 3 or 4 very close plates in chevrons just 
before the 2 small terminal plates. 

o 2 



148 REPTILES. 

3. Strophura. Phyllodactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes all clawed, linear, truncated at the tip, the lower part of 
the middle of the toes with 2 series of small square plates, and the 
lateral with I series of transverse rather curved plates beneath, all 
with 2 oblong rather thick shields at the tip. Back unequally 
granular, with a series of tubercles on each side. Tail round, ta- 
pering, flexible, not brittle, rolled up beneath at the tip, and with 
2 rows of subcylindrical tulDercles above, Preanal pores in a dou- 
ble transverse series, the hinder series shortest. 

The Strophuee, Strophura spinigera, Grai/, Zool. Erebus 
and Terror^ t. Diplodactylus spinigerus, Grai/, Zool. Misc. 53. 
Phyllodactylus Strophurus,'Z>wm. et Bib. E. G. iii. 397, t. 32, f. I. 

Olive, minutely black-speckled, beneath pale ; scales granular, 
rather unequal, larger black-tipped, with a series of subcylindrical 
spines along each side of the back and the upper side of the tail, 
scales of the tail more unequal ; lower labial shields moderate, 
gradually diminishing in size, lower rostral moderate ; the plates 
under the middle of the lateral toes sometimes united together into 
a lunated shield ; preanal pores distinct, in a long anterior and a 
short posterior row. 

a, b. In spirits. Houtman's Abrollos. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection. 

4. Diplodactylus, Gray. Phyllodactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 
Sphserodactylus, part, Wagler. 

Toes all clawed, linear, truncated at the tip, middle of the un- 
der side of the toes with a few broad transverse plates, ending with 
2 oval convex rather thick plates, and sometimes there are a few 
small ones between the two kinds. Back granular, square. Tail 
round or fusiform, brittle, with rings of small square scales, simi- 
lar above and below. 

* Vent granular in front. The plates under the middle of the toes 

moderate. Australia. 

f Front lower labial large. Tail with rings of rather large scales. 

The Yellow-crowned Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus vit- 
tatus. Gray, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1832,40. Zool. Erebus and Terror, 
t. f Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 400. 

Brown ; back with a pale dorsal streak, and a series of small 
spots on each side ; the crown yellow ; limbs and tail yellow-spot- 
ted ; the 3 front lower labial shields on each side large, the rest 
very small ; front of the vent with distant cross series of rather 
larger scales ; tail with an oblique series of 3 or 4 small tubercles 
on each side of the base. 



LIZARDS. 149 

a. In spirits. Back with a tapering streak. N, Holland. Pre- 

sented by Allan Cunningham, Esq., F.L.S. 

b. In spirits. Back with a series of oblong transverse and angu- 
lar spots; hinder lower labial rather larger; tail reproduced, 
unarmed at the base. W. Australia. Presented by G. F. 
Moore, Esq. 

W Lower labial gradually diminishing in size. 

The Beautiful Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus oniatus, 
Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. f. 

Brown, with an irregular black-edged pale streak on each side 
of the crown, an irregular spot on each side of the nape, a series 
of rhombic spots on the centre, and unequal oblong spots on each 
side of the back ; limbs white-spotted ; tail (reproduced ?), thick 
fusiform, pale, black-dotted, with a rounded group of 5 ovate ra- 
ther acute tubercles on each side of its base ; scales small ; labial 
shields small, subequal. 

a. In spirits. Houtman's Abrollos. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

The Eyed Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus ocellatus. Gray, 
Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. f. 

Brown, with a series of brown-edged white spots on each side 
of the back; lower labial shields small, gradually diminishing ; 

lower rostral moderate ; chin-scales small, granular ; tail ? 

vent scaly in front. 

a. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's collection. 

The Marbled Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus marraoratus. 
Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. f. Phyllodactylus porphy- 
reus, part, Dmn. et Bib. E. G. iii. 393, t. 33, /. 5 .^? Gecko 
porphyreus, Daud. Kept. iv. 130 ? 

Pale, back and tail reticulated with dark brown, and generally 
with a central series of oblong pale spots ; tail elongate, subcylin- 
drical or fusiform, males with a round convex tubercle on each 
side of the base; lower labial shields small, very gradually smaller; 
the lower rostral small, squarish, truncated behind. 

a — d. In spirits. Houtman's Abrollos. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection, 
e. In spirits. Australia. 

The Two-LiNED Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus bilineatus. 
Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. f. 

Dark brown, white-dotted, with a white streak along each side 
of the head ; body and tail rather paler beneath, and brown-dot- 
ted ; scales minutely granular; tail rather fusiform, with a conical 
tubercle on each side of the base ; lower labial shield small. 

a, b. In spirits. Houtman's Abrollos. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection, o 3 



150 REPTILES. 

** Vent granular in front. The plates under the middle of the toes 

very narrow. Africa. 

The Lined Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus lineatus. 

Brown ; hack and tail with 2 narrow dark hrowu streaks on 
each side ; sides ohscurely brown-lined ; tail suhcylindrical, fusi- 
form ; lower labials 7-1-7, gradually smaller ; the lower rostral 
triangular, with 2 or 4 larger 6-sided chin-shields in front. 

a. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. 

b. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by the Earl of 

Derby. 

*** Vent with a large naked heart-shaped plate in front. 

Gerrhopygus. 

The Naked Diplodactyle. Diplodactylus Gerrhopygus, 
Weigm. Acad. N. Cur. xvii. 242. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 399. 

Scales small, granular ; grey, with blackish cross bands on the 
back and tail ; front of the vent with a large heart-shaped plate ; 
lower rostral shield large ; toes slender. 

Inhab. ? 

5. Phyllodactylus, Gray. 

Toes all clawed, truncated at the tip, under side of toes with 
transverse square plates in the middle, ending in two thin square 
plates. Back granular, with lines of tubercles. Tail rather de- 
pressed, brittle, with rings of rather larger tubercles? with a series 
of rather larger scales beneath. Femoral and preanal pores none. 
Lower rostral shield very large, pentangular, with a pair of large 
chin-shields. 

The Phyllodactyle. Phyllodactylus pulcher, Gray^ Spic. 
Zool. 3, t. 3,/. 1. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 397. 

Whitish, with brown marbling; scales of the back with 20 or 
22 longitudinal series of triangular tubercles ; chin-shields 2, ra- 
ther large, with some 6-sided scales, one on each side; tail with 
rings (often in pairs) of rather larger 6-sided scales. 

a. In spirits, bleached. Tropical America ? 

The Large Tubercled Phyllodactyle. Phyllodactylus 
tuberculatus, Weigm. Act. Nat. Cur. xvii. t. 18,/. 2. Dum. et Bib. 
E, G. iii. 396. 

Grey, brown- marbled ; back with 14 or 16 series of large tri- 
angular backed tubercles ; chin-shields large. 

a. In spirits, wants tail. California. Presented by Capt. Sir 
Edward Belcher. 



LIZARDS. 151 

c. Plates under the dilated cordate last joint hut one of the toes in 

2 diverging series. Toes slender at the base. 

6. PxYODACxyLUS, Cuvier, Wagler, Weigmann. 

Nostrils tubular, superior, at the angle of the rostral plate. 
Chin with some dilated scales. Fingers and toes free, slender and 
rounded at the base, with small cross plates beneath, dilated at 
the end, tenninal disk notched in front, with 2 series of diverging 
plates beneath. Claws b-b, each sheathed in the notch of the disk. 
Back granular, with rows of larger tubercles. Preanal and femo- 
ral pores none. Tail rounded, tapering, slightly ringed, with cross 
series of small tubercles. 

The Fan Foot. Ptyodactylus Gecko. Lacerta Gecko, Has- 
selq. Reis. 356. Stellio Hasselquistii, Schji. Amph. ii. 13. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 378, t. 33, /. 3. Gecko ascolabotes, Merrem, 
Tent. 40. G. lobatus, Geojfr. Rept. Egypt, t. 5,/, b. t.\. Supp. 
f. 2. Schinz. Abhild. t. 17. Ptyodactylus guttatus, Rupp. Atlas, 
13, t. 4. Le Gecko des Maisons, Borg, Diet. Class. ISf. H. vii. 182. 
Cuv. R. A. ii. b6. G, maculatus, Schinz, Rept. t. 16, 

Eeddish brown, white-spotted; lower rostral very narrow, elon- 
gate ; chin with a series of marginal shields. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, jun. 

Esq. 

b, c. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by Sir 

J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

d. Half gro^vn, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by A.Christy, Esq. 

7. Uroplates, Fitz. Rhacoessa, Wagler, Weigm. 

Toes half- webbed, with small square scales beneath, dilated at 
the end, terminal disk notched in front for the claws, and with 2 
series of diverging scales beneath. Tail depressed, edged with a 
thin membrane. Preanal nor femoral pores none. Back granu- 
lar, with larger scattered tubercles. 

The Sarrouhe, Lacep. Q. O. ii. 493, forming the genus Sar- 
rouha, Fitz., and Chiroperus, Weigmann, is probably only a badly 
described (perhaps from a mutilated) specimen of this species ; it 
is said to have only four fingers, and no expansions on the sides. 

The Famocantrata. Uroplates fimbriatus. Stellio fimbria- 
tus, Schneid. Amph. 32. Dond. Zool. iii. 138. Latr. Rept. ii. 54. 
Baud. Rept. v. 160, t. 52. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 381, t. 33,/. 4. 
Schinz. t. 17. La Tete plate, Lacep. Q. O. i. 425, t. -30. 

Yellow; membrane of the sides of the head and body torn and 
furnished with short processes ; tail depressed, broad, with a slightly 
scalloped membrane, rounded at the end. 

a, b. Adult and half grown, inspirits. Madagascar. Presented 
by J. E. Gray, Esq. 



152 REPTILES. 

The Sharp-tailed Famocantrata. Uroplateslineatus. Pty- 
odactyliis lineatus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 384, t. 31,/. 1 — 3. 

Yellowish white, with 5 or 6 brown streaks above ; sides with 
a simple fold of skin ; tail round, with a membrane on each side, 
ending in a point. 

Inhab. ? Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

8. Caudiverbera. Caudiverbera, part, Lawr. 

Toes half webbed, rather narrow at the base (granular beneath), 
dilated at the end, terminal disk notched in front for the claws, 
with 2 rows of diverging scales beneath. Tail with a deeply scal- 
loped membrane on each side. Sides simple, rounded. Back and 
tail with membranaceous crest. Preanal and femoral pores none. 

The Caudiverbera. Caudiverbera Peruviana, Laur. Syn. 43. 
Salamandre aquatique et noire, Feuillee, Journ. Observ. Phys. df-c. 
i. 319. Lacerta Caudiverbera, Linn. S. N. i. 359. Merrem., Tent. 
40. Gecko cristatus, Daud.. Rept. iv. 167. Ptyodactylus Feuil- 
laei, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 386. 

Bluish black ; eyelids and beneath slate-coloured. 

Inhab. Chili, near Conception. 

This species is only known from M. Feuillee's description ; 
it is said to grow to 45 inches long. 

B. The tivo last joints of the toes free, compressed, produced beyond 
the dilated joints, clawed. Hemidactylina. 

*** Thumb ivith a compressed and clawed last joint, like the toes. 

9. Hemidactylus, Cuv. 

Toes free, pear-shaped, dilated towards the end, with 2 series 
of diverging scales beneath, the last joint compressed, free, ex- 
serted, clawed. Thumb elongated, like the toes, clawed. Back 
granular, generally with cylindrical series of large tubercles. Bo- 
dy with a very slight ridge upon the low^er part of the side. Tail 
rather depressed, hexangular above, with cross rings of spines, ra- 
ther convex beneath, rounded on the side beneath. The chin- 
scales are very variable in specimens of the same species. 

* Tail with rings of spines. Back tubercular. 

\ Tubercles of back large, keeled. 

The Triangular Tubercled Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus 
trihedrus. Lesson, Belanger, Voy. 311, t. 5,f. 1. Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iii. 356, t. 38,/. 8. Daud. Rept. iv. 155. Merrem, 41. Wolf. 
Abbild. t. 20, f 1. 



1 



LIZARDS. 153 

Grey, with rather darker brown spots, whitish beneath ; tem- 
ples brown, with white and tubercular line above and below ; the 
back with white-spotted brown bands, back with large triangular 
tubercles, some opaque, white ; toes broadly dilated ; tail thick, 
rounded, with rings of triangular acute spreading spines, roundish 
beneath, subcaudal plate broad, 6-sided ; males with angular line 
of preanal pores, 8-8. 

a. In spirits. Chin-shields 4, large, rest small, preanal pores 8-8. 

Madras. Presented by W. Elliott, Esq. 
h. In spirits. Male ? Chin-shields 2, large, rest small, preanal 

pores 8-7, in an angular line. India. Presented by Sir Jas. 

MacGregor. 

The Spotted Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus maculatus, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 358. H. Sykesii, Gray, B. M. 

Back grey, black-spotted, with longitudinal series of nearly 
3-sided large tubercles; toes broad, last joint very long; the male 
with distinct femoral pores ; cheek-shields 4, 2 middle elongate, 
with some smaller hinder ones ; tail thick, rounded, with rings of 
triangular acute spreading tubercles, rounded beneath, subcaudal 
plate broad, 6-sided, regular. 

a. In spirits. Female? India, Dukun. Presented by Col. Sykes. 
h. Half grown, in spirits. Presented by Charles Bowring, Esq. 
c. Half grown, in spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

H. Chinensis, Gray, B. M. 
dj e. Young, in spirits. Bengal. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke. 

H. domesticus, Hardw. 

Brook's Hemidactylus. Hemidactylus Brookii. 

Pale, with irregular brown spots forming bands across the 
back ; the head and nape brown-spotted ; cheek with a broad 
streak from the nostrils to the eye, and 2 diverging streaks from 
the back of the eye, the lower to the ear ; back with irregular lon- 
gitudinal series of short broad ovate rather trigonal tubercles ; 
tail with rings of triangular acute tubercles ; lower rostral short- 
ish; chin-shields 2-2, middle largest; femoral pores in a continued 
angular line. 

a, b. In spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt Sir Edw. Belcher, 

C.B., R.N. 
c, In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

The Groove-tailed Hemidactylus. Hemidactylus de- 
pressus, Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. f. 

Tail depressed, rather broad, sides shelving, with a broad cen- 
tral groove above and below, lower broadest; back and hinder 
part of the thighs with rather distinct, large, oblong, triangular, 
keeled tubercles. 

rt, b. In spirits. ? 



154 REPTILES. 

ff Tubercles of the hack rounds of the side angular. 

The Warty Hemidactyle. Hemidactjlus verruculatus, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 54. Edivards^ Birds, t. 204. Bory, Expcd. Morea, QS, t. 
11,/. 2. Dum.et Bib. E. G. iii. 360. Gecus cyaiiodactylus, 
Rafin. N. Gen. 9. H. grauosus, Rupp. Atlas Zool. i. b.f. 1. H. 
verrucosus, Gray, Griffith A. K. ix. 50. H. triliedrus, Bonap. 
F. Ttal. t. f. 2. H. Burtonii, Grni/, B. M. 

Greyish, marbled with brown; back with large rather triangu- 
lar tubercles ; chin-scales 4, the 2 front subtriangular, large, the 
hinder oblong, small, the front lower labial very large, to the back 
of the chin-shield ; toes slightly dilated ; male with an angular 
series of preanal pores. 

a, h. In spirits. Shores of the Mediterranean. Presented by the 
Kev. W. Hennah. 

c. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, Esq. 

d. In spirits. Xanthus, Asia Minor. Presented by Charles Fel- 

lows, Esq. 

e. In spirits. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 
/. In spirits. 

fff Tubercles moderate, roundish. 

The Banded Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus fasciatus, Gray, 
Zool. Misc. 58. 

Pale brown, minutely black-speckled, with a broad arched 
dark band from the ears, across the nape, 3 broad bands across the 
back ; back with 20 regular longitudinal lines of rather small 
rounded tubercles ; chin with 2 small shields behind the lower ros- 
tral shields, and 3 or 4 rather larger scales behind the first under 
central plate ; tail rounded on the sides, and slightly ringed with 
distant small tubercles ; femoral and preanal pores interrupted in 
the middle. 

Inhab. ? Brit. Mus. 

The Brazilian Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus Mabouia, 
Cuv. R. A. ii. 54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 362. Gray, Griffith, 
A. K. ix. 51. Gecko aculeatus, Spix. Braz. 16, t. 18, f. 3. G. 
incanascens, Nieuiv. Abbild. t. f. 2. Thecadactylus pollicaris, 
Spix, Braz. t. 7. t. 18, /. 2 ? G. armatus, Niemveid, Abbild. 
t. f. 3—6. 

Fulvous, with 5-sided brown spots across the back ; back with 
small conical tubercles ; femoral and preanal pores continued, 
distinct. 

a — c. In spirits. Brazils. From Dr. Gardiner's collection. 

d. In spirits. Brazils. 

e. Young, in spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by Mrs. J. P. G. 

Smith. 



LIZARDS. 155 

The Wandering Hemidactvle. Hemidactylus mercatorius, 
Gray, Z. 31. 58. 

Pale brown ; head with 2, back with 3, interrupted angular 
black cross bands ; tail with irregular black cross bands ; beneath 
yellowish white ; back with small roundish trihedral tubercular 
scales ; male femoral pores in a continued sul)ang-ular series, each 
in the front edge of a scale, female with an angular continued se- 
ries of preanal pores. 

a. In spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Brazils. Presented by Lord Stuart de Rothsay. 

The Streaked Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus frenatus, 
Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 366. H. lateralis, 
Gray, B. 31. H. quinquelineatus. Gray, B. 31. 

Grey ; sides with small granuliform tubercles ; thumb short ; 
chin-shields 4 ; tail rounded, with cross rows of small spines ; fe- 
moral and preanal pores in a continued line. 

a. In spirits. ? 

b, c. In spirits. Ceylon. 

Leschenault's Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus Leschenaultii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 364. Stellio Argyropus, Tilesius, 3Iem. 
Petersb. vii. 334, ^ 11 ? 

Back with small scattered conical tubercles in the middle ; 
the edge of the orbits prominent and prolonged on the muzzle ; 
toes moderate; tail very slightly depressed; males with 26 femoral 
pores, in 2 lines, which are pierced in the front edge of the scales. 

Inliab. Ceylon. Mus. Paris. 

The Streaked Cheeked Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus 
vittatus. 

Grey, with 2 black streaks on each cheek, and a broad black 
streak on each side of the neck and shoulders ; lips brown-spotted; 
back granular, with 2 rows of distant rounder tubercles on each 
side ; tail with rings of 6 distant small triangular acute tubercles. 

a, b. In spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Bel- 
cher, C.B., R.N. 

** Tail squarish, with rings of spinose tubercles. Back equally 

granular. 

Bell's Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus Bellii. 

Pale olive, blackish marbled, with a streak from the back of 
the eyes to the ear ; beneath pale ; tail nearly square, the upper 
series of spines on each side nearer together than the lower ; fe- 
moral pores interrupted in the middle ; chin-shields 4, the 2 cen- 
tral long, rhombic, rather narrower behind, the hinder triangular, 
rounded at the hinder angle. 

a. In spirits. ? Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 



156 REPTILES. 

Weigmann's Hemidactyle. Hemidactylus Pemvianus, 
Weigmann, Act. Nat. Cur. xvii. 240. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 369. 

Grey, blackish marbled, with roundish white spots ; scales of 
the back equal, granular, nearly circular ; tail rather depressed ; 
sides rounded, spinose ; thumb small, perfect, clawed. 

Inhab. Peru. Mus. Berlin. 

10. Velernesia. 

Toes united by a web at the base, rather dilated towards the 
end, with 2 rows of diverging plates beneath. Thumb free, di- 
lated at the base, with a distinct compressed last joint, clawed. 
Skin of the sides and hinder part of the thigh very lax and puck- 
ered. Tail rather depressed, flat beneath, sharp-edged, with a 
close series of depressed spines on each margin, upper part 4-sided, 
with distant rings of conical tubercles. Femoral and preanal 
pores in an angular series. 

The Velernesia. Velernesia Richardsonii. 

Scales of the back e(|ual, nearly circular, with a few scattered 
large round, convex tubercles ; tail rather depressed, sides erect, 
upper part subangular, with 4 series of small conical spines, pla- 
ced in cross series. 

a. In spirits. Presented by Dr. John Richardson. 

11. Doryura. 

Toes free, or very slightly webbed at the base, dilated towards 
the end, with 2 diverging series of plates beneath, last joint com- 
pressed, rather elongate, clawed. Thumb like the toes, with the 
clawed, compressed, terminal joints. Back with minute, uni- 
form, granular scales. Tail depressed, rounded above, flattish be- 
neath, with a sharp denticulated edge to the lower side, and a 
central series of larger scales beneath ; sides of body and limbs 
simple. 

* Tail rather convex, slightly toothed on the sides. 

Bowring's Hemidactyle. Dorv-ura Bowringii. 

Grey-brown, with minute specks ; tail with narrow pale cross 
bands, darker-edged in front; limbs and tail white-speckled; the 
back with small equal granules ; tail 6-sided, covered withequal 
granules above, unarmed, with a narrow series of central plates 
beneath ; chin-shields 4, sublrigonal, angles truncated or rounded, 
the two middle largest ; tail lanceolate, convex above and slightly 
margined on the side. 

a, b. In spirits. ? Presented by Charles Bowring, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 157 

** Tail depressed, closely toothed on the side. 

Garnot's Doryure. Dorynra Garnotii. Hemidactylus Gar- 
notii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 358. H. Isvis, Gray, B. M. 1836. 

Back witli very fine equal granules; chin -shields 4, fonning 
a square, isolated from the lahial plates ; tail lanceolate, flat, ta- 
])ering, distinctly toothed on the sides. 

a. In sjjirits. South Sea Islands. From Mr. S. Stuchlmry's col- 
lection. 

12. Platyurus. 

Toes half webhed, ovate, dilated towards the end, with 2 di- 
verging rows of scales henealh, last joint free, compressed, pro- 
duced, clawed. Thumb small, like the toes, and clawed. Sides 
and thighs with a membranaceous expansion. Tail flattened, 
lanceolate, unarmed, thin and fringed with spines on the edge. 
Males with the femoral and preanal pores continued. 

The Platyure. Platyurus Schneiderianus, Stellio platy- 
urus, Schneid. Amph. 30. Mun. Acad. 1812, t. 1,/. 3. Merrem, 
Tent. 41. Weigm. Acad. Nat. Cur. xvii. 288. Lacerta Schneide- 
riana, Shaiv, Zool. 41, 278. Hemidactvlus marginatus, Weigm. 
Amp. 145. Ciiv. R. A. ii. 584. Diim. et Bib. E. G. iii. 370, t. 50, 

Skin with very small equal granulations. 

a, h. In spirits. Java. From the Leyden Museum. 

c. In spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, 

CB., R.rs . 
d — f. In spirits, Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 
g. In spirits, bleached. Presented by the College of Surgeons. 

13. Leiurus. 

Toes webbed at the base, rather dilated towards the end, with 
2 series of close rather diverging plates beneath, the last joint ra- 
ther elongate, compressed, free, clawed. Tail cylindrical, taper- 
ing, covered with minute granulations, and with a series of large 
6-sided shields beneath. Sides and limbs rounded. Back with 
minute equal granular scales. Preanal and femoral pores in an 
angular series (very small). 

The Banded Leiurus. Leiurus ornatus. 

Pale, with a horse-shoe shaped band on the nape, with a streak 
over the ears to the back of the eye; back with 3 and tail with 6 
or 7 broad black bands, broader towards the black tip of the tail ; 
back with series of sunken rather convex circular tubercles; tail 
slender, subangular, equally granular, unarmed, tapering. 

a. In spirits. W. Africa. From Mr. Raddon's collection. 

P 



158 REPTILES. 

14. Crossueus, Wagler. Caudiverbera, part, Laur. 

Fingers webbed. Toes half webbed, both dilated at the base, 
compressed at the eud, with 2 rows of diverging scales beneath. 
Claws 6-b. Sides and limbs rounded, without any membranace- 
ous expansion. Tail elongate, with a festooned fringe on each 
side, becoming wider at the end. Preanal and femoral pores 
? 

The Crossurus. Crossurus Caudiverbera, Wagler, Syst. 141. 
Merrem, Tent. 40. Lacerta Caudiverbera, Linn, S. N. 359. 
From Seba, ii. t. 103. cop. Shaiv, Zool. ^7S,f. 1. Caudiverbera 
>iEgyptiaca, Laur. Syn. 43. Hemidactylus Sebee, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iii. 373. 

Dirty yellow, with stellate white spots ; scales very finely gra- 
nular, of the muzzle rather larger, scattered with small tubercles, 
surrounded with rather larger scales ; the fingers webbed, the toes 
half webbed. 

Inhab. ? 

Only known from Seba's figure. 

** Thumb with a free last joint, but clawless. 

15. BOLTALIA. 

Toes free, ovate and dilated towards the end, with 2 series of 
straight narrow nearly transverse closely adpressed plate beneath, 
divided by a deep narrow groove, last joint compressed, free, ra- 
ther exserted, clawed. Thumb dilated, and with a compressed 
last joint, like the toes, but clawless. Back with granular scales 
and a few scattered larger granules. Sides simple. Tail rather 
depressed, tapering, ringed, with a central series of broad scales 
beneath. 

The BoLTALiA. Boltalia sublsevis, Gray, Z. M. 58. Hemi- 
dactylus Coctei, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 365. 

Grey, yellow beneath ; the back covered with small granular 
scales, with 2 or 3 interrupted series of rather larger ones on each 
side ; scales of chin small, granular, of belly smooth, moderate- 
sized, of the back flat-topped, grey, with several black dots. 

a. In spirits. India. 

*** Thumb small, without any free last joint and clawless. 

16. Peripia. 

Toes free, dilated for their whole length, with 2 series of di- 
verging plates beneath, last joint compressed, exserted, clawed. 
Thumb short, truncated, dilated, and with plates beneath, without 
any compressed last joint or claw. Males with femoral pores, fe- 
males poreless. Tail roundish. Back with equal granular scales. 



LIZARDS. 159 



Peron's Peripia. Peripia Peronii. Heraidactylus Peronii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 352, t. 30,/. 1. H. leiums, Gray. 

Tail depressed, enlar^'ed at the base, roundish ; chin with (> 
shields ; " pupil elliptical." 

a. In spirits, discoloured. Isle of France ? 

Variegated Peripia. Peripia variegata. Hemidactylus 
variegatus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 353. 

Chin with 4 shields; fulvous or brown, varied with black or 
chesnut ; " pnpil rounded.'' 

a. In spirits. New Holland, Houtman'sAbroUos. 

17. Peropus, Weigmann. 

Toes dilated at the base, with 2 series of diverging plates 
beneath, last joint compressed, exserted, clawed, the two middle 
hinder toes united at their base. Thumb dilated its whole length, 
clawless. Scales granular. Femoral pores ? Tail de- 
pressed, lanceolate, tapering, rounded above, flat beneath, toothed 
on the edge. 

The Peropus. Peropus mutilatus. Hemidactylus mutilatus, 
Weigmann J Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. xvii. 288. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iii. 354. 

Grey, with obscure brown spots, white beneath ; scales small, 
smooth,convex, many-sided, those of the middle of the back small- 
er ; the chin-shields few. 

Inhab. Manilla. Mus. Berlin. 

II. Toes more or less dilated, with a single series of transverse 

plates beneatli. 

C. Toes dilated, fiat below, last joint (only) compressed, rather 
produced, often altogether umnting. The plates beneath the toes 
membranaceous, smooth. Platydactylina. 

a. Claws 5-5, thickish, with the compressed last joint claived. 

18. Theconyx. Platydactylus, part, Dum, et Bib. 

Toes free, clawed, dilated the whole of their length, with entire 
transverse plates beneath, last joint compressed, short, iuflexed, 
claws incurved. Thumb like the toes, clawed. Head pyramidi- 
cal, triangular. Back grooved. Skin with very close conical 
granules. Preanal pores distinct. 

The Seychelle Gecko. Theconyx Seychellensis. Platy- 
dactylus Seychellensis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 318, t. 28,/. 1. 

Fulvous, with 2 series of chesnut spots on the middle of the 
back. 

Inhab. Island of Seychelles. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. 

P 2 



160 reptiles. 

19. Pentadactylus. 

Toes free, clawed, narrow at the base, rather dilated towards 
the end, with a series of transverse plates beneath, last joint com- 
pressed, short, inflexed. Thumb like the toes, clawed. Femoral 
pores distinct, in 2 series. Preanal pores in several angular series 
in the males. Skin very finely granular. Sides of the body sim- 
ple. Upper eyelid well developed. 

Duvaucel's Pentadactylus. Pentadactylus Duvaucelii. 
Platydactylus Duvaucelii, Duin. et Bib. E. G. iii. 312. 
Grey, back waved with brown ; scales very minute. 
Inhab. India, Calcutta. Mus. Paris. 

20. Platydactylus. Platydactylus, part, Cuv.^ Dum. et Bib. 

Toes webbed, dilated towards the end, with entire scales be- 
neath, the last joint short, compressed, inflexed, clawed. Thumb 
like the toes, clawed. Sides of the body, head and limbs with a 

membranaceous expansion. Scales very minute, granular. Tail 
p 

Leach's Gecko. Platydactylus Leachianus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 
54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 315, t. 28,/. 6, foot. 

Greyish, (bleached ?) 

Inhab. ? Mus Paris, an imperfect specimen, sent by 

Dr. Leach. 

b. Claws 4iA. The thumb ivithout any last compressed joints 

clawless. 

21. Gecko, Linn. Platydactylus, Fitz. Plat. sect. Wagler, 

FWeigm. and Dum. et Bib. 

Toes free, unequal, dilated towards the end, with a series of 
broad transverse membranaceous plates beneath, the last joint 
short, compressed, inflexed, clawed. Thumb dilated, without the 
compressed last joint, clawless. Eyelid membranaceous. Back 
granular, with scattered larger tubercles. Femoral and preanal 
pores distinct in the males. 

* Back largely tubercular. 

The Gecko. Gecko verus, Merrein. G. teres, and G. verti- 

cillatus, Laur. Syn. 44. Lacerta Gecko, Linn. S. N. i. 365. 

Schneid. ii. 12. L. guttata, Herm. Obs. 156. Daud. Rept. iv. 122, 

t. 49. Cuv. Guerin, Icoti. t. 13. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 328, t. 28, 

/. 4. G. annulatus, Kuhl, Beitr. 132. 

Reddish grey, white-spotted ; scales square, flat, smooth, with 
12 distant rows of large tubercles, with a series of hexagonal lar- 
ger gular shields in front, under the under labials. 



LIZARDS. 161 

«, b. Adult, in spirits. India. Presented by Capt. Stafford. 

e. Adult, in spirits. India. 

d. Adult, in spirits. Tenassem coast. Presented by Dr. Pacliman. 

€. Adult, in spirits. Cbina. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

/. Adult, in spirits. Port Essington, N. Holland. From Mr. 

Gilbert's collection. 
g. Half grown. India. 
A. Young, discoloured, no tail. India. 
i. Young. India. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

Reeves's Gecko. Gecko Reevesii, Grai/, Griffith, A. K. ix. 48. 

Olive grey ; scales with series of moderate tubercles, and with 
a series of 6 hexangular larger gular shields in front, under the 
under labial ; preanal pores in an angular series ; tail ? 

a. Adult, in spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

** Back with small tubercles. 

The Japan Gecko. Gecko Chinensis, Gray, B. M. 1837. 
Zool. M. bl. Platydactylus Japonicus, " Schlegel, Mus. Leyd.^' 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 337. P. Jaraori, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. 
Hemidactylus nanus. Cantor, Ann. N. H. 1842, 27. 

Greyish, brown-shaded ; skin with very fine rounded grains, 
scattered with other rather larger grains ; chin with 6 or 7 6-sided 
plates. 

a. In spirits. Japan. From the Leyden Museum. 

b. In spirits. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

c. In spirits. China, Chusan. Presented by the India Compa- 

ny, from Dr. Cantor's collection. 
H. nanus, Cantor. 

The Amboyna Gecko. Gecko monarchus. Platydactylus 
monarchus, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 335. 

Back covered with numerous conical tubercles, scattered with 
very small flat polygonal scales ; brown, back with 2 longitudinal 
series of 6 or 7 hirge black spots; beneath white; chin with 2 ob- 
long plates ; male with the femoral pores in a curved line on each 
side ; chin-shields 2, elongate, narrow, with 2 or 3 rows of small 
hexagonal ones on each side. 

a. Half grown, in spirits. Head and nape brown-spotted, female 

preanal pores none. Amboyna. From Mus. Leyden. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Head and nape brown-spotted, preanal pores 

large, in an angular series, extending on the upper part of the 
thigh, rather pinched up in the centre. Philippines. From 
Mr. Cuming's collection. 
c—e. In spirits. Paler, head spotted, nape with a narrow irregu- 
lar horse-shoe-shaped band, preanal and femoral pores large 
on the side, angular in the middle. Borneo. Presented bv 
Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, C.B., R.N. p 3 



162 REPTILES. 

Dr. a. Smith's Gecko. Gecko Smithii, Gray^ Zool. Mis. 54. 

Black, with minute white-tipped tubercles ; back with cross 
bands of white spots, the two front bands lunate ; tail with 8 white 
spots, the front small, next round, the rest oblong, longer towards 
the tip, last spot subapical ; beneath grey, brown-raarbled ; head 
grey, occiput with 3 diverging, and the sides of the throat with 2 
black streaks. 

Inhab. Prince of Wales' Island. Mus. Fort Pitt, Chatham. 

The Streaked Gecko. Gecko vittatus, Houtt. Act. Uliss. 
ix. 325, t. 2. Latr. Rcpt. ii. 61. Brong. Bull. Soc. Phil. i. t. 6, 
/. 3. Daucl. Rept. iv. 136. Gmel. S. N. i. 1067. Cuv. R A. ii. 53. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 331. Stellio bifurcifer, Schneid. Amph. 
ii. 22. L. zeylonica, Nau. L. striata, Shaw, N. Misc. t. SS. 

Fulvous, with a longitudinal white streak, forked in front ; 
back with very numerous very granular small rounded tubercles. 
a. Adult, in spirits. Amboina. From Mr. Brandt's collection. 
h. Young, in spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by the 

College of Surgeons. 

Lacerta unistriata. Cat. Mus. Col. Surg. n. 209. 

The Double-streaked Gecko. Gecko bivittatus. Platy- 
dactylus bivittatus, Bum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 334. 

Violet or brown, with 2 dorsal streaks; back covered with small 
smooth flat scales, scattered with very minute tubercles. 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. Perhaps a 
variety of the former. 

22. Amydosaurus. Platydactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes free, very unequal, narrow at the base, dilated towards 
the end, with 5 or 6 angular plates beneath the base, transverse 
ones at the end, the last joint short, compressed, clawless. Thuml) 
with the last compressed joint clawless. Scales finely granular, 
uniform. Sides simple. Tail cylindrical, ? when repro- 
duced fusiform, covered with square scales. Femoral pores none. 

The Sombre Gecko. Amydosaurus lugubris. Platydacty- 
lus lugubris, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 304. 

White, black-spotted; lower rostral triangular; the front chin- 
scales polygonal, the rest granular. 

Inhab. Otaheite. Mus. Paris. 

23. Gehyra, Gray. Peropus, part, Weigmann, 

Toes free, depressed, oval, much dilated towards the end, with 
transverse entire scales beneath, last joint compressed, elongated. 
Thumb dilated, without the elongated compressed last joint, claw- 
less. Back with small granular scales. Males with preanal pores, 
females poreless. Tail round, tapering, slightly ringed, covered 
with equal granular scales, with a series of 6-sided scales beneath. 



LIZARDS. 163 

The Oceanic Gehyra. Gehyra oceanica, Gray^ Z. M. 57. 
G. giilaris, Gray^ B. M. Gecko oceanicus, Lesson^ Voy. Coq. 
t. 2,/. 3, bad. Hemidactylus Oualensis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 
350, t. 28,/. 7? 

Chin with a cross row of 3-3 shields, the two middle lowest 
narrow, oblong-, elongate, 4-sided ; lower labial 8-8, and some 
small square ones near the angle of the eye, the 5-5 front subequal. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Bleached. Islands in the Pacific. 

The Swan River Gehyra. Gehyra australis, Gray^ Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, t. 

Purplish grey ; cliin and beneath white ; scales brown-punc- 
tured; lower labial shields Q-Q, the 2 front subequal, 4-sided; the 
chin-shields 3-3, the middle largest, oblong, elongate, 4-sided, ra- 
ther wider in front ; preaual pores in an angular series. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Swan River. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

b. In spirits. The cliin-shields 2-2, the lateral ones small, with 
some small 6-sided on their sides. Port Essington. From 
Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

24. LUPEROSAURUS. 

Toes webbed at the base, dilated towards the end, with rather 
curved entire transverse folds beneath, last joint short, compress- 
ed, with a sharp incurved claw. Thumb with similar but rather 
less hmated cross plates, without any last joint or claw, but with a 
flat scale in its place, above. Sides of the chin with a very indis- 
tinct fold. Legs rather depressed, with a slight fold of the skin 
on the lower part of the sirle. The 2 lower rostrals small. Tail 
slender, tapering, rather depressed, subannulated, with a slight de- 
pressed margin, rather wider at the rings. Preanal and femoral 
pores in a continued series. 

The LupERosAURE. Luperosaurus Cumingii. 

Purplish brown, black-spotted ; head marbled, with 2 oblique 
brown lines on the temple ; chin and beneath white ; belly flat, 
with narrow black transverse lines. 

rt, b. Adult, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. 

25. Ptychozoon, Kuhl, Fitz., Wagler, Weigm. (male). 
Pteropleura, Gray, (female). 

Toes webbed to the end, last joint short, compressed, clawed. 
Thumb dilated, without the compressed last joint, clawless. Sides 
of head, body, limbs and tail with broad scaly membranaceous ex- 
pansions, that of the tail scalloped. Male with distinct femoral 
pores, (wanting in the females). Scales of the back smooth, flat, 
placed side by side, scattered with larger tubercles on the sides. 



164 REPTILES. 

" Living on trees, uses the expansions on its sides as a para- 
chute, like the dragons," (Boie). Not aquatic, as believed by 
Cuvier, when referring to the expansions of Gecko fimhriatiis. 

The Fringed Tree Gecko. Ptychozoon homalocephala, 
Kuhl, Isis, 1822, 476. Fitz., Verz. 47. IVeigm. H. M. 20. La- 
certa homalocephala, Creveldt, Naturf. Berl. iii. 266, t. 8, (uiale, 
tail imperfect). Tilesius, Acad. Peiersh. vii. t. 10. Cuv. R. A. ii. 
54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 339, t. 28,/. 6, t. 29, f. 1, 2. Ptero- 
pleura Horsfieldii, Grai/, Phil. Mag. ii. bQ. Zool. Journ. 1827, 
221, (female, tail imperfect). 

a. In spirits. Tail imperfect, with a simple edge. Singapore. 

Presented by Gen. Thomas Hardwicke. 
h. In spirits. Tail half reproduced. Java. From the Leyden 

Museum. 

c. In spirits. Tail complete, scalloped on each side. Java. From 

the Leyden Museum. 

d. Dry. Tail complete. Java. Presented by Dr. Thomas 

Horsfield. 

c. Claws 2-2. All hut the two middle toes ivithout any terminal 

joint. 

26. Tarentola, Gray. Ascalobates, Fitz., Bonap. (not Licht.) 
Platydactylus, Wagler, Weiymann, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes free, subequal, the third and fourth with a compressed 
last joint, clawed, rest without the compressed last joint, clawless. 
Thumb clawless. Eyelid with a bony or cartilaginous plate. The 
back with granules and interrupted larger scales. Sides of body 
rounded. Femoral and preanal pores none. Tail rather depress- 
ed, obtusely angular above, with cross rings of spines. Chin- 
shields elongate, produced behind. 

* Head convex behind. Back ivith groups of tubercles. 

The Tarentola. Tarentola Mauvitanica. Lacerta facet- 
anus, Aldrov. Q. O. i. 654. L. Tarentula, 3Ius. Worm. 314. 
Jonst. H. N.\. t. 77. L. Mauri tanica, Linn. S. N. 361. Base. 
Diet. H. N. xii. 513. Bonap. Fauna Ital. t. Gecko muricatus, 
Laur. Rept. 44. G. fascicularis, Daud. R. iv. 144. Wagler, Sys. 
142. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 143. G. Stellio, Merrem, Tent. 
13. Le Geckotte, Lacep. Q. O. i. 420. Shaiv, Zool. iii. 267. 
Platydactylus muralis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 319. 

Pale yellowish ; back with cross bands of oval strongly keeled 
tubercles, surrounded with smaller tubercles or scales at the base. 

a — d. Adult and young, in spirits, Egypt. Presented by J, Bur- 
ton, jun. Esq. 
e. Half grown, in spirits. Tripoli. Presented by J. Kitchie, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 



165 



/, y. Adult, in spirits. Shores of the Mediterranean. Presented 

by J. Miller, Esq. 
A, i. Young, in spirits. Sicily. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

** Head convex behind. Back with isolated tubercles. 

The Egyptian Tarentola. Tarentola ^g-yptiaca. Platy- 
dactylus jEu^yptiacus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 53. Du7n. et Bib. E. G. iii. 
323, t. 28,/. 3. Gecko annulaire, Geoff. Rept. Egypt, t. 5,/. 67. 
G. Savignii, Audouin, Rept. Egypt. Siipp. t. 1,/. 1. 

Pale yellowish ; young with 2 white spots on each side of the 
back over the shoulder, surrounded with black in front; back with 
longitudinal series of small oblong convex tubercles, sides with ra- 
ther larger isolated conical tubercles ; front of the ear toothed. 
a — c. Adult, in spirits. Chin-shields 4-4, 6-sided, subequal. 

Egypt. Presented by A. Christy, Esq. 
d — g. Adult and young, in spirits. Chin-shields 3-3, oblong, 

elongate, 4-sided, gradually smaller. Egypt. Presented by 

Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

Laland's Tarentola. Tarentola Delalandii. Platydactylus 
Delalandii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 324. 

Pale brown, with irregular brown cross bands, generally edged, 
with white behind ; tail black ringed ; back with simple oval very 
slightly keeled tubercles, side with conical ones ; front edge of the 
ear not toothed ; lower rostral shield large ; chin-shields 3-3, ob- 
long, 4-sided, elongate, gradually smaller, 
a, b. Young and adult, in spirits. Madeira. Presented by P. B. 

Webb, Esq. 
d—f. Young and adult, in spirits. West coast of Africa, Niger. 
g. Young, in spirits. Madeira. Presented by P. B. Webb, Esq. 
h. Adult, in spirits. ? Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

The American Tarentola. Tarentola Americana. Platy- 
dactylus Americanus, Gray^ Griffith^ A. K. ix. 44. P. Mibbertii, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 325. 

Back and sides with oval simply convex equal tubercles ; in- 
ner edge of the ear toothed ; rings on the tail and a streak behind 
the eye, black. 

Inhab. N. America. Mus. Paris. 

The Bornean Tarentola. Tarentola Borneeusis. 

Purplish grey ; the chin and beneath white ; sides of the neck 
pale, grey lined ; back with many series of round tubercles, with a 
subposterior rather raised apex, each surrounded by a series of 
granules rather larger than the others on the back, those of the 
side rather more conical ; granules of the head moderate, flat ; 
chin-shields 3-3, oblong, 4-sided, elongate, rapidly smaller ; ear 
not denticulated in front. 
a — d. In spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. Belcher, 

C.B., K.N. 



166 



EEPTILES. 



*** Head Jlattened, edged with a cross rib behind. Clypeosaums. ' 

The Shielded Tarentola. Tarentola clypeata, Grai/^ Zool. 
Misc. 57. 

Head flattened and circumscribed by a cross rib behind, co- 
vered with larger convex scales ; back granular, with cross ridges 
of tubercles ; greyish in spirits ; limbs and tail slender. 

luhab. ? Museum of the Andersonian Institution, 

Glasgow. 

d. Claws none. Toes slender at the base^ without any compressed 

free last joint. 

27. Phelsuma, Gray. Pachydactylus (a.), Weigmann. 

Toes free, rather elongate, base rather slender, apex ovate, di- 
lated, without any compressed last joint, clawless. Thumb very 
small, slender, rudimentary, with plates beneath. Back with gra- 
nular scales. Preanal pores in an angular series, extending more 
or less along the thighs. 

Lacepede's Phelsuma. Phelsuma Cepedianus. Gecko Ce- 
pedianus, Peron, Mus. Par. Cuv. R. A. ii. 46, t. 5,/. 5. Merrem, 
Tent. 43. /. Geojf. Mag. Zool. t. 3 (not good). Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iii. 301, t. 28, f. 2. Phelsuma ornatum. Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 49. King, Voy. ii. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 297. 

Muzzle short, rather depressed ; violet brown, sometimes red- 
spotted ; with 6 large gular plates in the front row, the two mid- 
dle much the largest, with 2 rather large plates behind them ; 
lower labial 6-1-6, the central very large; preanal pores extending 
half the length of the thighs. 

a. In spirits. Isle of France. Presented by Capt. P. P. King, 
R.N. 

The Madagascar Phelsuma. Phelsuma Madagascariensis, 
Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 47. 

Muzzle short, rather depressed ; the chin with 6 large gular 
shields in the front row, the two middle rather the largest, with 
2 very small 6-sided plates behind them ; lower labial 7-1-7, the 
central rather large. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, 

Esq. 

The Lined Phelsuma. Phelsuma lineatum. Gray, Z. M. 
57. Gecko inunguis, Cuv. R. A. i. 46, t. 5,/. 4. Schinz, Rept. 
t. 15, f. 1. Platydactylus ocellatus, var. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 
298. G. Madagascarensis, jun. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 49. 

Femoral and preanal pores forming an angular line ; brown 
in spirits, with a black upper and darker lower edged white streak 
on each side ; beneath whitish ; scales of back ovate, tubercular, 



LIZAEDS. 167 

keeled ; chin with 8 large gular shields in the front row, the two 
middle rather the largest ; scales in front of the throat larger than 
those behind ; the lower labial shields 5-1-5, with 3 or 4 addi- 
tional small plates at the back. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Femoral pores distinct. Madagascar. Pre- 
sented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

h. Adult, in spirits. Preanal pores in an angular line. Mada- 
gascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

Phelsuma trilineatum, Gray, ZooL Misc. 57. 

28. Pachydactylus, part, Weigmann. Cantinia, Gray, MSS. 

Toes free, base compressed, slender, middle part with sometimes 
2 or 4 double scales beneath, apex dilated, suborbicular, with some 
transverse plates beneath, and without any compressed last joint, 
clawless. Thumbs similar in form and size to the toes. Back 
with small granular scales. 

* Toes short. Back uniformly granular. Pachydactylus. 

The Eyed Gecko. Pachydactylus ocellatus. Gecko ocel- 
latus, Oppel, MSS. Cuv. R. A. ii. 46, t. 5, f. 4. Merrem, Tent. 
43. Dum. etBih. \u.29S. Gray, Griffith, A. K.\x. 47. Pachydac- 
tylus Bergii, Weigm. H. M. Cantinia Ascensionis, Gray, MSS. 
B. M. 1837. 

Brown, white-spotted, with a black streak behind the eyes ; 
beneath and edge of eyelid white ; throat black-speckled ; labial 
scales brown, pale-edged, labial shields brown and white, lower 
4-1-4, large ; scales minute, uniform. 

a — c. In spirits. Island of Ascension. Presented by the Admi- 
ralty, from H.M.S. Chanticleer. 

d—f. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by Dr. John 
Lee. 

** Toes short. Back granular, with minute tubercles. 

The Spotted Pachydactyle. Pachydactylus maculatus. 

Olive, with a series of oblong white-edged green spots on each 
side of the back, and with an irregular broad converging white- 
edged green streak on each side of the crown and nape ; the sides 
green-marbled ; back with small scattered subcouic tubercles, 
about twice the size of the scales ; toes moderate. 

a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by the Saffron Walden Nat. 
Hist. Soc. 



168 REPTILES. 

*** Toes elongate^ slender. Back and tail vnth cross series of 
large tubercles. Cantinia. 

The Elegant Pachydactyle. Pachydactylus elegans. 
Pale brown, brown and white dotted ; tail brown-banded ; 
back and tail with cross series of trihedral tubercles. 

a. In spirits. S. Africa. Presented by Dr. John Lee. 

29. SpHJiiRODACTYLUS, Cuv., Gray., Weigmann,, Wagler. 

Toes and thumbs free, slender, subcylindrical at base, with a 
small, entire, circular, terminal disk, convex beneath, clawless, 
without a terminal compressed joint. Scales of the back equal, 
granular or rhombic. " Pupil round." Eyelid circular. Tail 
with a central series of shields. Femoral nor preanal pores none. 

•* Back and tail with small scales. 

The Banded Sph^erodactyle. Spha?rodactvlus sputator, 
Cuv. R. A. ii. 57. Wagler, Si/st. 143. Dum. et Bib.E. G. iii. 402. 
Lacerta sputator, Sparm. N. Act. Stockh. v. 164, t. 4. /. 1 — 3, 
Lacep. Q. 0.\. 409, t. 28,/. 1, 2. Schn. Daud. R. iv. 99. Base. 

Black and yellow, cross banded ; muzzle pointed ; head, with 
a white streak on each side ; scales equal. 

a — ('. In spirits. S. America. From Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

The Lined SpHiEROOACTYLE. Sphaerodactylus punctalissi- 
mus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 405. 

Reddish, speckled w^ith white ; throat streaked ; scales equal. 

a. In spirits. Head white-lined. Martinique. From the Paris 
Museum. 

The Black-headed SpHiERODACTYLE. Sphaerodactvlus fan- 
tasticus, Cuv. Mus. Par. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 406, t. 33,/. 2. 

Fulvous ; head black, veiiniculated with white ; scales of the 
middle of the back smaller than those of the sides. 

a. In spirits. S. America. Presented by Edw. Laforest, Esq. 

The Black-dotted Sph^rodactyle. Sphaerodactylus ni- 
gropunctatus. 

Keddish grey, with very numerous minute black specks. 

a. In spirits. S. America. From Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

** Back and tail tvith cross series of rhombic heeled scales. 

Richardson's Sph^rodactyle. Spha;rodactylus Richard- 

sonii. 

Head with a black-edged white streak on each side, from the 
nostril just above the eye, with a streak from the back angle of 
the eye to the ear, and another oblique one from each ear to the 



LIZARDS. 169 

throat, a streak on the middle of the chin, and a diverging one on 
each side from the angle of the gape ; neck with 2, back with 5, 
jDale black-edged cross bands ; the tail with 4 or 5 broader black- 
edged pale rings ; limbs black-ringed. 

a. In spirits. America, Presented by Dr. Richardson. 

D. Toes and thumb slightly dilated at the base, the two or three 
last joints compressed, angularhj bent, claived, the scales beneath 
the toes membranaceous, transverse^ smooth. Gouiodactylina. 

a. Toes rather dilated at the base, end cylindrical. Tail round. 

30. Naultinus, Gray. 

Toes free, base rather dilated, thick, rather compressed, end thin- 
ner, rather compressed, arched, clawed. Thumb similar, but its 
base shorter, clawed. Tail cylindrical, tapering, covered with gra- 
nular scales. Body with a slight fold along each side beneath. 
Males ? with 2 or 3 spines on each side of the base of the tail, and 
3 or more transverse series of preanal pores, forming 1 and some- 
times tw^o patches. 

* Broum. 

The Pacific Naultinus. Naultinus pacificus. Gray, Z. M. 
58. Dieffenb. N. Z. ii. 203. Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. 
t. Gecko pacificus, Gray, Brit. Mus. Platydactylus Duvau- 
celii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 312 ? 

Pale brown, with irregular dark brown cross bands and a dark 
streak on each side ; front lower labial shield very large ; the chin 
granular; scales uniformly granular, rather larger before and be- 
hind the vent. 

a. In spirits, rather bleached. The front gular scale like the rest. 

Islands of the Pacific. From Mr. Stuchbury's collection. 

b. In spirits. The front gular scales large, 6-sided. New Zea- 

land, Dr. Dieffenbach. Presented by R. Owen, Esq. 

c. d. In spirits. Front gular scales rather larger. New Zealand. 

Antarctic Expedition. Presented by the Admiralty. 

** Green. Preanal pores in a line. 

The Kakariki. Naultinus elegans, G^-ay, Zool. Misc. 72. — 
Dieffenb. N. Z. ii. 203. Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Green, rather paler beneath ; back sometimes varied with dark 
edged white spots ; lower lips white ; toes moderate ; tail with a 
transverse series of compressed scales at each side of the base. 

Q 



170 REPTILES. 

a In spirits. Green, rather paler beneatli ; a streak along the 
under lip, the ears, 2 arched stripes on the top of the head, 
irregular shaped spots on each side of the back and hind legs, 
an interrupted streak along each side of the bod}' and tail, 
■white, with a narrow black edge. New Zealand, Auckland ; 
Dr. Dieffenbach. Presented by Richard Owen, Esq. 

h. In spirits. Green, lower lip while. New Zealand. Presented 
by W. E. Connack, Esq. 

c. Young, in spirits. Purplish (discoloured), pale beneath, with 
a white streak on each side of the crown. New Zealand, Bay 
of Islands. Antarctic Expedition. Presented by the Admi- 
ralty. 

The Long-toed Kakariki. Naultinus Grayii, Bell^ Zool. 
Beagle, Rept. 27, t. 14, f. 2. 

Green, rather paler l3eneath, sometimes varied with -white spots ; 
toes elongate ; tail with 4 ovate convex scales, fonning an arched 
series on each side of the base. 

a. Green, 3 ovate white spots on each side of the back. New Zea- 
land. From iNIr. Egerley's collection. 

b, c. Green. New Zealand. From Mr. Egerley's collection. 

(7, Pale green. New Zealand. Antarctic Expedition. Present- 
ed by the Admiralty. 

*** Green. Preanal pores in larger patches. 

The Black-dotted Karakiki. Naultinus punctatus, Gray, 
Dieffenh. N. Z. iii. 204. Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Dark green, with very small scattered black specks, the size of 
a granule ; beneath yellow green ; preanal pores in a triangular 
patch, with 2 series of pores under each thigh. 

a. In spirits. New Zealand. Presented by Dr. J. Richardson. 

31. Eublephaeis, Gray. 

Toes subcyliudrical, rather tapering, base thickened below, 
with distinct cross plates, end rather compressed, slightly arched, 
rounded beneath, with narrow transverse plates. Thumb like the 
toes, but shorter, clawed. Tail cylindrical, covered with square 
flat scales, rather tapering, ringed, with rings or cross bands of 
tubercles above, Preanal pores in an angular line, in the centre 
of a scale. Head depressed. Labial shields broad, low. Gular 
scales 6-sided, larger in front. Edge of the eyelid reflexed, ex- 
panded. Back covered with large ovate convex tubercles, belly 
with 6-sided scales. 

Hardwick's Eublepharts. Eublepharis Hardwickii, Gray, 
Phil. Mag. 1827. Zool. Journ. iii. 223. Griffith, A. K. ix. 49. 
Illust. hid. Zool. t. cop. Hardwicke, Icon. ined. B. Mus. t. 



LIZARDS. 



m 



Brown, with a white horse-shoe shaped band on the nape from 
the upper lip ; back, rump and tail with a broad transverse white 
band ; beneath whitish ; tail with an oblique series of 3 conical 
spines on each side of its base ; tubercles of the crown and scales 
of the throat and chest smaller, 

a. In spirits. Penang, Chittagong. Presented by Gen, Thomas 

Hardwicke. 

32. HoMONOTA. Gymnodactylus, part, Dwti. et Bib. 

Toes subcylindrical, rather tapering, with simple cross bands 
beneath, base very slightly swollen below. Palms and soles gra- 
nular. Thumb like the toe, but rather shorter. Tail elongate, 
round, tapering, covered with rather elongate scales, with a rather 
larger central series beneath, when reproduced fusiform. Scales 
of the back hexaugular, smooth, scarcely imbricate, of the under 
side 6-sided. Lower labial shields large, few. Chin-scales gra- 
nular, with a few rather larger 6-sided plates in front. Femoral 
and preaual pores none. 

Guidichaud's Scaled Gecko, Homonota Guidichaudi. 
Gymnodactylus Guidichaudi, Bum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 413. Bell, 
Zool. Beagle, 26, <. 16,/. 1. 

Pale brown, darker varied; scales minutely black-dotted; the 
lower labial shields 5-1-5, the front larger, the two hinder on each 
side smaller ; scales of the throat many-sided ; chin with a mo- 
derately dilated shield. 

a — c. In spirits. Chili. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
d. In spirits. America. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq., 1837. 

33. Pristurus, Ruppell. Gymnodactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes slender, rather rounded, slightly swollen below at the base, 
with distinct cross plates. Back and tail with a small denticulated 
crest. Scales small, granular. Femoral and preanal pores none. 
Tail compressed, denticulated above. Pupil circular ? 

Ruppell's Pristurus, Pristurus flavipunctatus, Ritpp. N. 
W. Fauna Abys. t. 6,f. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 417. 
Green, yellow-dotted. 
Inhab. Abyssinia. Mus. Frankfort. 

b. Toes elongated, slender, compressed, versatile, the joints bent at 

right angles to one another, 

34. GoNioDACTYLUs, part, Kuhl. 

Toes very slender, compressed, elongate, versatile, under side 
of the base rather thickened, with distinct cross plates. Scales of 
the back granular, uniform. Sides rounded. Femoral and pre- 

Q2 



172 REPTILES. 

anal pores none. Tail round, tapering, unarmed, granular, sub- 
annulated, uniform, with a series of rather larger scales beneath. 
Pupil round. Eyelid complete, circular. 

Bote's Angular-toed Lizard. Goniodactylus Timorensis. 
Gyranodactylus Timorensis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 411. Cyrto- 
dactylus Boiei, Graij^ ZooL Misc. 58. 

Pale brown, marbled ; scales minute, of head rather larger, of 
under side 6-sided ; lower labial plates 2-1-2 ; lower rostral plate 
very large ; gular plates 2 6-sided shields, the rest granular. 

a — c. In spirits. Discoloured, blackish. India. Presented by 

Gen. Thomas Hardwicke. 
d. In spirits. Wants tail. Timor ? Presented by T. Bell, Esq. 

The Australian Angular-toed Lizard. Goniodactylus 
australis, Grai/, Zool. Erebus and Terror^ Kept. t. 

Pale brown, darker marbled ; scales very minute, of head ra- 
ther larger ; lower labial plates 10-1-10 ; the lower rostral small, 
trigonal, the other plates very gradually smaller ; chin granular ; 
those in the centre of the front rather larger, 6-sided ; tail ? 

a. In spirits, discoloured. Australia. From Mr. Buchanan's 
collection. 

The White-throated Angular-toed Lizard. Goniodacty- 
lus albogularis. Gymnodactylus albogularis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iii. 415. 

Pale brown, brown-spotted ; scales small ; lower labial plates 
4-1-4, the hinder on each side very small; the lower rostral shield 
large ; chin-shields smaller, in a cross line. 

a. In spirits. Tail slender, throat whitish. S. America. From 

Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

b. In spirits. Tail thick, throat greyish. From Mr. Leadbeater's 

collection. 

The Eyed Angular-toed Lizard. Goniodactylus? ocellatus. 
Cyrtodactylus ocellatus, Grai/, Z. M. 51. 

Head, neck and throat pale brown, with large irregular brown 
marblings ; back brown, with 2 large white-eyed black spots on 
each side, behind the fore legs ; legs and tail pale brown ; base of 
the toes rather thick, end compressed, thin ; labial plates ^-\-\ ; 
rostral large, broad ; tail tapering, subcylindrical, with small 
scales above, irregular bands beneath. 

Inhab. Tobago ; G. Buchanan. Mus. Zool. Soc, No. 117. 

The Algerine Angular-toed Lizard. Goniodactylus? Mauri- 
tanicus. Gymnodactylus Mauritanicus, Dum et Bib. E. G. iii. 414. 

Scales square; tail round; lower labial plates 10; scales of 
the throat triangular; chin with a lozenge-shaped shield, followed 
by 2 smaller triangular shields ; tail ? 

Inhab. Algiers. Mus. Paris. 



LIZARDS. 173 

'"3 

35, Cyrtodactylus, Gray. Goniodactyliis, part, Kuhl. 
Gynodactylus, part, Dwn. et Bib. 

Toes veiy slender, much compressed, elongate, versatile, under 
side of the base rather thickened, with distinct cross plates. The 
thumb like the toes. Back granular with series of angular tuber- 
cles. Belly w'ith small 6-sided scales. Tail cylindrical, tapering, 
ringed with cross series of tubercles ; sides slightly denticulated 
beneath. Males with 2 parallel longitudinal rows of preanal pores 
sunk in a groove in front of the vent. Chin granular, with 2 
rhombic chin-shields. Lower labial plates numerous. 

"^ Tail granular beneath. Preanal pores in a sunken longitudinal 

slit. Gymuodactylus. 

The Marbled Cyrtodactyle. Cyrtodactylus marmoratus. 
Gray, Griffith, A. K.ix. 51. Goniodactylus marmoratus, Kuhl, 
MSS. Schlegel, Icon, t- Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 426. 

Brownish, with irregular black cross bands, and 4 series of 
darker spots; back granular, with longitudinal series of round ra- 
ther conical tubercles; labial plates lO-l-lO, the hinder small ; 
preanal pores in a deep groove, surrounded with rather produced 
scales ; tail brown, ringed with cross rows of small angular tuber- 
cles, ^vith minute granular scales beneatb and 2 conical tubercles 
on each side of its base. 

a, b. Half grown, in spirits. Tail reproduced, covered with square 
scales. Java. From the Leyden Museum. 

c—f. Adult, half grown and young, in spirits. Tail with rings 
of tubercles. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's col- 
lection. 

** Tail ivith a series of broad 6-sided scales below. Preanal pores 

not sunken. Cyrtodactylus. 

The Beautiful Cyrtodactyle. Cyrtodactylus pulchellus, 
Gray, Zool. Jour. ii. 224. Illustr. Ind. Zool. t. Gymuodactylus 
pulchellus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 423, t. 33,/. 7. Wagler, Syn. 
144. 

Yellowish, with brown cross bands, the front one lunate ; scales 
of back flat, with scattered large 3-sided tubercles; preanal pores 
in two nearly parallel lines, not sunken ; tail cylindrical, with a 
series of broad 6-sided plates below, base with an oblique series of 
3 conical spines on each side ; chin-shields 2-2, and some smaller 
ones behind, under the labials ; femoral pores distinct. 

«,Z». Adult and half grown, in spirits. Singapore. Presented by 
General Hardwicke. 

Q 3 



174 reptiles. 

36. Heteronota. 

Toes very slender, mucli compressed, elongate, versatile, under 
side of the base rather thickened, with distinct cross plaits. The 
thumb like the toes. Back granular, vvith series of angular tu- 
bercles. Belly with small keeled ovate scales. Tail cylindrical, 
tapering, ringed with cross series of tubercles, underside of the 
tail granular, with a central series of ovate convex tubercular 
scales. Male with the small preanal pores in an arched series. 
Lower rostral shield very large, with 2 chin-shields behind. 

* Tuhercles on back in distant series. 

The BoRNEAN Heteronote. Heteronota Kendallii. 

Brown, with darker minutely white-dotted cross bands ; back 
minutely granular, with longitudinal series of distant (whitish) 
angular conical tubercles; tail cylindrical, with distant cross rings 
of conical tubercles ; lower labials 10- 1-10, the five hinder on each 
side small, round ; chin-shields large, with a half oblong chin- 
shield on each side of the hinder edge, with some small shields be- 
hind, the rest granular. 

a. In spirits. Male ? Tail with whorls of small tubercles, and 

with a continued series of convex tubercles beneath, the chin- 
shields very small, lower rostral broad behind. Borneo. Pre- 
sented by Capt. Sir Edw. Belcher, C.B., R.N. 

b. In spirits. Female ? Tail with rings of angular acute tuber- 

cles, and an interrupted series of similar tubercles beneath ; 
chin-shields 2, large, lower rostral narrow behind. Borneo. 
Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. Belcher, C.B., R.N. 

** Tuhercles on the hack in close series. 

The Australian Heteronote. Heteronota Binoei, Gray^ 
Zool. Erehus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Brown, with black cross streaks ; under side very closely and 
minutely black-dotted ; back with close longitudinal and trans- 
verse series of roundish keeled angular-backed tubercles ; the head 
with roundish tubercles ; lower labials 5-1-5 ; lower rostral mode- 
rate, triangular behind, with 2 lozenge-shaped gular shields ; toes 
moderate, slender; tail ? preanal pores in an angular series. 

a. In spirits, wants tail. Houtman's AbroUos. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 

37. Cubina. Gymnodactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes slender, compressed, elongate, versatile, under side of the 
base rather thickened, with distinct transverse plates beneath. 
Thumb like the toes. Back granular, with series of angular tu- 
bercles. Belly with 6-sided smooth scales. Tail round (with 



LIZARDS. 175 

rings of angular tubercles ?j, when reproduced covered with square 
subequal scales. Male and female without any preanal or femo- 
ral pores. 

The Banded Cubina. Cuhina fasciata. Gymnodactylus fas- 
ciatus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 420. 

Back granular, with scattered triangular tubercles ; lower ros- 
tral triangular ; chin-shields 2, lozenge-shaped ; the lower labial 
shields 7-1 -7 ; sides without any fold ; toes rather shorter than in 
C. D^Orbignii, rather stronger, rounded, straight to the last joint, 
Avith a series of oblong quadrangular shields below; tail round, 
with a series of (j-sided shields beneath. 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

D'Orbigny's Cubina. Cubina D'Orbignii. Gymnodactylus 
D'Orbignii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 418. 

Scales granular, with small scattered rounder tubercles ; lower 
labial shields 8 ; lower rostral moderate, 6-sided, with 2 chin- 
shields ; tail (reproduced ?) with squarish imbricate scales ; toes 
long, straight,slender, very slightly compressed, with small 4-sided 
imbricate scales in a single line beneath. 

Inhab. Chili. Mus. Paris. 

38. Gymnodactylus, Spix. G. part, Dum. et Bib. 
Stenodactylus, Ruppell. 

Toes very slender, much compressed, elongate, versatile, under 
side of the base rather thickened, and with distinct transverse 
plates. Thumb like the toes. Back granular, with series of an- 
gular tubercles. Belly with 6-sided smooth scales. Tail elongate, 
rather depressed, angular, tapering, with rings of acute angular 
spines, with a central series of broad plates beneath. Male with 
the preanal pores in a curved series .'' Lower rostral rather large, 
with a pair of large chin-shields. 

The Gymnodactyle. Gymnodactylus Geckoides, Spix, Braz. 
17, t. 18,/. 1. Cyrtodactylus Spixii, Grai/, Griffith, A. K. ix. 52. 
Stenodactylus scaber, Ruppell, Atlas, Zool. 15, t. 4,/. 2. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iii. 421, t. 32,/. 6. Cyrtodactylus minor. Gray, B.M. 
Gymn. Caspicus, Eichiv. Faun. Casp. Cauc. 91, t. 15,/ 12. Uro- 
mastyx fasciatus, Menet. Cat. Caus. 34. 

Grey, with angular brown cross bands ; back granular, with 
longitudinal series of ovate sharply keeled tubercles; lower rostral 
shield triangular, with 4 smaller chin-shields. 

a, b. In spirits. Shores of the Mediterranean. Presented by J. 
Miller, Esq. 



176 EEPTILES. 

39. Phyllurus, Cuv. Gymnodactylus, part, Dum. et Bib. 
Cyrtodactylus, part, Grai/. 

Toes elongate, compressed, joints bent at right angles to each 
other, the base rather thickened beneath, with distinct cross plates. 
Sides with a slight fold of skin. Scales granular, with scattered 
tubercles. Preanal nor femoral pores none. Members long, 
slender. Tail broad, depressed, contracted at the base, attenuated 
at the tip. Skin closely attached to the bones of the head. 

White's Phyllure. Phyllurus platurus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 58. 
Guerin, Icon. t. 14, f. 1. Lacerta platurus, Shaw, in Whitens N. 
S. W. 246, t. 3,/. 2. Gen. Zool. ii. 247. Nat. Misc. t. Qb. Daud. 
Rept. iv. 24. Merrem, Tent. 51. Wagler, Syn. 144. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 428. Graij, Griffith, A. K. ix. 52. Stellio 
phyllurus, Schneid. Amph. ii. 31. Lacerta discosurus. Lacep. 
Ann. Mils. iv. 191. Merrem, A. b\. Phyllurus Cuvieri, Bory, 
Diet. Class. H. N. vii. 183, t. Gecko platycaudus, Schinz, Ab- 
bild. t. 17. 

Brown ; back with small scattered spine-like tubercles ; tail 
depressed, very broad, with a central groove, thin and spinose on 
the edge, and with cross series of elongate conical tubercles, end 
slender, cylindrical, tapering ; labial shields \i, with a plate be- 
tween the nostrils. 

a. Dry. New Holland. 

b. In spirits. New Holland. Presented by Allan Cunningham, 

Esq. 

The Thick-tailed Phyllure. Phyllurus Miliusii, Borj/, 
Diet. Class. H. N. vii. 183, t. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 52, 

Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 430, 
t.33,f. 1. 

Chesnut, with white cross bands; back with rather convex co- 
nical tubercles ; tail broad, thick, with scattered tubercles above, 
rounded and slightly tubercular on the sides, round, tapering to a 
fine point at the tip ; chin-shields 4 sided ; labial shields -Jl, with 
no plate between the nostrils. 

a. In spirits. Tail tubercular, black and white banded. Hout- 

man's Abrollos. 

b. In spirits. Tail brown, subtubercular. Houtman's Abrollos. 

c. Young, in spirits. 

The Spineless Phyllure. Phyllurus inermis, Gray, Zool. 
Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 

Brown, minutely black-speckled ; back with round convex and 
rarely pointed tubercles ; tail depressed, cordate, covered with 
nearly uniform rather acute granules, thin on the edge, cylindri- 
cal, slender, tapering at the tip. 

a. In spirits. New Holland. 



LIZARDS. 177 



E, Toes cylindrical^ tapering^ toothed on the side, loiver surface 
with denticulated cross plates. Stenodactylina. 

40. Stenodactylus, Cuvier, Dum. et Bib, Stenodactylus, part, 
Fitz. Gymnodactylus, part, Weigmami. Ascalobotes, Licht. 
Wagler. Tolarenta, Gray. 

Toes all clawed, cylindi'ical, pointed at the end, edge toothed 
beneath with denticular cross plates. Femoral nor preanal pores 
none. Scales granular, equal. Lower eyelid very short. Pupil 
linear. Tail round, swollen at the base, very slender at the end. 

This genus has the external appearance of the Agamce^ but 
distinctly belongs to this family. 

Wilkinson's Stenodactyle. Stenodactylus guttatus, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 58. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 434. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 49. 
Tolarenta Wilkinsonii, Gray, Z. M. 58. Savigni, Rept. Egypt, 
t. ],/. 3. L'Agame punctiie, Geoff. Rept. Egypt, t. 5,f. 2. Tra- 
pelus Savignii, Audouin, Rept. Egypt, Suppl. t. \,f. 3, 4. Asca- 
lobates Stenodactylus, Licht. Doubl. 1823, 102. Wagler, Syn. 143. 

Brown, white-dotted, beneath white ; tail black, base with rings 
of white becoming confluent at the tip; the lower rostral squarish, 
rounded behind ; chin granular, without any shields. 

a. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. 



178 REPTILES. 



Tribe IV. Strobilosaura. 

Scales of the belly small, rhombic, imbricate, of the back and 
sides imbricate. Tongue thick, short, convex, end slightly nicked. 
Eyes diurnal, with valvular eyelids. Pupil round. Feet for walk- 
ing. Toes unequal, compressed. Tail with more or less distinct 
whorls of scales. 

Fam. XIX. The Iguanes, (Iguanid^). 

The teeth are round at the root, dilated and compressed at the 
tip, toothed on the edge ; placed in a simple series on the inner 
side of the jaws, just below the edge, and covered on the inner side 
by the gums ; they are replaced by the young ones, which grow at 
the base of the old ones, and gradually cause the absorption of 
their roots. These animals are confined to the New World. 

The skull with a single principal frontal bone and two nasals, 
the parietal hole is placed in the suture between the frontal and 
parietal bones ; the palate generally with a series of teeth on the 
pterygoids, (Cuv. Oss. Foss. v. t. 16, f. 23—25, t. 17, f. 4 & 34). 

I. Body compressed^ covered with rings of squarish small often 

keeled scales. Perchers. 

A. Nostril lateral^ heloiv the eye-ridge. Toes slender^ simple. Bach 
not crested. Interparietal plate small. 

a. Throat compressed^ toothed in front. Third and fourth toes 
nearly equal. Eyes prominent. 

1. PoLYCHRus. Femoral pores distinct. Scales of back and 

sides equal. 

2. Sph^rops. Femoral pores none. Scales of sides larger. 

b. Throat rounded^ ivith a cross fold behind. The fourth toe the 

longest. Femoral pores none. 

3. Urotrophus. Scales circular, smooth. Tail end revolute. 

4. Ecphymotes. Scales rhombic, keeled. Head 4-sided. 

5. LiEMANCTus. Scales rhombic, keeled. Head dilaled and 

rounded behind. 



LIZARDS. 179 

B. Nostril lateral. Toes simple or fringed. Back crested. 
Interparietal plate small. 

a. Femoral pores distinct. 

* Throat-pouch lai'ge, compressed. Tail compressed. 

6. Iguana. Scales of back moderate. Throat-pouch toothed in 

front. 

7. Aloponotus. Scales of back very minute. Throat-pouch 

simple in front. 

** Throat rather dilatable^ with a cross fold behind. Middle hind 

toes toothed on the outside. 

f Tail compressed, with uniform keeled scales. 

8. Brachylophus. Head-shields flat. Femoral pores 1-rowed. 

9. Metapoceros. Head-shields flat. Central frontal with a horn. 

Femoral pores 2-r()wed. 

10. Trachycephalus. Head-shields convex. Hinder outer toe 
short. 

11. Oreocephalus. Head-shields conical, very rugose. The 
outer hinder toe elongate. 

W Tail ivith rings of spinose scales. 

12. Cyclura. Head-shields small, vidth 2 rows of large shields 
on the muzzle. Tail compressed. 

13. Ctenosaura. Head and muzzle shields small, uniform. Tail 
roundish, crested. 

14. Enyaliosaurus. Head and muzzle shields small, unifoi-m. 
Tail depressed, with 5 longitudinal spinose ridges. 

b. Femoral pores none. 

* Hinder toes fringed on the side, outer icebbed at the base. Throat 

ivith a cross fold behind. 

15. Basiliscus. Head elongate, with an erect crest behind. The 
back and tail with a fin-like crest. 

16. CoRYTH^oLus. Head elongate, with a low compressed crest 
behind. Back and tail with a low toothed crest. 

17. Thysanodactylus. Head short, with a low toothed crest, 
convex behind. Back and tail with a low toothed crest. 

** Toes all slender, simple or slightly serrated on the sides. Outer 
hinder toes quite free. Head short. 

f Occiput compressed and produced behind. Throat-pouch 

compressed. 

18. Corythophanes. Nape crested. Throat-pouch toothed in front. 



180 REPTILES. 

19. CHAM.ELEOPSIS. Nape iiot crcsted. Throat-pouch simple. 

■\^ Occiput convex. Throat with a cross fold behind. 

20. Enyalius. Tail round, not crested. Toes all simple. 

21. Ophryoessa. Tail compressed. Hinder toes slightly ser- 
rated on the outer edge. 

C. Nostril superior, above the eye-ridge, subapical. Toes dilated 
under the last joint but one, very unequal and united together at 
the base. Throat-pouch distinct, largely dilatable. Femoral 
pores none. Head subshielded. Interparietal distinct. 

a. Scales of the belly granular. 

22. Cham^leolis. Back and tail with a bony crest. Toes di- 
lated. 

b. Scales of the belly imbricate, flat. 

23. XiPHOSuRus. Toes dilated. Tail with a bony crest. 

24. Dactyloa. Toes dilated. Back and tail with a crest of com- 
pressed scales. 

25. Ehinosaurus. Toes dilated. Back with a slight fold formed 
of 2 series of small scales. Kostral plate horizontal. Nose 
produced. 

26. Anolius. Toes dilated. Back simple, or with a slight 
crest formed of 2 series of small scales. Rostral erect. Nose 
rounded. 

27. AcANTHOLis. Toes dilated. Back simple, with scattered 
tubercles. 

28. Draconura. Toes scarcely dilated. Back simple. Tail 
round. 

29. NoROPS. Toes slender, not dilated. Back simple. Tail 
round. 

II. Body subtriyonal or depressed. Terrestrial. 

D. Body subtrigonal, covered with large generally keeled scales, di- 
rected obliquely towards the back. Head generally shielded. 
Superciliary and interparietal shields distinct. Throat smooth, 
or with a cross fold behind. Toes simple. 

a. Caudal and dorsal scales similar. 

* Femoral pores distinct. Inteiparietal plate large. 

30. Tropidolepis. Back not crested. Throat with a fold on 
each side. Nostril superior, subapical. 



LIZARDS. 181 

** Femoral pores none. Anal pores distinct, marginal. Back and 
tail not crested. Inteiparietal plate small. 

31. Leiodera. Nostril lateral on the face-ridge. Scales of the 
sides of the neck and back large, rhombic. Sides simple. 

32. Leiol^mus. Nostril lateral on the face-ridge. Scales of the 
sides of neck granular, of back rhombic. Sides simple. 

33. Ptydogerus. Nostril lateral on the face-ridffe. Scales of 
the neck granular, of back rhombic. Sides with a crest of 
keeled scales. 

34. Proctotrepus. Nostril above the face-ridge. Scales of the 
neck granular, of back rhombic, small. Sides simple. 

*** Femoral and anal pores none. 

\ Interparietal plate linear small. Head-shields rather regular. 

35. Leiocephalus. Back and tail crested. Scales of throat, 
back and tail rhombic, moderate, 

36. Stenocerus. Back and tail lowly crested. Scales of back 
rhombic, of the tail large, spinose. 

37. TRACHYCYCLrs. Back and tail not crested. Scales of back 
rhombic, of tail large, spinose. 

W Interparietal plate large. Back or tail crested. 

38. Taraguira. Back not crested. Scales of back small, of the 
throat granular. Tail round, with a slight crest and moderate 
scales. Ear toothed in front. 

39. Microlophus. Back and tail lowly crested. Scales of the 
back unequal, small. Tail with moderate scales. The ear 
toothed in front. 

40. Oplurus. Nape with a small crest. Scales of back large, 
of the sides small. Tail round, with rings of large spinose 
scales. 

41. Strobilurus. Nape, back and tail slightly crested. Scales 
of back moderate. Tail with rings of large spinose scales. 

42. Uraniscodon. Nape and back lowly crested. Scales of the 
back large, rhombic. Sides of body and throat simple. Tail 
round, slender, with moderate scales, slightly keeled above. 

43. Plica. Nape and back lowly crested. Scales of the back 
small. Sides with 2 folds. The throat with groups of spines. 
Tail round, slender, keeled above, with moderate scales. 

R 



182 REPTILES. 

E. Body depressed^ with small scales. Back rarely crested. Tail 

conical. 

a. Sides rounded. Femoral and preanal 'pores none. Eyebrow 

scales small. 

44. Leiosurus. Tail with granular scales. Scales under the eye 
all small. 

45. DiPLOL^MUs. Tail with granular scales, with an elongated 
scale under the eye. 

46. Tropidurus. Tail round, with rings of large scales. Nape 
lowly crested. Interparietal ? 

47. Uranocentron. Tail depressed, with rings of large scales. 
Nape not crested. Interparietal small. 

b. Sides rounded. Femoral and preanal pores distinct, near vent. 

48. Phrymaturus. Tail round, with rings of large scales. The 
Nape not crested. 

c. Sides with a slight fold. Scales uniform. Body roundish. 

49. Callosaurus. Ventral scales smooth. Femoral pores dis- 
tinct. 

50. Tropidogaster. Ventral scales 3-keeled. Femoral pores 
none. 

d. Sides serrated. Body very depressed. Femoral pores distinct. 

51. Phrynosoma. Head spinose. Back and tail with scattered 
tubercular scales. 



I. Body compressed, covered tvith rings of small, squarish, often 

keeled scales. Perchers. 

A. Nostril lateral, below the eye-ridge. Back not crested. Toes 
slender, simple. Polychrusina. 

a. Throat compressed and toothed in front. Third and fourth toes 
subequal. Eyes convex, scaly. 

I. POLYCHRUS, CuV. 

Head 4-sided, short, shelving in front, covered with numerous 
nearly regular many-sided shields. Throat covered with an ob- 
lique series of square scales, a small dew-lap toothed in front. Pa- 
late toothed. Nostril lateral, in a shield, rather behind the top of 
the nose. Femoral pores distinct. Toes slender, third and fourth 
nearly of the same length, convex, and covered with very short 



LIZARDS. 183 

cross shields beneath, not fringed nor toothed on the sides. Body 
compressed. Scales small, rather imbricated and keeled, of the 
sides smaller, smoother, oblong. Back and tail not crested. Tail 
slender, elongate, tapering, covered with regular lozenge-shaped 
keeled scales, the keels forming slight ridges. 

The Camaleao. Polychrus marmoratus, Cuv. R. A. Merreyn^ 
Tent. 48. Spix, Braz. 14, t. 14. Guerin, Icon. t. 11,/. 3. Nieuw. 
Ahhild. t. Weigm. H. Mex. 16. Schinz, Rept. t. 28,/. 1. Dum. 
€t Bib. E. G. \\. 65. Lacerta marmorata, Linn. S. N. 368. Shaw, 
Zool. iii. 224. Lacep. Q. O. i. 394, t. 26. Daud. Rept. iii. 433. P. 
fasciatus, De Laporte, Bull. Sci. Nat. ix. 110. P.virescens, Wag- 
ler, Si/s. 149. Icon. t. 12, /.I. P. strigiventris, Wagler, Icon. t. 
12,/ 2. Agama variegata, Guilding, MSS. 

Brown, often with bro^vn-edged fulvous bands and brown di- 
verging lines; scales of the back nearly equal, those of the middle 
of the back rather larger than those on the sides of the back ; the 
head-shields rather larger in front ; claws pale, with a black back 
and margin. 

a, b. In spirits. Brazil. 

c. In spirits. Iridescent purplish. Brazil. 

d. In spirits. Larger. 

€. In spirits. W. Indies. From the Kev. L. Guilding's collec- 
tion. 

/. In spirits. Brazil. Presented by Lord Stuart. 

g. In spirits. Like/. 

2. Sph^rops. Polychrus, part, Weigm., Dum. et Bib. 

Head 4-sided, short, shelving in front, covered with numerous 
nearly regular many-sided shields, those of the face largest. Eye 
very prominent, globose. Eyelid granular, with a very small 
transverse opening. Throat with a small dewlap, covered with 
oblique series of square scales, toothed in front. Nostril lateral, 
far back, about one third from the end of the nose. Body com- 
pressed. Scales of the back small, keeled, of the sides larger, ob- 
long, in oblique series, smooth. Back and tail not crested. The 
limbs slender. Toes slender, moderate, the third and fourth near- 
ly equal, convex and covered with a series of cross plates beneath, 
not fringed on the sides. Femoral pores none. Tail slender, 
elongate, tapering, covered with rather rhombic keeled scales. 

The eye of this genus nearly resembles that of the chameleon, 
and it also changes colour with equal facility. Weigmaun refers it 
to Polychrus, as if it had femoral pores ; but our specimens, which 
agree in every other respect, have them not. 

r2 



184 REPTILES. 

The Brazilian Chameleon. Sphaerops auomalus. Poly- 
chrus anomalus, Weigmann^ Herp. Mex. 26. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 69. 

Pale green, with 3 spots on each side of the back, and 2 nar- 
row black streaks from the back edge of the eyes, the upper one 
extending along the side of the nape. 

a, h. In spirits. Brazils. 

t 

b. Throat rounded, with a cross fold behind. The fourth toe 
longest. Femoral pores none. 

3. Urotrophus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head 4-sided, shelving in front, covered with numerous nearly 
regular small 6-sided shields, those of the forehead largest, in- 
terparietal small. Upper part of the orbit surrounded with a 
series of shields. Eyes rather convex, with rather small opening 
for the eye. Nostril lateral, anterior round, small. Neck with 
a cross plait before the chest. Throat rather swollen. Palate 
toothed. Femoral pores none. Toes slender, the fourth longer 
than the others, with flat scales beneath, and not fringed or 
toothed on the sides. Claws sharp. Scales round, smooth, 
svvollen, placed side by side, of the belly flat, square, subimbri- 
cate. Tail subcylindrical, long, slender, tapering, bent under at 
the tip, "prehensile" {Dum.), covered with squarish, keeled scales 
above and below. 

Urotrophus Vautieri Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 78, t. 37,/. 1. 
Muzzle short, blunt, covered with smooth irregular plates ; 
fulvous or brown, brown-banded. 

rt, b. In spirits. Brazils. 

4. Ecphymotes, Fitz. (not Cuv.) Lasmanctus, part, Weigmann. 

Head 4-sided, covered with small shields. Crown horizontal 
and sloping backwards. Neck with a cross fold in front of the 
chest, no dewlap. Palate toothed. Back and tail not crested. 
Body compressed. Scales small, convex, rather irregular, of the 
middle of the back polygonal, keeled, larger. Limbs rather long. 
Toes elongate, slender, the fourth longer than the third, with a 
series of convex shields beneath. Femoral pores none. The tail 
elongate, tapering, covered with keeled scales. 

* Tail round. 

Fitzinger's Ecphymotes. Ecphymotes Fitzingerii. Lee- 
manetus Fitzingerii, Weigm. H. Mex. 46. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 74. 



LIZARDS. 185 

Head moderate, top of the muzzle bluntly triangular ; body 
reddish brown above, with a row of black spots on the upper part 
of the back, belly reddish. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Berlin. 

The Waved Ecphymote. Ecphymotes undulatus. Laemanc- 
tus undulatus, Weigm. H. Mex. 46. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 7. 

Head moderate ; tip of the muzzle obtusely triangular; body 
olive ash, with 2 wavy black brown lateral bands, edged beneath 
with white. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Berlin. 

The Blunt-headed Ecphymote. Ecphymotes obtusirostris. 
Laemanctus obtusirostris, Weigm. H. Mex. iv. 75. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 75. 

Muzzle broad, rather truncated, above subtrapezoid; body 
brownish ash, brown-spotted, abdomen yellow ashy. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

** Tail compressed. 

The Ecphymote. Ecphymotes acutirostris, Fitz. Vers. 49. 
Polychrus acutirostris, Spix, Braz. t. 14 a. Waglei\ Syst. 149. 
Schinz. Rept. t. 28, /. 2. Weigm. H. M. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 7b. 

Head long, pointed in front ; scales of the back large, flat. 

Inhab. Brazil. Mus. Berl. 



5. L^MANCTUs, part, Weigm. 

Head 4-sided, covered with scales. Crown shelving 

forwards, broad, rounded behind. Nostril lateral, rather distant 
from the end of the nose. Neck with a cross plait in front of the 
chest. Palate not toothed. Body compressed. Scales rhombic, 
imbricate, keeled, of the sides placed in cross series- Toes slender, 
elongate, the fourth longer than the third, with a series of tuber- 
cles beneath. Femoral pores none. Hind legs and feet very long. 
Tail round, elongate, tapering, covered with lozenge-shaped keel- 
ed scales. Back and tail not crested. 

The Long-legged L^manctus. Laemanctus longipes, 
Weigm. Herp. Mex. 46, t. 4. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 72. 

Purplish red, brown banded, beneath orange ; scales of the 
back large, rhombic. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 



r3 



186 REPTILES. 

B. Nostrils lateral^ heloiu the superciliary ridge. Toes simple, 

slender. Iguanina. 

a. Femoral pores distinct. Back crested. Scales generally keeled. 

* Throat-pouch large, compressed. Toes not toothed on the 

outer side. 

6. Iguana, Laurenii. Hypsilophus and Amblyrbyuclius, Wagler. 

Head short, 4-sided, covered with unequal flat or keeled many- 
sided shields. Lower jaw coveited with large shields. Palate 
with 2 rows of small teeth. Teeth finely denticulated. Throat 
with a large compressed pendulous (" not dilatable," Guilding) 
pouch, toothed in front. Back and tail with a paleaceous crest. 
Toes unequal, simple, with 3 keeled cross shields beneath. Thigh 
with a single series of pores. Tail very long, slender, compressed, 
covered with small equal keeled scales. 

* A large circular plate on side of lower jaw. Hypsilophus, Wagiier. 

The Common Iguana. Iguana tuberculata, Laur. Syn. 49. 
Lacerta Iguana, Shaw, Zool. iii. 199. I. delicatissima, Latr. R. 
155. Daud. Rept. iii. 263, t. 40, 277 and 280. I. caerulea, Daud. 
Rept. iii. 266. Spix, Braz. 7, t. 7. I. sapadissima, Merrem, Tent. 
49. I. squamosa, Spix, Braz. 5, t. 5. I. viridis, Spix, Braz. 
6, t. 6. I. emarginata, Spix, Braz. 7, t. 8. I. lophyroides, Spix, 
Braz. 8, t. 9. 

.Sides of the neck scattered with tubercles ; a large circular 
plate on the head under the ear; the scales of the end of the muz- 
zle convex or flat. 

a. Adult, in spirits. West Indies. 

h. Half grown, in spirits. West Indies. 

c. Young, in spirits. West Indies. 

d — g. Young, in spirits. 

h. Young, in spirits. Tobago. Presented by Alfred Ludlam, Esq. 

i. Adult, stufi'ed. West Indies. Presented by J. Turner, Esq. 

k — n. Adult and half grown, stufi'ed. West Indies. 

o. Half grown, stufi'ed. Pernambuco. Presented by J. P. George 

Smith, Esq. 
p. Young, in spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by J. P. George 

Smith, Esq. 

The Rhinoceros Iguana. Iguana rhinolophus, Weigm. H. 
Mex. 44. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 207. I. tuberculata, var. 
Weigm. Isis, 1828, 364. Plumier, MSS. t. 

Muzzle with 3 or 4 conical compressed horn-like scales, one 
behind the other -, nape with a single longitudinal series of tuber- 
cles ; head with a large circular plate under the ear. 
a. Half grown, stufi'ed. St. Christopher's, W. Indies. Presented 

by J. E. Gray, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 



187 



** No circular plate under the ear. Iguana. 



The Naked-necked Iguana. Iguana delicatissima, Laur. S. 
R. 48.' Seba, Thes. i. t, 96,/. 5 (not iMtr.) Wagler, Sijs. 148. £ich. 
Z. S. iii. 103. I. nudicollis, Cuv. R. A. ii. 40. Guerin, Icon. R. 
L 11, /. 1. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 37. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 208. 

Head with a series of large scales on each branch of the lower 
jaw, and without any large circular plate under the ear; scales of 
the neck equal. 

Inhab. Tropical America. 

7. Aloponotus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head with small equal flat many-sided plates. Lower jaw 
with small scales on the sides. Palate toothed. Throat with a 
small pouch, simple in front. Teeth 3-lobed. Back and tail with 
a low crest. Skin of the back scaleless, covered with much crowd- 
ed very minute granules. Tail compressed, with whorls of large 
equal keeled scales. Femoral pores in 2 series. 

The Aplonote. Aloponotus Ricardi, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 

190, t. 38. 

Blackish, with many square fulvous spots. 
Inhab. St. Domingo. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

** Throat rather dilated, not pouched. The middle hinder toes 
ivith triangular horny processes on the inner side. 

f Tail with unarmed scales. 

8. Brachylophus, Cuvier. 

Head-shields very small, polygonal, equal, flat. Sides of low- 
er jaw with small equal scales. Skin of throat lax, rather pen- 
dant, longitudinal. Scales of the back small, square, keeled, of 
the belly, "palm and soles larger, keeled. Dorsal crest low, con- 
tinued. ' Teeth toothed on each side. Palate toothed. Tail very 
long, very slender, not crested, tapering, rounded, compressed at 
the base, with small equal keeled imbricate scales. Femoral 
pores in a single series, each in the back edge of a scale. Toes 
with rather angular smooth cross plates beneath, the two middle 
hinder toes with triangular horny appendages on the inner edge. 

Cuvier by mistake says this genus has no palatine teeth, — R. 
A. ii. 41. 

The Banded Brachylophe. Brachylophus fasciatus, Cuvier, 
R. A. ii. 41. Guerin, Icon. Rept. t. 9./. 1. Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 37. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 227. Iguana fasciata, Brong. Bui. 
Sci. Phil. 36, t. 6,f. 1. Class. Rent. 34, t. \, f. 5. Daud, Rept. 
iii. 352. 



188 REPTILES. 

Bluish brown, with paler blue cross bands, 
a, b. In spirits. South America. 

c. In spirits. S. America. Presented by the College of Surgeons. 
Lacerta longicaudata, Cat. 3Ins. Coll. Surg. 194. 
MM. Quoy and Gaimard are said to have brought this species 
from New Guinea. 

9. Metapoceros, Wagler. Iguana, Cuvier. 

Head short, convex in front, covered with shields. Muzzle 
with some tubercular plates. Throat lax, without any distinct 
pouch, with a cross fold behind. Palate toothed. Teeth 3-lobed. 
Nape, back and tail crested. Tail long, compressed, covered with 
equal imbricate shielded spineless scales. Femoral pores in two 
series, each surrounded by a ring of minute scales. 

The Horned Iguana. Metopoceros cornutus, Wagler, Syst. 
148. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 211. Iguana cornuta, Latr. Rept. 
ii. 267. Baud. Rept. iii. 282. Lacep. Q. O. ii. 493. I. tubercula- 
ta, var. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 36. 

Forehead with a large horn-like tubercle, and between the nos- 
trils 2 pair of large convex or keeled plates ; dorsal crest very low 
between the shoulders and interrupted at the loins. 

Inhab. " St. Domingo," Lacepede. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

10. Trachycephalus. Amblyrhynchus, part, Gray, Dum. et 

Bib., Bell. 

Head covered with numerous convex subangular rather small 
many-sided shields, highest and largest over the sides of the crown 
and granular over the eyebrows. Lower jaw with regular shields. 
Body covered with small squarish scales, placed in cross series. 
Back and tail with a low crest, formed of conical scales, which is 
interrupted over the loins and longest on the nape. Tail round, 
tapering, rather compressed at the end, covered with small square 
keeled scales, in cross series. Femoral pores distinct, each sur- 
rounded with a series of minute scales. Toes elongate, unequal, 
with a series of 3-keeled shields beneath, 2 or 3 series of small 
scales on each side and a row of small shields above. The two 
middle hinder toes with a series of triangular horny appendages 
on the inner side, the first hinder toe much the longest, the outer 
hinder toes short. 

The KouGH Head. Trachycephalus subcristatus. Ambly- 
rhynchus subcristatus, Gray, Zool. Misc. 6. Zool. Beecheyh Voy. 
Rept. 93. Darwin, Journal, 469. Amblvrhynchus Demartii, Z>j<m. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 197. Bell, Zool. Beagle, i'2, t. 12. 

Scales of the back small, of the outer side of the fore arm and 
the front of the thigh much larger, conical ; crest of round coni- 
cal tubercles, those of the back low, of the nape longer, of the 
tail more compressed. 



LIZARDS. 



189 



a. Young, in spirits. Head-shields convex. Chai'les Island, Ga- 

lapagos. Presented by Charles Dar^\•in, Esq. 

b. Adult, stuffed, Head-shields subangular. Galapagos. Pre- 

sented by Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. 

11. Oreocephalus. Amblyrhynchus, Bell, Gray, not Wayler. 

Head of young covered with moderate subsymmetrical rather 
convex shields ; of adult, with unequal, conical, high, tubercular 
shields, those of the muzzle larger, angular, highly conical and 
rugose, as if formed of agglutinated hairs. Throat dilatable, 
crumpled, but without any distinct pouch. Body covered with 
conical tubercular scales, of the adult pointed, rough. Palate 
toothed? Teeth 3-lobed. Nape and back with a high paleace- 
ous crest. Tail compressed, covered with whorls of small square 
keeled scales, and with a crest formed of rhombic compressed 
scales. Thigh with with 1. or 2 series of pores, each in the centre 
of a scale. Toes strong, rounded and simple on the sides, with 
smooth band-like shields beneath, the middle ones united by a w^eb 
at the base, the middle hind toes with a series of triangular horny 
processes on the inner side, the outer hinder elongate, nearly as 
long as the others, and with a large compressed claw. Claws 
large. 

The Marine Oreocephale. Oreocephalus cristatus. Am- 
blyrhynchus cristatus. Bell, Zool. Journ. ii. 204, t. 12. Zool. Bea- 
gle, Rept. 23. Gray, Z. M. 6. Danvin, Jour. 466. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 195. A. ater, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 37. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 196. Iguana, Scolder, Brewster's Jour. Sci. v. 213. 

Dorsal crest formed of elongate compressed scales ; scales of 
the back moderate, conical, acute, of the outer side of the fore legs 
scarcely larger, acute. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Scales of the dorsal crest round, conical, cross 

waved. Galapagos. Presented by Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. 

b. Half grown, stuffed. Scales of the dorsal crest compressed. 

Galapagos. Presented by Capt. Fitzroy, R.N. 

A. ater, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 37! Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 196. 

c. Adult, stuffed. Lost the scales of the head. Galapagos. 

d. Young, in spirits. Head-shields few, moderate, unequal, sym- 

metrical, convex, the central ones of the forehead keeled, those 
over the eyebrows small, convex, crest of the nape formed of 
blunt subcylindrical scales, of the back of small low compress- 
ed triangular scales, of the tail like those of the back but lar- 
ger, squarer, and forming a nearly even line ; scales of the 
body small, conical, blunt, smooth, equal. Charles Island, 
Galapagos. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 



190 



REPTILES. 



ff Tail with rings of large spinose scales. 

12. Cyclvra, Harlan. Iguana, part, Cwr. 
Ctenosaura, part, Weigm. 

Head with flat or rather convex angular shields, those of the 
muzzle larger, placed in pairs. The lower jaw with elongated 
keeled scales on its sides. Throat with a lax skin, plaited across 
but without any true pouch. Palate toothed. Teeth 3-lobed. 
Femoral pores in a single series, numerous, each surrounded by a 
number of scales. Back and tail crested. Tail compressed, with 
whorls of scales and rings of larger spined scales, separated by .3 
or 4 rings of small scales. Toes with 3 or 5 keeled plates beneath, 
the two middle hinder ones fringed with a series of 3 or 4 horny 
triangular processes on the inner side of each joint, forming a kind 
of lateral claw. 

* Shields on the muzzle approximate. 

MacLeay's Cyclure. Cyclura MacLeayii. Cyclura cari- 
nata, Gray^ Ann. N. H. 

Muzzle with 3 or 4 pair of transversely keeled many-sided 
shields above, with only a few scales between the hinder pairs, the 
rest of the head-shields small, subequal, with a central keel. 
Olive, paler marbled and spotted; lower jaw with 1, then 2 series 
of elongated keeled scales, separated from the labial shields by 
small scales behind. 

a. Inspirits. Cuba. Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

** Shields on the muzzle separated hy small scales. 

The Clouded Cyclure. Cyclura nubila, Gray^ Griffith^ 
A. K. ix. 39. Weigm. Herp. Mex. 42. Lacerta nubila, Shaiv. 
C. carinata, Harlan^ Journ. A. Nat. Sci. Phil. iv. 242, 250, t. 15. 
Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 39. Weigm. H. Mex. 42. Iguana Cy- 
clura, Cuv. R. A. ii. 45. C. Harlani, Coct. Sagra, Cuba, Erp. t. 
6. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 218. Catesby, Carol, ii. t. 64? 

Muzzle with three large keeled many-sided shields upon each 
side, separated by small plates, and with a central shield behind 
them, and one near the middle of the head ; dorsal crest of the 
adult interrupted between the shoulders and loins. Grey or bluish 
grey, with 6 or 12 crescent-like bands with irregular edges ; the 
lower javv with a single series of larger keeled scales, and several 
rows of minute scales between them and the labial plates. 

a. Half grown, in spirits. 

Colley's Cyclura. Cyclura Collei. 

Muzzle with 4 transversely keeled many-sided shields on each 
side, rest of the head covered with small unequal shields ; dorsal 



LIZAEDS. 191 

crest low, suddenly interrupted over the shoulder and loins ; olive, 
darker marbled ; lower jaw with 2, and behind 3 or 4 series of 
large elongated keeled scales, without any small many-sided ones 
between them and the labial plates. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Jamaica. Presented by the Admiralty, from 
Haslar Hospital. 

13. Ctenosauea, Grai/, Weiym. Uromastyx, Merrem. 
Cyclura, part, Weigm. 

Head with numerous small subequal flat many-sided shields, 
those of the upper part of the nose similar to the rest. Side of the 
lower jaw covered with uniform rather elongated scales. Throat 
with a lax skin plaited across, but without any true pouch. Pa- 
late toothed. Teeth 3-lobed. Toes with 3 or 5 keeled plates be- 
neath. Femoral pores in a single series, few (5 or 6) on each side. 
Back with a crest often continued over the shoulder. Tail round, 
crested above, and covered with rings of spinose scales, rather de- 
pressed at the base, and with rings of spines, separated by 2 or 3 
series of small scales. 

* Dorsal crest loiv. Tail round at the end. 

Shaw's Ctenosaure. Ctenosaura acanthura, Gray^ Griffith, 
A. K. ix. 37. Blainv. Nov. Mem. Mus. iv. 288, t. 24, f. 1. Lacer- 
ta acanthura, Shaiv,Zool. in. 216. Merrem, Tent.bQ. Gray, Ann. 
Phil. ii. 57. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 222. Ct. cycluroides, Weigm. 
Isis, 1828, 371. C. lanceolata, Gray, Griffith, A. K. P Cyclura 
teres, Harlan, J. A. N. S. Phil. iv. 246, 250, t. 16. Weigm. H. M. 
42. Ct. armata. Gray, I. c. 37. Cycl. articulata, Weigm. H. M. 
42. Cycl. denticulata, Weigm. H. M. 42, t. 3. Ctenosaurus 
Shawii, Gray. 

Dorsal crest low, interrupted over the loins in the young, con- 
tinued in the adults ; the spinose scales of the tail large, separated 
by only 2 rings of small scales at the base, close to one another at 
the end. 

a. In spirits. Rather bleached. California ? 
h. Young, in spirits. Honduras. 

c. Young, in spirits. W. Indies ? Presented by Thomas Bell, 

Esq. 

d. Adult, stuffed. Tropical America. Presented by the Admi- 
ralty from Haslar Hospital. 

*^ Dorsal crest high. Tail compressed at the end. 

Weigmann's Ctenosaure. Ctenosaura pectinata. Cyclura 
pectinata, Weigm. H. Mex. 42, t. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 221. 

Olive brown, yellowish varied ; tail rather compressed ; dorsal 
crest high, interrupted in front of the base of the tail. 

Inhab. Mexico, Mus. Berl. 



192 REPTILES. 

14. Enyaliosaurus. Cyclura, part, Gray. 

Head with uuraerous small subequal many-sided shields, those 
of the upper part of the nose and interparietal plate very small. 
Throat with a lax skin, plaited across in front, but without any 
true pouch. Palate toothed ? Teeth lobed. Back with a crest 
of compressed scales. Toes with 3-keeled plates below. Tail 
with alternate rings of small and large spinose scales, depressed 
at the base, the central and 2 lateral series of scales on each side 
(separated by 2 rows of smaller scales) larger, forming keels, the 
end roundish, tapering, the under side of the base with rings of 
many small scales. 

The Armed Lizard. Enyaliosaurus quinquecarinatus. Cy- 
clura quinquecarinata. Gray, Z. M. 59. 

Olive, black-varied. 
a. Adult ? stuffed. Demerara ? 

* Femoral pores none. Hinder toes fringed on the side, the outer 

hinder wehhed at the base. 

f Head elongate, produced behind. 

15. Basiliscus, Laur. 

Head covered with small flat rather keeled uniform scales, of 
the occiput smaller. Occiput elongate, narrow behind, with a 
compressed vertical triangular crest of skin. Palate toothed. The 
throat with a slight pouch, and with a well marked cross fold. 
Back and tail (of the males ?) with a high compressed crest, sup- 
ported by horny rays. Scales of the back small, rhombic, smooth, 
of the belly larger, square, smooth. Femoral pores none. Toes 
elongate, compressed, unequal, with a series of broad scales above, 
and rhombic truncated keeled scales on the side, with a series of 
convex square plates beneath. The hinder toes with series of 
thick subtubercular plates on the inner side, and with a broad sub- 
dentate continued fringe on the outer side. The outer hinder toes 
webbed at the base. 

The Basilic. Basiliscus Americanus, Laur. Syn. 50. La- 
certa Basiliscus, Linn. S. N. i. 366. Sebi, i. t. 100,/. 1. Guerin, 
Icon, t. 11,/. 2. Latr. Kept. 258. B. mitratus, Daud. Rept. iii. 
320, t. 42. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 181. Lion Lizard, Caiesby, 
Carol, ii. 468. 

Bluish. 
a. Half grown, in spirits. Tropical America, Guiana ? 

16. CoRYTHiEOLus, Kaup. CEdicoryphus, Wagler. 
Basaliscus, part, Weigm., Wagler. 

Head rather elongate, covered with small uniform keeled scales. 
Eyebrows and back of head with rather small scales. Occiput 



LIZARDS. 193 

narrowed and with a triangular, compressed, vertical crest of 
skin behind. Lower labial with a series of larger chin-shields be- 
neath. Palate toothed. Throat with a cross fold and a small 
pouch in front. Back and tail with a low serrated crest of com- 
pressed scales. Scales of the back small, keeled, of the limbs and 
belly larger, rhombic, keeled. Tail rather compressed, with a low- 
crest of compressed scales, with equal keeled scales on the sides. 
Femoral pores none. Toes elongate, unequal, compressed, with 
2 or 3 keeled rhombic scales above and on the sides, with a series 
of compressed scales beneath, each furnished with a central round 
tubercle, the hinder toes with a narrow dentated fringe on the 
outer side, and a veiy obscure one on the inner, the hinder outer 
toes webbed at the base. 

The CoRYTH.^OLE. CorytliEeolus vittatus, Kaup. Isis^ 1829, 
1147. Weigm. H. M. 15, 40, t. 15 (male). Basiliscus vittatus, 
Weigm. Isis, 1828, 373. Wagler, Si/s. 148. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 187. B. lineatus. Gray, MSS. Miis. Col. Surg. n. 1306. 

Olive, with black cross bands, and 2 white streaks on each 
side; male with a high, female with a low rounded occipital crest. 

a. In spirits, female with eggs. Olive, back with 6 black cross 
bands, beneath pale, black-spotted, occipital crest low, head 
black-spotted, with a narrow black streak on the lower part of 
the temples. Honduras. From Mr. Johnson's collection. 

h. In spirits. Honduras. Like a, but pale streak more distinct, 
black-edged on each side, as it arises from the eye, the hinder 
edge of the gape of the mouth pale. 

W Head short, round and simjjle behind. 

17. Thysanodactylus. 

Head short, 4-sided, covered with small subequal keeled scales 
the interparietal plate small. Eyebrows, occiput and temple co- 
vered with smaller keeled scales. Eyebrows keeled. Chin with 
a series of shields on each side under the labial shields. Nostril 
lateral, anterior. Body compressed. Back with small squarish 
convex or bluntly keeled scales, and the belly with larger square 
smooth scales. Back and tail with a slight low crest of small 
compressed scales. Tail elongate, slightly compressed, covered 
with small square keeled scales, under side wider, with 3 or 4 
ridges formed by the keel of the scales. Femoral pores none. 
Toes slender, very unequal, compressed, with a series of compress- 
ed keeled scales beneath, in the hinder ones forming a toothed 
edge to their inner side, the hinder ones are furnished with a broad 
continued scaly edge on the outer side, the outer hinder one with 
a web at the base. 



194 REPTILES. 

The Edged Toe. Thysanodactylus hilineatus, Ophyessa 
bilineata, Graj/, ZooL Beechey''s Voy. Rept. 94. 

Olive, black spotted, with a narrow pale streak on each side of 
the back; chest and beneath pale whitish; temple with some nar- 
row black streaks. 

a. Half gi'own, in spirits, Fernando de Xoronha. From H.M.S. 

Chanticleer. 
h. In spirits. South America. 

** Back crested. Head sJwrt, compressed and produced behind. 

Toes not fringed. 

18. CoRYTHOPHAiNES, Boic. ' 

Head short, covered with small scales. Forehead rhombic, 
the hinder part elevated into a kind of crest. Nape and back 
with a distinct uninterrupted crest. Palate toothed. Ear not 
armed above. Throat with a transverse fold, and with a small 
denticulated throat-pouch. Scales equal. Toes slender, simple, 
(not fringed nor dilated). Tail long, rounded, not crested. Fe- 
moral pores none. Thighs without any fold beneath. 

The CoRYTHOPHANE. Corythophancs cristata, (Boie), Grai/, 
Griffith^ A. K. ix. 55. Gravenh. Acad. N. Cur. xvi. 938, t. 65,/. 
6, 10. Dum. et Bih. E. G. iv. 174. A gama cristata, Merrem^ 
Tent. 50. Seha^ i. 147, t. 94,/. 4. La Sourcilleux, Bomiat, Enc. 
Meth. t. 4, /. 1. Iguana pileata, Gravenh. Nov. Act. Lisp. xvi. 
t. (young). 

Scales small, irregular, close-pressed, smooth, those near the 
dorsal crest keeled, of the chest and belly slender, 4-sided, larger 
keeled, in oblique cross bands, of limbs and tail very large, rhom- 
bic, keeled, of tail rhombic. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin, Klenkenbergii. 

19. Cham.i:leopsis, Weigm. Corythophanes, part, Dum. et Bih. 

Head covered with small scales, the hinder part elevated into 
a kind of crest. Nape not crested. Back crested. Palate 
toothed. Ears with 2 spines above. Throat with a cross fold, 
and with a very small simple pouch. Scales unequal, smooth, 
with cross bands of keeled scales. Toes slender, simple. Tail 
long, rounded, not crested. Femoral pores none. Thighs with 
a longitudinal plait beneath. Claws of the front feet very long. 

The QuALTAPALCALT. Cliamaelcopsis Hernandesii, Gray., 
Griffith., A. K. ix. 45. Beechey., Voy. t. f. (jun.) Gravenh. 
Acad. N. Cur. xvi. 944, t. 65, / 1 — 5. Weigm. Herp. Mex. 15, 
37, 39, t. 6. Chamagleo Mexicanus, Wagler, Isis, 1832, 296. 
Corvthrophanes chamoeleopsis, Weigm. H. Mex. Dum. et Bih. 
E. G. iv. 176. 



LIZARDS. 195 

Scales of the back close-pressed, unequal, ^\^tll cross series of 
conical keeled scales, an arched series of large keeled scales across 
the shoulders and haunches, a little above the base of the legs, a 
group of 5 or 6 large scales, forming a prominent tubercle at the 
upper end of the ear ; orbit with small granular scales. 

a. In spirits. Mexico. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

*** Back crested. Head short, simple, rounded behind. Toes 

simple, slender. 

20. Enyalius, W<igler. Uraniscodon, part, Kaup. Lophyrus, 
part, Spix. Xiphosurus, part, Gray. 

Head short, covered with equal, convex, small, polygonal 
plates. Eyebrows and temple with small granular scales. Skin 
of the throat slightly dilatable, with a fold on the chest. Back 
crested, with small convex roundish scales. Belly with square 
keeled scales. Limbs and tail with lozenge-shaped truncated 
keeled scales. Tail rounded, elongate, slender, angular beneath 
and at the tip, not crested. Palate toothed. Teeth 3-lobed. Fe- 
moral pores none. Toes slender, simple, elongate, unequal, co- 
vered with rhombic keeled scales above and on the sides, and with 
a series of narrow 2-keeled rough hexaugular scales beneath, not 
fringed on the sides, the hinder outer toe quite free at the base. 

•*■ Scales of hack small, convex. 

The LozENGE-MARKED Enyalius. Enyalius rhombifer, Wag- 
ler, Sys. 150. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 231. Lophyrus rhombifer, 
ASpix, Braz. 9, ^. 11. L. albomaxillaris, Spix, Braz. i\,t. 13,/. 
3, (very young). L. margaritaceus, Spix, Braz. 10, ^. 12,/. 1 ? 
Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. ? L. Braziliensis, Lesson, Voy. Coqu. 
Rept. t. 1,/ 3 ? Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 40. Agama catenata, 
Nieuw. Abbild. t. ? Schinz. Rept. t. 25, f. 1 ? lost scales of back. 

Scales small, nearly equal, of the supraorbital region very 
small, in 12 longitudinal series, of the abdomen square ; brown, 
mth a series of white-edged brown rhombic spots on the back ; 
chin with 2 diverging series of 3 flat 6-sided scales. 

a, b. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Scales of the front of the 
abdomen square. Brazils. From Dr. Gardiner's collection. 

c. Half grown, in spirits. Scales of the front of the abdomen ra- 

ther 6-sided, of the back square. Brazils. Presented by Lord 
Stuart. 

d. Stuffed, half grown. Olive. S.America. 



S 2 



196 REPTILES. 

** Scales of back and belli/ keeled^ of sides smaller, granular. 

The Two-streaked Enyalius. Enyalius bilineatus, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 234. 

Scales of the back and helly keeled, of the sides much smaller, 
of the supraocular region placed in 6 or 7 longitudinal series ; 
brown, with a while ray on each side of the back. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Paris, I specimen. 

21. Opiiryoessa, Boie. Uraniscodon, part, Kaup. 
Xiphosurus, part, Gray 

Head short, it and the eyebrows covered with small nearly equal 
keeled polygonal plates. Interparietal plate small, surrounded 
with rather more convex ones. Nostrils lateral, anterior. Skin 
of throat with a slight longitudinal, and of chest with a distinct 
transverse fold. Palate toothed. Body compressed. Scales 
keeled, of the back small, of the belly larger. Back and tail with a 
toothed crest of low compressed scales, covered with keeled rhombic 
rather truncated scales. Femoral pores none. Toes slender, with 
keeled acute-tipped cross shields beneath, and with rhombic keeled 
scales above, the outer edge of the hinder ones slightly fringed 
and regularly serrated, the outer hind toe quite free at the base. 
Tail compressed. 

The Eyebrowed Ophryoessa. Ophryoessa superciliosa, Boie, 
Isis. Guerin, Icon. Rept. t. 8,/. 1. Grai/, Griffith, A. K. ix. 40. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 238. Lacerta superciliosa, Linn. Mus. 
Ad. 41. S. N. i. Seba, i. t. 93,/. 1. t. 96,/. 6. t. 109,/. 4. ii. t. 
14, f. 4. Daud. R. iii. 336. KuM, Beytr. 105. Lophyrus xiphos- 
urus, Spix, Braz. t. 10. L. aureonitens, Spix, Braz. \'2,t. 13 a, 
very young. 

Brown ; occiput with a cross band of 6 rather larger angular 
conical scales, the two middle largest. 

a. Adult, in spirits. America. 

" Lac. superciliosa,'' Shaw. 

b. Adult, in spirits. " Alabama, Mr. Mac Williams." Presented 

by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

C. Toes dilated under the last joint but one. Throat-pouch dis- 
tinct, largely dilatable. Back often crested. Femoral pores 
none. Nostril superior, subapical. Anoliina. 

22. Chamjsleolis, Cocteau. Anolis, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Toes elongate, the last joint but one much dilated. Scales of 
the back and sides flat and smooth, circular and unequal in size, 
of the belly very minute and granular. Tail compressed, subden- 



LIZARDS. 197 

tated above. Back and nape with a crest formed of a fold of skin 
crowned with a series of short compressed scales. Chin and belly 
with a crest formed of 2 series of very small scales, those of the 
chin largest. Head large, occiput produced, rounder behind. 
Jaws equal. Throat with an extensile pouch, toothed on its edge. 

The Cuban Cham^leolis. ChamEeleolis Fernandina, Coct. 
in Sagra, Cuba, 145, t. 12. Anolis Chameleonides, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 168. 

Head ovate, triangular ; neck and back with a dentated fold 
of skin ; yellowish, with darker bands ; throat-pouch notched. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Cuba. Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

23. XiPHOsuRUs, Fit2., Grat/, Ann. N. H. 

The penultimate joint of the toes dilated. Tail with a fin-like 
crest. Nostrils above the keel of the muzzle. The ventral shields 
imbricate. Jaws equal. Muzzle rounded. Rostral plate erect. 

* Back and nape with a crest of 1 series of compressed scales. 

The Crested Anolis. Xiphosurus velifer. Gray, Ann. N. H. 
V. 111. Anolis velifer, Cuv. R. A. t. 5, f I. Guerin, Icon. t. 
12, f. 1. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 164. A. Cuvieri, Merrem. Tent. 
45. Le grand Anolis a crete, Cuv. R. A. ii. 45, t. 5,/. 1. 

Bluish, with a black spot on each side ; the head pyramidical, 
equally 4-sided, forehead triangular, hispid, covered with 6-sided 
tlattish plates ; throat- pouch very large ; nape and back with a 
toothed crest; tail very much compressed, with a fin-like crest at 
the basal half supported by bony rays ; scales of the upper parts 
oval, keeled, of the belly similar, but imbricate, smooth and 
convex. 

Inhabits ? Mus. Paris. 

Ricord's Anolis. Xiphosurus Ricordii, Gray, Ann. N. H. v. 
111. Anolis Ricordii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 167. 

Blue, sides with 2 broad black streaks ; head equally 4-sided ; 
forehead oval, triangular, with large hexangular swollen shields, 
with a large lozenge-shaped concavity between the crown and oc- 
ciput; back tented ; nape and back with a toothed crest; the tail 
compressed, with a high crest supported by bony rays. 

Inhab. St. Domingo. ]Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

** Back simple. Nape ivith a very indistinct crest of 2 series 

of scales. 

The Smaller Crested Anolis. Xiphosurus cristatellus. 
Anolis cristatellus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 143. A. porphyreus, 
Oppel, Mus. Par. (female). Le petit Anolis a crete, Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 49. 

s 3 



198 REPTILES. 

Olive, with a few blact spots ; beneath silvery, black-dotted ; 
head pyramidical, quadrangular ; nape and back with a fold edged 
with a double series of rather larger scales ; scales of the back and 
sides veiy minute, granular, of the middle of the back rather lar- 
ger, 6-sided, of the belly ovate, thin, larger, flat, smooth ; tail com- 
pressed, sharp-edged above ; the males with a large crest, support- 
ed by bony rays. 

a. Male, in spirits. West Indies ? From Mr. Leadbeater's col- 
lection. 

24. Dactyloa, Grai/. 

The penultimate joint of the toes dilated. Back and tail with 
a crest foimed of a series of compressed scales. Ventral scales 
flat, imbricate. Jaws equal. Muzzle rounded in front. Rostral 
plate erect. 

* Scales large, Jlat, not imbricate. 

The Equestrian Anolis. Dactyloa equestris. Gray, Ann. 
N. H. V. III. Anolis equestris, Merrem, Tent. 45. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 157. Le grand Anolis a echarpe, Cuv. R. A. ii. 49, t. 
b,f. 2. A. rhodolaemus, Bell, Zool. Journ. iii. 235, t. 20. Shane, 
Jam. ii. 273,/. 2. 

Head very rugose, tubercular, shields conical ; ears small ; 
throat-pouch yellow or white ; nape, back and tail with a simple 
denticulated crest; tail very compressed; scales of the upper parts 
flat, smooth, not imbricate, of the belly imbricate, keelless ; blue 
or green, with an oblique whitish band above the shoulder. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Head very warty, temple with a round group 
of warts. Cuba. Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

h. Half grown, in spirits. Head and temple rather warty. From 
Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

** Scales small, granular, convex. 

Edwards's Anolis. Dactyloa Edwardsii. Anolis Edwardsii, 
Merrem, Tent. 45. Dum. et Bib. E. 6^. iv. 161. The Blue Lizard, 
Edw. Glean, i. 75, t. 245, f. 2. 

Green, with 4 or 5 pale cross bands ; head elongate, depressed, 
covered with small nearly equal keeled plates ; nape, back and tail 
with a small serrated crest ; tail compressed, sharp-edged ; scales 
of the upper parts small, close, granular, conical, of the belly 
square, smooth, imbricate. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Dorsal crest rather irregular, low. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Jamaica. Presented by Robert Heward, Esq. 

c. d. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Jamaica. 



LIZARDS. 199 

e. Adult, in spirits. The crest of the back low, in some places 

in-egularly, as if formed of 2 series of scales. 
/. Young, in spirits. Olive, throat black-lined, crest low over the 

nape, indistinct on the back, back with a central series of 8 

round white spots. Jamaica. Presented by Robert Heward, 

Esq. 

D. maculata, Gray^ B. M. 

Varies in the size of the chin-shields, the height of the crest, 
in the number and size of the lines of scales at the back of the 
vent, and of the disk of the scales over the eyebrows. 

25. Rhinosaueus. 

The penultimate joint of the toes dilated. Back and nape 
with a low crest formed of 2 diverging series of short triangular 
scales. Ventral scales flat, imbricate. Head elongate. Upper 
jaw produced beyond the lower, acute in front. Rostral plate tri- 
angular, horizontal, inferior. 

The Sharp-nosed Anolis. Rhiuosaurus gracilis. Anolis 
gracilis, Niemv. Abbild. t. f. 2. A. nasicus, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iv. 115. 

Head elongated; muzzle pointed, swollen, compressed, slightly 
arched and produced beyond the lower jaw, with a rhomboidal 
anterior frontal pit ; scales of the head oblong, convex in the cen- 
tre, of the back granular, very small, oblong, smooth, of the belly 
ovate, smooth, imbricate ; throat-pouch very large, yellow ; nape 
and back with a dorsal fold ; tail very long and slender, without 
any keel, strong and triangular at the base, slightly compressed at 
the end. 

a. Stuffed. Blackish grey. Bahia. Presented by Kerr, Esq. 

26. Anolius, part, Cuv. Anolis, Merrem. 

The penultimate joint of the toes dilated. Back and nape 
simple, or with a low crest formed of 2 diverging series of short 
triangular scales. Ventral scales flat, imbricate. Head moderate. 
Upper jaw even with the lower, rounded at the end. The rostral 
plate erect. 

On leaves of trees, jumping from branch to branch. 

The species are very difficult to be distinguished from each 
other in spirits. The toes appear to vary in width and length in 
the same species ; it may be a sexual distinction. 



200 REPTILES. 

A. Crest produced along the back. 

a. Tail much cojnpressed, irregularly serrated above. Ventral 

scales square^ smooth. 

The Large-cheeked Anolis. Anolius Leachii, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 153. A. niaculatus, Gray, Ann. N. H. v. 112. Lacer- 
ta bimaculata, Sparrynan, N. Act. Stockh. v. 169, t. 4,/. 1, (not 
Linn.) 

Scales of the back convex, not imbricate, of the sides smaller, 
granular, of the belly smooth, roundish, imbricate -, bluish, black- 
spotted ; lip, streak over ear and shoulders white, and a streak 
from the nose including the eye and over the ears black ; head 
elongate, depressed, swollen below behind; head-shields smooth. 

a. In spirits. S, America. 

b. In spirits. Nevis, W. Indies. Presented by Thomas Cottle, 

Esq. 

c. Half grown, in spirits. 

b. Tail compressed, regularly serrated above and many-keeled 
beneath. Ventral scales keeled. 

The Occipital Anolis. Anolius occipitalis, Gray, Ann. N. 
H.y.lU. 

Scales of the back granular, keeled, near the vertebral line ra- 
ther larger, ovate, of the sides smaller, elongated, of the belly 
keeled, squarish ; occipital pit large, rounded, toothed ; head- 
shields smooth ; brown, with 5 dark cross bands, beneath bluish 
white ; crest of the nape formed of 2 series of rather elongate co- 
nical scales, of the back of distant rather irregularly placed keeled 
scales; tail compressed, with strongly toothed keel, with a series of 
smaller scales on each side. 

a, b. Adult and young, in spirits. West Indies. Presented by 
Thomas Bell, Esq. 

The Lined Anolis. Anolius lineatus, Daud. Rept. iv. 66, t. 
48,/. 1. Merrem, Tent. 45. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 146. Lacerta 
strumosa, Linn. S. N. i. 368. Seba, Thes. ii. t. 20,/. 4. Shaiv, 
Zool. iii. 224. Salamandra s. Laur. Syn. 42. La Goitreux, La- 
cep. Q. O. i. 463. 

Head moderately elongated ; muzzle rounded at the end ; oc- 
cipital plate small ; throat-pouch large, with a large black spot ; 
nape and back with a longitudinal fold ; scales of the back small, 
equal, circular, not imbricate and slightly keeled, of the belly 6- 
sided, imbricate, slightly keeled ; tail compressed, slightly toothed 
above ; grey, with 2 intermpted black streaks on each side. 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. 



LIZARDS. 201 

c. Tail compressed,, slightly serrated above. Ventral scales small, 

squarish. 

The Alligator Anolis. Anolius Cepedii, Merrem, Tent. 44. 
Lacerta bimaculata, var. Shatc, Zool. iii. 223, (not Sparrm.) Se- 
ba, i. 139, t. 87, /. 4—6. Latr. R. i. 273. Daud. Rept. iv. 55. 
Ig. roquet, Brongn. Class. R. 32, ^ 1, /. 3. La Roquet, Lacep. 
Q. O. i. 397, t. 27. A. Alligator, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 135. 
Gray, Anii. N. H. v. 112. A. similis. Gray, Ann. N. H. v. 112. 

Olive ; head rather elongate, depressed, broad and rounded in 
front ; head-shields flat, with 2 series of larger close transverse 
convex shields in front ; throat-pouch large ; ears moderate ; nape 
back and tail with a small plait, furnished with a double row of 
rather larger scales ; scales of the back small, many-sided, flat, 
granular, not imbricate, of the sides smaller, of the belly larger, 
smooth, imbricate ; tail compressed, sharp-edged above. 

a. In spirits. Pale bluish, with scattered white spots ; limbs and 

toes elongate. America. 
A. Alligator, Gray. 

b. In spirits. Olive, black-dotted ; limbs and toes rather shorter 

and stouter. W. Indies ? 
A. similis, Gray. 

c—f. In spirits, like a and b. West Indies. From Mr. Scriven- 
er's collection. 

g, h. Young, in spirits. Toes very narrow, back scarcely crested. 
West Indies. From Mr, Scrivener's collection. 

The Marbled Anolis. Anolius marmoratus, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 139, (not Gray). 

Head pyramidical, moderately elongated, rather depressed ; 
muzzle rather truncated, rounded ; frontal cavity rather rhomboi- 
dal ; interparietal plate dilated ; the eyebrows with a disk of 8 or 
10 angular slightly keeled plates; the throat-pouch and ears large; 
nape and back with a fold, edged with a double row of rather lar- 
ger scales ; scales of the back and sides small, rhombic, convex, 
not imbricate, of the belly larger, imbricate, smooth ; tail com- 
pressed, sharp-edged and unequally serrated above ; blue, head 
and neck brown, paler marbled, with a black spot on the armpit. 

Inhab Martinique. Mus. Paris. Perhaps the short-headed 
variety of the former. 

B. Crest only on the nape or tvanting. 
a. Venti'al scales ovate, keeled. 

* Tail roundish, with only a slight central keel above. 

The Ridge- NOSED Anolis. Anolius porcatus. Gray, Ann. N. 
H. V. 112. 



202 REPTILES. 

Scales of the back moderate, 6-sided, keeled, of the tail large, 
keeled, keels forming continued ridges ; muzzle elongated, with 5 
very prominent keels ; brown or green, with irregular black cross 
lines on the back, a streak on the side of the neck ; beneath and 
sometimes the dorsal line silvery. 

a. In spirits. Back spotted. Cuba. Presented by W. S. Mac- 

Leay, Esq. 
h. Young, in spirits. With a yellowish dorsal streak, rather wider 

behind. Texas. 
c — e. In spirits. Cuba? From Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

The Carolina Anolis. Anolius principaHs. Lacerta princi- 
palis, Linn. Mus. Ad. 43. ♦S'. N. i. 360. Amen. Acad. \. 286, t. 14, 
/. 2. Cateshy^ Carol, ii. t. 65. Merrem, Tent. 44. Iguana bullaris, 
Latr. H. R. i. 279. Merrem, Tent. 44. Weigm. H. M. 16. Wag- 
lei\ Sys. 148. A. roquet, Daud. Rept. iv. 69. A. bimaculata, 
Dauci. Rept. iv. 62. Iguana strumosa, Brongn. Class. Rept. 33, 
/. 4. Dactyloa biporcata, Weigm. H. Mex. 47. H. Carolinen- 
sis, Cuv. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 121. 

Nostrils on the muzzle ; head elongate, triangular, depressed 
(flat when young), strongly keeled on each side ; head-shields 
large, keeled, of the orbits larger, in a crescent ; nape and back 
not crested ; ears moderate ; tail rounded, with a central series of 
larger more keeled scales above, thick at the base ; scales of the 
back and sides equal, not imbricate, subrhomboidal, keeled, of the 
belly imbricate, slightly keeled ; blue, generally with a large black 
spot on each temple. 

a — e. In spirits. Throat black-lined. N. America. Presented 
by Edward Doubleday, Esq. 

The Yellowish Anolis. Anolius flavescens. 

Yellowish ; back with a flexuous brown band on each side. 

a. In spirits. N. America ? 

&, c. In spirits. From Mr. Leadbeater's collection. 

Richard's Anolis. Anolius Richardii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 141. Gray, Ann. N. H. v. 113. 

Scales of the middle of the back ovate, keeled, of the sides 
small, granular, of the tail small, keeled ; nape slightly crested ; 
head short ; muzzle shelving, with 4 slight crests ; bluish grey, 
crown black, beneath whitish, 
o. In spirits. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 203 

** Tail compressed, slightly crested. 

The Dotted Anolis. Anolius punctatus, G^'^-y-, Ann. N. H. 
V. 113. 

Scales of the back small, 6-sided, keeled, of the sides rather 
smaller, similar, of the base of the tail keeled ; nape scarcely keel- 
ed ; head depressed ; head-shields keeled ; blue, white-spotted ; 
belly and hind limbs whitish. 

a, h. In spirits. Presented by Sir James MacGrep:or. 

c, d. In spirits. Brazils. From Dr. Gardner's collection. 

e. Young, in spirits. With a narrow white streak on each side of 
the back of the neck, and along the back between the shoul- 
ders, and with 2 w4iite-edged angular dark spots on each side 
of the middle of the back. Brazils. From Dr. Gardner's 
collection. 

The Clouded Anolis. Anolius nebulosus. Gray, Ann. N. H. 
V. 113. Dactyloa nebulosa, Weigmann, Herp. Mex. Anolis Sa- 
grei, Coct. in Sagra, Cuba, 131, t. 10. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv 150. 

Scalesof the back rather rhombic, subequal, slightly imbricate, 
indistinctly keeled, of the sides rather smaller,' similar, of the ver- 
tebral line, tail and limbs larger, keeled, of the belly imbricate- 
keeled; nape scarcely keeled ; tail compressed, with a slight toolh, 
ed crest above ; head short, shelving, shields keeled ; pale brown, 
throat brown-lined ; young with a single biown triangular spot 
on each side. 

a. In spirits. Cuba. Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Texas. 

The LiNEATED Anolis. Anolius lineatopus, Gray, Ann. N. 
H. V. 113. 

Scales of the centre of the back small, slightly keeled, of the 
sides smaller, granular ; head elongated ; muzzle slightly 4-keeled 
with strongly keeled scales; pale brown, with 5 longitudinal paler 
streaks ; sides of the tail varied with triangular spots ; the throat 
brown -lined. 
a. In spirits. Presented by Sir James MacGregor. 

The Spotted Anolis. Anolius maculatus, Ch-ay, Ann. N. H. 
V. 113. A. marmoratus. Gray, B. M. (not Dum. et Bib.) 

Scales of the middle of the back 6- sided, keeled, of the sides 
smaller, of the tail and limbs larger, keeled; nape slightly keeled; 
head elongated ; muzzle shelving, slightly 4-keeled ; head-shields 
elongated, keeled ; brown, with transverse white spots or streaks ; 
head white-spotted. 

a, h. In spirits. W. Indies ? Presented by Sir James Mac- 
Gregor. 



204 EEPTILES. 

The Beautiful Anolis. Anolius pulchellus, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 97. 

Fulvous ; side of head, sides and lower part of body and limbs 
yellowish white; head long, pyramidical, quadrangular, rather 
depressed, with 2 longitudinal ridges in front ; tail compressed, 
sharp-edged and feebly toothed above; back and nape not crested; 
scales of the back tubercular, thick, as if keeled, of the sides small 
(half the size), subovate, smooth, imbricate, of the belly rounded, 
rhombic, slightly keeled (of the tail forming continued ridges). 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris, 3 specimens. 

The Vermiculated Anolis. Anolius vermiculatus. Cod. in 
Sagra, Cuba, Rept. 140, t. 8. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 128. 

Head long, pyramidical, 4-sided, rather concave above, with 2 
feeble ridges in front, and swollen above at the end ; scales of the 
head many-sided, keeled, the supraorbital series separated by 1 or 
2 series of scales ; scales of the eyebrows small, keeled, of the back 
and sides in tubercular grains, equal, of the belly imbricate, sub- 
ovate, keeled ; ears large, with 2 rows of 4-sided plates under the 
chin ; nape with a large fold ; tail compressed, feebly dentated 
above ; fulvous brown, vermiculated with brown. 

Inhab. Cuba. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. 

b. Ventral scales keeled., square. Tail rather compressed^ slightly 

crested. 

The Slender-toed Anolis. Anolius stenodactylus, Gray^ 
Ann. N. H. v. 114. 

Scales of the middle of the back small, elongated, keeled, of 
the sides granular; nape slightly double-ridged; muzzle depress- 
ed, slightly few-keeled; head-shields irregular; toes very slender; 
bluish, beneath whitish ; tail rather compressed, with a low crest 
of compressed scales. 

a. In spirits. Jamaica. Presented by J. E. Winterbottom, Esq. 

c. Ventral scales smooth, subovate. Tail rather compressed, 

slightly crested. 

The Netted Anolis. Anolius reticulatus. Gray, Ann. N. H. 
V. 114. 

Scales of the middle of the back small, angular, keeled, of the 
sides granular ; nape slightly 2-crested ; ventral shields subovate ; 
muzzle depressed, slightly 4-keeled ; head-shields smooth ; blue, 
black-spotted and varied ; throat brown-lined. 

a. In spirits. Tropical America. 



LIZARDS. 205 

The Chilian Anolis. Anolius fusco-auratus, D^OrbigiiT/, 
Voy. A. M. Rept. t. 13,/. 1—4. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. ] 10. 

Golden brown, beneath whitish ; head rather elongate ; muzzle 
broad, rather rounded ; forehead concave ; scales of the head sub- 
equal, keeled, of back and sides not imbricate, granular, the for- 
mer largest, of the belly suboval, imbricate, smooth; nape, back 
and tail not crested ; tail slender, rounded or very slightly com- 
pressed, with a very feeble keel. 

Inhab. Chili. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

d. Ventral scales smooth, 4:-sided. Tail rather compressed, slightly 

crested. 

The Bronzed Anolis. Anolius aeneiis, Gray, Ann. N. H. v. 
114. 

Scales small, elongate, slightly keeled, rather smaller on the 
sides ; nape rounded ; muzzle depressed, with a lozenge-shaped 
impression ; head-shields smooth, flat, those between the eyes 
without any shields between them ; golden brown, black dotted ; 
beneath yellowish, brown spotted. 

a. In spirits. Trop. America. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

The Pike-headed Anolis. Anolius Lucius, Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iv. 105. Cocteau, Sagra Cuba, Rept. 136, t. 

Head short, depressed ; muzzle broad, rounded ; head-shields 
small, smooth, subcircular, shields of the suborbital edge very 
large, especially the two on the frontal region ; nape, back and 
tail not keeled ; tail conical, very long; ears very large; eyebrows 
granular, with a disk of 4 or 5 angular smooth scales ; scales of 
the upper parts equal, not imbricate, subcircular, convex, smooth, 
of belly 4-sided, smooth, imbricate ; blue, with 4 white streaks. 

Inhab. Cuba. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

Goudot's Anolis. Anolius Goudotii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 

108. 

Head long ; forehead slightly concave ; head-shields many- 
sided, smooth, the eyebrow-region, and the suborbital ridge co- 
vered with large smooth plates soldered together ; ears large ; the 
back and tail not crested ; tail very long, very slender, tapering ; 
scales of the back small, rhomboidal, keeled, of the side rather 
granular, of the belly nearly square, smooth, imbricate ; brown, 
with a pale dorsal streak. 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

The Green Anolis. Anolius punctatus, Daud. Rept. iv. 84, 
t. 66, f. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 112. A. viridis, Nieuw. Abbild. 
t. — . A. violaceus, Spix, Braz. 15, t. 17, f. 2. 

Head very long, depressed, cut square in front, with a lozenge- 
shaped frontal concavity ; scales of the head irregularly many- 

T 



206 REPTILES. 

sided, swollen, smooth, of the back oblong, very finely granular, 
smooth, not imbricate, of the belly square, imbricate, smooth; 
eyebrows with a disk of 16 or 20 small angular scales ; nape, back 
and tail not crested ; tail very long and slender, 4-sided, rounded 
at the base ; blue, with a dorsal series of black spots, white-dotted 
on the sides, and with black specks on the sides of the belly and 
limbs. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens. 

The Red-throated Anolis. Anolius bullaris. Lacerta bul- 
laris, Linn. S. N. 368. Cateshy, Carol, i. t. QQ. Lacep. Q. O. ii. 
401. A. chlorocyanus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 117. 

Head pyramidical, 4-sided, rather depressed, nearly flat above; 
scales of the head subequal, not keeled, those over the orbit's edge 
broader, separated by 1 or 2 series of small scales ; ears small ; 
nape and back not crested ; the tail thick, rather depressed at the 
base, then compressed, and slightly dentated above ; scales of the 
back and sides equal, suboval, subgranular, not imbricated, of the 
central dorsal series rather the largest, of the belly smooth, squar- 
ish, 6-sided, imbricate; behind the vent are 2 large flat square 
smooth plates ; greenish blue, uniform. 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

Valencienne's Anolis. Anolius Valenciennii, Dum. et Bib. 
E G.\\'. 131. 

Head elongate, depressed, flat above; head-shields flat, smooth; 
eyebrow with a disk of 4 smooth shields ; the plates of the upper 
orbital ridge soldered together ; ears very small ; the throat-pouch 
large ; nape and back not crested ; scales of the back and sides 
moderate, equal, oval, rounded, flat and smooth, not imbricate, of 
the belly 4-sided, smaller than those of the back, flat, smooth, and 
rather imbricate ; tail compressed, serrated above. 

Inhab. ? Mus. Paris, 1 specimen, presented by Dr. 

Leach. 

27. AcANTHOLis, Cocteau. 

Head large, subquadrangular. Head-shields large, angular. 
Throat with an extensile pouch. Back, nape and tail not crested. 
Scales of the back and sides flat, smooth, placed side by side, not 
imbricate, and intermixed with tubercles, of the belly smooth, im- 
bricate. Tail conical, elongate, tapering. Femoral and preanal 
pores none. Toes unequal, antepenultimate joint dilated, oval, 
with imbricate plates beneath. Claws b-b. 

The AcANTHOLis. Acantholis Loysiana, Cocteau^ in Sagra., 
Cuba, 141, t. Comptes Rend. 1836, 226. Diim. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
100. 

Bluish white, with a series of triangular brown spots on each 



LIZARDS. 207 

side; head ovale, triangular; head-shields large, angular smooth; 
forehead concave ; scales of the back polygonal, flat, smooth, not 
imbricate, with small scattered tubercles, of the bellj imbricate, 
smooth. 

Inhab. Cuba. Mus. Paris. 

28. Draconura, Wagler. 

Head quadrangular. Head-shields small, subequal, keeled. 
Throat with an extensile pouch. Muzzle short. Palate toothed. 
Femoral pores none. Toes elongate, the last joint but one slight- 
ly dilated, lamellar beneath. Scales of the middle of the back 
larger than those on the sides, of the belly imbricate, keeled. Tail 
round, very long, slender. Back and nape not crested. 

* Back icith 2 rows of larger scales. 

The Shining Draconure. Draconura nitens, Wagler, Sj/st. 
149. Gray, Ann. N. H. V. 114. AnoMs le^viigens, Schlegel, Mus. 
Leyd. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 91. 

Back with only 2 rows of larger scales ; muzzle mth small ob- 
long strongly keeled scales. 

Inhab. Surinam. Mus. Levden. 

** Back with 4 or 5 rows of larger scales. 

The Golden Draconure. Draconura chrysolepis. Anolis 
chrysolepis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 94. Draconura Nitzchii, 
Weigm. Herp. Mex. 16? 

Back with 4 or 5 series of larger scales ; muzzle with hexago- 
nal oblong equal 3-keeled scales ; ears very small ; green, with a 
vertebral series of black dots ; sides with a brown streak. 

a. In spirits. W. Indies. Presented by T, Bell, Esq. 

29. Norops, Wagler. 

Throat with a small crested pouch. Palate toothed. Femo- 
ral pores none. Toes slender, fourth longer than the third, not 
dilated, with a series of keeled rhomboidal scales on each side, 
and of smooth imbricate plates beneath. Scales of the body keel- 
ed, imbricate, of the sides much smaller, of the belly keeled, im- 
bricate. Back and tail not crested. Tail moderate, not prehensile. 

The Golden Norops. Norops auratus, Wagler, Si/st. 149. 
Weigm. H. M. 16. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 82, t. 37, f 2. Anolis 
auratus, Daud. Kept. iv. 89. 

Head-shields oblong, many-keeled; golden fulvous brown 
sometimes pale-banded. 

Inhab. Guiana, Surinam. Mus. Paris. 



T 2 



208 REPTILES. 

II. Back suhtrigonal or depressed. TeiTestrial. 

D, Body suhtrigonal^ covered with large keeled scales, directed oh- 
liquely toivards the back. Throat with a cross fold or smooth. 
Toes simple. Tropidolepina. 

a. Femoral pores distinct. Cloacal pores none. 

30. Tropidolepis, Cuv. R. A. Sceloporus, part, Weigmann. 
Tropidurus, part, Wagler. Uromastyx, part, Merrem. 

The head short, flattened, rounded in front, with small 
head-shields, a large interparietal and large superorbital shields. 
Nostril subapical, on each side, just above the face-ridge, open. 
Throat smooth, with an oblique plait on each side. Palate tooth- 
less. Cheeks with 2 rows of scales. Body depressed, subtrian 
gular. Scales imbricate, of the back keeled, of the belly smooth. 
Back and tail not crested. Tail thick, short, depressed at the 
base, round and tapering at the end. Femoral pores distinct. 
Preanal or cloacal pores none. 

* Head-shields smooth. Scales of the back large, not denticulated. 

The Waved Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis undulatus, Cuv. R. 
A. ii. 38. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 43. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
298. Hollhrook, N. A. Erp. iii. 51, t. 8. Lacerta undulata, Bosc 
MSS. Latr. R. ii. 40. Baud. R. iii. 884. L. hyacinthina, Green, 
J. A. N. S. Phil. i. 349, (male). L. fasciata, Green, I. c. i. 349, 
(female). 

Greenish or reddish bronze, wdth black cross bands ; the head- 
shields smooth ; scales of the back large, rhombic, entire-edged ; 
supraorbital shields 5, many-sided, with scales externally ; inter- 
parietal plate large, oblong or subcordate. 

a — c. Adult, in spirits. North America. Presented by Jacob 

Green, M.D. 
d, e. Adult and young, in spirits. N. America. Presented by 

Edw. Doubleday, Esq. 

** Head-shields smooth. Scales of the back large, toothed. 

The Collared Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis torquatus. Gray, 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 43. Zool. Beechey, Voy. 95, t. 30,/. 2. Dian. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 301. Agaraa torquata, Green and Peale, J. Acad. 
N. S. Phil. ii. 231. Weigm. H. Mex. 49, t. 7,/. 1. Gravenh. Act. 
N. Cur. xviii. 763, t. 56, f 6 — 12. Tecoixin, Hernand. Mex. 
36—65. 

Coppery olive, with white or yellow-edged black collar on the 
shoulders ; scales of the back very broad, rhombic, blunt, toothed 
on the edge and keeled, ending in a short straight point; interpa- 
rietal plate moderate, subcordate ; chin-shields b-o. 

a. In spirits. Mexico. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 209 

Weigmann's Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis formosus, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 303. Sceloporus formosus, Weigm. Herp. Mex. 
50, S. torquatus, jun. Weigm. H. M. t. 7,/. 2, 8. 

Yellow, green coppery ; males with a plain black scapular 
sometimes interrupted band; scales of the back rhomboidal, 
toothed and ending in a large very pointed spine. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Spinose Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis spinosus, Gray., 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 43. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 304. Sceloporus 
spinosus, Weigmann, Isis, 1828, 369. Herp. Mex. 50, t. 7,/. 3. 

Olive grey, with series of brown spots ; scales of the back rhom- 
boidal, slightly toothed, keeled, and ending in a strong point ; 
frontal shields 8 or 9. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Horrid Teopidolepis. Tropidolepis horridus, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 306. Sceloporus horridus, Weigm. H. Mex. 50. 

Olive, with a grey -edged yellow streak on each side; yellowish 
beneath ; scales very large, rhomboidal, ending in a solid point ; 
frontal disk of 7 plates. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

The Spotted Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis grammicus, Gray., 
Syn. A. K. ix. 43. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 307. Sceloporus 
grammicus, Weigm. Isis, 1828, 369. Herp. Mex. 51. S. pleuro- 
stictus, Weigm. his, 1828, 369. 

Olive green, with angular black-brown bands across the back ; 
scales of the back large, rhomboidal, pointed, toothed on the edge. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin. 

*** Head-shields smooth. Scales of the back small, not toothed. 

The Small-scaled Tropidolepis. Tropidolepis microlepi- 
dotus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 308. Sceloporus microlepidotus, 
Weigm. Herp. Mex. 51. S. grammicus, var. Weigm. Isis, 1828. 

Ashy green, with dusky bands and spots ; scales of the body 
small, with short points, entire on the edge ; interparietal plate 
large, cordate (formed of interparietal and 2 occipitals united ?) ; 
superciliary shields 10, in 2 rows, f. 

a. In spirits. Mexico. From the Berlin Museum. 

**** Head-shields rugose. Scales of the back toothed. 

The Variable Sceloporus. Tropidolepis variabilis. Scelo- 
porus variabilis, Weigm. Herp. Mex. 51. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
308. 

Olive brown ; male with 2 whitish lateral bands, female with 
transverse brown spots, placed in 2 series upon the middle of the 
back ; supraorbital shields 5, broad, in one row, edged with small 

T 3 



210 REPTILES. 

scales ; scales of the back rhomboidal, pointed, twice as large as 
those of the sides ; interparietal large, cordate (of interparietal 
and 2 occipitals united?). 

a, h. In spirits, not very good state. Mexico. From the Berlin 
Museum. 

***** Head-shields rugose. Scales of the back not toothed. 

The Bronzed Sceloporus. Tropidolepis agneus. Scelopo- 
rus aeneus, Weigm. Herp. Mex. 52. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 309. 

Reddish olive, above coppery ; eyelid with scaly plates ; scales 
of the back rhomboidal, ovate, strongly keeled and rather pointed, 
of the sides rather smaller ; interparietal shield rhombic. 

Inhab. Mexico. Mus. Berlin, 1 specimen. 

The Spotted Sceloporus. Tropidolepis scalaris, Gray^ ZooL 
Beechexfs Voy. 95, t. 30,/. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 310. Scelo- 
porus scalaris, Weigm. H. M. 52, t. 8,/. 2. 

Ashy brown above, with white-edged black transverse spots, 
placed in 2 series, a blue spot on the slioulder ; scales of the back 
and sides oval, rhomboidal, nearly equal in size ; eyelid covered 
with 4 or 5 series of keeled scales, the inner curved series largest. 

a. In spirits. Mexico. From the Berlin Museum. 

b. Femoral pores none. Cloaca ivith a series of pores in front. 

31. Leiodera, Dum. et Bib. Tropidurus, part, Weigm. 
Proctotretus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, with moderate many-sided 
smooth not imbricate head-plates and a rather distinct interparietal. 
Nostril lateral, on the face-ridge. Sides of the neck smooth, with- 
out any plait, covered with rhombic imbricate keeled scales. Pa- 
late toothed. Ear rather sunk. Cheek with a single row of scales. 
Infraorbital scales elongate. Body rounded or rather depressed. 
Scales large, rhombic, imbricate, of upper parts keeled, of belly 
smooth, of the loins in 8 or 9 longitudinal series. Back and tail 
not crested. Toes simple, unequal, with 2 rows of shields beneath. 
Tail long, conical, covered with imbricate rhombic scales. Fe- 
moral and preanal pores none. Males with pores upon the front 
edge of the cloaca. 

The Chilian Leiodera. Leiodera Chilensis. Calotes Chi- 
lensis. Lesson, Voy. Coq. Rept. t. I, f. 2. Weigm. Act. Nat. Cur. 
xvi. 233. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 269. Bell, Zool. Beagle, 2, t. 1, 
f. 1. ?Trop. nitidus, Weigm. Act. N. Cur. xvii. 234, t. 17, f. 2, 
(very young). Gravenh. N. Act. Nat. Cur. xviii. 722, t. 54, /. 
8_io (head). ? T. olivaceus, Weigm. I. c. 268, (var. with a fork- 
ed streak on nape) ? L. lineatus, Gravenh. Nov. Act. Acad. Leop. 
xviii. 743, t. 54, f. 1 — 5. L. marmoratus, Gravenh. I. c. t. 54,/. 
11? L. unicolor, Gravenh. I. c. 743 ? 



LIZARDS. 211 

Dark olive, with pale edges to the scales, and a black keel ; 
head blackish-dotted ; beneath yellowish olive or dark green bron- 
zed ; scales of the back large, rhombic, elongate, acutely keeled, 
dagger-pointed ; scales of the sides of the neck large, and si- 
milar to those of the back, of the tail smaller, of the lower side of 
the base narrow, smooth ; ears with 2 conical scales below, and a 
broad concave one above, in front ; tail round, or slightly polyhe- 
dral at the end, tapering. 

a. Stuffed. N. Chili, Guasco. From M. Bibron's collection. 

b — d. In spirits. Tail broken or reproduced. N. Chili, Guasco. 

e,f. In spirits, e. Tail reproduced and forked. N. Chili. Present- 
ed by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

g. Young? or var., in spirits. Pale brown, with scattered black 
spots on the back. Chili. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

Gravenhorst's Leiodera. Leiodera Gravenhorstii. 

Pale olive with bluish reflections ; back black-varied, generally 
with a broad central and narrow lateral black streaks ; beneath, 
greenish bronzed ; head dark olive, black varied ; scales of the 
back very large, rhomboid, strongly keeled, dagger-pointed, of the 
sides of neck and nape rather smaller, of the sides larger, nearly 
smooth, of the tail very large, of the under side of the base of the 
tail rhombic, and a little way further on, distinctly keeled ; tail 6 
or 10 angular at the end, from the ridges of the keels of the scales; 
ears with several small scales in front. 

a, b. Adult, in spirits. Chili. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

c, d. Young. Pale olive, with 7 broad dark streaks. From Mr. 
Cuming's collection. 

e,f. Young, in spirits. Pale brown, with interrupted black bands, 
tail with 3 brown streaks. Chili. Presented by Charles Dar- 
win, Esq. 

Proct. Chileusis, var. Bell^ MSS. 

The Slender Leiodera. Leiodera gracilis. Proctotretus 
gracilis. Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. 4, t. l,f. 2. 

Olive, with 2 pale streaks on each side ; slender ; front edge 
of the ears minutely 2 or 3 toothed ; scales imbricate ; of the back 
small, rhomboidal, flat, with a low keel, not pointed at the tip ; 
of the sides of the throat uniform and similar but rather smaller ; 
of tail more pointed. 

a. In spirits. Patagonia, Port Desire. Presented by C. Dar- 

win, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Valparaiso. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

See also Proctotrepe mosaique, H. et J. Vog. a Pol Sud, t. 2, 
/. 1 , not described. 



212 REPTILES. 

32. Leiol^mus, Weigmann. Proctotretus, Duin. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, more or less depressed, with 
moderate, smooth, not imbricate, many-sided shields, with a rather 
distinct interparietal shield. Sides of neck with small, thick or 
granular scales, a longitudinal ridge and a cross fold in front of the 
shoulder. Nostril lateral, just on the face-ridge. Palate toothed. 
Cheek with 1 (rarely 2) rows of scales. Infraorbital shield elon- 
gate. Ear sunk. Eyebrows scaly, with 3 or 4 larger shields. 
Body roundish. Scales imbricate, of the upper part keeled, of 
the belly smooth. Back and tail not crested. Tail long, round- 
ish. Toes simple. Femoral and preanal pores none. Males 
with pores on the front edge of the cloaca. 

* Bodi/ without folds on the sides. Scales of the hinder part of the 
thigh small, subequal, the loiuer ones rather larger. 

f Scales of the back elongate, rhombic, ivith a strong rather 

produced keel. 

The Blue-bellied Leiol^mus. Leiolsemus cyanogaster. 
Proctotretus cyanogaster, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 273. Bell, Zool. 
Beagle, 12, t. 5,f 2, (tail reproduced). 

Green, with a yellow streak on each side of the back, beneath 
blue ; ears large, simple in front ; scales of the sides of the neck 
small, rhomboidal, imbricate, keeled, of the back and sides large, 
lozenge-shaped, with a dagger-pointed keel ; of the throat and 
belly entire ; the back of the thighs completely granular. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Bronzed, black-spotted, tail with a central 

dark streak above. Chili. Presented by C. Danvin, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Olive, with a broad pale streak on each side. Val- 

divia. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

Bell's Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus Bellii. 

Dark olive, yellow- varied ; head black, yellow-dotted ; beneath 
greyish ; head-shields rather convex ; ears with small blunt scales 
in front ; scales rather large, yellow-edged, with a central, strong, 
rather produced keel, concave on the sides; of the sides of the 
neck rather large, thick, narrow, keeled ; of the temples convex, 
bluntly keeled; of the tail rhombic, truncated. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Tail reproduced. Chili. From Mr. Cu- 
ming's collection. 

Bibron's Leiol^mus. Leioljemus Bibronii. Proctotretus 
Bibronii, Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. 6, t. '3,f 1. 

Olive, with series of black spots ; the tail with a central black 
streak above ; scales of the head smooth, rather convex ; of tem- 
ple and neck rounded, smooth, imbricate ; of the neck very small; 
of the back rhomboidal, keeled, acuminated behind ; of abdomen 
entire ; ears oval, front one toothed ; cheek-scales in 1 series ; the 
hinder face of the thigh entirely granular. 



LIZAEDS. 213 

a. In spirits. Port Desire. Presented by Charles Darvvin, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Darker, throat dark marbled, belly black-spotted. 
Chili. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The LiNEATED LEioLiEMUs. Lciolaemus lineatiis. 

Olive, with 3 or o narrow interrupted black streaks ; the head 
black-varied ; back with small yellow spots, forming short trans- 
verse spots on the sides ; tail with pale rings ; scales of the back 
and sides rhombic, flat, with a distinct central keel ending in an 
acute tip ; of the sides of the neck moderate, rhomboidal, keeled ; 
of the throat and belly entire ; back of the thighs uniformly gra- 
nular ; ears oblong, granular in front. 

a, b. In spirits. Chili. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Black-spotted Leiol^mus. Leiolasmus nigromacula- 
tus, Weigm. Act. Nat. Cur. xvii. 229. Proctotretus nigromacula- 
tus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 281. Bell, Zool. Beagle^ 10, t. 4,/. 2. 

Grey fulvous, Avith 2 series of angular black spots on each side 
of the back ; a large black spot on each scapular ; hinder part of 
the thighs black-dotted ; scales of the sides of the neck very thick, 
rhomboidal; of the back and sides rather larger, rhomboidal, with 
a dagger-pointed keel : of the throat and belly often nicked ; ears 
largCj broad, toothed in front; cheek-scales 1-rowed. 

a. In spirits. Chili, Coquimbo. Presented by C. Dai*win, Esq. 

The Inconspicuous Leigl^^mus. Leiolaemus inconspicuus, 
Gray, B. M. 1836. 

Pale brown, slightly black-varied, (perhaps bleached) ; scales 
of the sides of the neck triangular, smooth, of the middle longi- 
tudinal fold larger, thicker, prominent, of the upper part smaller, 
convex, of the lower part thinner, broader ; of the front of the 
shoulder granular ; of the back rhombic, keeled, rather dagger- 
pointed ; of the hinder side of the thigh minute, uniform, granu- 
lar ; of the belly thin, often bifid. 

a. In spirits. Chili. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

ff Scales with a slight or indistinct (not produced) keel. 

The Painted Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus pictus. Proctotretus 
pictus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 276. Voy. a Pol Sud. t. 2, /. 1. 
Bell., Zool. Beagle, Rept. 5, t. 2,/. 1, 2. L. bistriatus. Gray, B. 
M. 1836. 

Olive, black-varied and white-dotted, with a broad pale streak 
on each side of the back ; beneath yellow, blue on the chin and 
sides, and black-dotted ; the ears large, granular in front ; cheek- 
scales in one row; eyebrow-shields 4 or 5 ; sides of the neck and 
hinder part of the thigh with small flat scales, the lower scales 



214 KEPTILES. 

rather the largest ; scales of back moderate, rhomboidal, strongly 
keeled ; of the sides nearly smooth ; of the throat and belly entire. 

a. In spirits. Green. Chili, Valparaiso. Presented by Charles 

Darwin, Esq. 
6, c. In spirits. Chili. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

The Dotted LEioLiEMUs. Leiolaemus tenuis. Proctotretus 
tenuis, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 279. Voy. a Pol. Sud. t. 2* f. 2. 
Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. 7, t. 3,/. 2. L. punctatus, Gray, B. M. 
1836. 

Olive, black and green dotted, back with 2 series of short arch- 
ed black cross bands ; head pyramidical ; ears large, with a pro- 
minence on the front edge ; the eyebrows scaly, with 4 squarish 
shields ; cheek-scales in one series ; sides of neck and the hinder 
part of the thighs granular ; scales of the back small, rhomboidal, 
blunt, feebly keeled ; of the sides smaller, smooth, entire. 

a, h. In spirits. Olive, with interrupted brown arched cross bands, 

partly bleached. Valparaiso. Presented by Charles Darwin, 

Esq. 

L. tenuis. Bell, 
c. In spirits. Olive, green and black dotted. Chili, Valparaiso. 

Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

L. pictus. Bell, MS. B. M. P part, Bibron. 
d—f. In spirits. Olive, green and black dotted, forehead-shields 

small. Chili. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 
ff, k. Like d and e, but forehead-shield larger. Chili. Presented 

by J. E. Gray, Esq. 
i,j. Adult, in spirits. Very large, discoloured, blackish. Chili. 

From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Hebrew-marked Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus signifer. 
Proctotretus signifer, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 288, t. 39,/. 2. Bell, 
Zool. Beagle, 8, t. 4,/. 1. 

Fulvous grey, with 4 series of letter-like black marks ; head 
short ; ears rather small, with 2 small tubercles on the lower part 
of the front ; cheek-scales in 1 (or 2 ?) rows ; scales of the back 
small, numerous, rhomboidal, rounded behind, flatly keeled and 
not pointed ; of the sides smooth, rather convex ; of the throat 
and belly not nicked ; of the hinder part of the thighs uniformly 
granular. 

Inhab. Peru. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

The Small-scaled Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus maculatus. 
Tropidurus maculatus. Gray, B. M. 1836. 

Olive, with cross series of black-edged white spots; head rather 
depressed, shields smooth, flat; superciliary shields 5-5, many-sid- 
ed; interparietal plate roundish, distinct, with 2 pair of rather lar- 
ger occipital plates behind it; cheek-scales l-rowed; ear with a 
prominence on the front edge ; scales of the back small, rhombic, 



LIZARDS. 215 

keeled, placed uearly in longitudinal series ; of the side smaller, 
granular ; of the belly small, smooth ; of the hinder part of the 
thighs uniform, granular; preanal pores 4. 

a. In spirits, young. Peru. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

** Body not folded on the side. Hinder side of the thighs granu- 
lar^ with a roundish group of larger keeled scales. 

Fitzinger's Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus Fitzingerii. Proeto- 
tretus Fitzingerii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 286. Bell^ Zool. Beagle, 

U.t.Dj.l. 

Grey brown, with 4 series of white-edged black spots ; head 
short, muzzle narrow, rounded ; ears large, with 2 or 3 large and 
other small tubercular granules on the front edge ; cheek-scales 
1-rowed ; sides of the neck and part of the back of the thigh gra- 
nular ; scales of back moderate, rhomboidal, blunt, very slightly 
keeled ; of the sides smooth ; of the throat and belly entire. 

a. In spirits. Tail reproduced. Patagonia. Presented by C. 
Darwin, Esq. 

Darwin's Leiol^mus. Leiolaemus Darwinii. Proctotretus 
Darwinii, Bell, Zool. Beagle, Kept. t. 7. 

Body rather depressed ; scales of the head numerous, small, 
slightly elevated, smooth, not imbricate ; of the temple and neck 
granular ; cheek-scales 1-rowed ; hinder side of the thigh granu- 
lar (hinder) part covered with imbricate scales; ears entire in front. 

rt, b In spirits. N. Patagonia, Bahia Blanca. Presented by 
Charles Darwin, Esq. 

*** The Body with a distinct longitudinal fold on each side. 

Capt. King's Leiolaemus. Leiolaemus Kingii. Proctotretus 
Kinijii, Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. 13, t. 6, f. 12. Pr. Magellanique, 
H. l^ J. Voy. a Pol Sud, t. 2,f. 2, (young). 

Grey, with 4 series of square blackish spots, separated by 4 or 
rarely 5 streaks, the spots sometimes confluent ; throat black- 
lined; scales of the back moderate, ovate, rhombic, with a distinct 
straight scarcely produced keel ; of the sides of the neck rather 
thick, round ; of the front edge of the ears small, with sometimes 
one larger one below ; of the tail ovate-rhombic, keeled, with the 
hinder edge rounded ; the sides with an obscure lateral longitu- 
dinal fold; cloacal pores 6, in pairs; thighs unifonnly granular 
behind. 

a, b. Adult, in spirits. Brown, with irregular cross bands and a 
central pale streak. Patagonia, Port Desire. Presented by 
Thomas Bell, Esq. From Capt. King's collection. 
c — g. Young, in spirits. Back with 3 or 5 pale streaks and 4 se- 
ries of square brown spots ; the ears with a larger tubercle in 
front. Patagonia. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 



216 REPTILES. 

Weigmann's LeioljEmus. Leiolaemus Weigmannii. Procto- 
tretus WeigmanDii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 284. Bell^ Zool. Bea- 
gle, t. 8,/. 12. 

Greyish, with a fulvous streak hetween 2 series of angular 
black spots ; a white-edged black streak on each thigh ; the head 
rounded ; muzzle rounded, blunt; the ears moderate, granular in 
front; nostrils rather superior ; cheek-scales 2-rowed ; back of the 
thighs granular, with scales near the base of the tail like those of 
the under part ; scales of the back moderate, rhomboidal, dagger- 
pointed, keeled ; of the throat and belly entire, uot nicked ; thigh 
granular, with a group of large scales behind. 

a, b. In spirits. Bahia Blanca. Presented by Charles Darwin, 
Esq. 

c. In spirits. Peru. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

d. In spirits. Monte Video. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

e. In spirits. Maldonado. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

33. Ptygoderus. Proctotretus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head rather depressed, covered with equal, rhomboidal, keeled 
plates. Throat with a fold on each side. Palate toothed. Nos- 
trils lateral on the face-ridge. Ears sunk, toothed in front. 
Cheek-scales l-rowed. Body with a crest of compressed scales on 
each side. Scales of the upper parts keeled, of the belly smooth. 
Back and tail not crested. Tail roundish, tapering. Toes sim- 
ple. Femoral pores none. Males with pores on front of cloaca. 

The Ptygodere. Ptygoderus pectinatus. Proctotretus pecti- 
uatus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 192. Bell, Zool. Beagle, 18, t. 9,f. 2. 

Fulvous grey, with 3 series of large white-edged black oval 
spots, head with 3 white cross lines ; ears moderate, toothed in 
front ; labial plates very narrow ; scales of the sides of the throat, 
back and sides rhomboidal, keeled, imbricate. 

a — c. In spirits. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

34. Proctotretus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed, broad, covered with numerous, very small, 
smooth, many-sided head- shields. Interparietal plate very small, 
surrounded with very small plates. Nostrils superior, subapical, 
on each side, just above the face-ridge. Throat granular, and 
with a fold on the sides. Ears sunk. Cheeks with 3 or 5 series 
of small scales between the lip-shields and the elongated infra- 
orbital shield. Body depressed, simple, scales rhombic, imbri- 
cate, of the belly smooth. Back and tail not crested. Toes simple. 
Tail elongate. Femoral and preanal pores none. Males with 
small pores on the front edge of the cloaca. 



LIZARDS. 217 

The Proctotrete. Proctotretus multimaculatus, Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 290. BelL ZooL Beagle, 17, U 9,/. 1. 

Grey, with crowded black dots ; ears very small, simple ; sides 
of the neck and hinder part of the thighs completely granular ; 
scales of the back small, numerous, lozenge-shaped, distinctly 
keeled, not dagger-pointed ; of the sides smooth ; of the throat and 
belly entire. 

a — c. Adult and young, in spirits. Bahia Blanca, Patagonia. 
Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

c. Femoral and anal yores none. 

\ Interparietal plate small, linear. Head-shields regular. 

35. Leiocephalus, Gray. Holotrophis, Dum. et Bib. 
Tropidurus, part, Fitz. Pristinotus, Gravenh. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular. Nostrils lateral, upon the 
face-ridge. Head-shields moderate, angular, oblong, nearly equal, 
with a small interparietal and transverse supraocular shields, and 
4 frontal shields between the eyes. Palate toothed. Ears toothed 
in front. Neck smooth below, irregularly plaited on the sides, 
and with an oblique plait in front of each shoulder. Body and 
tail 3-sided, covered with imbricate, keeled, sharp-pointed scales, 
placed in oblique lines, converging towards and forming the dor- 
sal crest. The outer edge of the 2 or 3 first hinder toes toothed. 
Femoral and preanal pores none. 

Does not change colour nor dilate its throat ; twists its tail 
spirally. 

* Ventral scales keeled. 

Heeminier's Koquet. Leiocephalus Herminieri. Holotro- 
phis Herminieri, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 261, t. 44. 

The dorsal crest high, compressed ; scales of the belly keeled ; 
tail strongly compressed. 

Inhab. Martinique. Mus. Paris. 

** Ventral scales smooth, torn on the edge. 
f Eyebrow-disk covered ivith broad shields. Leiocephalus. 

The Keeled Roquet. Leiocephalus carinatus, Gray, Phil. 
Mag. 1837, ii. 208. 

Dorsal-crest moderate, low in front, higher on the loins and 
base of the tail ; tail much compressed, distinctly crested ; olive, 
sides blackish-varied ; tail dark-ringed ; muzzle with 2 pair of 
small equal, and some smaller central scales in front of the larger 
oblong longitudinal frontonasal pair ; scales of the nape smaller 
than those of the back, in 15 series ; of the belly smooth, torn on 
the edge ; head-shields smooth, the interparietal elongate, linear. 

a. In spirits. West Indies. U 



218 REPTILES. 

The Cuban BoQUET. Leiocephalus MacLeayii. L. carina- 
tus, Gray^ Ann. N. H. Roquet, MacL. Trans. Zool. Soc. i. 183. 

Dorsal crest moderate, low, equal, on the back, loins and tail ; 
tail compressed, brown-ringed ; olive, with indistinct, pale, cross 
bands ; muzzle with 2 pair of moderate transverse scales in front 
of the pair of large broad squarish frontonasal plates, the interpa- 
rietal plate triangular ; scales of the back large, rhombic, keeled ; 
of the nape nearly equally large, in 11 series; of the belly smooth, 
torn on the edge. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Head-shields with longitudinal ridges. Cuba. 

Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

b. Half-grown, in spirits. Head-shields smooth. Cuba. Pre- 

sented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

Schreiber's Roquet. Leiocephalus Schreibersii. Tropidu- 
rus Schreibersii, Fitz. Verz. 49. Gravenh. Act. Nat. Cur. xviii. 
739, t. 54, /. 15, 16. (head). Holotrophis microlophus, Cocteau, 
Sagra^ Cuba,Rept.t. 5. Dum.etBih.E. G^. iv.264. Lion Lizard, 
Catesbi/, Carol, ii. t. 68. Tropidurus Leiolaemus Cubensis, Gray^ 
Ann. N. H. v. 110. 

The dorsal and caudal crest very small, equal ; head-shields 
longitudinally rugose ; tail roundish, slightly compressed ; scales 
thin, keeled, moderate ; ventral scales scarcely larger, not keeled ; 
fulvous brown, with 2 pale streaks on each side. 

a. In spirits. Cuba. Presented by W. S. MacLeay, Esq. 

ff Eyebrow-disk ivith scales in front and larger shields behind. 

Holotrophis. 

Gray's Roquet. Leiocephalus Grayii, Bell^ Zool. Beagle, 
Rept. 21, t. 13,/. 1. 

Dorsal crest compressed, of the back and tail equally high ; 
tail rather compressed ; the ears 4-toothed in front ; eyebrow-disk 
with imbricate scales in front and 4 band-like shields behind ; 
head-shields convex, smooth ; iutei^parietal plate sunken, united 
to the surrounding plates ; olive, black-spotted ; scales of the back 
broad, short, rhombic, dagger-pointed ; of the nape smaller ; of 
the belly rhomboidal, smooth, torn on the edge. 

a. In spirits. Charles Island, Galapagos. Presented by Charles 

Darwin, Esq. 

b. Adult, in spirits. With a pale streak on each side. Galapa- 

gos. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
c — e. Half-grown, in spirits. Scales of neck less dagger-pointed. 

Galapagos, Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
/. Very young, in spirits. Pale oUve, with a paler streak on each 

side and a dark one above. Galapagos. Presented by Chas. 

Darwin, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 219 

fff Eyehrow-disks covered like the crown with keeled scales. 

Pristinotus. 

The Shoulder-spotted Roquet. Leiocephalus oraatus. 

Olive, yellow-varied, back witli black cross bands and a large 
black spot in front of each shoulder; crest of the back and tail 
high, compressed, equal ; tail compressed ; head-shields small, 
unequal, keeled ; eyebrows covered with 1 or 2 keeled scales like 
the head ; interparietal plate small ; scales of the back broad, 
short, rhombic, dagger-pointed. 

a. In spirits. Guayaquil, Trop. America. 

36. Stenocercus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head depressed, triangular, elongate, covered with small equal 
scales, a distinct interparietal plate, and many longitudinal rows 
of supraocular shields. Palate toothed. Nostrils rather lateral, 
directed backwards. Throat without any cross plait. Neck with 
a longitudinal fold on each side, and a curWlinear fold before each 
shoulder. Body rather elongate, rather 3-sided, with a very small 
toothed crest. Scales imbricate, of the back keeled, placed in 
oblique lines, of the belly smooth. Tail long, compressed, with 
whorls of large spinose scales. Femoral pores none. 

The Stenocere. Stenocercus roseiventris, D''Orhigny, Voy. 
A. M. Rept. t. 4,/. 1 — 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 350. 

Edge of the ear not toothed ; dark brown above, rosy beneath. 
Inhab. Bolivia. Mus. Paris, a single specimen. 

37. Trachycyclus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, flattened, covered with nearly 
equal plates, interparietal veiy small. Nostril rather lateral. Pa- 
late not toothe^. Neck with a plait on each side, and a fold in 
front of each shoulder. Body nearly round. Scales of back mo- 
derate, imbricate, keeled, in converging lines, of the belly smooth. 
Nape, back and tail not crested. Tail moderate, subconic, slight- 
ly depressed at the base, surrounded with whorls of spines. Toes 
toothed on the sides. Femoral pores none. 

The Trachycyclus. Trachycyclus mannoratus, D^Orbigny, 
Voy. A. M. Rept. t. 4,/. 4—8. Dum.et Bib. E. G. iv. 356, t. 391, 

Inhab. Brazil, Rio Grande. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

ff Interparietal plate large. Back or tail crested. 

3^. Taraguira. Ecphymotes, Cuvier^ not Fitz. Tropidurus, 
part, Wied., Wagler, Weigm., Gravenh. Oplurus, part. Gray. 
Platynotus, Wagler P 

Head triangular, depressed, covered with unequal plates, with 
a moderate rather large interparietal scale, rather small occipital, 

u2 



220 REPTILES. 

and moderate supraorbital shields. Nostrils anterior, just above 
the face-ridge, directed backwards. Neck with a cross fold below 
and 2 stronger ones on each side. Palate toothed. Cheek with 
1 row of unequal scales. Body rather elongate, depressed, Avith 
small imbricate scales, not folded on the sides. Scales of the 
back keeled, converging to the dorsal line ; of the belly smooth. 
Back not crested. The tail long, strong, conical, with imbricate 
keeled scales and a slight compressed crest. Limbs moderate. 
Femoral pores none. 

* Tail roundish^ ivith a slight crest above. 

The Taraguira. Taraguira torquata. Stellio torqiiatus, 
Weid. Ahhild. t. Gray, Griff, A. K. ix. 41. Schinz, Rept. 89, 
t. 39,/. 1. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 344. Gravenh. Act. Nat. Cur. 
xviii. 754, t. 56, f. 13 — 18, (head). Agama tuberculata, Spix, 
Braz. 12, t. 15, f. 1. Giierin, Icon. Rept. t. 12, f. 2. A. hispida, 
Spix, Braz. 12, t. 15,/. 2. A. nigricollaris, Spix, Braz. 13, t. 16, 
/. 2. A. Cyclurus, Spix, Braz. 14, t. 17, /.I. A. taraguira, 
Licht.Doubl. 101. 

Olive, black-spotted and varied with a pale streak on each side 
of the back, and a broad white-edged black band on each side of 
the neck ; scales of the back of the neck and back rather small, 
keeled ; of the base of the tail larger ; of front of ear-hole narrow 
rather elongated, subequal ; tail very slightly compressed, with a 
central series of rather more keeled scales above, 
a, b. In spirits. Ears with 6 triangular scales in front. Brazils. 

Presented by Lord Stuart, 
c, d. In spirits. Ears with 6 or 7 triangular scales. Brazils. 

From Dr. Gardner's collection. 
e —g. In spirits. 

h. In spirits. Rio Janiero. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
i. Stuffed. Brazils. Presented by Mrs. Parker. 

Agama semitaeniata, Spix, Lac. Braz. t. 16, /. 2, on which 
Wagler established his genus Platynotus, appears to be allied to 
this species, but I have not seen the specimen, nor is it referred to 
by Dumeril and Bibron, nor seen by Weigmann. 

** Tail rather compressed, distinctly crested. 

Darwin's Taraguira. Taraguira Darwinii. 

Olive, pale-spotted, with irregular black cross bands on the 
sides ; the bands in front of the shoulders most distinct (but not 
white-edged) ; scales of the nape and back moderate, rather small, 
keeled, especially at the tip, which is rather produced ; of the tail 
larger ; on front of the ear-hole broad, short, irregular, unequal ; 
tail rather compressed, with a central series of very compressed 
keeled scales above, forming a low crest ; head rather elongated. 

a, b. In spirits. Brazils, Abrolhos Inlet. Presented by Charles 
Darwin, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 221 

Smith's Taraguira. Taraguira Smithii. 

Olive-green, with black cross-bands on each side, the 1 in front 
of the shoulders rather the broadest, (not white-edged) ; scales of 
the neck and back larger keeled, the keels fonning distinct ridges, 
of the tail larger ; of the front of the ear-hole broad, short, une- 
^qual ; tail compressed, higher than broad, with a distinct central 
ridge of rather more keeled scales. 

a — c. In spirits. Tail thick (males?), under side of thighs and 

preanal space blackish. Brazil. 
d — ■/. In spirits. Tail more slender, under side of thighs and the 

space before the vent blackish. Pernambuco. Presented by 

J. P. G. Smith, Esq. 
g. In spirits. Tail wanting, under side of thighs and space in 

front of vent yellow. Brazils. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

39. MicEOLOPHUs, Dum. et Bib. Tropidurus, part, Weigm. 

Head subpyramidical, quadrangular, depressed, covered ^vith 
unequal flat subsymmetrical plates a dilated interparietal and band- 
like supraorbital shields. Nostrils lateral, rather tubular, just 
above the face- ridge. Palate toothed. Ear toothed in front. 
Neck with many cross folds, and an arched fold on each shoulder 
meeting on the chest. Body elongate, rather rounded, with 2 
obscure folds on each side. Scales subimbricate, of the back mo- 
derate, feebly keeled or smooth, of the belly smooth. Nape, back 
and tail with a very low toothed or tubercular crest. Tail long, 
subcorneal, rather larger, covered with rhombic keeled pointed ra- 
ther whorled scales. Femoral pores none. Toes 5-5, unequal, 
denticulated, clawed. 

The MiCROLOPHE. Microlophus Peruvianus. Stellio Pei-u- 
vianus. Lesson^ Voy. Coq. JRept. t. 2,/. 1, (var. C. Dum.) Lophy- 
rus Araucanus, Lesson, Voy. Coq. Rept. t. 2,/. 1, (var. B. Dum.) 
Tropidurus microlophus, Weigm. Bonn Trans, xvii. 223, t. 16, 
(var. A. Dum.) T. heterolepis, Weigm. I. c. 225, i. 17, /. 1, (var. 
D. Dum.) Mi. Lessonii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 336. 

Olive, black speckled and varied, or with a black or white side 
streak ; dorsal crest toothed, or tubercular and rudimentary. 

a, h. Young, in spirits. Peru, Copiapo and Iquique. Presented 
by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

40. Oplurus, Cuvier. Uromastyx, Pr. Max. 

Head triangular, rather elongate, covered with moderate-sized 
plates ; a moderate interparietal plate, and many small supraocu- 
lar, placed in several series. Nostrils rather lateral, tubular. Pa- 
late toothed. Ears sunk, toothed in front. Neck with a cross fold 
on the chest, going over the shoulder, and sometimes preceded bv 

u3 



222 REPTILES. 

2 Others, and with a very small nuchal crest above. Body short, 
broad, angular. Scales large, rhombic, keeled. Tail moderate, 
conical, with whorls of large strong spinose scales. Femoral pores 
none. 

The Brazilian Oplurus. Oplurus Braziliensis. Cordylus 
Braziliensis, B. Laur. Syn. 32. Seha, i. 152, t. 97,/. 4, Shaw, 
Zool. iii. t. 69. Uromastyx cyclurus, Merrem, Tent. 56. Oplu- 
rus torquatus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 46. 0. Sebae, Durn. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 361. Tropidurus Cuvieri, Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 41. Weigm. 
H. Mex. i. 18. 

Scales of the back keeled ; front edge of the ear toothed ; olive, 
with a black band across the shoulders. 

a. Adult, in spirits. With 3 cross bands, the front one narrower. 

Brazils. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Belcher. 
h. Adult, in spirits. With only I (the central) cross band. Brazil. 
c. Young, in spirits. Back with black cross bands, the front 2 

white-edged behind. Brazil. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward 

Belcher, R.N. 

41. Strobilurus, Weigm. 

Head depressed, with numerous flat shields, with a large in- 
terparietal plate, surrounded by many small shields. Nostrils 
round, above the obscure face-ridge, in the middle of an oblong 
nasal shield. Eyebrows covered with small flat shields. Palate 
not toothed. Ear nearly superficial, front edge toothed. Neck 
with an oblique plait before each shoulder, branching into many 
small plaits on each side of the neck. Body rather 3-sided, scales 
moderate, imbricate ; of the back keeled, foiming oblique lines 
converging to the dorsal line, which has a low denticulated keel ; 
of the belly smooth. Tail moderate, covered with large spine- 
bearing scales, depressed at the base, and with 7 series of spines 
above and large spines beneath, rather compressed at the end. 
Femoral pores none. Toes slender, unequal, with a series of den- 
ticulated keeled scales beneath. 

The Strobilurus. Strobilurus torquatus, Weigm. H. Mex. 
18. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 354. 

Olive ; head and neck black varied, with a broad black cross 
band on each side, in front of the shoulder ; tail depressed, and 
with 7 longitudinal series of large spinose scales above ; the head- 
shields small, smooth. 

a. Stuffed. Brazils. Presented by Mrs. Parker. 

42. Uraniscodon, part, Kaup. Uperanodon, Dum. et Bib. 
Plica, Gray. Hypsibatus, Wagler. Calotes, Schinz. 

Head short, rounded in front, covered with unequal plates ; 
occipital plate large ; superocular shields large. Nostrils lateral. 



LIZARDS. 223 

Palate toothless. Throat with a slight longitudinal and distinct 
hinder cross fold. Body subtriangular, not plaited on the sides. 
Back covered with rhombic imbricate scales, obliquely directed 
towards the dorsal line, and slightly crested. Tail moderately 
i long, rounded, not crested. Femoral pores none. Toes fringed 
with small acute scales on the outer side. 

* Scales of body keeled. Uraniscodon. 

The Uraniscodon. Uraniscodon umbra, Kaup. Bull. Sci. 
Lophyrus ochrocollaris, Spix, Braz. 10, t. 12., f. 2. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 248. Lacerta umbra, Linn. S. N. 367? 

Scales of the body keeled ; back with 7 brownish cross bands. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Rather bleached. S. America. 

b. Very young, in spirits. Pernambuco. Presented by J. P. G. 

Smith, Esq. 

** Scales smooth. Uperanodon. 

The Painted Uraniscodon. Uraniscodon pictum, Kaup. 
Agama picta, Nieuw. Abbild. t. Schinz, Rept. 86, t. 25,/. 2. 

Gray, Griff. A. K. 40. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 251. Lophyrus 
panthera, Spix^ Braz. \\,t. 13. 

Scales of the body smooth ; back with 5 blackish cross bands ; 
palate ? 

Inhab. Brazils. 

43. Plica, Gray. Hypsibatus, Wagler. Lophyrus, Gray. 
Hypselopus, Gravenh. Uraniscodon, part, Kaup. 

Head depressed, rounded in front, covered with unequal scales, 
a large interparietal and superocular plates. Nape and ears with 
tufts of spine-like scales. Nostrils lateral. Palate toothed. The 
throat with a longitudinal and more distinct hinder transverse 
folds. Body rather depressed, with 2 longitudinal folds on each 
side. Back slightly crested, and covered with imbricate keeled 
scales. Tail rounded or compressed. Femoral pores none. 

The Plica. Plica umbra, Gray^ Griff. A. K. ix. 41. Seba, 
ii. i. 76, f. 5 ? Iguana Chalcidica, Law. Syii. 48 ? I. umbra, 
Latr. Rept. i. 263. Daud. R. iii. 375. Cuv. R. A. ii. 37. Harlan^ 
63. I. plica, Merrem, Tent. bb. Gravenh. Act. Nat. Cur. xviii. 
771, t. b6,f. 1 — 5. Lophyrus agamoides, Gray, Phil. Mag. 1837, 
ii. 208. Griffith, A. K. ix. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 254. 

Tail rounded ; back fulvous-brown, marbled with black trans- 
verse bands. 

a. Inspirits. N.America? Georgia? 



224 REPTILES. 

The Dotted Plica. Plica punctata. Hypsibatus puncta- 
tus, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 258. 

Tail strongly compressed, with a toothed crest above ; head- 
shields numerous ; grey, with white spots above, beneath whitish. 

Inhab. Tfopical America. Mus. Paris. 

E. Body depressed, with small scales. Back scarcely crested. 
Tail conical. Phrynosomina. 

a. Scales of body and tail small, uniform. 

44. Leiosaurus, Dum. et Bib. 

Head short, depressed, covered with very small flat or convex 
scales, the interparietal small, indistinct Eyes edged with small 
scales beneath. Back and tail not crested. Tail short, rounded, 
thick at the base, end slender, covered with small scales like the 
back. Palate toothed. Femoral pores none. Toes 5-5, short, 
thick, subcylindrical, furnished below with a row of smooth or 
keeled scales. Claws nearly straight. 

* Scales under the toes small. Toes not fringed. Leiosaurus. 

Bell's Leiosaurus. Leiosaurus Bellii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 242, t. 39,/. L 

Back with a series of angular black spots, each formed of 3 
spots more or less united, the central spot being the largest ; the 
scales under the toes narrow, keel-less ; toes not fringed on the 
edge. 
a. In spirits. S. America. Presented by Thos. Bell, Esq., from 

the collection of Capt. P. P. King. 

** Shields under the toes broad, 2 or 3 keeled. Toes fringed. 

Ptenodactylus. 

The Banded Leiosaurus. Leiosaurus fasciatus, D^Orbigny, 
Voy. Amer. Merid. Erp. t. 3,/. G, 7. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 244. 

Back with broad black bands ; toes very finely fringed on the 
inner side ; scales under the toes very broad, 2 or 3 keeled ; inter- 
parietal plates very small. 

Inhab. S. America. Mus. Paris. 

45. DiPLOLiEMUs, Bell. 

Head short, broad, subtriangular, covered with small rounded 
not imbricate scales. Ears small, ovate, front edge smooth. Eyes 
with a large arched plate beneath. Nostrils large, rounded. The 
neck with a transverse plait below and folds on the sides. Body 
rather depressed, not crested, with very small, smooth, convex, 
scarcely imbricate scales ; belly with flat smooth scales. The tail 
round, short, smooth. Feet strong, robust. Femoral and preanal 
pores none. Palate toothless. 



LIZARDS. 225 

Darwin's DiPLOL^Mus. Diplolaemus Darwinii, ^e/^, ZooL 
Beagle, Rept. 20, t. 10. 

Scales of the head convex ; tail rather longer than the body 
and head. 

a, b. Young and adult, in spirits. Patagonia, Port Desire. Pre- 
sented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
Bibron's Diplol^mus. Diplolaemus Bibronii, Bell, ZooL 

Beagle, 21, ^. 21. 

Scales of the head flat ; tail shorter than the body and head. 

a, b. S. America. Chili. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. (from 

the collection of Capt. P. P. King, K.N.) 
c, d. Adult. Chili. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
e. Young. Chili. With no large but equal small scales under 

the orbit. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

b. Scales of back small, of tail larger, whorled. 

46. Tropidurus, part, Schinz. Opiums, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Uromastyx, Nieuwied. 

Head triangular, short, thick, covered with moderate-sized 
plates; interparietal plate moderate, oblong. Eyebrow-scales 
small, many-rowed. Nostrils lateral, tubular. Nape-crest formed 
of conical tubercles. Throat lax, with 2 folds behind, and a plait 
in front of the shoulders. The ear small, rather tubercular in 
front. Body depressed. Back not crested. Scales of the back 
smooth, convex, transverse, rhomboidal, not imbricate, of the sides 
rather smaller. Tail conical, tapering, with rings of large spinose 
scales Cheek-scales 2-rowed. 

The False Quetz Pale a. Tropidurus cyclurus. Uromas- 
tix cyclurus, Wied. N. Act. Nat. Cur. xiv. 127, t. 15. Tropidurus 
torquatus, Schinz, Rept. 90, t. 29, f. 1. O. Maximiliana, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 365. 

Scales of the back convex, smooth ; the front edge of the ear 
not toothed; olive, with a black angular band across the shoulders. 
Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Paris. 

47. Uranocentron, Kawp., Wagler, Weigm. Uromastyx, part, 
Merrem. Doryphorus, Cuvier. 

Head short, triangular, flat in front, with many nearly square, 
small, polygonal scales, and a large interparietal plate. Palate 
toothless. Nasal plates nearly lateral, swollen. Throat with a 
double plait. Ears not toothed. Body short, depressed, lougitu- 
dinally folded on the sides, with small, imbricate, smooth scales, 
and no dorsal crest. Tail rather elongate, broad, flat, surrounded 
with whorls of large spinous scales. Femoral pores Done. 



226 REPTILES. 

The DoRYPHOEE. Uranocentron azureura. Lacerta azurea, 
Linn. S N. 362. Seba, ii. t. 62,/. 6. Daud. R. iv. 36. Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 34. Guerin, Icon. Rept. t. 6,f. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 371, 
t. 42, f. 2. Stellio brevicauda, Latr. Rept. ii. 29, t. /.I. Daud. 
R. iv. 40, t. 47. 

Azure, with black cross bands, and with black netted lines on 
the limbs. 

Inhab. Brazils. Mus. Col. Surg., Mus. Paris. 

48. Phrymaturus, Gravenh. Centrura, Bell. 

Head short, triangular, covered with small, round, not imbri- 
cate scales. Ears large, with a fold in front, scarcely toothed, 
partly hidden. Nostrils large, rounded. Eyebrows covered with 
small granular scales. Throat with a slight cross fold. Neck 
and body scarcely crested. Body depressed, broad, covered with 
very small, round, rather convex, smooth scales. Sides with a 
longitudinal fold of skin. Tail round, rather depressed at the 
base, with whorls of spinose scales. Femoral pores none, but the 
males with a series of pores a little distance in front of the vent, 
and one or two on the edge of the cloaca itself. Palate toothed. 

The preanal pores are not mentioned by either Gravenhorst or 
Bell. 

The Palluma. Phiymaturus Palluma, Gravenh. Act. Nat. 
Cur. 1837, xviii. 750, t. 55, f. 2. Lacerta Palluma, Molina Sag- 
gio. Daud. Rept. iv. 46. Centrura flagellifer, Bell, Zool. Beagle, 
Rept. 25, t. 13, f. 2. 

Greyish green, black spotted, beneath greenish white; scales 
of the tail moderate. 

a. In spirits. Discoloured. Body swollen, sides simple, vent 

with a series of pores in front. Chili. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. 

b. In spirits. Body depressed, with a large fold formed of the 
loose skin upon each side, femoral and preanal pores none. 
Chili. Presented by C. Darwin, Esq. 

Centrura flagellifer, Bell, Zool. Beagle, Rept. 25, t. 13,/. 2. 

49. Callisaurus, jBZainv. Hypsibates, Weigm.l 

Head short, depressed, rounded in front, covered with unequal 
plates, a very dilated interparietal plate, and broad square supra- 
ocular shields. Nostrils on the muzzle. Palate toothless. Teeth 
simple, conical. Throat w'ith a longitudinal and hinder trans- 
verse fold. Neck with cross folds on the side. Ear-hole simple. 
Body depressed, with a slight fold of skin upon the lower part of 
each side. Scales of the body small, numerous, close, imbricate, 



LIZARDS. 227 

smooth, without any dorsal and caudal crest. Tail elongate, flat, 
thick at the base, attenuated, covered with small, square, smooth, 
whorled scales. Limbs strong. Toes very long, slender. Claws 
slender. Femoral pores in a long series. 

The Callisaurus. Callisaurus draconoides, Blainv. N. Ann. 
Mus. iv. t. 24,/. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 326. 
Grey, with irregular brownish bands. 
Inhab. California. Mus. Paris. 

50. Tropidogaster, Dum. et Bib. 

Head short, triangular, blunt in front, covered with keeled 
scales, with a moderate interparietal shield, and many small keel- 
ed supraocular scales. Nostrils lateral, tubular. Palate toothless. 
Throat with 2 or 3 entire cross folds. Neck with 1 or 2 longitu- 
dinal plaits on each side. Front edge of ear denticulated. Body 
rather depressed, with a fold of skin on each side. Scales of the 
back small, I -keeled ; of the belly 3-keeled. Back with a slight 
toothed crest. Tail long, rather conical, slightly depressed at the 
base, covered with whorled keeled scales, and slightly crested 
above. Toes and claws slender, very small. Femoral pores none. 

The Tropidogaster. Tropidogaster Blainvillii, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 330, t. 39*,/. 2. Agama undulata, Mus. Paris. 

Fulvous, waved with black, and with a grey band on each side. 
Inhab. . Mus. Paris. 

c. Scales of body and tail unequal. Sides serrated. Body 
depressed. Femoral pores distinct. 

51. Phrynosoma, Weigmann. Tapayea, part, Cmv., i^i^r. 

Head short, rounded in front, with large spines on the sides 
behind, and equal many-sided head-shields, interparietal shield 
small, circular. Palate toothless. Throat folded across. Ears 
simple-edged. Body short, very much depressed, oval. Scales 
of the upper part keeled, with scattered spinose tubercles. Sides 
granular, fringed above, and sometimes below, by a series of com- 
pressed elongate scales. Back and tail not crested. Tail short, 
tapering, depressed at the base. Limbs short. Toes short, tooth- 
ed on the edge. Thigh with a series of pores. 

* Head tubercular. Belly without any lateral spines. Ventral 
scales smooth. Femoral pores numerous, in 2 arched series. 

Douglas's Phrynosoma. Phrynosoma Douglasii, Gray^ 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 44. Zool. Beechey^s Voy. t. Agama Doug- 

lasii, BelU Linn. Trans, xi. 105, t. 10. P. orbiculare, jun. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 323. 



228 REPTILES. 

Olive, whitish marbled, black spotted ; back irregularly gra- 
nular, with scattered groups of elongated conical angular spines ; 
head with short tubercles on the eyebrows and lower part of the oc- 
ciput and temple ; head-shields keeled ; chin with uniform small 
scales, and a short series of large keeled scales, separated from the 
similar-shaped lower lip- shields by small scales, and not connect- 
ed behind with the larger lip-shields; belly granular, not fringed 
on the sides ; femoral pores in 2 nearly contiguous arched series ; 
tail with a group of large scales near the hinder edge of the 
cloaca. 

a. In spirits. California. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

** Head spinose. Belli/ without any lateral spines. Scales 

of the belly smooth. 

The Tapayaxin. Phrynosoma orbiculare, Weigm. Isis, 1828, 
367. H. Mex. 53, t. 8,/. 1. Wagler, Icon. t. 23,/. 1, 2. Schinz, 
Rept. 88, t. 27, /. 2. Gravenh. Act. Nat. Cur. xvi. 915, t. 63. 
Dmn.etBih. E.G.iv. 321. Agama Tapaye orbicularis, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 37. Tapayaxin, Hern. Mex. iv. &7. P. Weigmanni, 
Gray, Zool. Beecheyh Voy. 96. 

Lower jaw with a series of triangular keeled scales, separated 
from the lower lip-shields by some small scales, and with a paral- 
lel series of larger triangular scales from the angle of the mouth, 
behind ; chin with small unifoim scales ; ventral scales smooth ; 
belly not fringed on the sides ; back with scattered rather broad 
angular keeled conical spines, with some large keeled scales at the 
base ; lower edge of the temple with a series of large compressed 
tubercles ; occiput with 2 elongated spines ; head-shields rugose, 
uniform, flat, in front of the occiput convex. 

a. Stuffed. Mexico. Presented by William Ogilby, Esq. 

*** Head spinose. Back and belly ivith a series of lateral spines. 
Scales of the belly smooth. Femoral pores continued, or only 
separated by a narroiv preanal space. 

The Crow^]sed Tapayaxin. Phrynosoma Blainvillii, Gray, 
Zool. Beecheifs Voy. 96, t. 29, f. 1, (young). P. coronatum, Blainw 
N. Mem. Mus. iv. 28, t. 25, f. 1. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 318. 

Lower jaw with a series of compressed triangular keeled shields, 
parallel and close to the lower labial shields ; chin with 4 rows of 
rather larger scales on each side, the outer on each side largest, 
and forming a toothed crest ; ventral scales smooth ; back with 
scattered short broad keeled scales, with small granules at their 
base ; femoral pores continued or only separated by a narrow pre- 
anal space; tail with some large plates beneath, just behind the 
cloaca ; head-shields convex ; lower part of the temple and occi- 
put with a series of compressed spines. 



LIZARDS. 229 

a. Young, in spirits. The hinder occipital spines longer, with a 

small one rather in front between them. California. Present- 
ed by Professor De Blainville. 
P. Blainvillii, Gray, l. c. 

b, c. Young, in spirits, like a. California. Presented by Capt. 

Sir Edw. Belcher, C.B., R.N. 
d. Adult, in spirits. The spines on the occiput forming a conti- 
nued frill. California. 
P. solans, Gmi/, B. M. 

**** Head spinose. Back and belli/ icith a series of lateral spines. 
Scales of the belli/ keeled. Femoral pores indistinct, separated 
by a wide preanal space. 

The Texian Tapayaxin. Phrynosoma cornutum. Gray, A. K. 
ix. 45, t, P. Harlani, Weigm. H. M. 54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 314. P. BufFonium, Weigm. Ms, 1828, 367. H. Mex. 54. 
Agama cornuta, Harlan, J. A. N. S. Phil. iv. 299, t. 20, w. 14. 
Guv. R. A. ii. 37. Tapayaxin, Barton, Med. Phys. Journ. viii. 
Four-horned Agama, Fennell, Mirror, 1837, 121,/. 

Lower jaw with a series of triangular keeled scales, separated 
from the keeled lower labial shields by some scales behind ; chin 
with a diverging series of rather larger compressed spines on each 
side ; ventral scales keeled ; back with scattered elongated conical 
angular spines, surrounded at their base with smaller similar 
spines ; 2 middle occipital spines elongate, rather compressed ; 
femoral pores distinct, without any on the preanal space ; belly 
edged with a series of slender spines on each side ; head-shields 
convex ; lower part of temple with a series of compressed spines ; 
occiput with 2 elongated spines. 

a. Half grown, in spirits. Arakansas, N. America. Presented by 

Dr. Macauley. 
d, e. Adult and half gi'own, in spirits. Texas. From Mr. Drum- 

mond's collection. 
/. Adult, in spirits. Texas. Presented by Edward Cross, Esq. 
g. Half-grown, stuffed. Mexico. 



230 REPTILES, 



Fara. XX. The Agamas, (Agamid^). 

Teeth implanted on the edge of the jaws. Tongue short, de- 
pressed, apex entire or slightly nicked. Eyelids connivent, valvu- 
lar. Feet for walking. Toes all free, unequal, the thumb of the 
hind feet on the same plane as the other toes, the little toes lower 
down on the ankle than the thumb. 

The thumb is anterior and internal, and the great toe of the 
hind feet occupies the same position, the thigh and foot being bent 
forwards. This is proved by analogy; this toe being the one that 
is clawless in the Gecko, which have the clawless thumb, and in 
Anolis, where the thumb and great toes are simple, and not dilat- 
ed beneath, like the other toes. 



Synopsis of the Genera. 

I. Body compressed. Living on trees. 

A. Femoral and preanal pores none. Scales imbricate. Asiatic. 

a. Ribs elongated^ exserted, supporting loing-like lateral expansions. 

Throat with 3 pouches. 

1. Draco. Ears naked. Nostril below the face-ridge. 

2. Dracocella. Ears naked. Nostril above the face-ridge. 

3. Dracunculus. Ears covered with scales. 

b. Ribs simple. Back crested. 

* Toes 5-4. Ears exposed. 

4. SiTANA. Males with an elongated pouch. Females without 
any pouch. 

** Toes b-b. Tail with elongated keeled scales beneath. Scales of 
back small, often with scattered larger ones. 

f Ears hidden under the skin. 

5. Lyriocephalus. Head lyrate. Muzzle with a round tuber- 

cle in front. Scales unequal. 

6. Ceratophora. Head square. Muzzle with a prolonged 

hom-like process. Scales unequal. 

7. Otocryptis. Head squarish. Muzzle nearly flat, simple. 

Eyebrows bluntly angular behind. 



LIZARDS. 231 

ff Ears exposed. 

8. GoNYOCEPHALus. Scales of the belly smooth, of the back un- 
equal. Eyelids angular, produced. 

9. DiLOPHYRus. Scales of the belly smooth, of the back equal. 

Eyebrow rounded, simple. 

10. TiARis. Scales of the belly keeled, of the back unequal. 
Eyebrow and paratoids unarmed. 

11. AcANTHOsAURA. Scalcs of the belly keeled, of the back un- 
equal. Eyebrows and paratoids armed. 

*** Toes D-b. Tail luith hroad rhombic keeled scales beneath. 

Scales of back uniform. 

12. Bronchocela. Nuchal crest simple. Scales in descending 
series. 

13. Salea. Nuchal crest double. Scales large, in longitudinal 
series. 

14. Calotes. Back crested. Scales in ascending series. Head 
swollen behind, with 1 or 2 ridges of spines. 

**** Toes 5-5. Tail with truncated^ keeled scales beneath ; scales 

small, keeled, in cross rings. 

15. Chelasonia. Paratoids swollen, armless. Throat lax. The 
nape and back with a low crest. Tail rather compressed. 
Face-ridge rounded, with small scales. 

16. Charasia. Paratoids swollen, with some spines above. The 
nape and back with a low crest. Tail tapering. Face-ridge 
distinct, with enlarged imbricate scales. 

17. GiNDALiA. Paratoids rather swollen, with 2 or 3 spines 
above. Nape and back not crested. Tail tapering, round. 
Face-ridge indistinct. 

B. Femoral pores distinct. 

a. Scales rhombic, placed in rings. Toes fringed on each side. 
Back crested. Throat lax, folded across. 

18. Lophura. Back and tail with a fin-like crest, supported by 
bony rays. Head squarish. 

19. Phrysigxathus. Back and tail with a crest of compressed 
scales. Head swollen behind. 

b. Scales irregular, imbricate, Australian. 
* Neck with a frill-like expansion on each side. 

20. Chlamydosaurus. Head rhombic. 

X 2 



232 REPTILES. 

** Neck simple, 

21. Hatteria. Back and tail crested. Head elongate. Preanal 
pores numerous. Scales small. 

22. LoPHOGNATHus. Back crested. Head elongate. Preanal 
pores 2-2. Femoral pores 2-2. 

23. DiPOROPHORA. Back keeled. Head short. Preanal pores 
1-1. Scales rhombic, of belly larger. 

24. Ampiiibolurus. Back crested, with longitudinal series of 
larger keeled scales. Femoral pores numerous. 

25. Grammatophora. Back not crested, with cross rows of lar- 
ger scales. Femoral pores numerous. 

1\. Body depressed. Back ivith imbricate scales. Throat with a 

cross fold. Terrestrial. 

•d. Preanal pores distinct. Femoral pores none. Ears exposed. 

* Preanal and abdominal pores in several rows. 

26. Laudakia. Tail with rhombic keeled scales. Paratoids 
spinose. 

27. Stellio. Tail with rings of large spinose scales. Paratoids 
spinose. 

** Preanal pores in a single line. Abdomen poreless. 

28. Agama. Paratoids spinose. Scales rhombic keeled. 

29. Trapelus. Paratoids unarmed. Scales minute. 

b. Preanal and femoral pores none. 

* Ears exposed. Body and limbs ivith large spinose tubercles. 

30. Moloch. Neck with a convex tubercle above. 

** Ears hidden. Scales small^ granular. Back not crested. 

31. Phrynocephalus. Angle of mouth simple. Toes toothed 
on the sides. 

32. Megalochilus. Angle of mouth fringed. Toes fringed on 
the sides 

c. Femoral pores distinct. Preanal pores none. Ears exposed. 
Scales small, granular. Back not crested. 

33. Uromastyx. Tail broad, depressed, with complete rings of 
spinose scales. 

34. Saara. Tail broad, depressed, with scales of the upper part 
of the rings spinose, of lower armless. 

35. Leiolepis. Tail round, elongate, tapering, with whorls of 
smooth scales. 



LIZARDS. 233 

I. Body compressed. Living on trees. 

A. Femoral and preanal jtores notie. Scales imbricate. Asiatic. 

a. Ribs 6-6f elongate, exserted^ supporting wings like lateral expan- 
sions. Throat ivith 3 pouches, Draconina. 

1. Draco, part, Linn., Weigm. 

Head small. Nostril in a scale, rather tubular, on the side of 
the face-ridge. Tympanum of the ear visible, opaque, white. 

They live on trees, walking with agility, with their wings fold- 
ed on their sides, but they expand them and use them as a para- 
chute when they throw themselves from the tops of trees ; they 
spread out their pouches as they lie on the trunks of the trees. 

* Scales unequal, some larger, keeled. Nape crested. 

The Flying Lizard. Draco volans, Linn. S. N. 358. Seba, 
i. t. 102,/. 2, ii. t. 86,/. 3. D. prepos, Linn. S. N. 358. D. ma- 
jor, Laur. Syn. 50. D. minor, Laur. Syn. 51. D. viridis, Daud. 
Rept. iii. 301. Wolf. Abbild. i. t. 3,/. 3. Schlegel, Abbild. 89, t. 
24, f. 1. Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 70. D. fuscus, Daud. Rept. iii. 307. 
D. bourouiensis. Lesson, Illust. Zool. t. 37 ? D. Daudini, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 451. 

Scales of the back rather broad, generally smooth; of the 
throat granular, of the same size ; lateral pouches of males mode- 
rate, rounded at the end, covered with ovate keeled scales ; throat 
black-spotted ; wings grey, fulvous or brown spotted and marbled 
with black, sometimes forming 4 or 5 oblique black bands near 
the outer edge ; sides with a series of large broad-keeled scales. 

a, b. In spirits. Java. From the Leyden Museum. 

c, d. In spirits. Smaller, many of the dorsal scales keeled. In- 
dia. Presented by the East India Company. 

e. In spirits. Borneo. Presented by Capt. Sir Edward Belcher, 
R.iS ., C.B. 

/. In spirits. Wings red at the base. 

g. In spirits. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Timor Flying Lizard. Draco Timorensis, Peron, MS. 
Kuhl, Beytr. 103. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 59. Dum. et Bib. E. G. 
iv. 454. 'D. viridis Timorensis, Schlegel, Abbild. 91. 

Scales flat, rather large, smooth, unequal, with a row of rather 
larger keeled scales upon and on each side of the vertebral line; 
wings reddish, brown-spotted ; lateral pouches (of male) moderate, 
rounded at the end, covered with large keeled scales ; sides with 
an interrupted series of large keeled scales. 

a. In spirits. Timor. From the Leyden Museum. 

b. In spirits. With a short toothed crest on each side of the neck, 

scales of back subequal. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's 
collection. X 3 



234 REPTILES. 

** Scales small, equal. Nape crested. 

Tlie Fringed Flying Lizard. Draco fimbriatus, Kuhl, Beit. 
101. Guerin, Icon. t. 10,/. L Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 448. Schle- 
gel, Ahhild. 2, t. 24, /. 2, 4, skull. D. abbreviatus, Gray, Zool. 
Journ. 1827, iii. 219. Illust. Lid. Zool. t. 20. Griffith, A. K. ix. 
59. Hardiv. Icon. ined. t. 71, 72. 

Scales of the back small, equal, mostly smooth ; the throat 
with many circular spaces covered with larger gramilar scales ; 
head white, brown-netted ; lateral pouches of male elongate, an- 
gular, acute, covered with large keeled scales ; wings with short, 
whitish longitudinal lines ; sides with a series of small triangular 
keeled scales, placed in groups of 2 or 3 ; nostrils subsuperior. 

rt, h. In spirits. Sumatra. From the Leyden Museum. 

c. In spirits. Singapore. 

d. In spirits. Sumatra. From the Leyden Museum. 

e. Young, in spirits. Lateral tubercular scales very minute. Sin- 

gapore. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke. 

D. abbreviatus. Gray, Zool. Jour. iii. 219. Illust. hid. Zool. 
^20? 

2. Dracocella. 

Head small, covered with small unequal scales. Nostrils 
roundish, in a scale, erect, vertical, on the face-ridge. Tympa- 
num exposed, opaque. 

* Nape crested. 

Dussumier's Dragon. Dracocella Dussumieri. Draco Dus- 
sumieri, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 456. Schlegel, Abbild. 95. 

Scales moderate, rather rhombic ; sides with a series of rather 
larger scales, placed in roundish groups ; orbit with a small bony 
point at back and front angle; wings with large brown spots near 
the body, and largely marbled near the outer edge ; a black band 
across the throat ; base of the pouch blue black ; limbs moderate. 

rt, 6. In spirits. India. From Mr. Gardner's collection. 

** Nape not crested. 

The Red-throated Dragon. Dracocella hsematopogon. 
Draco heematopogon. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 59. Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iv. 458. Schlegel, Abbild. 95, t. 24, f. 6, 9. 

Orbit with a small bony point above, upon the front and back 
edge ; scales of the back equal, smooth ; the sides with a series of 
large keeled scales ; nape not crested ; a large round black spot 
on each side of the base of the pouch ; wings brown-spotted ; the 
limbs elongate. 

rt, 6. In spirits. Sumatra. From the Leyden Museum. 



LIZARDS. 235 

3. Dracunculus, Weigmann. 

Head quadrangular, covered with small unequal scales. Nos- 
trils lateral, on the face-ridge. Tympanum hid under the skin, 
covered with scales. 

Weigmann descrihed D. lineatus as having but 5 exserted ribs, 
but our specimens, like the other dragons, have 6 on each side. 

* Nape not crested, with a longitudinal fold. 

The Banded Flying Lizard. Dracunculus quinquefasciatus. 
Draco quinquefasciatus, G^ray, Zool. Journ. 1827,219. Illustr. 
Ind. Zool. t. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 455. Hardw. Icon. ined. 

B. M. t. Q9. 

Wings with 5 cross bands ; scales of the back keeled ; nape 
with a longitudinal fold, not crested ; nostrils superior, erect ; ears 
covered with many equal granular scales. 

a. In spirits. Penang. Presented by Gen. Thomas Hardwicke. 
** Nape crested. Ears slightly concave. 

The Lined Flying Lizard. Dracunculus lineatus, Weigm. 
H. Mex. 14. Act. Acad. N. Cur. xvii. 217. D. lineatus. Baud. 
Rept. iii. 298. Wolf. Ahhild. i. t. 3,/. 10. Schlegel, Ahhild. 93, t. 
24, f. 5. Grag, Griff. A. K. 59. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 459. D. 
Araboinensis, Lesson, III. Zool. t. 38. D. volans, Blumb. Abbild. 
t. 68. 

Head grey, white-spotted ; wings dark-banded, with small 
white longitudinal lines ; the sides and throat bluish black, with 
large white spots ; the ears indistinctly marked, covered wnth 
thin flat scales ; base of the tail rounder above, with a slight crest 
on each side. 

a. In spirits. Amboina. From the Leyden Museum. 

b — d. In spirits. Java. Presented by Capt. SirEdw. Belcher, R.N. 

The Banded-head Dragon. Dracunculus ornatus. 

Grey, head black cross-banded, chin black-dotted ; wings grey, 
reticulated with black, and with broad black bands at the edge ; 
scales rhombic, of the middle of the back larger, keeled, of the 
sides smaller, smooth ; ears covered with small equal granular 
scales ; tail slender, compressed, with 5 keels above and 2 strong- 
er keels beneath, rather depressed at the base, with 5 slight keels 
above. 

a, b. In spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's col- 
lection. 

c. In spirits. Male, crest higher. Philippine Islands. From 

Mr. Cuming's collection. 

d. Very young, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cu- 
ming's collection. 



236 REPTILES. 

The Spotted Winged Dragon. Dracunculus maculatus, 
Gray, B. M. 1837. 

Grey, black-spotted ; wings black-spotted ; throat grey, pouch 
of the male elongate ; scales of the back rather unequal, rhombic, 
keeled, of the sides rather smaller, sides with a series of large 
keeled scales ; ears rather sunk, with unequal flat scales ; tail 
slender, with a central keel above and 5 more small ones on the 
sides, base dilated, with 5 nearly equidistant equal keels above. 

rt. In spirits. Penang. From Capt. Hay's collection. 

6, c. In spirits. Asia. Presented by Sir James MacGregor. 

Weigmann's Flying Lizard. Dracunculus spilopterus, 
Weigm. Act. Nat. Cur. xvii. 216, t. 15. Gervais, Voy. Favour, t. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 461. Schlegel, Ahhild. 92. 

Wings reddish near the body, with large brown spots, yellow 
near the edge ; throat yellow, black-spotted. 

Inhab. Manilla ? Mus. Paris. 

May be the same as the fonner, but the wings subelliptic, but 
the scales in the figure do not exactly agree. 

b. Ribs simple. Back crested. 

* Toes 5-4. Scales subequal. Ears exposed. Sitanina. 

4. SiTANA, Cuv. Semiophorus, Wagler ^' Weigm. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, short, covered with small 
nearly equal keeled scales. Ear-drum small, round, superficial. 
Tongue thick, fungous, entire. Throat without any cross fold in 
front or plaits upon the sides ; the males with a large compressed 
throat-pouch. Nape with a rudimentary crest. Body subquad- 
rangular. Back rounded. Scales rhombic, keeled, imbricate, ge- 
nerally equal, of the sides rather smaller. Tail long, conical, not 
keeled. Toes 5 in front, 4 behind. Femoral pores none. 

The SiTANA. Sitana Ponticereana, Cuv. R. A. u. 43, t. 6,/. 
2. Guerin., Icon. t. 10, f. 2. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 57. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 437. Wkgler, Sys. 152. Weigin. H. M. 14. 

Fulvous; back with a central series of rhombic spots, and pale 
streak down each side ; the pouch of the males 3-coloured. 

a, b. Adult, stuff'ed. Male, scales of the sides equal. India. 

c. In spirits. Male. India. 

J, e. In spirits. Male. India. 

f^g. Inspirits. Male and female. Throat of male pale, sides 

with a few larger scattered scales, occiput rather tubercular. 

India. 



LIZARDS. 237 

** Toes 5-5. Tail with elongated heeled scales beneath. Scales 
small, generally with cross bands of larger ones. Lyriocephalina. 

f Ears hidden under the skin. 

5. Lyriocephalus, Merrein. 

Head short, triangular. Eyebrow-ridges high, prolonged be- 
hind. End of the muzzle with a large rounded scaly prominence. 
Tongue thick, broad, entire. Ear-drum hidden under the skin. 
Throat-pouch small, compressed, with an angular fold in front of 
the chest. Body, neck and tail compressed, with a small toothed 
crest. Scales small, subimbricate, with cross bands of larger 
ones. Femoral and preanal pores none. 

The Lyriocephale. Lyriocephalus scutatus, Wagler, Syst. 
150. Gray, Grijf. A. K. ix. 54. Lacerta scutata, Linn. S. N. 
360. Seba, i. f. 109,/. 3. Shaiv, Zool. iii. t. 68. Latr. Rept. i. 
267. Kuhl. Beytr. 106. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 54. Lyr. raar- 
garitaceus, Merrem, Tent. 49. Guerin, Icon. t. 8,/. 2. Schinz, t. 
26, f. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 427. Lyr. Macgregorii, Gray^ 
III. Ind. Zool. t. 

Bluish white, beneath paler ; head yellowish grey. 

Inhab. East Indies. 5lus. Chatham. 

6. Ceratophora, Gray. 

Head quadrangular, with small rather convex scales. Eye- 
brows rather produced horizontally. Muzzle prolonged into a coni- 
cal horn-like process. Nostril lateral, anterior. Throat with oblique 
series of slightly dilated rhombic shieldlike scales on the sides, and 
2 rows of smaller scales in the middle. Ear-drum hidden under 
the skin. Occiput and temples rather tubercular. Nape with a 
crest of conical scales. Back slightly keeled. Scales of the back 
rhomboidal, unequal, placed in oblique bands, of the belly small- 
er, equal, smooth. Femoral pores none. Tail elongate, tapering, 
with 2 rows of narrow keeled scales beneath. 

Stoddart's Ceratophora. Ceratophora Stoddartii, Gray, 
III. Ind. Zool. ii. t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 434. 

Bluish, black-banded ; throat pale whitish ; tail brown-ringed. 

a. In spirits. Ceylon. Presented by Col. Stoddart, R. Staff C. 

7. Otocryptis, Weigmann. 

Head short, pyramidical, 4-sided, sides vertical. Muzzle flat, 
blunt, not swollen, concave between the eyes, flattened behind. 
Orbital ridges ending in obtuse angles, covered with imbricate 
scales, but not supported by bones. Ear-drum hidden by the skin. 
Throat bag-like. Body compressed. Limbs slender, very long. 
Femoral pores none. Tail round, long, slender, base compressed. 



238 REPTILES. 

The Otocrypte. Otocryptis bivittata, Weigm. Isis, 1831, 
291. Herp. Mex. i. 14. Dum, et Bib. E. G. iv. 432. 0. Weig- 
raanni, Wagler, Si/s. 150. 

Scales of the eyebrows keeled, oval, of the crown small, tuber- 
cular, of the occiput large, ovate, transverse. 

Inhab. ? Mus. Berlin. 

ff Ears exposed, superficial. Scales of belli/ smooth. 

8. GoNYOCEPHALUS, Kuhl. Lophyrus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Forehead sub triangular, concave. Orbit-edge high, without 
any spine behind. Sides of neck with scattered tubercles. Throat 
with a large compressed pouch, keeled and toothed in front, with 
an angular fold in front of each shoulder. Nape with a high com- 
pressed toothed crest. Back keeled, with a toothed crest. Scales 
of the back small, rhombic, with a series of larger scales on each 
side. Tail elongate, compressed, with a series of elongate keeled 
scales beneath. Femoral pores none. 

The Gonyocephale. Gonyocephalus chameleontina. 
Iguana chameleontina, Laur. Syn. 47. Lacerta tigrina, &c. Se- 
ba, Thes. i. 157, t. 100,/. 2. Lac. superciliosa, Shaw, Zool. iii. 
220, t. 68. Gray, Zool. Jour. Hardiv. Icon. ined. t. 73. Agama 
gigantea, Kuhl, Beytr. 106. A. Tigrina, Merrem. Kaup. Isis, 
1825, 590. Gray, G. A. K. ix. 58. Dum et Bib. E. G. iv. 421, 
t. 4. Lophyurus furcatus, Dumeril. L. gigas, Boie. L. Kuhlii, 
Boie. Gray, Griff. A. K. 55. Galeotes Lophyrus, Schlegel, Abb. 
79, i. 23,jun. 

Green, with white oblique cross bands. 

a. In spirits. Bencoolen. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke. 
h. In spirits. Java. 

c. Young, in spirits. Eyebrows scarcely produced. From the 
Ley den Museum. 

9. DiLOPHYEUS. 

Head 4-sided. Forehead rather concave, face-ridge high. 
Eyebrows rounded. Occiput with 3 or 4 larger tubercles on each 
side. Paratoids unarmed. Nape and back with a crest of high 
compressed scales, with series of smaller scales at their base. The 
throat rather lax, with a cross fold behind, extending up the 
front of the shoulders. Scales of the back small, rhombic, equal, 
of the belly rather larger, smooth. Tail compressed, keeled and 
toothed above, with 2 series of elongated keeled scales beneath. 
Femoral and preanal pores none. 



LIZARDS. 239 

The DiLOPHYRUs. Dilophyrus grandis. 

Olive green; sides white-spotted, beneath whitish; tail black- 
banded ; head with lines of rather larger scales ; crest very high, 
formed of broad compressed close-set scales, with 3 or 4 series of 
scales on each side of the base, interrupted over the shoulders. 

a — b. Adult, in spirits. Rangoon. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

Iff Ears exposed, superficial. Scales of belly keeled. 

10. TiARis, Dum. et Bib. Lophyrus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head triangular, shelving in front. Orbital edge straight, un- 
armed. Paratoids with only scattered tubercles. Throat with a 
large compressed pouch, toothed in front and covered with une- 
qual scales, with an angular cross fold in front of the shoulder. 
Neck and back with a crest of very long compressed scales. Tail 
compressed, sharp-edged, toothed above, with 2 rows of elongate 
keeled scales beneath. Scales of the back rhombic, rather imbri- 
cate, with scattered larger ones on sides and nape, of the belly ra- 
ther larger, keeled. Femoral pores none. 

* Crest interrupted over the shoulders. 

The Black-throated Tiaris. Tiaris megapogon. Ca- 
lotes megapogon, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. Lophyrus dilophus, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 419. Tiaris d. Dum. et Bib. E. G. t. 46. 

Reddish brown, brown-spotted ; crest-scales olive ; the throat- 
pouch grey-brown, black-dotted ; sides of the head, throat, pouch 
and body with scattered broad keeled scales ; crest of the tail high 
like that of the back (from the plate). 

Inhab. New Guinea. Mus. Paris, 1, Mus. Leyden, 2 specim. 

** Crest continued. 

The Spinose Tiaris. Tiaris Bellii. Calotes Bellii, Gray, 
MS. Mus. Bell, 1836. Lophyrus Bellii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
416. 

Pale olive, obscurely brown-banded ; scales small, sides with 
some larger keeled scales placed in cross bands, largest towards 
the belly ; throat-pouch with equal acute scales, with 2 or 3 rather 
larger more acute ones at the back angle of the lower jaw ; lower 
jaw with 3 or 4 series of larger more acute scales on the side undev 
the labial plates ; crest formed of broad compressed scales, of the 
tail low ; head-scales keeled, with a series of rather larger ones 
on the nose. 

a — c. Half grown and young, in spirits. Philippine Islands. 
From Mr. Cuming's collection. 



240 REPTILES. 

Sophia's Tiaris. Tiaris Sophiae. 

Brown, with darker cross bands ; occiput with 2 conical poly- 
hedral tubercles ; temples with some rather larger tubercular 
scales ; nape and back with a crest of elongated lanceolate spines; 
tail triangular at the base, with a toothed crest ; the scales small, 
rhombic, with a few scattered convex larger scales. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 

collection. 

b. c. Young, in spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's 

collection. 

11. AcANTHOSAURA, Gvaj/. Lophjrus, part, Dum^ et Bib. 

Head triangular, shelving in front. Orbital edge curved, end- 
ing in a spine. Ear-drum superficial, thick but distinct. Para- 
toids with a group of elongated spines. The throat with a slight 
scarcely compressed pouch, not toothed in front, covered with scales 
like those of the back, and with an angular cross fold in front of 
the chest. Nape and back with a crest of elongate subulate spines. 
Back keeled and toothed. Scales of the back small, rhombic, 
subimbricate, with scattered larger scales, of the belly keeled. 
Tail elongate, subtriangular, slightly toothed above, with 2 rows 
of elongate keeled scales beneath. Femoral pores none. 

The AcANTHOSAURE. Acanthosaura arraata, Gray, Griffith, 
A. K. ix. bQ. Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 75. Agama armata, Gray, 
Zool. Jour. 1827, iii. 216. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 413. Calotes 
Tropidogaster, Cuv. MS. Calotes lepidogaster, Cuv. R. A. ii. 39, 
young. 

Brown, darker varied. 

a, b. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Singapore. Presented by 
Gen. Thos. Hardwicke. 

c. Adult, in spirits. Singapore. From M. Argent's collection. 

*** Toes 5-5. Tail with series of broad heeled rhombic scales. 
■[ Scales small, equal, in longitudinal or descending series. 

12. Bronchocela, Kaup. Calotes, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical, 4-sided, not swollen on the sides, covered 
with small equal-sized scales. Interparietal scales very small. 
Paratoids unarmed. Scales of the back equal, imbricate, placed 
in cross series, with the free edge directed towards the belly ; of 
the belly and under side of the tail larger, rhombic, keeled. The 
throat more or less lax beneath, without any cross fold in front of 
the chest. Nape, back and tail with a crest of compressed scales. 



LIZARDS. 241 

* Scales elongate, keeled. 

The False Ghirget. Bronchocela cristatella, -ffaw^. Diim. 
et Bib. E. G iv. 395. Agaraa cristatella, Kuhl^ Beytr. 108. Seha, 
Th. i. t. 89,/. 1. Schinz, ^ 26,/. 1. A. gutturosa, iJ/erre/n., Tent. 
51. Giierin, Icon. t. 7,/ 3. Weigm. H. M. 14. A. Moluccana, 
Lesson, Voy. Coq. t. 1, /. 2. Schinz, t. 30. A. vultuosa, Gray, 
Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 80, 81 — 83. Weigmann, H. Mex. 14. 

Blue or green, uniform, (young with paler cross hands) ; crest 
continued to the tail, suddenly lowered over the nape ; scales of 
the sides narrow^ elongate, keeled, scarcely half the size of those 
on the belly ; nape not tubercular. 

a, b. Adult and half grown, in spirits. Penang. Presented by 
Gen. Thos. Hardwicke. 

c. Adult, in spirits. India. Presented by Thomas Bell, Esq. 

d. In spirits. Singapore. From Mr. Argent's collection. 

e,f. In spirits. Singapore. Presented by Capt. Sir E. Belcher, 

C.B., R.N. 
g. In spirits. Singapore. From Mr. Warwick's collection. 
h. In spirits. Amboina. From the Leyden Museum. 
i,j. In spirits. Scales rather larger, nape with 2 narrow white 

cross bands. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's collection. 

The Celebes False Galeote. Bronchocela Celebensis. 
Calotes Celebensis, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. 

Blue, with a violet tinge ; scales of the sides rather elongate, 
lanceolate, keeled, rather smaller than the ventral scales, keels 
distinct, rather produced ; scales of the nuchal crest narrow, far 
apart. 

a. In spirits. Celebes. From Mus. Leyden. 

The Maned False Galeote. Bronchocela gutturosa. Ca- 
lotes gutturosus, Schlegel, Mus. Leyd. Bronchocela jubata, Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iv. 397. 

Reddish blue (in spirits), with 2 white streaks on side of head, 
and band of white spots across front of body; crest of nape elevat- 
ed, lower behind, continued on the back and gradually diminish- 
ing in height to the root of the tail ; the scales of the body rather 
elongate, lanceolate, keeled, moderate, rather smaller than those 
of the belly, of the nuchal crest rather slender ; back crested. 

a. Half grown, in spirits. India. Presented by Gen. Hardwicke. 

b. Half grown, inspirits. India. Presented by Thomas Bell, 

Esq. 

c. Veiy young, in spirits. India. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

d. Adult, in spirits. India. Presented by the East India Com- 

pany. 
e,f. Half grown, in spirits. Java. From the Leyden Museum. 
Galeotes cristatellus, Mus. Leyden. 

Y 



242 REPTILES. 

** Scales short, rhombic, rather blunt, slightly keeled. 

The Marbled False Galeote. Bronchocela mannorata. 
Lophyes epineux, H. et J. Voy. a Pol Sud, Saur. i. 3 ? not de- 
scribed, tail crested ? 

Purplish grey, head and neck green-raarhled ; scales of the 
back and sides moderate, bluntly rhombic, slightly keeled, half the 
size of those of the belly, of the nuchal crest rather broad ; tail 
elongate, tapering (not crested). 

a. In spirits. Philippine Islands. From Mr. Cuming's collec- 
tion. 

*** Scales of sides large, smooth. 

The Streaked False Galeote. Bronchocela tympanistriga, 
Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 56. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 399. 

A large spot on the muzzle, a band across the neck, and a 
large disk on the side of the chest, brown ; crest serrated, gradu- 
ally lowering to the base of the tail ; scales of the sides smooth, as 
large as the ventral ; a subconic tubercle at the hinder end of the 
eyebrow, 2 others on each side of the nape, and 1 a little behind 
the ear ; tail compressed. 

Inhab. Java. Mus. Leyden. 

13. Salea. 

Head subquadrangular, covered with flat, keeled, not imbri- 
cate scales. Occiput and sides of nape with a few scattered ra- 
ther tubercular scales. Drum of ear exposed, superficial. Nape 
mth a crest of two diverging series of rather compressed scales. 
Scales of the back rhombic, keeled, placed in longitudinal series, 
those of the lower part of the sides tending downwards, of the 
neck and belly elongated, rhombic, keeled, of tail rhombic, im- 
bricate. Back keeled, not crested. Tail elongate, tapering, with 
imbricate keeled scales, rather larger beneath; rather keeled above. 
Femoral and preanal pores none. Toes 5-5, unequal. 

Horsfield's Salea. Salea Horsfieldii. 
Olive, varied with large brown spots, with a white streak at 
the back edge of each thigh. 

a, b. In spirits. India, Afi'ghanistan. Presented by the India 
Company. 

14, Calotes, Cuvier. Galeotes, Schlegel. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, covered with small equal- 
sized angular scales, interparietal scale very small. The tongue 
thick, fungose, slightly nicked. Nostrils lateral, near the end of 
the muzzle, in a small shield, Throat more or less lax, without 
any cross fold in front of the chest, sometimes with a longitudinal 



LIZARDS. 243 

fold on each side. Scales of the body directed towards the back, 
uniform, imbricate, in oblique cross rows ; of the back large ; of 
the crown smooth. Paratoids spine-bearing. Nape, back and 
tail with a crest of compressed scales. Femoral pores none. 

* Nape with 2 rows of spines from the back of the eye over the ears. 

The Affghan Galeote. Calotes Maria. 

Green, with 2 spinose keels over the ears, one from the back 
edge of the eyebrow and the other below it ; tail conical, elongate ; 
neck with a broad scaly pit in front of the shoulder ; legs varied 
with yellow. 

a — c. Young, middle-aged and adult. Affghanistan. Presented 

by the India Company. 
d. Half-grown, in spirits. Khassia hill. Presented by the India 

Company. 

** Nape with an oblique roiv of spines on each side^ above the ears. 

The Galeote. Calotes ophiomachus, Gray^ Griffith^ A. K. 
ix. 55. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 402. Weigm. H. M. 14. Lacerta 
Calotes, Linn. S. N. 367. Seba, Thes. i. t. 89,/. 2. t. 93,/. 2. t. 95. 
/. 3, 4. Laur. Syn. 49. Latr. Rept. i. 260. Daud. Rept. iii. 361, 
t. 43. Kuhl, Beitr. 108. Agama ophiomachus, Merrem, Tent. 51. 
A. lineata, Kuhl, Beitr. 108. A. acanthocephala, Kuhl. 

Blue or green (in spirits), with white cross bands ; a crest of 
large spines on each side of the nape, above the ears; tail conical, 
with large rhombic scales ; neck with a slight fold on each side, 
covered with small scales. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Spines over ears flat, broad, forming a con- 

tinued line. India. 

b. Half grown, in spirits. Not in a good state. Spines over ears 

slender, interrupted. India. Presented by Thos. Bell, Esq. 

c. In spirits, like b. India. From Mr. Argent's collection. 

*** Nape with 2 isolated spines above the ears. Neck withotit any 

pit in front of the shoulders. 

The Ghirget. Calotes versicolor, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
405. Seba^ i. t. 72,/. 1. t. 93,/ 4. t. 92,/ 1. Agama versicolor, 
Daud. Rept. iii. 393, t. 44, (young). 3Ierrem, Tent. 51. A. Tiede- 
manni, Kuhl^ Beitr. 109. Kaup, Isis, 1827, 619, t. 8. Gray, Griff. 
A. K. ix. 56. A. vultuosa, Harlan, J. A. N. S. Philad. iv. 296, 
t. 4. A. flavigularis, Daud. A. Indica, Gray, Zool. Journ. 
Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 74, 76 — 79. 

Reddish yellow, with brown cross bands, (and a white streak 
on the back in young) ; sides of the face and throat black-streaked ; 
2 isolated spines, one before the other, on each side the nape above 

Y 2 



244 REPTILES. 

the ears ; tail compressed ; no plait in front of the shoulders ; the 
eyebrows keeled, unarmed behind ; scales of the back equal, regu- 
lar ; sides of neck covered with scales like the back. 

Var. L Yellow, with black cross bands, 
rt, b. Adult and half grown. In spirits. India. 
c. Adult, in spirits. Ceylon. 
d—f. Half-grown, in spirits. India. Presented by Mrs. Ken- 

naway. 
g — i. Half-grown and young. In spirits. China. Presented by 

J. Reeves, Esq. 
j. Half-grown, in spirits. Madras. Presented by Major Bevan. 
k. Half-grown, in spirits. Aflfghanistan. Presented by the In- 
dia Company. 
I. Half-grown, in spirits. India. Presented by Charles Bowring, 

Esq. 
m. Young, in spirits. India. 

Var. 2. Young. Yellowish, with black cross bands, the throat 
black. 

n. Stuffed. India. 
o,p. In spirits. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 

Var. 3. Young. Yellowish, with black cross bands, and a 
streak down each side of back. 

q, r. In spirits. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson, Esq. 
s. In spirits. Nepal. Presented by Gen. Th. Hardwicke. 
t. Young, in spirits. India, Affghan. Presented by the India 

Company, 
u. Young, in spirits. Madras. Presented by Capt. Bevan. 

The Spinous-Eyed Calotes. Calotes minor. Agama mi- 
nor, Gi'ai/, Zool. Journ. from Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 82. 

Yellowish, black-varied, ; cheeks blackish-rayed ; 2 isolated 
groups of spines on each side of nape, above the ears ; eyebrows 
keeled, with a short spine behind ; tail rather compressed ; neck 
without any plait in the front of the shoulder. 
a — c. Half-grown and young, in spirits. Affghanistan. Pre- 
sented by the India Company. 
(/. Half-grown, in spirits. Khassia hill, India. Presented by the 
India Company. 

**** Nape with 2 isolated spines above the ears. Neck with a fold 

in front of the shoulders. 

Emma's Ghirget. Calotes Emma. 

Yellowish grey ; eyebrows keeled, with a spine behind ; nape 
^vith 2 groups of spines on each side, over the ears ; crest of nape 
high, of back rudimentary ; scales of back and sides moderate, 
thin, smooth, of tail similar, ihe upper ones on each side slightly 



LIZARDS. 245 

keeled, of belly and throat keeled ; neck with an oblique (black- 
ish) fold on each side in front of the shoulders. 

a. Half-grown ? in spirits. Affghanistan. Presented by the In- 
dia Company, 

Roux's Galeote. Calotes Rouxii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 
407. 

Fulvous, uniform (or with some black spots) ; 2 small spines, 
one after the other, on each side of the nape ; an oblique plait in 
front of each shoulder ; scales of the sides small, rather less than 
the ventral ones ; upper part of the base of the tail angular, with 
very large strong scales ; eyebrows unarmed. 

'inhab. India. Mus. Paris, 2 specimens, not good state. 

The Whiskered Ghirget. Calotes mystaceus, Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 408. 

Fulvous, with a white streak from under the eye to the shoul- 
ders; 2 small spines in a line on each side of the nape; an oblique 
plait before each shoulder ; scales of the sides large, rather larger 
than the ventral ones ; upper part of the base of the tail suban- 
gular, with (moderate) scales like the rest near them. 

Inhab. Birman Empire. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen, given by 
Mr. Tennant. 

**** Toes 5-5. Tail rather compressed, ivith several series of trun- 
cated keeled scales beneath. Scales of the body small, keeled, 
rough, in cross rings. 

15. Chelosania. 

Head large, covered with small rather unequal not imbricate 
scales. Sides of the face rounded, without any large scales upon 
the edge of the eyebrows. Paratoids swollen, unarmed. Nostrils 
lateral, medial. Throat lax, with a slight cross fold behind. The 
sides of the neck unarmed. Nape and back with a crest of low 
angular distant scales. Body compressed, with rings of rather 
small rhombic keeled rough uniform scales placed in cross rings ; 
of the belly rather larger, obliquely keeled ; of the limbs larger. 
Tail elongated, tapering, rather compressed, with keeled scales, 
those of the under side rather truncated, the keel of the scales of 
the end forming ridges, the upper surface slightly keeled, subden- 
tated. Toes 5-5, moderate, unequal. Femoral and preanal pores 
none. 

The Chelosania. Chelosania brunuea, Gray, Zool. Erebus 
and Terror, t. 

Pale brown, rather paler beneath. 

a. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Bynoe's collection. 

Y 3 



246 EEPTILES. 

16. Charasia. Agama, part, Gray. 

Head pyramidical, quadi*angular, large, elongated, crown co- 
vered with small scales. Sides of the face angled, it and the eye- 
brows edged with series of larger imbricate scales. The nostrils 
upon the front of the side of the face, just under the face-ridge. 
The throat rather lax, with a cross fold behind. The paratoids 
swollen, with a few larger scattered conical scales upon the side 
of the nape. The nape and back with a very low dentated crest. 
Scales of the back small, 6-sided, those of the limbs larger, equal, 
keeled, of the belly rather larger, rhombic, smooth. Tail elon- 
gate, conical, tapering, with several series of rather larger rhombic 
scales below, and with a series of larger keeled scales along the 
middle of the upper surface, the scales of the upper and lower part 
of the base of the tail larger, callous, horn-like. Femoral and 
preanal pores none. 

M. Bibron describes the males of this genus as having 6 or 
10 rhomboidal porous scales in oblique and crossing series in front 
of the vent : they are not to be seen in our specimens. 

The Charasia. Charasia dorsalis. Agama dorsalis, Graij, 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 56. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 486. 

Pale brown, beneath paler ; sides of the head, body and limbs 
black-varied ; lips and streak on each side of the face, under the 
ears, pale. 

a. In spirits, rather bleached. India. Presented by Gen. Hard- 
wicke. 

h. Adult, in spirits. India. Presented by the India Company. 

c, d. Young, in spirits. Back darker cross-banded, and with sym- 
metrical oblong dark-edged pale spots, base of tail not swollen, 
and without any larger scales. India. Presented by the In- 
dia Company. 

17. Gindalia. 

Head moderate, subquadrangular, covered with regular keeled 
scales, of the occiput rather smaller. Face-ridge rather angular, 
edged with small scales. Paratoids rather swollen, with a ridge of 
rather larger conical scales over the ears above. Nostrils lateral, 
medial. Throat rather lax, with a cross fold behind. Xape and 
back rounded, not crested. Scales of the back equal, rhombic, 
keeled, placed in longitudinal series ; of the sides smaller, but 
with the keels forming rather ascending ridges ; of the belly simi- 
lar, in longitudinal series, with the keels sharp and rather produ- 
ced at the tip. The tail round, tapering, with imbricate rhombic 
scales, with the keels forming longitudinal ridges. Femoral and 
preanal pores none. Toes b-b, unequal. 



LIZARDS. 247 

The GiNDALiA. Gindalia Bennettii, Gray, Zool. Erebus and 
Terror, t. 

Pale brown, rather paler beneath ; the scales of the back small, 
sharply keeled, forming longitudinal ridges, which converge toge- 
ther just at the base of the tail towards the two upper ridges form- 
ed by the keels of the scales of the tail ; of the limbs rather larger. 

a. In spirits. N. W. coast of Australia. Presented by Dr. Ri- 
chardson. 

B. Femoral pores distinct. 

a. Scales rhombic, placed in rings. Toes fringed on each side. 
Back crested. Throat lax, folded across. Lophurina. 

18. LoPHURA, Grag. Istiurus, Cuv. Physignathus, Cuvier. 
Hydrosaurus, Fitz. Basiliscus, part, Daud. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, covered with small equal 
keeled scales. Superciliary edge keeled. Nostrils lateral. Ear- 
drum superficial, exposed. Throat-pouch small, with an angular 
plait in front of the neck. Neck, body and tail compressed, with 
a crest supported by bony rays to the base of the tail. Femoral 
pores distinct. 

The SoA Ajer. Lophura amboiuensis. Gray, Phil. Mag. ii. 
54. Wagler, Sys. 151. Icon. t. 28. Lacerta amboinensis, Schlos- 
ser, Epist. Gmel. S. N. 1064. Latr. Kept. i. 271. Daud. Rept. Hi. 
322. Kaup, Ms, 1828, 1147. Cuv. R. A. ii. 41. Dum. et Bib. E. 
G. iv. 380. Le Port crete, Daub. Rept. 663. Histiurus pustu- 
latus, Esch. Zool. Atlas, t. 7. Weigmann, Act. Acad. Nat. Cur. 
xviii. 214. 

Green, vermiculated with black ; scales of the body moderate, 
unequal, with cross ridges of larger keeled scales ; of the belly 
smooth ; of the head small, nearly equal, keeled ; nose crested in 
front. 

a. Stuffed. Amboina. From the Leyden Museum. 

by c. Young, in spirits. Nose with a low crest in the middle of 
the fronts grey, blackish varied, head black varied, neck with 
oblique black streaks. Philippines. From Mr. Cuming's col- 
lection. 

Shaw's Lophura. Lophura Shawii. Lac. Lophura, Shaw, 
Zool. iv. t. 62. Lac. Javanica, Hornst. N. A. Stockh. vi. t. 5? 
Loph. Amboinensis, Weigm. Act. Acad. N. Cur. xviii. 914. 

Green, vermiculated with black ; scales unequal, with cross 
ridges of larger scales ; of head small, keeled, all equal ; nose not 
crested in front. 

a. In spirits. Dr. Shaw's specimen. 



248 REPTILES. 



19. Physignathus, Cuv. Lophura, part, Grai/. 
Istiurus, part, Dum. et Bib. 

Head pyramidical, quadrangular, swollen behind, covered with 
small equal keeled scales. Paratoids with ridges of large acute 
scales. Superciliary edges keeled. Nostrils lateral. Ear-drum 
superficial, exposed. Throat-pouch small, with an angular plait 
in the front of the neck. Back and tail with a regular crest of 
compressed scales. Tail compressed. Femoral pores distinct. 

Cuvier's Physignathus. Physignathus concinnus, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 41, t. 6,f. 1. Lophura concinua. Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 61. P. Iguauoides, Cuv. Mus. Paris. Istiurus Physignathus, 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 307. 1, Cochinchinensis, Guerin, Icon. t. 
9,/. 1. Loph. Cuvieri, Gray., Griffith, A. K. ix. 60. 

Cheek with 3 or 4 large tubercles behind ; back sharp-edged ; 
scales of the sides very small, equal, of the head very small, deep- 
ly grooved, of the belly smooth ; the scales of the back-crest of the 
adult elongate and becoming closer, and the back edge of the low- 
er jaw is much swollen. 

Inhab. Cochinchina. 

Lesueur's Physignathus. Physignathus Lesueurii. Lo- 
phura Les. Gray, Syn. Rept. Griff. A. K. ix. 60. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 384, t. 40, f. 1,1 a. 

Grey-brown, with large black spots ; scales of the back une- 
qual, of the head small, rhomboidal, keeled, of the end of the muz- 
zle similar to those behind them, of the belly keeled ; the back 
angular. 

rt, b. Adult, stuffed. Australia. 

b. Scales irregular, imbricate. Australia. 

* Neck with a frill- like expansion on each side. 

20. Chlamydosaurus, Gray. 

Head pyramidical, 4-sided, covered with small subequal keel- 
ed scales. Throat not pouched. Ear-drum superficial. Neck 
with a large plaited membrane on each side, covered with scales, 
and toothed on the edge. Nape with a rudimentary crest. Back 
not crested. Scales imbricate, keeled, those of the sides smaller. 
Legs strong. Toes 5-5, unequal. Femoral pores distinct. Tail 
elongate, tapering, not crested. 

The frill increases in size compared with the size of the ani- 
mal as it grows in age ; in the young, it does not reach to the 
base of the fore limbs, in the adult it becomes much fuller, and 
reaches considerably beyond the axilla. 



LIZARDS. 249 

The Frilled Lizard. Chlamydosaurus Kingii, Gray^ King^s 
Voy. Aust. ii. t. I, Zool. Misc. 53. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 441, 
t. 45. Voy. a Pol. Sud, t. 6. Griffith, A. K. ix. t. 

Fulvous, obscurely brown varied. 

a. Stufifed specimen. Presented by Allan Cunningham, Esq. 

6, c. Adult and young, stuffed. Port Essingtou. From Mr. 
Gould's collection. 

dy e. Adult aud young, in spirits. Port Essington. From Mr. 
Gould's collection. 

/. Adult, in spirits. Port Essington. From Mr. Gould's collec- 
tion. 

g. Young, in spirits. Grey, with narrow irregularly waved and 
twisted black streaks, forming broad bands across the back, 
limbs and tail ; the bands are indistinctly marked upon the 
body, but more distinctly on the limbs and tail, where they are 
to be seen of a brown colour on a much more grown specimen : 
the head and face marked with symmetrical twisted and curv- 
ed lines. Port Essington. From Mr. Gould's collection. 

21. Hatteria, Gray. 

Head quadrangular, covered with small scales. Throat lax, 
with a cross fold behind. Nape and back with a crest of compress- 
ed spines. Body covered with small and larger scales. Belly and 
under side of tail with large, squarish, keelless, flat scales, placed 
in cross series. Tail compressed, triangular, covered with small 
scales, and with a ridge of large compressed spines. Legs strong. 
Toes 5-5, short, strong, cylindrical, slightly webbed at the base, 
covered above and below with small scales. Claws short, blunt. 
Femoral pores none, Preanal scales small, a few of them are 
pierced in the centre. 

The TuATERA or Narara. Hatteria punctata, Gray, Z. M. 
72. Dieffenh. N. Z. ii. 204. Zool. Erebus and Terror, Rept. t. 
Gigantic Lizard, Coo'k's Third Voy. i. 153. Guana, Polack, N. 
Z. i. 317. 

Olive ; sides and limbs with minute white specks, beneath yel- 
lowish ; the spines of the nuchal and dorsal crests yellow, of the 
caudal brown ; scales of the back, head, tail and limbs small, gra- 
nular, nearly uniform ; the irregular folds in the skin are fringed 
at the top with a series of rather large scales ; an oblique ridge of 
larger scales on each side of the base of the tail, and a few shorter 
longitudinal ridges of rather smaller ones on each side of the up- 
per part of the tail. 

a. In spirits. New Zealand. From Dr. Dieffenbach's collection. 

b. Stuffed. New Zealand. Presented by F. Knox, M.D. 

c. Skeleton of 6. New Zealand. Presented bv F. Knox, M.D. 



250 REPTILES. 

22. LoPHOGNATHUs, Chay. 

Head elongate. Forehead shelving, nearly flat, covered with 
keeled scales. Eyebrows keeled. The back covered with keeled 
rhombic scales, placed in oblique rather ascending series. Limbs, 
tail, chest and belly with larger scales placed in longitudinal se- 
ries. Nape and paratoids with a crest of short compressed scales. 
The nuchal crest is continued in a slight keel down the back. 
Tail elongate, tapering. Femoral pores 2 or 3, rather iiTCgular. 
Two preanal pores on each side, near the base of the lower side of 
the thigh. 

This genus differs from Calotes in being furnished with pores. 

The LoPHOGNATHE. Lophognathus Gilbertii, Gray^ Zool. 
Misc. 53. Zool. Erehus and Terror, t. 

Olive-green, chin and throat greener ; the upper lips, a broad 
streak under the ears, bent up and continued along the sides, be- 
coming narrower near the hind legs, and a second small streak on 
the sides of the throat, white ; tail obscurely black-ringed ; nuchal 
crest short, low, continued by a very slightly raised keel to the base 
of the tail ; scales of the back small, keeled, of the limbs, tail, 
chest and belly longer, lozenge-shaped. 

a, h. N. Australia, Port Essington. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 
e — e. N. Australia, Port Essington. Presented by Dr. Richardson. 

23. DiPOROPHOEA, Gray. 

Head short, forehead shelving, nearly flat, covered with small 
keeled scales. Eyebrows keeled. The back covered with keeled 
rhombic scales. Limbs, tail, chest and belly with larger keeled 
rhombic scales, all placed in longitudinal series. Back slightly 
keeled on each side. Nape with a very obscure keel. Tail elon- 
gate, tapering, subangular. Femoral pores none. One preanal 
pore on the side, near the base of the lower side of the thigh. 

This difi'ers from Grammatophora in having only 2 preanal 
pores ; in form it is intermediate between that genus and Calotes. 

The DiPOROPHORE. Diporophora bilineata, Gray, Z. M. 54. 
Zool. Erehus and Terror, t. 

Pale brown (in spirits), with black spots forming 7 cross bands 
on the body and black rings on the tail ; a narrow streak on each 
side of the neck and front of the body, and a few scales in cross 
series on the sides of the body, yellow ; throat grey ; chest, belly 
and under side of limbs and base of tail, yellow ; the feet pale ; a 
group of 2 or 3 small conical spines in front, one over the top and 
one or two on the paratoid behind the ear. 

a — c. In spirits. N. Australia, Port Essington. From Mr. Gil- 
bert's collection. 

d. In spirits. N. Austmlia, Port Essington. Presented by B. 
Bynoe, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 251 

24, 25. Grammatophora, Kaup. Amphibolurus, WagL, Weic/m. 

Head triangular, flattened, muzzle subacute, with small une- 
qual angular keeled scales. Nostrils lateral, anterior. Tympanum 
external. Cutting teeth 5-5, canines 2-2. Throat not pouch- 
ed, with a plait across the chest. Back not crested. Scales of 
the back imbricate, unequal, with cross bands of larger scales. 
Femoral pores distinct. Tail long, conical, depressed at the base, 
with keeled imbricate scales. 

In the Synopsis of the Genera at p. 232, I have regarded the 
first section as a genus ; but on consideration, I have thought it 
better to reduce it again. 

f Back and sides ivith a central and longitudinal series of larger, 
keeled, compressed scales. Amphibolurus. 

The Crested Grammatophore. Grammatophora cristata, 
Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 

Olive ; head black varied, beneath pale, throat, chest and un- 
der side of the thighs black ; tail black-ringed ; scales rather irre- 
gular, with a central and two lateral series of compressed keeled 
scales; nape with a crest of compressed elevated distant scales; 
sides of the neck with scattered single elongated conical spines ; 
tail tapering, with uniform keeled scales, keeled above, rather di- 
lated at the base, with indistinct cross series of rather larger scales. 

a. In spirits. Western Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

The Grammatophore. Grammatophora muricata, Kaup, 
Isis, 1827, 621. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 60. Zool. Erebus ^ Ter- 
ror, t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 475. Lacerta muricata, Shaw, 
Zool. iii. 211, ^. 65,/. 2. White, Jour. 144, t. 31,/. 1. Daud. Rept. 
iii. 391. Weigm.H.M. 17. Agama Jacksoniensis, AMAZ,Z?e3/^r. 113. 
Schinz, Rept. t. 30. Guerin, Icon. t. 3,/. A. grandoculis, Zacep. 

Nape and back with an equal crest of triangular compressed 
scales, and with 2 or 3 similar series on each side of it ; sides with 
scattered larger keeled scales, and with a series of small compress- 
ed ones above ; sides of the nape and paratoids with series of tri- 
angular keeled scales ; tail elongate, tapering, with uniform equal 
keeled scales ; pale, a series of angular spots down the back, and 
brown varied and streaked on the sides ; head large. 

a. In spirits. Australia. Capt. White's specimen. 

b. Dry. Australia. 

c. Half grown, in spirits. N. Holland. Presented by J. Hunter, 

Esq. 

d. In spirits. Australia. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

e. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

/. In spirits. Van Diemen's Land. Presented by Charles Dar- 
win, Esq. 
g — i. Stuffed. Australia. 



252 REPTILES. 

** Back with a central series of keeled scales, and ivith cross rows 
of larger keeled scales on each side. 

The Netted Grammatophore, Grammatophora reticulata. 
Grammatophora Deeresii, Grai/, Greys Trav. Austr. ii. Zool. Ere- 
bus and Terror, t. (not Dum. et Bib.) 

Black, yellow-spotted and varied, beneath grey, vermiculated 
with blackish ; tail black-ringed ; back and nape with a central 
series of larger keeled scales, with distant cross series of similar 
scales ; sides of the nape and paratoids with series of rather larger 
keeled scales ; scales of the back small, subequal ; tail tapering, 
with regular nearly equal keeled scales, and 1 or 2 cross bands of 
larger scales at the base. 

a — c. In spirits. W. Australia. From Mr. Gilbert's collection. 

*** Back ivithout any central crest. Nape very obscurely crested. 
Sides with series of larger scales. 

The Bearded Grammatophore. Grammatophora barbata, 
Kaup, Isis, 1827, 621. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 60. Zool. Erebus 
and Terror, t. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 478. Agama barbata, Cuv. 
R. A. ii. 35. Weigm. II. 31. 7. 

Pale olive, obscurely cross banded, with a dark spot on each 
side of the neck ; chin and throat of the young brown-lined ; head 
enlarged, and with a transverse ridge of spines behind ; scales of 
the back irregular, the larger placed in cross series, of the throat, 
paratoids and sides very long, slender, spreading, of the tail une- 
qual, with irregular cross bands of larger keeled scales. 

a. Adult, stuffed. Australia. Presented by A. Cunningham, Esq. 

F.L.S. 

b. Adult, stuffed. Australia. 

c — e. In spirits. Houtman's Abrolhos. From Mr. Gilbert's col- 
lection. 

f—h. In spirits. W. Australia, Swan Kiver. Presented by Capt. 
G. Grey. 

i. In spirits. W. Australia. Presented by G. F. Moore, Esq. 

j, k. Young, in spirits, with cross lines of spines on occiput, like 
adult. W. Australia. 

The Lozenge-marked Grammatophore. Grammatophora 
angulifera, Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 

Pale brown, with a central series of angular spots ; sides with 
cross bands ; beneath white, brown-dotted ; back with a longitu- 
dinal series of larger keeled scales on each side of the dorsal line, 
and with 1 or 2 other series of more keeled scales on each side ; 
nape and back sometimes very slightly keeled and subcrested ; the 
tail tapering, with 5 series of keeled scales at the base. 



LIZARDS. 253 

Var. 1. The dorsal spots in one series. 
a — c. Adult and young, in spirits. Van Diemen's Land. 
d, e. In spirits. V. D. Land. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 
/. In spirits. V. D. Land. Presented by the Earl of Derby. 
g — i. Stuffed. V. D. Land. 

"Var. 2. or young, with the dorsal spots in 2 series, separated 
by a broad central streak. 

G. muricata Adeladensis, Grat/, Grey^s Trav. ii. 
j — /. Young, in spirits. Throat and chest black varied. Swan 

River. 
m — 0. Young, in spirits. Throat sometimes black-lined. W. 

Australia. 

Var. 3, or young, pale olive. 
p. In spirits. Throat black-varied, with a black abdominal streak. 

W. Australia. 
q, i\ In spirits. Throat paler. W. Australia. 

*%*¥: JS'ape slightly crested. Scales subequal uniform. 

The Black-spotted Grammatophore. Grammatophora 
maculata. Uromastyx maculata, Gray^ Griffith, A. K. ix. 62. 
Grammatophora Gaimardi, Dum. et Bib. E. G, iv. 470. 

Back black-spotted, with 2 black streaks along the tail, a 
rhomboidal black spot across the chest, and an angular black band 
under the throat ; scales rhomboidal, oblong, strongly keeled, im- 
bricate ; nape with a rudimentaiy scaly crest ; ears large, without 
any tubercles near them ; hinder toes and claws very slender, ta- 
pering ; nostril near the orbit. 

Inhab. New Holland, at the Bay of Sea Dogs. Mus. Paris. 

The Swan River Grammatophore. Grammatophora De- 
cresii, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 472. 

Back olive brown ; throat yellowish, veined with black ; chest 
brownish ; scales of the ])ody rhomboidal, high, tented, as long as 
broad, of the belly similar, but flat ; hinder toes and claws mode- 
rate ; nostril in the middle of the side of the face ; plait on the 
sides of the neck and round the ears rough with small tubercles, 
and with 2 groups of tubercles on the side of the neck. 

Inhab. Australia, Swan River. Mus. Paris. 

The Yellow-spotted Geammatophore. Grammatophora 
ornata. Gray, Zool. Erebus and Terror, t. 

Black ; the back with a series of large yellow spots, smaller 
on the sides; the tail and limbs yellow-banded, beneath yellow ; 
the throat black-dotted ; chest blackish ; nape with a slight scaly 
crest ; ears with a few tubercular scales in front ; neck with 3 or 
4 groups of short tubercular scales on each side ; the scales small, 
ovate, imbricate, keeled, of the middle of the back rather larger, 

Z 



254 REPTILES. 

and with a few rather larger (white) ones scattered on the sides ; 
nostril near the front edge of the orbit. 
a. Adull, in spirits. W. Australia. 

II. Body depressed. Back with imbricate scales. Throat ivith a 

cross fold. Terrestrial. 

a. Femoral pores none, Preanal pores distinct. Ears exposed. 

Agamina. 

* Preanal and abdominal pores in several roivs. Tail nnged. 

26. Laudakia. 

Head moderate, covered with small scales. Face-ridge dis- 
tinct, angular. Nostril lateral, anterior. Throat rather lax, with 
a cross fold behind. Paratoids and sides of the neck with groups 
of tubercular scales. Nape with a slight crest. Back not crested. 
Scales of the back moderate, rhombic ; of the sides smaller, with 
scattered larger keeled ones ; of the belly rather larger and smooth ; 
of the limbs larger, keeled. Vent with several series of porous 
scales in front forming a callous patch, with a similar spot of po- 
rous scales in the middle of the abdomen. Tail elongate, tapering, 
with imbricate keeled rhombic scales, and with distant ring-like 
wrinkles, rather dilated and depressed near the base. Toes 5-5, 
elongate, unequal, the middle hinder nearly as long as the fourth. 

The Tubercular Laudakia. Laudakia tuberculata. Agama 
tuberculata, Gray^ Zool. Jour. iii. 218. Illust. Ind. Zool. t. 16, 
from Hardiv. Icon. ined. t. 84. Griffith^ A. K. ix. 56. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. ix. 488. 

Brown, with dark-edged paler spots on the sides ; the lower 
part of the middle of the sides with cross bands of large keeled 
scales ; upper part of the thighs with scattered tubercular spines. 

a. In spirits. Presented by General Hardwicke. 

b. In spirits. Singapore. From Mr. Argent's collection. 

27. Stellio. 

Head triangular, rather elongate, covered with unequal scales, 
the hinder larger, sub-spinose. Face-ridge angular. Paratoids 
and sides of the neck with groups of tubercular scales. Throat 
lax, with a posterior cross fold. Body depressed, with a longitu- 
dinal plait on each side. Scales of the back unequal ; of the 
middle of the back larger, convex ; of the sides small, with scat- 
tered larger convex, and groups of small spine-like scales ; of the 
belly moderate, smooth ; of the limbs larger, spinose. Toes 5-5, 
elongate, the third and fourth hinder toes equal. Femoral pores 
none. Preanal pores in several cross rows, foraiing a triangular 
callous patch, and with an elongate linear callous group of pierced 
scales on the middle of the belly. Tail conical, round, ringed and 
with whorls of spinose scales. 



LIZARDS. 255 

f Neck not crested. 

The Stellion or Hardun. Stellio Cordylina. Lacerta 
Stellio, Linii. S. iV. 361. Seba, i. t. 107, f. 1, 2. Iguana corda- 
lina, Laur. Syn. 47. S. vulgaris, Latr. Rept. ii. 22. Daud. Rept. 
iv. 16. Rupp. Zool. N. Afr. t. 2. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 57. 
Agama Sebse, Merrein, Tent. 55. A. Cordylea, Menem, Tent. bb. 
St. antiquorum, Cuv. R. A. i. 17. Geoff. Rept. Eyypt. i. t. 2,/. 3. 
Cordylus sive Uromastyx, Aldrov. i. QQb. Le Stellion, Daub. 
Rept. 683. Ency. Meth. t. 8,/. 4. 

Nape not crested ; belly yellow ; scales of the tail large, form- 
ing very distinct rings. 

a. Adult, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Presented by M. Lefebre. 
h, c. Half grown and young, in spirits. N. Africa. Presented 

by the Rev. W. Hennah. 

d. Adult, in spirits. Asia Minor. Presented by A. Christy, Esq. 

e. Adult, in spirits. Asia Minor. Presented by Charles Fellowes, 

Esq. 
/. Adult, in spirits. Asia Minor. Presented by Dr. Richardson. 

The Caucasian Stellion. Stellio caucasicus, Eichiu. Zool. 
Spec. Fauna Casp. Cauc. 80, t. 13, /. 1 — 8, skeleton. Lacerta 
Stellio, Pallas. Lac. muricata, Pallas, (not Gmel.) Stellio vul- 
garis, Menest. Cat. 64. Eversm. N. Mem. Mosc. 1834, t. 23, /. 1, 

Above greenish ash, varied with rings of black spots ; belly 
yellowish ; tail mucronate, black-ringed ; feet and side of ears spi- 
nose mucronate. 

Inhab. Caucasus, Tiflis. 

ff Neck with a small crest. 

The Blue-bellied Stellion. Stellio cyanogaster, Rupp. 
Ahys. Fauna, 10, t. 5. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 522. Agama gu- 
laris, Reuss. Mus. Senck. i. 36. 

Nape with a small crest ; belly blue ; scales of the tail mode- 
rate, fonning simply imbricate whorls. 

Inhab. Arabia. Mus. Francfort and Paris. 

28. Agama, part, Cuv. Trapelus, Wagler. 

Head moderate, rounded, triangular, depressed. Face-ridge 
angular, with imbricate scales. Crown with irregular scales. Nos- 
tril lateral, near the front of the muzzle. Ear-drum distinct, 
sunken. Throat with a longitudinal and one or two cross folds 
behind. Paratoids and sides of neck with groups of spines. Back 
slightly crested. Body depressed, with rhombic keeled scales and 
sometimes with scattered spinose ones. Tail elongate, tapering, 
with imbricated rhombic scales. Femoral pores none. Preanal 
pores in a series in front of the cloaca. Toes b-b, the third and 
fourth of nearly equal length. 

z2 



256 REPTILES. 

f Back simple. Scales of back equal or subequal,Jlat, keeled ; of 
belli/ smooth. Crown-shields jiattish. Third and fourth toes 
subequal. 

The Spinose Agame. Agama colonorum, Daud. Rept. iii. 
35G. Kuhl, Beytr. 107. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 490. Lacerta 
Agama, Linn. S. N. Seba, t. 93,/. 3, t. 107, f. 3. Iguana Sala- 
mandrina. Later. Rept. 47. A. macrocephala, Merrem, Tent. 52. 
A. spinosa, Gray^ Griffith. A. K. ix. 56. L' Agame, Daub. Rept. 
587. 

Brown ; head moderate, with an elongate naiTow convex plate 
on the middle of the nose ; nostrils rather large, distinctly tubular; 
ear with small points in front ; the scales of the nape, crest, and 
groups of spines upon each side of the neck elongate, slender ; 
scales of the back broad, rhombic, equal-sized, keeled, dagger- 
pointed ; of the belly smooth ; tail long, strong, with large rhom- 
bic scales and keeled above. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Pale brown, tail rather slender, toes moderate. 

Egypt. Presented by James Burton, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Dark brown, tail strong, with distinct keels above, 

toes moderate. Egypt. Presented by Sir John Gardner Wil- 
kinson. 

c. Half grown, in spirits. Anal pores 5-5, pale brown, tail slen- 

der, toes slenderer, elongate. Egypt. Presented by James 
Burton, Esq. 

The Occipital Agame. Agama occipitalis, Gray, Phil. Mag. 
1827, 214. Griff. A. K. ix. 56. A. colonorum, var. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 490. 

Olive, with a pale streak down the back ; head moderate, with 
an elongate narrow convex plate on the middle of the nose ; nos- 
trils rather large, distinctly tubular ; ear with some small points in 
front ; scales of nape, crest and groups of spines on each side of 
the neck short and tubercular; of the back broad, rhombic, equal- 
sized, keeled, dagger-pointed, of the belly smooth ; tail elongate, 
with large rhombic scales and keeled above. 
a. Adult, in spirits. W. Africa. 
6, c. Adult, in spirits. W. Africa. Presented by W. Raddon, 

Esq. 

d. e. Adult, in spirits. W. Africa. Presented by Dr. Stanger. 

The Cape Agame. Agama atra, Daud. Rept. iii. 349. Seba, 
Tlies. i. t. 87, /. 6. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 493. Agama subspi- 
nosa, Gray, Phil. Mag. 1827, 214. Griff. A. K. ix. 57. Trapelus 
subhispidus, Kaup, Isis, 1827, 616. Merrem, Beit. Amph. t. 5. 

Olive, with a yellow streak down the back ; head short, blunt ; 
nostrils small, slightly tubular; scales of the head smooth, of the 
back small, rhombic, keeled, of the sides smaller, equal, of the belly 



LIZARDS. 257 

moderate, smooth ; ear-hole moderate, with thin spines in front ; 
sides of the neck with a group of very small pointed spines ; tail 
long, compressed. 

a. In spirits. Tail slender. Cape of Good Hope. 

h. In spirits. Tail thick, keeled above. Cape of Good Hope. 

c. Half grown, in spirits. Tail thick, keeled above. Cape of 

Good Hope. Presented by J. Ford, Esq. 

d. Stuffed, half grown. Cape of Good Hope. 

The Agile Agame. Agama agilis, Oliv. Voy, Ottom. ii. 438, 
t. 29, /. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 497. Gray, Griffith, A. K. 
ix. 58. Trapelus flavimaculatus, Rupp. N. Afr. Zool. 12, t. 6, 
/.I. A. leucostigma. Reus. Mm. Senck. i. 44 ? 

Muzzle short, blunt ; nostrils small ; scales of the forehead 
convex, of the back moderate, similar, equal, with a small keel 
ending in a point behind, of the belly smooth ; ear-drum sunk, 
narrow, with some small spines on its upper side ; the nape with a 
small group of fine-pointed spines ; back not crested ; tail long, 
conical. 

Inhab. Arabia, Bagdad. Mus. Paris. 

\-[ Back ivitk a fold on each side. Scales unequal, of belly smooth. 

The Hispid Agame. Agama aculeata, Merrem, Syn. 53. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 499. Lacerta Stellio, Shaw, Zool. iii. 229, 
t. 7. Seba, ii. t. 8,/. 6. Trapelus hispidus, Gravenh. Acad. Nat. 
Cur. xvi. 917, t. 64, f. 1—8. 

Head short, rounded in front ; head-scales smooth ; scales of 
the back unequal, with 2 or 3 series of triangular tubercles on each 
side of the dorsal line, of the belly smooth ; neck with some groups 
of spines on the side ; nape, back, and base of tail with a small 
crest; ear-drum open, with some small points in front ; third and 
fourth hind toe equal, short ; tail long, strong, rather tapering. 

a. Young, in spirits. Pale ash, limbs black-dotted, tail black- 

banded. South Africa. 

Agama Capensis, Gray, Brit. Mus. 1837. 

b. Adult, stuffed. Scales rough, spinose, unequal, of tail large. 

Cape of Good Hope. 

c. Adult, stuffed. Olive, with a pale dorsal streak, scales smaller, 

keeled, more equal, with a plait down each side of the back on 
which are a few spinose scales. Intermediate between A. ater 
and A . aculeata. 

\W Back ivith a central fold and one on each side. Scales 
unequal, tubercular, of belly keeled. 

The Spinose Agame. Agama hispida. Lacerta hispida, Linn. 
S. N. ed. 13, 235. Kaup, Isis, xx. t. 7. L. orbicularis, Linn. S. 

z3 



25'8 EEPTILES. 

N. ed. 12,265. Seba, Tlies. i. t. 83,/. 1, 2, t. 109,/. 6, ii. t. 8,/ 7. 
Lawr. Rept. 51. Zair. i2^;:><. ii. 26. Daud. Rept. iii. 406 (not fig.). 
Kuhl, Beytr. 114. A. gemmata, Daud. Rept. iii. 410. A. aspera, 
Daud. Rept. iii. 402. A. aculeata, Cmu. R. A. ii. 36, (not Mer- 
rem). A. spinosa, Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 502, (not Gray). 

Pale brown, with 2 series of brown spots on the back ; head 
brown cross-banded ; the head short, blunt ; head-scales convex, 
acute ; forehead, temples and occiput with some many-sided tu- 
bercular scales; ear-hole small, upper and front edges armed with 
large points ; sides of the neck with groups of tubercular spines ; 
nape and back crested; scales of the back unequal, a central and 
3 or 4 other series of large 3-sided spines, of the belly keeled ; the 
tail short, conical. 

a — d. Stuffed. Cape of Good Hope. 

e — g. Adult and young, in spirits. Cape of Good Hope. 

h. Adult, in spirits. Presented by Townsend, Esq. 

i. Adult, in spirits. From Mr. Mantell's collection. 

29. Trapelus, part, Cuvier. 

Head moderate, convex, covered with unequal scales. Para- 
toids armless. Neck contracted. Eyelids with a fringe of small 
scales. Back not (or very slightly), crested with imbricate scales. 
Tail slender, with imbricate scales. Toes 5-5, slender. Femoral 
pores none. A series of pores on the front edge of the vent. 

* Third and fourth toes unequal. Ears with a series of small 
dependant scales. Trapelus. 

f Back slightly crested. 

The Crested Trapelus. Trapelus Savignii. Agama Sa- 
vignii, Audouin, R. E. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 508. Savigny, 
Rept. Egypt. Supp. t. 1,/ 5. 

Scales of forehead swollen, of the eyebrow nearly flat ; interpa- 
rietal plate moderate ; nape and back with a crest ; upper edge of 
the ears armed with points ; scales of the back rather large, equal, 
rhomboidal, keeled; tail long, rather compressed; scales of the 
head and nape ending in a pore. 
a, b. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by J. Burton, jun. Esq. 

ff Back not crested. 

The Variable Trapelus. Trapelus ruderata. Agama ru- 
derata, Oliv. Voy. Ottom. ii. 428, t. 29, f. 3. A. orbicularis, Daud. 
Rept. iii. t. 45,/. 1. A. variabile, /. Geoff. Rept. Egypt, t. 3,/. 
3, 4. Supp. t. l,f. 6. A. mutabilis, Merrem, Tent. 50. Dum. et 
Bib. E. G. iv. 505. Trapelus ^gypticus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 37. Gray, 
Griff. A. K. vs.. 58. A. deserti, 'Licht. A. pallida, Reuss. Mus. 
Senck. i. 38, t. 3,/. 3. A. nigrofasciata, Reuss. Mus. Senck. i. 42. 



LIZARDS. 259 

Scales of the foreliead rather tubercular, of eyebrows smooth ; 
tympanum narrow, partly hidden by the scales of its upper edge ; 
back not crested ; nape and sides of the neck with rather larger 
tubercular scales ; scales of the back smooth or slightly keeled, 
with scattered flat tubercles or irregular rhombic scales ; of belly 
smooth ; tail moderately long, conical. 

a — c. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

The Blood-spotted Trapelus. Trapelus? sanguinolentus, 
Eichw. Fauna Casp. Cauc. 89, t. 14:, f. 3, 4. Lacerta sang. Pal- 
las. L. Agama, Guld. Agama Aralensis, Licht. JEversm. A. 
Oxiana, Eichiv. Zool. Spec. Lac. scutata, G. A. Gmelin. 

Ash, with waved cross bands and a violet spot on each side of 
the neck ; scales of the back roundish, equal, keeled, near the ears 
larger, aculeate. 

Inhab. Eastern shores of Caspian. 

** Third and fourth hind toes equal, short. Ears ivith 1 or 2 
large tubercles in front. Claivs largely sheathed, tvith scales at 
the base. Isodactylus. 

The Egyptian Trapelus. Trapelus Sinaitus. Agama Si- 
naita, Heyden. Ruppell, N. Afr. Zool. 10, t. 3. Gray, Griff. A. K. 
vs.. 58. Duin. et Bib. E. G. iv. 510. Agama straminea, Mus. 
Berl. Licht. Cat. P A. Lichtensteinii, Gray, B. M. A. arenaria. 
Van Heyden. Gray, Griff. A. K. is.. 68. A. Isodactyli, ZicA*. 
Mus. Berl. 

Muzzle short; scales of the forehead swollen, of eyebrows flat; 
interparietal plate small ; scales of the back small, equal, of the 
belly smooth ; tympanum large, with 2 or 3 small tubercles on the 
front edge ; back and neck without any crest or tubercles ; anal 
pores 6. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, jun. 

Esq. 

b, c. In spirits. Egypt. Presented by James Burton, jun. Esq. 

** Preanal and femoral pores none. Ears hidden under the skin. 
Scales of the back small, granular. Back not crested. Phryno- 
cephalina. 

31. Phrynocephalus, Kaup. 

Head nearly circular, flattened. Lips toothed on the edge. 
Nostrils oblique, suberect, anterior. Tympanum hidden under 
the skin. Neck contracted. Throat rather lax, with a cross fold 
behind. Body depressed, broad, not crested. Tail thin, flattened 
at the base, often prehensile. Toes toothed on the edge. Femo- 
ral and preanal pores none. 



260 REPTILES. 

* Tail not prehensile. 

Olivier's Phrynocephale. Phiynocephalus Olivieri, Dum. 
etBib.E.G.iv.dU. 

Back brown ; sides of the neck and body black ; interscapu- 
lars and loins grey ; tail not prehensile, nearly round, very slen- 
der, ringed with black and white ; scales of the back small, with 
scattered larger and thicker ones. 

Inhab. ? Mus. Paris, (M. Olivier). 

** Tail prehensile. Back ivith scattered tubercular scales. 

The Ural Phrynocephale. Phrynocephalus helioscopus, 
Kaup. Eichiv. Fauna Casp. Cauc. 87. Eversm. Gravenh. N. Act. 
Nat. Cur. xvi. 934, t. 64, /. 9, 14. Lacerta helioscopa, Pallas, 
Z. R. A. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 519. Gmel. S. N. i. 1074. 
Latr. Kept. ii. 30. Daud. Rept. iii. 419, 422. Phryn. caudivolvu- 
lus, Eversm. N. Mem. Mosc. iii. 362, t. 32, f. 2. Lac. uralensis, 
Lepechin P Gmel. S. N. i. 1073. Fitz. Verz. 47. Lac. gibba, 
Gynelin, Reiss. P 

Olive, shaded or spotted with brown, beneath whitish ; scales 
of the back small, with small scattered tubercles ; tail slightly pre- 
hensile, subconic, spotted on each side, and tipped with black. 
a, b. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. Siberia. From the Ber- 
lin Museum. 
c. Half-grown, in spirits. Siberia. Presented by J. E. Gray, 
Esq. 

*** Tail prehensile. Back ivith small uniform scales. 

The Prehensile Phrynocephale. Phrynocephalus caudivol- 
vulus, Fitz. Verz.^%. Eichw. Faun. Casp. Cauc. 85, 1. 13,/. 9 — 14. 
t. 12, f. 6, 7. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 522. Lacerta c. Pallas, Z. 
Ross. Asiat. iii. 27. Agama ocellata, Licht. Eversm. Reiss. 143. 
Var. Phry. reticulatus, Eichiv. Zool. Spec. iii. 186. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iv. 515. Lac. guttata, Lep. Rus. i. 317, t. 22, f. 2,3. Gmel. 
S. N. 1078. Gravenh. N. A. Acad. N. Cur. viii. 780. Schn. Am. 
204. Phryn. Pallasii, Graij, Griffith, A. K. ix. 59. 

Olive, with waved brown lines, beneath yellow white ; tail pre- 
hensile, subconic at the end, elongate, black-ringed, with a yellow 
longitudinal streak above and a black tip ; scales of back equal. 

Inhab. Siberia. Mus. Paris. 

The Affghan Phrynocephalus. Phrynocephalus Tickelii. 

Olive green, beneath yellowish ; scales of back equal, ovate ; 
tail very long, slender, with brown-black rings and a long pale tip, 
base rather dilated, with some scattered tubercles on each side. 

a. In spirits. Affghanistan. Presented by the Hon. East India 
Company. 

See also P. varius, P. melanurus, P. nigricans, Eichiv. Zool. 
Spicil. iri. and Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 515. 



LIZARDS. 261 

32. Megalochilus, Eichivald. PhrynocepLalus, part, Kawp. 
Gecko, part, Latr. Agama, part. Baud. 

Head depressed, rounded. The angle of the mouth fringed 
with a large toothed membrane. Nostrils oblique, on the edge of 
the face-ridge. Tongue entire, triangular. Ears hidden under 
the skin. Neck contracted, with a cross fold beneath. Body de- 
pressed, broad. Back not crested. The tail much depressed (its 
whole length), covered with small scales. The toes elongate, very 
strongly toothed on the edge. Femoral and preanal pores none. 

The Eared Megalochile. Megalochilus auritus, Eichw. 
Fauna Casp. Cauc. 88, t. 14, /. 1,2. Lacerta mystacea, aut L. 
aurita, Pallas, Voy. Russ. viii. 84, t. 100, /. 1. Gmelin, S, N. i. 
1073. Latr. Rept. ii. 61. Licht. Kaup, his. Baud. Kept. iii. 429, 
t. 45,/. 2. L. lobata, ShaWy Zool. iii. 244. Agama mystacea, 
Merrem, Tent. 53. 

Grey, 
a, h. Adult and half grown. Russia. Presented by J. E. Gray, 

Esq. 

*** Femoral pores distinct. Ear exposed. Scales of the back small, 
granular, of tail ringed. Back not crested. Uromasticina. 

33. Uromastix, Merrem. Mastigura, Flem. Sphserodon, Gray P 

Head flat, triangular. Muzzle short, arched. Nostrils late- 
ral. Ear oblong, vertical, toothed in front. Skin of the throat 
plaited, partly covering the ears. Body oblong, depressed, not 
crested, covered with small smooth scales. Tail rather depressed, 
with rings of large keeled spinose scales above and below. Fe- 
moral and preanal pores distinct. 

a. The loiuer caudal spines as large as the upper, ivithout any 
alternating plates. Uromastix. 

The Eyed Uromastyx. Uromastix omatus, Ruppell, Zool. 
N. Afr. i. t. I. Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 61. Schinz. Rept. t. 21, 
/. 3. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 538. U. ocellatus, Licht. 

Green, vermiculated with brown, and with waved cross bands, 
formed of yellow spots ; the spines and scales of the thighs crowd- 
ed, some of the scales of the pubic region thick and greasy ; fe- 
moral pores 9-9 or 10-10. 

a, b. Half grown and young, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Pre- 
sented by J. Burton, jun. Esq. 

b. The lower caudal plates small, oblong, in 2 or 4 series in each 

ring. Mastigura. 

The Egyptian Mastigure. Uromastix spinipes, Merrem, 
Tent. 56. Stellio spinipes, Daud. Rept. iv. 31. /. Geoff. Rept. 



262 REPTILES. 

Egypt, i. t. 2,/. 2. Flem. Phis. Zool. ii. 277. Caudiverbera, Be- 
lon. Aquat. i. 45. Gesner, Icon. v. 357. La Cordyle, Rondel. 
Pais. 176. 

Green or greenish grey (not spotted) above ; with scattered 
spines on the upper side of the thigh, and a few small conical tu- 
bercles on the sides and loins ; femoral pores 16-16 or 18-18. 

a, b. Half grown and adult, in spirits. N. Africa, Egypt. Pre- 
sented by J. Burton, jun. Esq. 
c. Stuffed. N. Africa. Presented by Sir J. Gardner Wilkinson. 

The Spined Mastigure. Uromastix acanthinurus. Bell, 
Zool. Joui-n. 1825, i. 457, t. 17. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 544. U. 
dispar, Ruppell^ Z. N. Afr. 5. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix./. 1. 

Yellowish grey or olive, black-dotted, sometimes black and 
white spotted ; with crowded spines on the upper part of the thighs 
and small tubercles upon the sides ; femoral pores large, 13-13 or 
14-14. 

Inhab. N. Africa. Mus. Bell. Mus Paris. 

The Banded Mastigure. Uromastix fasciatus, Menestries^ 
Cat. Ries. 64. 

Scales small, irregular, far apart, with numerous larger scales 
placed in cross bands ; femoral pores continued. 

Inhab. Kussia, Bakou. Mus. Petersburg. 

34. Saara. Uromastix, B. Dum. et Bib. 

Head very short, broad, much arched. Body depressed, with 
a fold on each side of the back. Scales minute, equal. Tail 
short, broad, depressed ; upper part with cross bands of compress- 
ed conical scales, separated by other rings of granular and smooth 
square scales; beneath covered with square, smooth, imbricate 
scales. Femoral pores distinct. 

The Saara. Saara Hardwickii. Uromastix Hardwickii, Gray, 
Zool. Journ. iii. 219. Illust. Ind. Zool. t. Griff. A. K. ix. 62. 
Hardw. Icon. ined. t. 89 — 93. U. reticulatus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 34. 
Guerin, Icon. t. 6,f. 4. U. griseus, Cuv. R. A. ii. 34. Gray, Gr. 
A. K. ix. 62. Bum. et Bib. E. G. iv. 548, young ? 

Grey, reticulated with black ; a large black spot on each groin. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Hindustan, Plains of Kanouge. Presented 

by General Hardwicke. 

b. Adult, in spirits. Hindustan. From Mr. Warwick's collection. 

c. d. Stuffed. India. 

35. Leiolepis, Cuvier. Cynosaura, Schlegel. 

Head triangular, covered with smooth scales, over the eyelids 
smaller. Muzzle arched. Nostril lateral. Throat lax, with a 
cross fold behind, and some folds on the sides of the neck. Scales 



LIZARDS. 263 

of the back small, granular, flat, smooth ; of the belly larger. The 
tail round, elongate, tapering, with rings of smooth scales. Fe- 
moral pores distinct, in a continued line. Toes 5-5, unequal. 

The Indian Leiolepis. Leiolepis Bellii. Uromastix Bellii, 
Gray, Zool. Journ. 1827, 216. Griff. A. K. ix. 62. Illust. Ind. 
Zool. t. 18. Hardw. Icon. ined. <. 86— 88. L. guttatus, Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 37. Guerin, Icon. t. 7,/. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. \y. 465, t. 42, f. 1. 
L. guttato-lineatus, 3Ius. Paris. Cynosaura punctatus, Schlegel. 

Olive, with black-edged white spots, and a black-edged white 
streak on each side, beneath whitish. 

a. Adult, in spirits. India, Penang. Presented by Capt: Stafford. 

The Chinese Leiolepis. Leiolepis Eeevesii. Uromastix 
Reevesii, Gray, Griffith, A. K. ix. 62. Reeves, Hardw. Icon. ined. 
t. So. 

Olive, with longitudinal series of pale whitish spots ; when 
alive blackish, with orange spots on back, and a series of bright 
red spots on the sides. 

a. China. Presented by J. Reeves, Esq. 

**** Preanal and femoral pores none. Ears exposed. Body, limbs 

and tail spinose. 

30. Moloch, Gray. 

Head small, depressed, with large spines over each eyebrow. 
Nape with a large roundish protuberance, covered with spines. 
Throat rather lax, with a cross fold in front. Body depressed, 
covered above and below with irregular unequal small scales, each 
furnished with a more or less prominent central spine, and above 
with a series of large conical convex acute spines, each surrounded 
with small spines at the base. Head and limbs covered with si- 
milar scales and spines. Tail with irregular rings of large acute 
spines. Femoral and preanal pores none. Toes 5-5, short, co- 
vered above and below with keeled scales. Claws long, acute. 

The Moloch. Moloch horridus, Gray, Grey^s Trav. W. Aust. t. 
MacClelland, Calcut. Journ. N. H. 1842, 148, t. 5, (not good). 

Pale yellow, with regular dark brown spots ; sides and beneath 
with black-edged dark red spots. 

a Adult, in spirits. Western Australia. Presented by G. T. 

More, Esq. 
h. Adult, in spirits, wants tail. W. Australia. 

c. Half grown. W. Australia. Presented by Lady Harvey. 

d. Young. W. Australia. 



264 REPTILES. 



Tribe V. Dendrosaura. 

Scales of the belly, sides and back granular, in circular bands. 
Tongue elongate, subcylindrical, wormlike, very extensile, rather 
enlarged at the end. Eyes globular, very mobile, covered with a 
circular lid, pierced with a small central hole. Body compressed. 
Toes 5-5, formed into 2 grasping opposable groups. Ears hidden 
under the skin. Old World. 

Fam. XXI. The Chameleons, (Chameleonid^). 

Living on trees, supporting themselves by their feet and pre- 
hensile tail : moving slowly, with regularity and affected gravity. 
Eating living insects and larvse, which they procure by the very 
rapid ejection of their elongated tongue, which is viscid at the tip, 
and as quickly withdrawn. The eggs, which are placed on the 
ground, under leaves, are round, the shell calcareous, white, spot- 
less, very porous. The males are distinguished by the thickness 
of the base of the tail. 

They inhabit Africa and Asia, and are naturalized in South- 
ern Europe. 

1. Chameleo. Chameleo, Laur. 
The only genus. 

* Back with an erect Jin. Belly crested. 

The Fringed Chameleon. Chameleo cristatus, Stuck. Tr. 
Linn. Soc. xvii, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1838, 63. 

Occiput flattened, elevated, acute behind, edged with acute 
tubercles, especially on the tip ; back and base of tail with a high 
crest, supported by bony rays ; throat simple ; belly with a denti- 
culated crest ; scales small, granular, with some scattered larger 
grains, and a series of larger round convex scales on each side of 
the back. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Fernando Po. 

** Back high, compressed. Belly and sides with a toothed crest. 

The Side- CRESTED Chameleon. Chameleo latemlis. Gray, 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 53. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 220. 

Occiput convex, with an arched central keel and a short keel 
on each side ; face-ridge angular; back compressed, high, with a 
slightly denticulated crest of rather larger conical scales on each 
side ; throat and belly with a denticulated crest ; the scales small, 
equal, very convex, with scattered larger scales ; grey, with a 
white band on each side. 

a, h. In spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 



LIZARDS. 265 

*** Back and belly with a toothed crest. Sides simple. 
f Scales equal, small. Muzzle simple. 

The Chameleon. Chameleo vulgaris, Daud. Rept. iv. 181. 
Dum.etBih. E. G. iii. 204. Gray, Phil. Mag. 1827, 2W. C. 
mutahilis, Me^jer, Sijn. Rept. 27. C. cinereus, Aldrov. C. Pari- 
siensis, Laur. Syn. 45, from Perrault, Mem. Acad. Paris, 1699, i. 
t. 35, copied from Prosper Alp. H. E.t. 10. C. Mexicanus, Laur. 
from Seha, Thes. t. 82, /. 1. C. carinatus, Merrem, Rept. 162, 
from Seha, Thes. t. 82, f 2. C. Zeylanicus, Laur. Rept. 46. C. 
Seuegalensis, ^3. Daud. Rept. 201. C. subcroceus, Merrem, Rept. 
162, all from Seha, Thes. i. t. 82, f 3. C. Afriuanus, Laur. Rept. 
46. Huehl. Lacerta Africana, Gmel. S. N. i. 1069. C. calcara- 
tus, Merrem, from Seha, Thes. i. t. 83, f. 4. C. candidus, Laur. 
Syn. 46. Chameleon trapu, Geoff. Rept. Egypt, t. 4, f 3. C. 
Siculus, Grohm. C. zebra, Bory, Diet. Class. H. N. iii. 97, t. — 
Lacerta Chamaeleon, Linn. S. N. 364. 

Occiput with a central curvilinear lieel, high and pointed be- 
hind, with a more or less distinct flap on each side behind, edged 
and covered with large scales like the cheeks ; scales small, close, 
rounded ; dorsal and ventral line toothed. 

a. Adult, in spirits. The occiput with a high arched crest and 

small flaps, the throat-crest large. India. Presented by Gen. 
Thomas Hardwicke. 

b. Adult, in spirits, like a. India ? Presented by Sir Robert H. 

Inglis, Bart. 

c. Adult, in spirits, like a. Calcutta. Presented by Capt. Livesay. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits, like a. Singapore. 

e. Adult, in spirits, like a, but occipital flaps larger, partly bleached 
/. Half-grown, in spirits. Occipital crest distinct, not so arched, 

flaps large, dorsal crest high, sides white-streaked. 

g, h. Half-grown, in spirits. Occipital crest low, nearly straight, 
flaps large, produced behind. Egypt. Presented by James 
Burton, jun. Esq. 
C. Trapu, Geoff. 

i. Half-grown, in spirits, like g. Tripoli. Presented by J. Ritchie, 
Esq. 

k. In spirits, like g. Presented by Edward Cross, Esq. 

I. Adult, in spirits. Occipital arch high, flaps indistinct. Egypt. 
Presented by James Burton, jun. Esq. 

m. Half-grown, dry. Occipital crest high. Central Africa. Pre- 
sented by Col. Denham. 

n. Half-grown, in spirits. Occipital crest high, flaps very indis- 
tinct. India. 

o — r. Stuff'ed. 



2a 



266 REPTILES. 

The Senegal Chameleon. Chameleo Senegalensis, Daud. 
Rept.W. 203. Ciiv. R. A. ii. 52. Grai/, Phil. Mag. 1827, 212. 
Griffith, A. K. ix. 154. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 221. C. gymno- 
cephalus, Kaup. Isis, 1825. C. Bonse Spei, Law. 46, from Seha, 
i. t. 83, /. 5. Laceita Chameleon, Linn. S. N. i. 265. Shaw, 
Zool. iii. 253, t. 76, cop. Miller, Gym. Phys. t. 11. L. pumila, 
GmeL S. N. 1069. Ch. calcaratus, part, Merrem, from Miller, 
Cym. Phys. t 11. 

Grey or bluish ; occiput flat, rounded behind ; the superciliary 
ridge not jointed on the occiput or end of the muzzle; dorsal and 
ventral line denticulated ; scales small, equal ; of the occiput ra- 
ther convex. 

a. In spirits, grey, bleached. Senegal ? Presented by Joshua 

Brookes, Esq. 

b. In spirits, beneath pale. W. Africa. From Mr. Raddon's 

collection. 

c. In spirits, not good state. W. Africa. 

d. Stuffed. W. Africa. 

The Flap-necked Chameleon. Chameleo dilepis, Leach, 
Bowdich, Ashantee, 493, (1819). Gray, Phil. Mag. 1827, 211. 
Griffith, A. K. ix. oS. Spic. Zool.2, t. 3,f. 4, 5. Dum. et Bib. 
E. G. iii. 225. C. planiceps, Merrem, Syn. 162 (not syn.) C. 
bilobus, " Leach,^^ Kuhl, Beytr. 104. Kaup. Isis. 

Blue, M^ith a white spot over each shoulder and a white streak 
on each side of the chest; occiput flat, with a rounded fleshy lobe 
on each side behind ; superciliary ridges not united together, ei- 
ther at the occiput or muzzle ; dorsal and ventral line denticulat- 
ed ; scales small, close, equal. 

a. Adult male ? in spirits. Occipital lobes very large, covered 

with flat large 6-sided scales. Africa, Gambroon. Presented 
by T. E. Bowdich, Esq. 

b, c. Adult, in spirits. Occipital lobes small, rudimentary. W. 

Africa, Senegal. Presented by Adam Gerard, Esq. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits. Ashantee. From the Leyden Museum. 

Ch. Senegalensis, Schlegel. 

e. Half-grown, in spirits. Scales of crown and occiput very flat. 

Fantee. Presented by Capt. Marryat, R.N. 

ff Scales unequal, larger tubercular. Muzzle simple. 

The Bourbon Chameleon. Chameleo pardalis, Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 60. Gray, Griffith, A. K. iii. 154. Dam. et Bib. E. G. iii. 228. 
C. niger. Lesson, III. Zool. t. 34. 

Occiput flat, with a well-marked central longitudinal keel ; 
face-ridge rather prominent, edged with larger tubercles and unit- 
ed in front ; back, chin and belly with a denticulated crest ; the 
scales moderate, with larger scattered ones. 

a. In spirits. Bourbon. From the Paris Museum. 



LIZARDS. 267 

The Warty Chameleon. Chameleo verrucosus, Cuv. R. A. 
ii. 60. Gray, Griff. A. K. ix. 53. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 210, t. 
27,/. 1. C. monilifer, Boie. 

Occiput triangular, pointed lieliind, with a high curved keel ; 
dorsal, ventral and subcaudal line toothed; scales small, rounded, 
with scattered larger ones, and with a longitudinal series of circu- 
lar scales on each side. 

a, h. Adult. Madagascar. Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. Belcher, 

C.B., R.N. 
c, d. Half grown. Madagascar. Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. 

Belcher, C.B., R.N. 

fff Scales unequal. Muzzle {of maleP) ivith a central prominence. 

The Rhinoceros Chameleon. Chameleo rhinoceratus, G^-at/, 
Ann. and Mag. N. H. 1843, 46. 

Dark, white-spotted, in spirits, with a pale streak in the mid- 
dle of each side; nose with a large projecting trigonal promi- 
nence, with a single small keel on its lower edge, and 2 toothed 
keels on its upper edge ; back and belly toothed, keeled ; occiput 
with a central keel. (Male of C. verrucosus P). 

a. In spirits. Madagascar. Presented by Capt. Sir Edw. Bel- 
cher, C.B., R.N. 

**** Back luith a toothed crest. Belli/ and sides simple. 

■f Chin and muzzle simple. 

The Tuberculated Chameleon. Chameleo tuberculiferus, 
Gray. Ch. Namaquensis, A. Smith, Zool. Jour. 

Pale grey; occiput squarish behind, with a tubercle upon the 
hinder end of each lateral crest, and an ascending central crest, 
which is angular behind ; muzzle and chin simple ; back with a 
crest of distant conical tubercles ; belly not crested ; scales small, 
equal, granular. 

a, h. Stuffed. S. Africa, Namaqua Land. From the South Afri- 
can Museum. 

The Hooded Chameleon. Chameleo cucullatus, Gray, Syn. 
Griff. A. K. ix. 54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 227. 

Occiput compressed, flat, wdth a rounded fleshy lobe on each 
side behind ; dorsal and ventral line entire; muzzle straight; the 
scales oval, unequal. 

a. Adult, in spirits. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 



2a2 



268 REPTILES. 

-{-f- Chin simple. Muzzle compressed, produced. 

The Sharp-nosed Chameleon. Chameleo nasutus, JDum.et 
Bib. E. G. iii. 216. 

Occiput triangular, shelving backwards ; muzzle ending in a 
small compressed lobe of skin ; back of the male with some round- 
ed soft distant tubercles. 

a. In spirits. Madagascar. From the Paris Museum, 
fff Chin simple. Muzzle of male forked. 

The Large-naped Chameleon. Chameleo bifurcus, Brogn. 
Bull. Soc. Phil. iv. t.f. 2. Latr. Rept. ii. 18. Cuv. Oss. Foss. v. 
269, t. 16,/. 32, 33. Grai/, Phil. Mag. 1827, 212. Griff. A. K. 
ix. 54. C. bifidus, Daud. Rept. iv. 217, t. 54. Merrem, Tent. 162. 
Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 233, t. 27 J. 3. 

Occiput flat, semicircular; the muzzle prolonged into 2 large 
straight compressed lobes ; front of the dorsal line denticulated. 

a. Adult, in spirits, male? Nose-horns elongate, compressed, 
acute. Madagascar. 

&, c. Nearly half-grown, in spirits, males ? Nose-horns short, ra- 
ther compressed, truncated. Madagascar. Presented by J. 
E. Gray, Esq. 

d. Half-grown, in spirits, female ? Nose without any horns, oc- 
ciput rather wider. Madagascar. Presented by J. E. Gray, 
Esq. 

ffff Chin bearded. Muzzle simple. 

The Fringed Chameleon. Chameleo Tigris, Cuv. Mus. 
Paris, in Kuhl, Beytr. 155. Cuv. R. A. ii. 60. Gray, Phil. Mag. 
1827, 213. Spic. Zool. 3, t. 3,/. 2. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 212. 
C. Seychellensis, Pero?i, Kuhl, Beytr. 105. Gray, Phil. Mag. 1827, 
214. C. fimbriatus, Wiedem. 

Occiput pointed, shelving behind, with a toothed keel, forked 
in front ; back and chin with a small conical compressed beard ; 
belly simple ; scales small, flat, equal, quadrangular. 

a. In spirits. Seychelle Islands. Presented by T. Bell, Esq. F.R.S. 

The Belly-shielded Chameleon. Chameleo ventralis. 

Occiput triangular, elongate, produced behind, with a low 
central keel and strong warty ridges ; throat with compressed 
crowded denticulated lobes of skin ; back and tail denticulated ; 
belly simple ; scales granular, with series of large flat circular 
scales on the sides of the body and tail, and crowded together on 
the sides of the belly. 

a — d. In spirits. S. Africa. 



LIZARDS. 269 

The Pearled Chameleon. Chameleo pumilus, Latr. Rept. 
46. Daud. Rept. iv. 212, t. 53. Graij, Phil. Mag. 1827, 210. Dum. 
et Bib. E. G. iii. 218. C. Bonas Spei, Laur. Rept. 46. C. mai- 
garitaceus, Merrem, Tent. 162. Seba, Thes. i. t. 82,/. 4, 5, bad. 

Occiput triangular, elongate, narrow, with a low strong keel, 
with strong warty ridges ; throat with compressed lobes of skin ; 
back and tail denticulated ; belly simple ; scales small, granular, 
unequal, crowded, with a few scattered rather larger scales, and I 
or 2 series of larger scales on each side, of the belly small, nearly 
unifonn. 

a — c. Adult and half-grown, in spirits. South Africa, Cape of 
Good Hope. 

d, e. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. 

/, g. In spirits. Cape of Good Hope. Presented by A. Mac 
Leay, Esq. 

h. Young, in spirits. Cape of Good Hope. From H.M.S. Chan- 
ticleer. 

***** Back and belly not crested. 

Parsons's Chameleon. Chameleo Parsonii, Cuv. Oss. Foss. 
V. t. 16, /. 30, 31. R. A. ii. 60. Grag, Phil. Mag. 1827, 213. 
Griff. A. K. ix. 54. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 231. Ch. Madecas- 
sus. Lesson, Illust. Zool. t. 35. Lacerta Chameleon, 8. Gmel. S. 
N. i. 1069. Parsons, Phil. Trans. Iviii. 195, t. 8,/. 1, 2. cop. Na- 
turforscher, v. 184, t. 

Top of the head sloping, occiput broad, flattened, shelving ; 
muzzle of male divided into 2 tubercular compressed erect lobes ; 
dorsal and ventral line not toothed ; scales small, quadrangular. 

a. Adult female, stufied. Muzzle unarmed. Madagascar. From 
M. Parzudaki's collection. 

The Three-horned Chameleon. Chameleo Ovvenii, Grag, 
Zool. Misc. 7, t. 4, old and young. Ch. tricornis, Gray, Griff] A. 
K. ix. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 227. Ch. Bibronii, Martin, P. Z. 
S. 1828, Qb. 

Occiput flat, with a slight central ridge, contracted behind ; 
head of male with 3 long subcylindrical conical pointed horns, I 
before each eye and 1 at the end of the muzzle ; the scales small, 
roundish, unifonn, close ; dorsal and ventral line not toothed. 

a. Adult male, in spirits. Fernando Po. Presented by J. E. 

Gray, Esq. 

b. In spirits, male. Fernando Po. Presented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 
(*. In spirits, female with eggs, no horns. Fernando Po. Pre- 
sented by J. E. Gray, Esq. 

Chameleo Bibronii, Martin, Proc. Zool. Soc. 1838, 65. 

2 A3 



270 REPTILES. 

Brookes' Chameleon. Chameleo Brookesianus, Gray^ Phil. 
Mag. 1827, 419. C. Brookesii, Gray, Spic. Zool. 2, t. 3,/. 3. 
Griff. A. K. ix. 53. Dum. et Bib. E. G. iii. 235. C. supercilia- 
ris, Kuhl, Beytr. 

Head cubic, forked in front ; eyebrows angular, produced ; 
dorsal and ventral line not denticulated, with a row of spines on 
eacli side of the back ; tail rather short, thick at the base. 

a. Adult ? in spirits. From Mr. Brookes' collection. 



ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS. 

Page 5, after Typhlopsidce, insert : — 

20*Uropeltid^. Head conical. Rostral shield short, triangu- 
lar, erect, produced behind. Tail obliquely truncated above. 

Page 17. Change the name of Callopistes jiavipunctatus to C. 
maculatus, Gravenh. Act. A. Nat. Cur. xviii, 744, t. 55, f. 1, 

Page 39. Ereniias arguta, add : — 

a. Adult, in spirits. Kirghiz Steppes. From Mr. Brandt's col- 

lection. 

Page 48. Zonurus Derbianus, add Cordylus giganteus, A. Smith, 
III. Z. S. Africa, Rept. t. 35, 36, adult and young. 

Page 50, Gerrhosaurus Jlavigularis, add : — 

b. Adult, in spirits. Scales of the sides distinctly keeled. S. Afri- 

ca. Presented by Dr. Richardson. 

Page 50. Gerrhosaurus typicus, ventral shields 10- (not 16-) row- 
ed; and add, occipital shields 5-sided. 

Page 50. Gerrhosaurus Bibronii, add A. Smith, III. Zool. S. Afr. 

Rept. t. 38,/. 1, male. 

Olive, with 4 longitudinal pale brown streaks on the back, the 
two central narrow and close ; throat red ; occipital shield rhom- 
bic ; ventral shields 8-rowed. 

Page 56. Pseudopus Pallasii, add : — 

h. Young, in spirits. Interparietal plate large, convex, with some 
large plates near. Xanthus. Presented by Dr. Richardson. 



LIZARDS. 271 

Page 57. Brachypus, add, Ventral shields smooth, in longitu- 
dinal series, square ; dorsal and subcaudal scales 6-sided, in 
rings, in alternating series; the lateral groove slightly impress- 
ed in front, scarcely granulated. 

Page 57. Brachypus Cuvieri, add : — 

a, b. In spirits. West Indies. Presented hy T. Bell, Esq. 
Chalcides terrestris, Guilding, MSS. 

Page 70. 5. Mocoa, add, Toes 5-5 ; and add 

5.* Carlia. Rostral erect, triangular. Palate toothed. Toes 
4-5. 

Page 72, line 26, between above and thick, insert ; scales. 

Page 73, line 7, before armed add un : and erase the genus Lar- 
della. 

Page 73, after Diploglossus, add : — 

27. Ophiodes. Body and tail cylindrical. Legs 2, posterior, on 
side of vent. See pp. 120 and 99. 

Page 79, after Hinulia Whitii, add : — 

fff Dorsal scales large, in 8 or 10 senes. 

Richardson's Hinulia. Hinulia Richardsonii, Gray, ZooL 
Erebus and Terror, t. 

Pale brown; body with 8 or 9, tail with 10 or 12 broad rather 
irregular dark cross bands ; beneath silveiy ; the ears with 4 or 5 
small slender denticulatious in front ; body rather elongate ; tail 
elongate, subcylindiical, tapering ; temples with large shields ; 
feet rather small. Like Plestiodon in habit, but has no supranasals. 

a. In spirits. Australia, H. Abrolhos. Presented by B. Bynoe, 
Esq. 

Page 81. Mocoa melanopogon. This species should be referred to 
a new genus, which may be thus characterized. 

5.* Carlia. 

Head subquadrangular. Rostral erect, triangular, convex. 
Nasals lateral, nearly contiguous ; supranasal none. Palate tooth- 
less. Ears oblong, toothed in front. Lower eyelid with a trans- 
parent disk. Body fusiform. Scales smooth. Limbs 4, moderate. 
Toes 4-5, compressed, the two middle front elongate. Tail round, 
tapering. 

The Black-chin]ned Carlia. Carlia melanopogon. 

Page 82, line 9, for interparietal led^^ frontoparietal. 



272 REPTILES. 

Page 83. After Mocoa microtis, add : — 

Owen's Mocoa. Mocoa Owenii, Gray, Zool. Erehus ^- Ter- 
ror, t. /.' Lacerta Taeniolata, Cat. Mm. Col. Surg. n. 206. Rib- 
bon Lizard, White''s Voy. 

Pale yellow ; back with 3 darker-edged brown streaks ; sides 
with a broad upper and a narrow indistinct lower streak ; crown 
brown-varied ; limbs brown-streaked ; tail with 3 brown streaks ; 
ears rounded, with 3 or 4 minute denticulations in front ; fronto- 
parietals distinct ; disk of lower eyelid moderate, subcentral. 

a. In spirits. " Australia." Presented by the Trustees of the 
College of Surgeons. 

Page 83. After Mocoa cuprea, add : — ^ 

The Large Mocoa. Mocoa grandis, Gray, Zool. Erehus Sr 
Terror, t. f. 

Black, closely yellow-spotted, forming interrupted streaks ; be- 
neath whitish ; soles of the feet black ; ears rather large, roundish, 
with some granular scales in front ; frontoparietals distinct ; disk 
of lower eyelid moderate, subcentral. 

a. In spirits. South Island, N. Zealand. From Mr. Earl's col- 

lection. 

Page 86. Tetradactylus Decrescensis, add : — 

b. In spirits. Swan River. 

Page 87. Hemiergis Decresiensis, erase a. and add : — 
Inhab. Kangaroo Island. Mus. Paris, 1 specimen. 

Page 10 L Tribolonotus Novcb Guinece, add : — 

a. Adult, in spirits. New Guinea. From the Leyden Museum. 
Page 106, line 7, for scales read keels. 

Page 107. Tropidolepis major, add : — 

6. In spirits. Young? Black-varied, back with 4 series of white 
spots, sides pale varied. N.W. Australia. Presented by Dr. 
Richardson. 

Page 114. Euprepis maculilahris, add : — 

b, c. In spirits. Var. ? Scales of the back 3-keeled, of the sides 

4 or 5 keeled. W. Africa. From the W. African Expedition. 
Perhaps a distinct species. 

Page 124, for Bogerii read Bojerii. 

Page 203. Add before Anolius punctatus, a. 

Page 131. Stenostoma change to Argyrophis. See p. 136. 

Page 140, after Epictia bilineatus, insert Typh. hilineatus. 



LIZARDS. 273 

Page 144, after 9. Hemidactylus, insert: — 

9.*NuBiLiA. Tail rather depressed, subangular above, with cross 
rings of spines, the lower edge denticulated. Toes nearly free. 
Sides simple. 

Page 154, line 31, for Inhab. ? insert: — 

a. In spirits. ? 

Page 156, before 10. Veleenesia, insert : — 

9.* NUBILIA. 

Toes very slightly webbed at the base, rather dilated, last joint 
compressed, clawed. Sides and hinder part of the thighs sim- 
ple. Tail rather depressed, flat beneath, sharp-edged, with a 
series of spines on the edge, and distant rings of spines with a 
series of broad shields beneath. Sides of body and limbs round- 
ed, simple. The back with a series of larger triangular tubercles. 
Femoral and preanal pores (none ?) 

Argent's Nubilia. Nubilia Argentii. 
Pale brown, with irregular dark cross bands ; face with a black 
streak on each side ; back with large high angular tubercles. 

a. In spirits. Singapore. From Mr. Argent's collection. 

Page 157, line 34, after scales add, and larger tubercles. 

Page 161, line 18, add after P. Jamori, Fauna Japan. Saur. t. 2, 
/. 1-4. 

Page 169. Naultinus pacificus, erase specimen b. add scales mi- 
nute ; and add : — 

e — g. Pale brown, with 3 more or less divided and longitudinal 
black streaks. New Zealand. From Mr. Earl's collection. 
Zool. Erebus ^ Terror, t. f. Toes vary in length, perhaps 
sexual. 

N. brevidactylus, MSS. 

h, i. Brown, with scattered black spots. New Zealand. From 
Mr. Earl's collection. Zool. Erebus ^ Terror, t. f. Toes 
short, perhaps sexual. 
N. maculatus, MSS. 

The Granular Naultinus. Naultinus granulatus. N. pa- 
cificus, var. Gray, Dieffenbach, and spec. b. Catal.p. 169. 

Pale brown, with irregular darker cross bands, with white 
edges in front ; scales granular, moderate, of under side larger ; 
labial shields gradually smaller. 

a. In spirits. New Zealand, Dr. Dieffenbach. Presented by R. 

Owen, Esq. 

b. In spirits. New Zealand. From Mr. Earl's collection. 



274 REPTILES. 

Page 170, before Euhlepharis Hardwickii, insert : — 

* Tail annulate, with small square scales above and below. 

And after E. Hardivickii, insert : — 

** Tail ringed, tubercular, uith small scales above and larger shields 

beneath. 

Lord Derby's Eublepharis. Eublepharis Derbianus. 

Brown, black spotted and varied ; scales granular ; back and 
limbs with keeled, larger, convex, half oblong, transverse tuber- 
cles ; scales of the head granular, equal ; tail with 3 tubercles on 
each side of the base, slightly ringed, with a series of broad shields 
beneath. 

a. In spirits. Not in good slate. N. Australia, Port Essington. 
Presented by the Earl of Derby. 

Part 175, after Cubinia fas data, insert : — 

Darwin's Cubinia. Cubinia Darwinii. 

Brown, darker marbled and minutely white dotted ; scales mi- 
nute, granular, with 18 longitudinal series of small triangular tu- 
bercles ; lower rostral plate large, 3-sided behind, with a small 
chin-shield on each side; lower labial shields 5-1-5. 

a. In spirits. Bahia. Presented by Charles Darwin, Esq. 

b. In spirits. Rio Janeiro. Presented by Charles Danvin, Esq. 

Page 203, after Dotted Anolis, insert Anolius Grahami ; and 
after synonym add, not of Daudin. 

Page 218, after Leiocephalus Schrebersii, insert : — 

The Small-scaled Eoquet. Leiocephalus microlepis. 

Olive, darker varied ; scales of back small, rhombic, strongly 
keeled, of the tail larger, of the belly rather larger, of the middle 
smooth, of the sides keeled ; crest of the back and tail compressed, 
of the tail higher ; head-shields smooth ; eyelid-disk with 7 or 8 
broad plates, the hinder ones obscurely 3 or 4 keeled ; interparie- 
tal plate large, oblong. 

a. Stuffed. Tropical America. 



INDEX OF DONATIONS. 



Antarctic Expedition, 79, 82, Cunningliai'n,Allan,Esc|.F L.S. 

83, 88, 104, 169, 170. 105, 149, 176, 249, 251. 

Attersoll, Miss E. 29, 124. Curror, J. Esq. 129. 

Banks, Sir J. 138. Darwin, C. Esq. 21, 22, 51, 88, 
Barrow, Sir J. 133. 176,189,211,212.213,214, 

Belcher, Cant. Sir E., R.N. 14, 215, 216, 217, 218^ 220, 221, 

52, 102,'l09, 116, 134, 150, 225, 226, 251, 253, 274. 

153, 155, 157, 161, 165, 174, Denliam, Col. 265. 

221, 229, 233, 235, 241, 267 Derby, Earl of, 29, 40, 41, 42, 
Bell, T. Esq. 24, 28, 29, 33, 54, 47, 48, 49, 78, 79, 81, 82, 89, 

91, 92, 99, 115, 124, 154, 115,132,135,150,153,165, 

155, 161, 171, 172, 191, 196, 251, 253, 274. 

200, 202, 205, 207, 224, 225, Doubleday, E. Esq. 22, 84, 91, 

226,241,268,271. 204,208. 

Bevau, Maj. 109,244. 

Bibron, M. 33, 64. Elliot, Walter, Esq. 142, 153. 

Blainville, Prof. De, 229. Essex, Lady, 139. 
Bonelli, Prof. 31, 124, 125. 

Bowditcb, T. E. Esq., 11, 133, Fellows, Sir Charles, 31,56, 113, 

266. 154, 255. 

Bowring, C. Esq. 153, 155, 244. FitzEoy, Capt., R.X. 189. 

Brightwell, T. Esq. 28, 30. Ford, J. Esq. 127, 257. 

Brine, Dr. 100. Fortnum, C. D. E. Esq. 12, 103. 
Brookes, J. Esq. 266. 

Burnett, Sir W. R.X. 54. Gerard, A. Esq. 266. 

Burton, James, Esq. jun. 7, 11, Gould, J. Esq. 13. 

38, 151, 154, 164; 256, 258, Gray, J. E. Esq. 50, 55, 84, 99, 

261, 262, 265. 115, 151, 155, 166, 167, 186, 

Bynoe, B. Esq. 250, 271. 195,208,211,213,214,215, 

216,239,241,260,261,265, 
Chambers, Capt. C. 12. 267, 268, 269. 

Christy, A. Esq. 31, 33, 151, Green, Dr. Jacob, 208. 

165, 255. Grey, Capt. G. 252. 
Cook, E. Esq. 140. 

Cormack, W. E. Esq. 170. Hancock, Dr. 18, 137. 

Cottle, T. Esq. 146, 200. Hardwicke, Gen. Thos. 9, 96, 
Cross, Edw. Esq. 229, 265. 109, 124, 134, 136, 138, 153 



276 INDEX OF DONATIONS. 

164,171,172,173,234,235, Miller, J. Esq. R.N. 44, 165, 

238,240,241,244,246,254, 175. 

262, 265. Moore, G. F. Esq. 149, 252, 263 
Harvey, Lady, 263. 

Harlan, Dr. R. 56, 91. Newport, G. Esq. 135. 
Haslar Hospital, 191. 

Hennah, Rev. W. 28, 56, 124, Ogilby, W. Esq. 228. 

154, 255. Owen, R. Esq. 77, 82, 169, 170, 
Heward, R. Esq. 19, 94, 117, 273. 

' 118, 198, 199. 

Hodgson, B. H. Esq. 9, 244. Packman, M.D. 161. 

Horsfield, Dr. T. 164. Parker, Mrs. 99, 222. 

Hunter, James, Esq. 68, 251. Paris Museum, 124. 

Petit, M. 1J3. 
Ince, Lieut. John, R.N. 137. 

India Company, Hon. 56, 137, Raddon, W. Esq. 11, 256. 

233, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, Reeves, J. Esq. 53, 76, 92, 107, 

246, 260. 138, 153, 161, 242, 263. 

Inglis, Sir R. H. Bart. 265. Richardson, Dr. J. R.N. 14,55, 

56, 67, 104, 155, 168, 170, 
Johnson, Dr. 84. 247, 249, 255, 270, 272. 

Ritchie, J. Esq. 28, 37, 38, 124, 
Kennaway, Mrs. 244. 164, 265. 

Kerr, Esq. 199. Ruppell, Dr. E. 122. 

King, Capt. P. P. 103, 106, 166. Russell, Hon. A. 29, 31, 32. 

Knox, Dr. F. 249. Russell, Dr. Patrick, 132. 

Laforest, Edw. Esq. 168. Sabine, E. Col. R.E. 17, 18, 24, 
Leach, Dr. W. E. 100. 111. 

Leadbeater, Mr. B. 30. Saffron Walden N. H. Soc. 42. 

Lee, Dr. John, 48, 114, 128, Shuckard, W. Esq. 79. 

139, 167, 168. Smith, Dr. And. 40, 41, 42, 50. 

Lefebre, M. A. 37, 38, 74, 122, Smith, Lieut. Alex. R.N. 79, 83. 

124, 255. Smith, Mrs. J. P. G. 19, 24, 154 

Livesay, Capt. 265. Smith, J. P. G. Esq. 120, 186, 

Lindsay, J. Esq. 13. 221,223. 

Ludlam, A. Esq. 186. Smith, Rev. G. E. 109. 

Sowerby, J. Esq. 115, 
Macauley, Dr. 229. Stafford, Capt. 161, 263. 

Macgrigor, Sir James, 61, 69, Stanger, Dr. 112. 

115, 138, 153, 208, 236. Stoddart, Col. 237. 

MaoLeay, A. Esq. 113, 269. Stokes, Capt. E., R. N 13. 

MacLeay, W. S. Esq. 20, 190, Stuart de Rothsav, Lord, 16, 

197, '198, 202, 203, 218. 155, 195, 220. ' 

Mair, Dr. 68. Surgeons, Col. of, 157, 162, 188, 

Marryatt, Capt. R.N. 266. 272. 



INDEX OF DONATIONS. 275 

Sykes, Col. 153. White, Capt. 78, 104. 

Wilkinson, Sir J. G. 7, 11, 43, 
Thompson, W. Esq. 28, 32. 74, 151, 165, 177, 256, 259, 

Townsend, — Esq. 258. 262. 

Wilton, Rev. N. 67. 
Wehb, P. B. Esq. 29, 30, 36, Winterbottom, J. E. Esq. 204. 

124, 165. Wright, J. Esq. 95 

Weeks, J. Esq. 117. 



2b 



INDEX. 



Abbreviatus, Drag. 234 

abdomiualis, Lac. 88 

Ablephariis, 62, 63, 64 . 

Abronia, 46, 53 

acanthinurus, Urom. 262 

acanthocepbala, Ag. 243 

Acautbodactvlus, 26, 36 

Acautholis,180,206 

Acantbopyga, 15, 23 

Acanthosaura, 231, 240 

acantbura, Lac. 191 

Accipitres, 2 

Acomiadffi, 5, 120, 126 

Acontias, 126, 135 

Acrantus, 15, 2;3 

aculeata, Asr. 257, 258 

aculeatus. Geek. 154 

acutirostris, Polvc. 185 

Ada, 15, 24,25 

Adeladensis, Gram. 253 

adspersus, Gerrb. 55 

^gyptiaca, Caud. 158 ; Plat. 165 

.ilgypticus, Trap. 258 

asnea, Tiliq. 94 

seneus, Anol. 205 ; Scelop. 210 

affiDis,Til. 109 

Africana, Cait. 52; Moc. 83 

Africanus, Cbam. 265 

Agama, 232, 255 ; Lac. 256, 259 

Agamidse, 5, 230 

agamoides, Loph. 223 

agilis, Ag. 257 ; Lac. 27, 28, 29, 30, 

32, 74 : Scin. 94 
albifrous, Stern. 140 
albogularis, Gymn. 172; Tropid. 8 
albolabris, Tiliq. 94 
albomaxillaris, Lopb. 195 
Aldrovandii, Plest. 91 
Algira, 26, 35 ; Lac. 35 
Algiroides, 34 
Algoensis, Cord. 49 
Alligator, Anol. 201 
Aloponotus, 179, 187 
Amazonicus, Croc. 25 
Amblyrhyncbus, 186, 188, 189 
Amboinensis, Drac. 235 ; Lac. 247 
Ameiva, 15, 17 ; Teius, 18 ; Lac. 21 
Americanus, Basil. 192; Plat. 165; 

Scin. 90 
Ampbibolurus, 232, 251 
Ampbiglossus, 122, 12-5 



Amphisbsenians, 2 

Amydosaurus, 145, 162 

Amystes, 44 

Anadia, 58 

Anadiadae, 4, 58 

Anadias, 58 

Anguinus, Bipes, 123 

Anguina, Lac, 61 

anguiniformis, Lac. 32 

Anguis, 72, 99 

angulifera, Gramm. 252 

Anilios, 131,135 

annulaire, Gecko, 165 

annulatus. Gecko, 160 ; Scin. 93 

Anolius, 180, 199 

anomalus,Mor. 65; Polyc. 184 

antiquorum, SteU. 255 

Anseres, 2 

Apoda, Lac. 55 

Aporomera, 17 

Aprasia, 68 

Aprasiadse, 4, 68 

Apus, Lac. 55 

Aralensis, Ag. 259 

Ai-aucanus, Lopb. 221 

arenaria, Ag. 259 

arenarius, Scin. 64 ; Tropid. 7 

arenicola, Lac. 32 

Argenti, Nub. 273 

Argus, Ameiva, 18 ; Seps, 32 ; Ua- 

ran, 11 
arguta, Lac. 39 
Argyropbis, 136 
Argyropbus, SteU. 1.55 
armata, Ag. 240 ; Cten. 191 
armatus. Geek, 151 
articulata, Cyc. 191 
Ascalobates, 164, 177; Gecko, 151 
Ascensionis, Cant. 167; Til. 114 
Asilis, 74 
asper, Tracb. 103 
aspera, Ag. 258 ; Lac, 38 
Aspidorbinus, 36 
Aspistis, 38 
Astrolabi, Amp. 124 
ater, Amb. 189 ; Typb. 136 
Ateucbosaurus, 73, 106 
atra, Ag. 256 
Auberi, Ameiva, 20 
aurata, Lac. 117; Lyg. 88 
auratus, Anol. 207 ; Scin. 91 



INDEX. 



279 



aureonitens, Lac. 196 

aureus, Sciu. 64 

aurocostatus, Scin. 95 

auriculatus, Scin. 114 

aurita, Lac. 26 

austrEilis, Gehv. 163; Gonio. 172; 

Lyg. 85 ; tiliq. 77 ; Typh. 135 
azurea, Lac. 226 

Bachia, 57,58 

barbarica, Algira, 35 

barbata, Agama, 252 

Barissia, 46, 54 

Barrowii, Ouv. 133 

Basiliscus, 179, 192; Lac. 192 

Baudinii, Eum. 95 

Belcheri, Eup. 116 

Bellii, .Acanth. 36 ; Cal. 239; Hem. 

155; Leios. 224; Leiol. 212; 

Plest. 92; Tiliq. 84; Uaran, 13 ; 

L"rom. 263 
Bengalensis, Tropid. 11 
Bennettii, Gind. 247 
Bergii,Pach 167 
Bibronii, Cham. 269 ; Diplo. 22.5 ; 

Eup. 114; Gerrho. .50; Proct. 

212 
bicarinata, Lac 25 
bicateuata, Lial. 69 
bicolor, Aug. 100; Argy.136; Scin. 

91 ; Sea. 98 
bifidus, Cham. 268 
bifurcifer, Stellio,162 
bifurcus, Cham. 268 
bilineata, Dipor. 250 ; Lac. 31 
bilineatus, Dipl. 149; Eny. 196; 

Ophy. 194; Scin. 96; Typ.l40 
bilobus, Cham. 266 
bimaculata, Lac. 200,201, 202 
Binoei, Heter 174 
Bipes, 55, 67, 99, 123 ; Ang. 123 
biporcata, Dact. 202 
bistriata, Lac. 31 ; Til. 115 
bistriatus, Leiol. 213 ; Scin. 94 
bivittata, Otoe. 238 
bivittatus, Gerrh. 49 ; Plat. 162 ; 

Scin. 64 ; Tropid. 13 
Blainvillii, Phry. 228, 229; Trop. 

227 
Blind Worm, 100 
Boddaertii, Cyc. 103 
Bogeri, Scin. 124 
Boiei. Cvrt. 172 
Boltalia" 144, 1.58 
Bonse Spei, Cham. 266 
Bonitffi, Brach. 98 
Borneensis, Taren. 165 
Boskiana, Lac. 38 
Bougainvillii, Scin. 86 
Boui-oniensis, Drac. 233 
Boutonii, Scin. 64 
Bowringii, Dory. 156 
Brachydactylus", 102 
Brachylophus, 179 
Brachymeles, 72, 98 
brachypoda, Lyg. 88 



Brachypus, 57; Scin. 88 
Brachystopus, 89 
Bramicus, Tortrix, 138 
Braziliensis, Cord. 222 ; Lopb. 195 
brevicauda, Stell. 226 
Bronchocela, 2:31, 240 
Brongniartii, Lac. 28 
Brookii, Hem. 153 ; Norb. 102 
Brookesii, Cham. 270 
Brooksiana, Cham. 270 
brunnea, Cabr. 43 ; Chelon. 245 
Buchanani, Tiliq. 64 
Butfonium, Phrv. 229 
bullaris, Ig. 202; Lac. 206 
Burchellii, Lac. 40 
Burnettii, Gerrh. 54 
Burtonii,Hem. 154; Lial. 69, Ness. 
126 

Cabrita, 27, 43 

Ceecilia, 100 

csecus, Aeon. 128 

caenilea, Ig. 186 

cairuleo-ocellata, Erem. 40 

cserulescens, Seps,32; Lap. 120 

caeruleus, Gen-ho. 54 

Caetia, 45, 52 

calcaratus, Centr. 24 ; Cham. 265-6 

Caltetepon, 14 

Callopistes, 15, 17 

Callosaura. 43, 182, 226 

Calotes, 222, 231 ; Lac. 243 

Camilla, 73, 118 

Campsodactylus, 97 

candidus, Cham. 265 

Cantinia, 167, 168 

Capensis, Acanth. 37; Ag. 257 ; Al- 

gira, 36; Hemid. 48 ; Lac. 11, 

40; Monit. 8; Not. 34; Plat. 

49; Til. 114 
Carapopeba, 23 
Carlia, 271 

capisti-atus, Sphfe. 122 
carinata, Cvcl. 190 ; Lac. 38 ; Til. 

109 
carinatus, Cham. 265 ; Leiol. 217 ; 

Scin. 114 
Cariococca, Pyg. 99 
Caroliuensis, Anol. 202 
Carteretii, Eum. 95 
Caspicus, Gymn. 175; Psamm. 7 
Casuarinse, Cycl. 88 
Cataphracta, 2 
cataphractus, Cord. 47 
catenata, Lac. 32 ; Agam. 195 
catenulata. Eon. 89 
Caucasicus, Stell. 2-55 
Caudiverbera, 143, 152, 158; Lac. 

152, 158, 262 
caudivolvulus, Phry. 260 ; Lac. 260 
Celebensis, Cal. 24i 
celestinus, Scin. 79 
celestus, 73, 117 
celestis, Ameiva, 17 
Centropyx, 15, 23 
Centrura, 226 



280 



INDEX. 



Cepedianus, Gecko, 166 , Tupid. 11 
Cepedii, Anol. 201 ; Scin. 91 ; Til. 

95 
Ceratophora, 230, 237 
Cercosaura, 59 
Cercosauridte, 4, 59 
Cete, 2 

Cevlonicus, Urop. 142 
Chalcida, 61, 88, 123 
Chalcidae, 4, 57 
Chalcides, 51, 57, 59, 61 ; Lac. 88, 

97, 124 
Chalcidica, Ig. 223 ; Seps, 124 
Chalcis, 57 ; Cham. 124 
chalybdea, Zoot. 31, 34 
Chameleon, Lac. 265, 266, 269 
Chamseleopsis, 179,194; Coryp.194 
Chamsesaura, .55, 56, 57, 123 
Chameesauridae, 4, 61 
Chameleo, 264 
ChameleoUs, 180,196 
Chameleon, 264 
ChameleonidfE, 5, 264 
Chameleonides, Anol. 197 
Chameleontina, Ig. 238 
Charasia, 231, 246 
Chelasonia, 231 , 245 
Chelomeles, 71, 87 

Chelonians, 2 

Chiamela, 72, 86, 97 

Chilensis, Calot. 210; Ateuc. 107; 
Gecko, 161; Hem. 153 ; Til. 92 

Chirocles,59 

Chirocolus, 59 

Chirocolidae, 4, 59 

Chiroperus, 151 

Chlamydosaurus, 231, 248 

chloris, Lac. 34 

chlorocyanus, Anol. 206 

chloronota, Lac. 31 

chloronotns, Lac. 31 

chlorostigma, Monit. 12 

chrysobranchus, Pleur. 50 

clirysogaster, Lac. 27 

chrvsolepis, Anol. 217 

Cicigna, 45, 49, 124 

cinereus, Ana;. 100; Cham. 265; 
Psamm. 39 ; Typh. 137 

Cliftii, Dip. 117 

clivica, Ang. 100 

clypeala, Tarent. 166 ]f 

Clypeosaurus, 166 

Cnemidopborus, 15, 17, 20 

coccinea, Lac. 37 

Cochincinensis, Lep. 101 

Coctei.Eup. 110; Hem. 158 

Collei, Cyc. 190 

Colobus, 57 

colonorum, Ag. 259 

concinnus, Phys. 248 

concolor, Seps, 124 

Cophias, Cham. .58 

Cordyle, 262 

Cordyles, 45 

Cordylia, Ag. 255 

Cordyliua, Iguan 255 



Cordylus, 45, 46, 53, 255 ; Lac. 47 
cornuta, Ag. 229 
cornutum, Phry. 229 
comutus, Ig. 188 
coronatum,"Phry. 228 
Corythffiolus, 179, 192 
Corythophanes, 179, 193 
Crichocalcis, 60 
cristata, Gram. 251 
cristatella, Ag. 241 ; Gal. 241 
cristatellus , Anol. 197 
cristatus, Agam. 194; Amb. 189; 

Cham. 264 ; Gecko, 152 
crocea, Lac. 27, 28 
crocodilinus, Teius, 25 ; Mon. 25 
Crocodilurus, 15, 24 
crocotatus, Typ. 137 
Ci'ossurus, 144, 158 
crotaphomelas, Scin, 103 
Cryploblepharus, 62, 64 
Ctenodon, 16 
Ctenosaura, 179, 190, 191 
cruenta, Lac. 37 
Cubffi, Typh. 137 
Cubensis, Trop. 218 
Cubina, 145, 174 
cucullatus, Cham. 267 
Cuminia, 98 
Cumingii, Leip. 163; Mocoa, 81 ; 

Monit. 13; Ony. 133; Otos. 93 
Cunniughami, Tiliq. 105 
cuprea, Able. 83 
Cutezpalia, 53 
Currori, Feylin. 129 
Casta, 15, 25 
Cuvieri, Alg. 35 ; Anol. 197 ; Brach. 

57; Loph. 248; Lvg. 96; PhyU. 

176; Seine. 85; Trop. 222; 

Typh. 128 
cyanodactylus. Gee. 1-54 
cyanogaster, Proct. 212; Scin. 114; 

Stel. 255 
cvanurus, Scin. 63, 96 
Cyclodus, 72, 87, 103 
Cvclosura, 3, 6 
Cyclura, 179, 190; Ig. 190 
cycluroides, Cten. 191 
cyclums, Ag. 220 ; From. 222, 225 
Cynosaura, 262 
Cyprius, Lac. 91 
Cyrtodactylus, 145, 173 

Dactyloa, 180, 198 

Darwinii, Cub. 274 : Diplo. 225 ; 

Tarag. 220; Proct. 215 
Dasia, 73. 108 

Daudinii, Col. 58 ; Drac. 233 
Davyi, Zon 49 
Decresii, Gram. 2.52, 253 
Delabord, Ken. 106 
Delalandii, Eup. 116 ; Plat. 165 
delicatissima, Ig. 186,187 
Delma, 67 
Demarlii, Amb. 188 
Dendrosaura, 5, 264 
denticulata, Cvcl 191 



INDEX. 



281 



Decresiensis, Tetr. 86 ; Trid. 87 ; 

Hemi. 89 
Deppii, Cnemid. 22 ; Gerrh. 53 
depressus, Hem. 153 
Derbiana, Lac. 29 
Derbianus, Eub. 274 ; Zon. 48 
deserti, Ag. 258; Lac. 37 
Dibamus, 128, 129 
Dicrodon, 15, 23 
didactylus, Shelt. 55 
dilepis, Cham. 266 
Dilophyrus, 231, 238 
Dilophus, Loph. 239 
DiplodacUlus, 143, 148 
Diploglossus, 73, 117, 119 
Diplolsemus, 182, 224 
Diporophora, 232, 250 
discosurus, Lac. 176 
dispar, Urom. 262 
domesticus, Hem. 153 
D'Orbignii, Chal. 57 ; Gvmn, 175: 

Pant. 60 
Dorfia, 99 
dorsalis, Ag. 246; Amei. 19; Cord. 

47; Lac. 41 
Doryphorus, 225 
Doiyura, 144, 156 
Douglasii, Ag. 227 
Dracaena, 25 ; Lac. 11 ; Thor. 25 
Draco, 230, 233 
Dracocella, 230, 234 
draconoides. Call. 227 
Draconura, 180, 207 
Dracunculus, 230, 235 
Dujardinii, Pleur. 50 
Dugesii, Lac. 33 
Dumerilii, Lac. 37 ; Monit. 10 ; 

Scin. 106 ; Tropid, 36 
Duperryii, Scin. 81 
D'Urviilii, Pseud. 56 
Dussumieri, Drac. 234 ; Lyg. 75 
Duvaucelii, Cham. 86 , Lyg. 96 ; 

Pachy. 169; Plat 160 

EcPHTMOTES, 178, 184,219 

Ecpleopus, 59 

Edda, Lac. 74 

Edwardsii, AnoL 198; Lac. 28 

Egernia, 73, 105 

Ehrenbergii, Am v. 44 

El adda, 74 

Elania, 70, 80 

elegans,Hem.76; Lac. 31,33; Mab. 

95; Mic. 66; Monit. 13; Naul. 

169; Aph. 44; Pach. 168; Tu- 

pid. 11 
Elgaria, 46, 54 
elongatus, Scin 93 
emargiuata, Ig. 186 
Emma, Cal. 244 
Emminia, 15, 24 
Emoia, 95 
Empagusia, 6, 9 
Emydosaurians, 2 
Entrecasteauxii, Lyg. 82 



Enyaliosaurus, 179, 192 

Envalius, 179, 195 

Epictia, 131, 139 

epineux, Loph. 242 

equalis, Seps, 88 

equestris, Anol. 198 

Eremias, 27, 33, 39, 42 

Emestii, Scin. 108 

erucatus, Scin. 76 

erucotis, Scin. 104 

erythi'ocephalus, Scin. 90 

ervthrolamus, Scin. 75 

Eryx, 121 ; Ang. 100 ; Otop. 100 

Eschrichtii, Typh. 133 

Essingtoniensis, Tiliq. 78 

Eublepharis, 145, 170 

Eumeces, 71, 92, 93 

Euprepes, 73, 90, 92, 108, 110 

Europa, Lac. 32 

Evesia, 126 

exanthematicus, Monit. 8, 9; Tup. 9 

exigua, Zoot. 31 , 34 

exilis, Tupid. 13 

Exypneustes, 16 

Fantasticcs, Sphser. 168 
fasciata, Hin. 75 ; Ig. 187; Lac. 91, 

208 ; Til. 120 
fasciatus. Cord. 49 ; Gym. 175 ; 

Hem. 154; Leios. 224: Seine. 

93 ; Urom. 175, 263 
fascicularis, Gecko, 164 
Fellowsii, Eup. 113 
Fera, 2 

Fernandesii, Cham. 197 
Fernandi, Til. 140 
Fieullaei, Ptvod. 152 
FeyUnia, 128, 129 
flageUifer, Cent. 226 
flavescens, Anol. 202; Chalc. 58; 

Monit. 9; Typh. 137 
flavigularis, Ag.' 243 ; Cyc. 103 ; 

Gerrh. 50 
flavimaculatus, Ag. 257 
flavipunctatus, Apor. 17; Prist. 171 
fimbriatus, Cham. 268, Drac. 2:34 ; 

Stel. 151 
Fischeri, Pseud. 56 
Fitzingeri, Lajm. 184; Not. M; 

Proct. 215 
Fordii, Ony. 134 
formosus, Seelop. 209 
fossor, Scin. 117 
fragilis, Ang. 100; Seps, 99 
Franklinii, Onv 132 
Fraseri, Del. 68 
frenatus, Hem. 155 ; Sphse. 122 
Freycinetii, Tiliq. 95 
furcatus, Loph. 238 ; Scin. 64 
fusco-auratus, Anol. 205 
fuscus, Drac. 233 ; Heter. 107 

Gaimardi, Gram. 253: Ken. 93 
Galeote, 243 
Gallinse, 2 



2c 



282 



INDEX. 



Galliwasp, Scin. 117 

Galloti, Lac. 30 

Gamotii, Hem. 157 

Gaudichaudi, Ecple, 60 ; Gym. 171 

Gecko, 14t, 160 ; Lac. 151, 160 

Geckoides, Gymn. 175 

Geckotidae, 5, 142 

Gecus, 154 

Gehyra, 144, 162 

Geissosaura, 4, 62 

gibba, Lac. 260 

gemmata, Ag. 258; Monit. 11 

geographe, Psam. 114 

Gerrardi, Hin. 75 

Gerrhonotus, 46, 53, 54 

Gerrhopygus, Diplo. 150 

Gerrhosaurus, 45, 49, 50 

Ghirget,241,243 

gigantea, Ag. 238 

giganteus, Hydros. 13 

gigas, Loph. 238 ; Scin. 103 

Gilbertii, Loph. 250 ; Trop. 106 

Gillii, Monit. 8 

Gindalia, 231, 247 

Glass snake, 56 

Glaucoma, 131. 139 

Gongylus, 122, 123 

Goniodactylus, 145, 171 

Gonyocephalus, 231,238 

Goudotii, Anol. 205 

Gouldii, Hydro. 12 

gracilis, Anol. 199 ; Aspid. 42 : Lac. 

31 : Micro. 57 : Proct. 211 : 

Pseud. 56 
Grailffi, 2 

Grammatophora, 232, 251 
grammica, Lac. 37, 39 
grammicus, Scelop. 209 
grandis, Dil. 239 ; Moc. 272 
grandoculis, Ag. 251 
granosus. Hem. 154 
granulatus, Naul. 273 
graphica, Lac. 17 

Gravenhorstii, Eup. 115; Leio.211 
Gray, Tiliq. 92 
Gravii, Leioc. 218; Nault. 170; 

Hen. 76 
Greyii, Men. 66 
grisea, Til. 110 
griseus,Cord. 47; Tupid. 7; Urom. 

262 
Gronovii, Pyg. 99 ; Seps, 123 
Guerinii, Zoot. 27 
Guianensis, Drac. 25 : Thor. 25 
Guichenoti, Lyg. 80 
gularis, Ag. 255 

guttata, Ameiva, 18: Lac. 160, 200 
guttatolineatus, Leiol. 263 
guttatus, Cnemid. 22 : Leiol. 263 : 

Ptyod. 151 : Ste. 177: Uav. 11 
guttulata, Lac. 41 
guttulatum. Die. 23 
gutturosa, Ag. 241 : Lac. 18 
gutturosus, Cal. 241 
gymnocephalus, Cliam. 266 
Gymnodactylus, 146, 170, 173, 175 



Gymnophthalmus, 62, 63 
Gymnophthalmidee, 4, 62 

H.EMATOPOGON, Drac. 234 

Hagria, 72, 97 

Hardun, 255 

Hardwickii, Eublep. 170: Monit. 

9: Riop. 95, 96: Urom. 262 
Hardwicke, Eupr. 92 
Harlani, Cyc. 190: Phry. 229 
Hasselquistii, Stel. 151 
Hatteria, 232, 249 
Hazel worm, 100 
helioscopa, Lac. 260 
Heloderma, 14 
Helodermidae, 3, 14 
Hemicordylus, 45, 48 
Hemidactylus, 144, 152 
Hemiergis, 71, 86 
heraldicus, Monit. 9 
Heremites, 110, 113 
Hernandesii, Cham- 194 
Hermiuieri, Holot. 217 
Heterodactylus, 59, 122, 125 
heterolepis, Trop. 221 
Heteronota, 145, 174 
Heteropus, 73, 107 
Hewardii, Cel. 118 
Hinulia, 70, 74, 271 
Hispanicus, Psam. 38 
hispidus, Trap. 257; Lac. 267 
Histeropus, 55 
Holotrophis, 217, 218 
Homalocephala, Lac. 164 
Homonota, 145, 171 
horridum, Helod. 14 
horridus, Mol. 263 ; Scelop. 209 
Horsfieldii, Argyr. 137 ; Pterop. 

164; Salea, 242 
Houttoynii, Dip. 120 
hyacinthina, Lac. 208 
Hyalinus, 56 
Hydrosaurus, 6, 12 
Hypsilophus.186, 223 
Hypsibatus, 222, 223, 226 
Hysteropus, 67 

Ida, 36 

Iguana, 179, 186, 188, 189; Lac. 186 

Iguanidae, 5. 178 

Iguanoides, Phys. 248 

imbricata, GeiTh. 55 

imbricatus, Heter. 59 

insequalis, Terap. 38 

incanescens. Geek. 154 

incerta, Ang. 100 

inconspicuus, Leiol. 213 

Indica, Ag. 243 

Indicus, Tupid. 11 

inermis, Phyll. 176 

inornata, Hin. 78 : Scin. 113 

inornatus, Monit. 13 : Scrap. 38 

Insessores, 2 

intermedins, Centr. 24 

intertexta, Lac. 33 

inunguis, Gecko, 166 



INDEX. 



283 



Isodactylus, 259 
Isodactylii, Ag. 259 
Istiurus, 247 

Jacksoniensis, Ag. 251 

Jacquini, Lac. 27 

Jamaicensis, Ang. 137; Lac. 30: 

TU. 119 
Jamori, Plat. 161 
Japonicus, Plat. 161 : Tach. 52 
Jomardii, Sciu. 113 
jubata, Bronch. 241 

KEENii.Tiliq. 96 

KendaUii, Hetern. 174 

Keneux, 124 

Keneuxia, 70, 79 

Kinsii, Chlam. 249: Gerrh. -54: 

Proct. 215 : Tiliq. 106 
Kitaibelii, Abl. 63 
Knoxii, Lac. 40 
Kuhlii, Loph. 238: Scin. 109 

Labillardieri, Tiliq. 77 
Lacepedii, Saur. 51 
Lacerta, 26, 30 
lacertina, Ang. 89 
Lacertinidse, 4, 26 
lacertinoides, Cnemid. 22 
Lacex'tinus, Tropid. 25 
laevigatus, Seine. 94 
laevis. Geek. 146 : Lac. 30 
Lalaudii, Lae. 33 : Typ. 132 
Lfemanctus, 178, 184, 185 
Lamairii, Camp. 97 
laneeolata, Cyc. 191 
Lardella, 73 
lateralis, Cham. 264 : Hem. l-vS: 

Seine. 83 
lateristriga, Teius, 18 
latieeps, Scin. 90 
Laudakia, 232, 2-54 
Laurenti, Lae. 32 
Leachianus, Plat. 160 
Leachii, Anil. 135; Anol. 200 
Leiocephalus, 181, 217; Gerr. -53 
leioeera. Scrap. 36 
Leiodera, 186, 210 
Leiolsemus, 181, 211 
Leiolepis, 232, 262 
Leiolopisma, 70, 84 
Leiosurus, 182, 244 
Leiurus, 144, 157; Hem. 159 
lemniscatus, Lac. 21 
Lepida, Lac. 30 
lepidogaster, CaL 240 
Lepidoma, 59, 60 
lepidopus, Bipes, 67 
Lepidosoma, 60 
Leposoma, 101 
Leptoglossse, 3, 6 
Lerista, 62, 66 
Leschenaultii, Cr3rp.64; Hem. 155; 

Lac. 43 
Lessonii, Eum. 96; Micro. 221 



Lesueurii, Loph. 248; Lygo. 77; 

Phyll. 147 
leueopis, Scin. 79 
leucostigma, Ag. 257 
Lewecinensis, Scin. 79 
Lialis, 69 
Lialisidae, 4, 69 
lichenigerus, Gerrh. 55 
Lichtensteinii, Mesal. 43 
lineata, Ameiva, 21, 22 ; Ang. 100 ; 

Bipes, 99 ; Chiam. 97 ; Lerist. 

66; Seps, 03, 123; Sor. 90 
lineatomaculatus, Acan. 37 
lineatopus, Anol. 203 
lineatus, Anol. 200; Bas. 193; Di- 

plo. 150 ; Drac. 2:35 ; Gerrh.59; 

Leiol. 213 ; Oph. 56 ; Ptyo.152; 

Seps. 124; Trop. 210 
lineatum, Typh. 134 ; PhiL 166 
lineapunctatus. Bra. 89 
lineolata, Ameiva, 20 
lineo-oeeUata, Erem. 41 
lineo-ocellatus, Cryp. 65 
Linnsei, Seel. 123 
Lion Lizard, 192 
Lipinia, 71, 84 
literata, Lac. 18 
livida, Lac. 33 
Lizards, 1, 3 
lobata, Lac. 261 
lobatus, Gecko, 151 
longicauda, Ameiva, 21 ; Lac. 38 
longicaudata, Lac. 187 
longipes, Lqgm. 185 
Lophognathus, 232, 250 
Lophura, 231, 247, 248; Lac. 247 
lophyroides, Ig. 186 
Lophyrus, 195, 223 ; Gal. 238 
Loysiana, Anol. 206 
Lucius, Anol. 205 
lugubris, Lac. 41 ; Plat. 162 
lumbricalis, Ang. 137 
lunatus, Uaran. 10 
Lygosoma, 71, 74, 79, 85 
Lynxe, Eup. 91 
Lyperosaurus, 145, 163 
Lyriocephalus, 230, 237 

Mabouia, 71, 88, 93, 110,123; 

Hem. 1.54 ; Scin. 95, 123 
MacGregorii, Lyn. 237 
MacLeayii, Cycl. 190; Leioc. 218 
macrocephala, Ag. 250 
macrodactylus, Oph. 44 
macrolepis, Cel. 118 
maeulata, Dact. 199; Lac. 28; 

Scrap. 37; Til. 41: Urom.253 
maculatus, Ameiva, 18; Anol. 200, 

203; Drac. 236; Geek. 151; 

Hem. 153; Pachy. 167; Trop. 

214; Cal.272 
macuhlabris, Eup. 114 
maculosus, Cord. 47 
Mada^ascariensis, Cicig. 49, .50; 

Phel. 166 



284 



INDEX. 



Madecassus, Cham. 209 
Maderensis, Lac. 33 
Magellanique, Proct. 215 
major, Drac. 233; Trop. 107 ; Am. 

17 
margaritaceus, Cham. 260 ; Loph. 

195; Lyr. 237 
margaritata, Lac. 30 
marginatus, Hem. 157 
Maria, Cal. 243 
marmorata, Bronch.242; Lac. 183; 

CEd. 147 
marmoratus, Anol. 201, 203; Dipl. 

149; Gonio. 173; Monit. 13 ; 

Seps, 16; Trac.219; Tro.210 
Mastigura, 2(Jl 
Mauritanica, Lac. 164 
Mauritanicus, Gvmn. 172 ; Heter. 

126 
Maximiliana, Opl.225 
Meditoria, 131, 139 
megapogon, Cal. 239 
Megalochilus, 232, 261 
melanosticta, Tort. 100 
melanotus, Cord. 49 
melanopogon, Carl. 271 ; Moc. 81 ; 

Scin. 75 
melanurus, Phry. 260 
meleagris, Ang. 127 
Menetia, 62, 65 
Menestriesii, Abl. 64 
mercatorius. Hem. 155 
Meriana, Monit. 16 
meridionalis, Am. 124 
Meroles, 36, 40 

Merremii, Eup. 115; Gymn. 63 
Mesalina, 27, 42 
Metopocerus, 179, 188 
Mexicanus, Cham. 194, 266 
Michahellesii, Lac. 32 
microcephalus, Tiliq. 123 
Microdactylus, 57 
Microlepis, 73, 116; Eum. 93; Lei. 

274 ; Til. 117 
mdcrolepidotus, Cord. 49 ; Scelop. 

209 
Microlophus, 181, 221 ; Hoi. 218 ; 

Trop. 221 
microtes, Moc. 83 
Micalia, 62, 66 
Milbertii, Plat 165 
miliaris, Ang. 121 ; Ophi. 121 
Miliusii, Phyll. 176 
minor, Ag. 244 ; Cyrt. 175 ; Draco, 

2:33 
mitratus, Bas. 192 
Mocoa, 70, 80 
Moloch, 232, 263 
Moluccana, Ag. 241 
monarchus. Plat. 161 
monilifer, Cham. 267 
moniliger, Scin. 78 
Monitor, 6, 10; Teius, 16 
Monitoridae, 3, 6 
Monodactvlus, 61 ; Chal. 58 ; Lac. 

61; Eves. 127 



monotrophis, Scin. 117 
montana, Lac. 27 ; Trop. 25 
montanus, Cord. 49; Trop. 101 
Morestica, Alg. 35 
Morethia, 62, 6.5 
mosaique, Proct. 211 
Mullen, Scin. 80 
multicarinatus, Typh. 134 ; Scin. 

109 
multifasciatus, Gerrh. 64 ; Scin. 

109 
multilineatus, Scin. 78 
multimaculatus, Proct. 216 
muralis, Lac. 29; Plat. 164; Zoot. 

27,28 
mimcata, Lac. 251, 2-55 
muricatus, Gecko, 164 
murinus, Cnemid. 20, 21 ; Seps, 21 
mutabilis, Ag. 258 ; Cham. 265 
mutilatus, Hem. 159 
mystacea, Lac. 261 
mystaceus, Cal. 245 

NiEviA, Tiliq. 75. 

Namaquensis, Erem. 41 ; Cha. 267 

nanus, Hem. 161. 

Napoleolis, Sciu. 106. 

nasicus, An. 199 

nasuta, Ang. 137 ; Cham. 268 ; Ty. 

139 
Naultinus, 145, 169 
nebulatus, Monit. 10 
nebulosa, Scrap. 43 
nebulosus, Anol. 203; Monit. 10 
Nessia, 126 
Neusticurus, 25 
niger, Cham. 266, Stellio,47 
nigra, Lac. 28, 34 
nigrescens, Anil. 135 
nigricans, Phryn. 260 ; Typh. 139 
nigricollis, Ag. 220 
nigrofasciata, Ag. 258 
nigroluteus, Scin. 104 
nigromaculatus, Proct. 213 
nigropunctatus, Lac. 36; Scin. 94; 

Sphair. 168 ; Tupid. 16 
Niloticus, Lac. 11 
nitens, Dracon. 207 
nitida, Lac. 63 ; Trop. 106 
nitidus, Trop. 210 
Nitzchii, Drac. 207 
Norbffia, 72, 101 
Norops, 180, 207 
Notopholis, 34, 38 
Novae GuineEe,Deb. 129 ; Zon. 101 
Novffi HoUanclise, Hys. 67 
nubila, Lac. 190 
Nubiiia, 273 
Nucras, 26, 33 
nudicollis, Ig. 187 
Nuittensis, Seine. 106 
Nyctisaura, 5, 142 

Obtusirostris, Lsem. 185 
occiduus, Lac. 117 
occipitalis, Ag. 256 ; Anol. 200 



INDEX. 



285 



Oceania, Gecko, 163 

ocellata, Agam. 260 ; Anad. 58 ; 

Cerco. 60; Lac. 30; Moc. 82 ; 

Odat. 8 
ocellatam, Plat. 166 
ocellatus, Croc. 25; Cyrt. 172; Di- 

plo. 149 ; Gecko, 167 ; Gerrh. 

50 ; Lac. 123 ; Scin 79 ; Tach. 

52 ; Uaran. 9 ; Urom. 261 
ochrocollaris, Loph. 223 
octolineatus, Scin. 78 
oculata, Ameiv. 23 
Odati-ia, 6, 7 

CEdiira, 143, 147 ; Lac. 27 
CEdycor\-phus, 192 
oflScinalis, Seine. 74 
Olfersii, Pseud. 99 
olivacea. Das. 108 ; Emm. 24 
olivaceus, Onv. 133 ; Trop. 210 
Olivieri, Her."l22 ; Eup. 114; Lac. 

37, 41 ; Phry. 259 
Omolepida, 71, 87 
Onevda, 119 
Onychophis, 130, ia3 
Ophidia, 1 

ophiomachus, Ag 2, 40 
Ophiomoridee, 5, 120 
Ophiops, 27, 44 
Ophiodes, 72, 99, 120 
Ophisaurus, 46, 55, 56 
Ophyoessa, 180, 196 
Oplurus, 181, 221, 219, 225 
OppeUii, Eup. 93 ; Pseud. 55 
orbiculare, Phryn. 227, 228 
orbicularis, Agam. 228, 258 ; Lac. 

257 
Oreocephalus, 179, 188 
ornata, Apor. 17; Cicig. .50 ; Gram 

253; Tiliq. 7? 
omatum, Phel. 160 
ornatus, Diplo. 149 ; Drac. 235 ; 

Leioc. 219; Leir. 157; Monit. 

8; Tupid. 11; Uaran. 10; 

Urom. 261 
Otocryptis, 230,2.38 
Otophis, 99 
Otosaurus, 71, 93 
Ottonis, Sig. 100 
Oualensis, Hem. 163 
O uaran, 7 
Owenii, Cham. 269; Dip. 119; Moc. 

272 
Oxiana, Ag. 259 
oxycephala, Lac. 29 
oxycephalus, Scin. 79 
oxyrhynchus, Scin. 114; Typh. 141 

Pachydacttlus, 145, 167 
Pachyglossse, 9, 142 
pachyurus, Scin. 102 
pacificus. Gecko, 169 
PaUasii, Bipes, 55 ; Phryn. 260 
palUda, Ag. 258 
Palluma, Lac. 226 
Pannonicus, Scin. 63 
Panthera, Loph. 223 



Pautodactylus, 60 

Pardalis, Lac. 43; Cham. 266 

Parisiensis, Cham. 265 

Parsonii, Cham. 269 

pavimentus, Scin. 113 

pectinata, Cycl. 191 ; Proct. 216 

Peloponesiaca, Lac. 29 

Pentadactylus, 144, 160 ; Seps, 88 

perfoliatus, Stel. 146 

Peripia, 144, 158 

Peromeles, 88 

Peronii, Abl. 83 ; Cn'P- *>* ! Hem. 

159; Heter. 108; Seps, 86; 

Trach. 102 
Peroplus, 144, 159 
Perotettii, Eup. Ill 
perspicillata, Lac. 32 
Peruviana, Caud. 152 
Peruvianus, Hem. 156; Stel. 221 
Pete, 64 

Phelsuma, 145, 166 
Philippinus, Typh. 141 
Phrymaturus, 182, 226 
Phrynocephalus, 232, 259 
Phrynosoma, 182, 227 
Phyllodactylus, 143, 148, 1-50 
Phyllurus, 140, 176; Stellio, 176 
Physicse, Eup. 115 
Physignathus,231,248; 1st 218 
pictum, Agam. 223 
pictus, Proct. 213 
pileata, Ig. 194 
Piquotii, Uai-an, 9 
pinnata, Chal. 61 
plagiocephalus, Scin. 64 
planiceps, Cham. 266 
platurus, Lac. 176 
platycaudus, Gecko, 170 
platycephalus, Scin. 63 
Platydactvlus, 144, 159, 160 
Platynotus, 219, 220 
Platysaurus, 45, 49 
Platvurus, 144, 157 ; Stel. 157 
Plei,'Ameiva, 19; Dip. 119 
Plestiodon, 71, 90 
Plerostrichus, 45, 50, 51 ; Scelcp. 

209 
Plica, 181, 222, 223 ; Iguan. 223 
Podarcis, 30,31,36,39 
Podophis, 71, 88 
Podinema, 16 
pcecilopleurus, Abl. 04 
poUicaris, Thee. 1.54 
Polychrus, 178, 182, 183 
Polydsedalus, 10 
polygrammicus, Typh. 138 
polyzonus. Cord. 47 
Ponticereana, Sit. 2.36 
porcatus, Anol. 204 
porphyreus, Anol. 197; Gecko, l49 
Porte Crete, 247 
prasinus, Mouit. 13 
praticola, Lac. 27 
prepos, Draco, 232 
Primates, 1 
principalis, Lac. 202 

•2 D 



286 



INDEX. 



Pristiuotus, 217, 219 

Pristums, 145, 171 

Proctopus, 55 

Proctotrepus, 181 , 210, 212, 210 

Preepeditus, 89 

Psammotes, 108 

Psammurus, 35 

Psammuros, 35 

Psammodromus, 26, 38 

Psammosaurus, 6, 7 

Pseudocordylus, 45, 48 

Pseudoameiva, 23 

Pseudopus, 46, 55 

Pseudotyphlops, 141 

Ptenodactylus, 224 

Pterogaster, 53 

Pteropleura, 163 

Ptychozoou, 145, 163 

Ptyodactylus, 143, 151 

Ptydogeres, 181, 216 

pulchella, Apras. 68; Erem. 42; 

Lep. 84; Scrap. 26 
pulchellus, Anol. 204 ; Cyrt. 173 
pulcher, Monit. 11 ; Phyll. 150 
pulchra, Tiliq. 92 
pumilus, Cham. 269 
punctata, Algira, 44 ; Aeon, 133 ; 

Ameiva, 17 ; Dorf. 100 ; Hat- 

teria, 249; Hypsi. 224; Teira, 

33; Lac. 96; Odat. 7; Rho. 

89; TU. HI 
punctatissimus, Ang. 121 ; Sphse. 

168 
punctatus, Anol. 203, 205; Cyn. 

263; Leiol. 214; Nault. 170 ; 

Oph. 56 ; Uarau, 11 
punctuJata, Lial. 69 ; Sci-ap. 43 
pustulatus, Hist. 247 
Pygopidae, 4, 67 
Pygopus, 67, 99 
Pygodactj'lus, 123, 99, 68 
pyrrhogaster, Lac. 27 

UUADRILINEATA, Scin. 63 

quadrilineatus, Chelom. 87; Seine. 

79 ; Seps, 124 
quadrupes, Ang. 88 
quatuorlineatus, Tach. 52 
quinquecarinatus, Cycl. 192 
quiaquefaseiatus, Drac. 235 
quinquelineatum, Linn. 91 
quinquestriata, Til. 112 
quinquetseniatus, Scin. 112 
quinquevitiata, Lac. 32 
Quoyii, Lygo. 76 

RaCHITES, 84, 110, 115 
Raddoni, Eup. 112 
rapicauda, Geek. 146 
Reevesii, Gecko, 161 ; Tiliq. 76 
refulgeus, Dracon. 207 
Regenia, 0, 8 
Reptiles, 1 
Reptilia, 1 
reticulata. Gram. 2.')2 



reticulatus, Ang. 137; Anol. 204; 

Phry. 260; Urom. 262 
Rhacoessa, 151 
rhinoceratus, Cham. 267 
rhinolophus, Ig. 186 
Rhinophis, 141 
Rhinosaurus, 180, 199 
rhodolsemus, Anol. 198 
Rhodona, 71, 89 
rhomhifer, Loph. 195; CEd. 147 
Richardii, Anol. 202; Scin. 94 
Richardsonii, Sphser. 168; Veler. 

156 
Ricordi, Alop. 187 
Riopa, 71,96 
Ristella, 70, 85 
Rondo Taloa, 138 
Roma,89 

roquet, Ig. 201,202 
rosea, Lac. 32 
roseiventris, Sten. 219 
rostratus, Ang. 137 
Rough Tails, 140 
Rouxii, Cal. 243 
ruber, Seps, 32 
rubropunctata, Lac. 43 
ruderata, Ag. 258 
rudicoUis, Gerrh.55; Uaran. 10 
rufescens, Lac. 108, 114 
ruficauda, Anil 136 
rufoguttata, Tiliq. 92 
rugosus, Trach. 102, 103 
Ruppellii, Riop. 97 ; Til. 113 
Rurkii, Rist. 86 
Russellii, Typ. 132 ; Uaran. 9 

Saara, 232, 262 

sabulosa, Scrap. 43 

Sackii, Cnemid. 22 

Sagi-a3, Dip. 119 

Sagrei, Anol. 203 

Salamandra, 63 

Salamandrina, Ig. 256 

Salea, 231, 242 

Salvator, 16; Stellio, 13 

Salveguardia, Stellio, 1 1 

sanctus, Scin. 76 

sanguinolenta, Lac. 2-59 

sapidissima, Ig. 186 

Suura, 1, 3 

Saurophis, 45,51 

Saurus, Stellio, 11 

Savignii, Ag. 258; Gecko, 165; 

Lac. 37; Seine. 112; Trap. 

177 
Sarrouba, 151 
Sarroube, 151 
saxicola, Lac. 34 
scaber, Stenod. 175 
scalaris, Scelop. 210 
Scelotes, 121, 122 
Sceloporus, 207 
Schlegelii, Chalc. 57 
Schneideri, Scin. 91, 114 
Schneiderianus, Lac. 157 



INDEX. 



287 



Schreibersiana, Lac. 27 
Schreibersii, Trach. 60; Tropid. 

218 
Sciaphos, 71, 88 
Scincidse, 5, 70, 120 
Scincoides, Lac. 103; Lepid. 60; 

Seps, 96, 97 
Scincus, 70, 74; Lac. 74; Uaran, 

67 
Scorpion, 90 
Scrapteira, 27, 36, 39, 42 
scutata, Ameiva, 19; Cnemid. 21 ; 

Lac. 237,259 
scutellata, Lac. 37 
Sebffi, Ag. 255 ; Eupr. 109 ; Hera. 

158; Oplur. 222 
SecheUensis, Eup. 114 
Semiophorus, 236 
semitasniolata, Ag. 220 
Senegalensis, Cham. 266 ; Lac. 30 
Senira, 72, 9S 

sepiformis, Cicig. 50 ; Scin. 51 
sepium, Lac. 32 
Seps, .55, 86, 122, 124; Lac. 124 ; 

Sam*. 51 
Sepsidse, 5, 121 
Sepsoides, Seine. 122 
septemstriatus, Tvph. 134 
septemtseniatus, Eup. 113 
sericeus, Seps, 28 
Sei-pa, Lac. 31 
serpens, Lac. 88 
serpentinus, Pseud. 55 
Serpents, 1 

sexlineatus, Lac. 21 ; Tach. 52 
Seychellensis, Cham. 268; Eup. 

114; Plat. 1.59 
Shawii, Cten. 191 ; Dip. 117. Loph. 

247 
Sheltopusik, 55, 67 ; Seps, -55 
Siculus. Cham. 265 
signifer, Proct. 214 
Siguana, 99 
Siluboura, 141,142 
Silubolepis, 102 
Silubosaurus, 73, 104 
Silver Snake, 137 
similis, Anol. 201 ; Tiliq. 91 
Sinaita, Agam. 259 
Sinensis, Tiliq. 92 
Sitana, 230, 236 
Size musi, 52 
Sloanei, Ameiva, 19; Scin. 94 ; 

Tiliq. 91 
smaragdina, Lac. 31 ; Scin. 79 
Smithii, Eup. 112; Gecko, 162 ; 

Tarag. 221 ; Tiliq. 32 
Solaris, Phry. 229 
Sophige, Tiar. 240 
Soridia, 71,89 
Sphsenops, 121 

SpliEerodactylus, 145, 148, 168 
Sphaerodon, 26] 
Sphterops, 178, 183 
Spilopterus, Drac. 236 
spinigera, Dipl. 148 



spinipes, Stellio, 261 
spinosa, Ag. 258 
spinosus, Scelop. 209 
Spixii, Cyrt. 175 ; Tiliq. 94 
Spondylurus, 93 
sputator, Lac. 168 
Squamata, 1, 3 
squamiceps, Pyg. 68 
squamosus, Typh. 136 
Stangeri, Eup. 112 
stellatus, Seps, 32; Tupid. 11 
Stellio, 232, 2-55; Gecko, 164; 

Lac. 255, 257 
Stellion, 253 
St«nocercus, 181,219 
Stenodactylus, 146, 175, 177; Anol. 

204; Ascol. 177 
Stenostoma, 131,136, 139 
stirpium, Lac. 32 
Stoddartii, Cerat. 237 
Stokesii, Silub. 105 
straminea, Agam. 259 
striata, Lac 23, 162; Zygis, 124 
striatulus, Oph. 56 
striatus, Lac. 74; Cel. 117, 118; 

Pyg. 99 
strigata, Lac. 32 
strigiventer, Pol. 183 
Strobilosaura, 5, 178 
Strobilurus, 181,222 
Strophura, 143, 148 
Strophurus, Phyll. 148 
strumosa, Lac. 200, 202 
subctecus. Aeon. 129 
subcristatus, Amb. 188 
subcroceus, Cham. 265 
subhispidus, Ag. 256 
sublcBvis, Bolt. 1-58 
subrufa. Til. 114 
subspinosa, Ag. 256 
subtessellatus, Pleur. 51 
subviridis. Cord. 49 
superciliaris, Cham. 270 
superciliosa, Lac. 196, 238 
Surinamensis, Gecko, 146; Seps, 

18 
Sykesii, Hem. 1.53 
sylvicola, Lac. 34 

Tachydromoides, Lac. .52 
Tachydromus, 46, 52 
Tachysaurus, 46, 52 
tseuiatus, Gecko, .53 
tieniolata, Lac. 29, 78, 79 
Tapayaxin, 228, 229 
Taraguira, 181, 219 ; Ag. 220 
Tarentola, 145, 164; Lac. 164 
Taurica, Lac. 29 
Teidai, 3, 14 
Teius, 15. 16 
Teira, 26, 33 
Teguexim, Lac. 16 
Teguexins, 14 
Telfairii, Scin. 84 
Temminckii, Lyg. 85 
tenuis, Proct. 214; Til. 76 



288 



INDEX. 



teres, Cyc. 191 ; Gecko, 160 
terrestris, Seps, 31 
tessellata, Lac. 33 
tessellatus, Gerrho. 51, 53 
Tetradactylus, 51 , 71, 86, 88 ; Lac. 

51 
Teyou, Lac. 23 
Thecadactylus, 143, 146 
Theconyx, 144, 159; Plat. 146 
Thetia, 26, 32 
Thorictis, 25 
Thyro, Seine. 123, 124 
Thyms, 122, 124 
Thysanodactylus, 179,193 
Tiaris, 231 , 239 
Tiedemanni, Ag. 243 
tigrina, Ag. 238 
Tigris, Cham. 268 
Tiligugu, Seine. 123 
Tiliquerta, Ameiva, 28 ; Lac. 31 
Tiliqua, 73, 103, 108 
Timorensis, Drae. 233; Gymu 

172; Monit. 8 
Tims, Seine. 123 
Tolarenta, 177 
torquatus, Agam. 208 ; Stel, 220 ; 

Strob. 222: Opl. 222; Trop. 

225 
Tortoises, 2 
Tortrix, 121 

Trachycephalus, 179, 188 
Trachycyelus, 181,219 
Trachyderma, 14 
Traehydosaurus, 72, 102 
Traehygaster, 23 
Trachysaurus, 102 
Trapelus, 232, 255,258 
Trapii, Cham. 265 
Tressianus, Scin. 79 
Tribolonotus, 72, 100 
trieornis, Cham. 269 
Tridactyle, 87 
Tridactylus, 86 ; Chal. 58 ; Seps, 

124 
trifasciatus, Scin. 106 
trihedrus. Hem. 152, 154 
trilineata, Am. 19 ; Til. 81 
trilineatum, Phel. 167; Scin. 91 
Trissia, 115 
tristatus, Scin. 91 
tristis, Monit. 7 
tritseniatus, Teius, 18 
trivittatus, Scin. 114 
Tropidogaster, 182, 227 ; Cal. 240 
Tropidolepisma, 73, 105 
Tropidophoriis, 72, 101 
Tropidurus, 82, 208, 210, 217, 225 
Tropidolepis, 180, 208 
Tropidosaura, 35 
Tropidosaurus, 26, 35, 101 
truncatus, Argyr. 138 
tubereulata, Ag. 220, 254 ; Ig. 186, 

188 
tubcreulatus, PhylL 150; Scin, 103 
tuberculiierus, Cham. 267 



Tupinambis, 12 
tympanistriga, Bron. 242 
Typhlina, 128, 134 
Typhlinalis, 131, 134 
Typhline, 128, 134 
Tvphlinidffi, 5, 128 
Typhlops, 130, 132, 136 
Typhlopsidse, 5, 130 
typicus, Brach. 102; Pleur. 50; 
Tach. 52 

Uaranus, 6, 9 

Umbra, Ig. 223; Lac. 223 

undata, Lac. 42 

iindecimstriatus, Scin. 78; Typhi. 

140 
undulata, Ag. 227 ; Lac. 208 
undulatus, Cnemid. 18, 20; Lsem. 

185; Mic. 117 
Ungulata, 2 
unicolor, Lac. 27; Scin. 83; Typ. 

210 
unistriata, Lac. 162 
Uperanodon, 222, 223 
Uralensis, Lae. 260 
Uraniscodon, 181, 222, 223 
Uranoeentron, 182, 225 
Uromastyx, 191, 208, 221, 224, 232, 

261 
Uropeltidffi, 140 
Uropeltis, 141 
Uroplates, 143, 151 
Urotrophus, 178, 184 

Valenciennii, And. 206 

varia, Lac. 12 

variabilis, Ag. 250 ; Lac. 39, 40 ; 

Scelop. 209 
variegata, Agama, 183 
variegatus. Hem. 159; Trop. 12; 

Seine. 123 
varius. Hydro. 12 ; Lac. 31 ; Phry. 

260 ; Seps, 32 
Vautieri, Urotr. 184 
Velernesia, 144, 156 
velifer, Anol. 197 
velox, Lac. 36, 40 
ventralis, Ang. 56 ; Cham. 268 : 

Seine. 53 
vermicularis, Ang. 137 
vermiculatus, Anol, 201 
verrucosus, Cham. 267 ; Hem. 154 
verruculatus. Hem. 154 
versicolor, Ag. 243 
vertieillatus. Gecko, 160 
varus. Cord. 47: Gecko, 160 
violaceus, Anol. 205 
virescens, Pol. 183 
viridanus, Seine. 123 
viridimaculatus, Tropid. 8 
viridipunctatiis, Scin. 79 
viridis, Anol. 205 ; Drae. 233; Ig. 

186 ; Lac. 31 , Teius, 23 
viridissima, Lac. 31 
vittata, Lac. 42 



INDEX. 



289 



vittatus, Bas. 193 ; Diplo. 148 ; 

Gecko, 162; Hem. 155; Scin. 

113,115; Seps, 124; Uaran. 

13 
vivipara, Lac. 27 
volans, Draco, 233 
Vosmaerii, Seine. 97 
vulgaris, Acanth. 36 ; Ameiva, 18 ; 

Cham. 2(55; Lac. 32; SteL255 
vultuosa, Ag. 241, 243 

Whitei, Scin. 79 
Whitii, Til. 103 

Wiegmanui, Gerrh. 54; Phryn. 
228 ; Proct. 216 



Wilkinsonii, Tolar. 177 

XiPHOSURUS, 180, 195, 196, 197; 
Lac. 196 

Zebra. Cham. 265 

Zelandica, Tiliq. 82 

Zermoumeah, 35 

Zeylandicus, Seps, 18; Cham. 265 

Zeylonica, Lac. 162 

Zonui'idse, 4, 45 

Zonums, 45, 46, 47, 101 

Zootoca, 26, 27, 33 

Zygnis, 86, 123 



K. NEWMAN, 9, DEVONSHIRE ST., BISHOPSGATE, I.ONDOK. 



^ 



^Ik 



I 



Date Duel^^V ^ 



'156 



ICL 



f^ 



NOV 3 1956 









r!rir*«-*^l 









"^wi^^H.*,